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vanced to the assault"--Terry's divi- , on his left flank—the enemy advansion having meantime been moved to cing by a road wholly unknown to the left of Barlow—though Terry at our officers—and 200 of the Maryfirst carried the Rebel intrenchment, land brigade captured. The brigade taking over 200 prisoners—he was falling back under the wing of the soon driven out of it, and the enemy 15th N. Y. Ileavy Artillery (now was seen to be in such force that a serving as infantry), that regiment further assault was deemed impracti- stood its ground, and, by rapid and cable.

deadly volleys, repelled the enemy. Meantime, Gen. Gregg's cavalry, Our movement was here arrestedsupported by Miles's infantry bri- our loss during the day having been gade, advanced on the Charles City 1,000—but Warren held his ground, road, driving the enemy before him fortified it; and the Weldon road with considerable loss on their part was lost to the enemy. -Gen. Chambliss being among their Yet, though Warren's position was killed. Still, the movement, on the good, it was unconnected with our whole, had no decided success; and lines, still on the Jerusalem plankan attempt to draw out the enemy, road; Brig.-Gen. Bragg, who had to leave his lines and attack ours, by been ordered to fill the gap, having the ruse of seeming to send off most neglected promptly to do so. of our men on steamboats, proved ren, perceiving the fault, röiterated wholly abortive. A night attack by his order; but, before it could now the Rebels on the 18th was repulsed. be executed, Hill pushed a consideraHancock was soon

74 withdrawn in ble force into the vacant space, and, earnest : our total losses in the move- striking Crawford's division impetument having been about 5,000; that ously in flank and rear, rolled it of the enemy probably less, but still up; taking 2,500 prisoners, includheavy: Gen. Gherardie being killed. ing Brig.-Gen. Hays. But now, the

Lee was probably aware that this brigades of Wilcox and White, of demonstration on Richmond covered Burnside's corps, came up, and the an advance on the other end of his enemy made off in a hurry with his attenuated line; but he was obliged spoils; enabling Warren to recover to strengthen his lieutenant north of the lost ground and röestablish his the James or risk the fall of Rich- lines. mond. No sooner had he done this, Warren was well aware that his however, than Warren struck out " position astride the Weldon road was from our left at the long coveted not adapted to tranquillity, and govWeldon railroad, barely three miles erned himself accordingly. Hardly distant from our flank; reaching it three days had elapsed, when he was unresisted before noon. Leaving here suddenly saluted by 30 Rebel guns; Griffin's division, he advanced, with and, after an hour's lively practice, Crawford's and Ayres's, a mile to- an assaulting column advanced on ward Petersburg, where he found the his front, while another attempted to enemy awaiting him. After a pause, reach and turn his left flank. But he moved on; and was soon struck Warren was prepared for this ma78 Aug. 16.

Aug. 20.
Aug. 18.

Aug. 21.






næuver, and easily baffled it, flank- 8,000) men, and 5 guns. Hill's loss ing the flanking column and routing was also heavy, but considerably it, with a net loss of 302 on our part, smaller. and at least 1,200 to the enemy, of Warren's hold on the road had bewhose dead he buried 211, while he come too strong to be shaken, and took 500 prisoners. He had lost in there ensued a pause of over a month; this entire movement 4,455

during which the Rebels planned and most of them prisoners—while the executed a smart raid on our cattleenemy had lost scarcely half that yard at Coggin's Point on the James; number; but he had lost and we had running off 2,500 beeves at no cost gained the Weldon road.

but that of fatigue. Hancock, returned from the north The calm was broken at last by of the James, had moved rapidly to Grant, who ordered an advance by the Weldon road in the rear of War- | Warren on the left, to cover one more ren. Striking” it at Reams's sta- determined by Butler on the right. tion, he had been busily tearing it Gen. Warren pushed westward up for two or three days; when his with two divisions of his own corps cavalry gave warning that the enemy and two of the 9th, under Parke, in force were at hand. Their first with Gregg's cavalry in advance; blow fell on Miles's division, on our reaching the Squirrel Level road, and right, and was promptly repulsed; carrying two or three small works but Hill ordered Heth, under a heavy at different points. There was fightfire of artillery, to try again, and at ing along our new front throughall events carry the position; which out this and the following day; we he ultimately did at the fourth charge, holding the newly gained ground capturing three batteries.

and intrenching on it; our losses in Hancock ordered Gibbon's division the movement having been 2,500; to retake it; but they failed to do so. those of the enemy probably less, inMiles, rallying a part of his scattered cluding Gen. Dunnovan, killed. The division, and fighting it admirably, ground thus taken was promptly recovered part of his lost ground and joined by proper works to Warren's one of his captured batteries. Gib- former position across the railroad. bon's division, assailed by a force of Gen. Butler, in his turn, crossing dismounted cavalry, was easily driv- the James, advanced with the 10th en from its breastworks; but the corps, now commanded by Birney, enemy, attempting to follow up his and the 18th, now under Ord, and success, was checked and repelled by struck the enemy's outpost below a heavy flank fire from our dis- Chapin’s farm, known as Fort Harrimounted cavalry, posted on the left. son, which he assaulted and took,

Though but four miles from War- with 15 guns, and a considerable ren's position, no röenforcements, ow. portion of the enemy's intrenching to various blunders, reached Han- ments. He attempted to follow up cock till after he had been forced to his blow with the capture of Fort retreat, abandoning Reams's station, Gilmer, which was next in order; but after a total loss of 2,400 (out of was repulsed by Maj.-Gen. Field, Aug. 21.


79 Sept. 29. VOL. II.-38

78 Oct. 1.

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with a loss of 300. On our side, Gen. | Charles City and Williamsburg roads Ord was wounded, and Brig.-Gen. --on our left, the Army of the PoBurnham killed.

tomac, leaving only men enough to Fort Harrison was so important to hold its works before Petersburg, and Richmond, that Field resolved to re- taking three days' rations, marched ** take it, but deferred the assault till suddenly by the left against the enenext morning, when he hurled three my's works covering Hatcher's run brigades against it on one side, while and the Boydton plank-road. In Gen. Hoke charged on the other. other words, Meade's army was here These assaults failed to be made pushed forward to find and turn the simultaneously, and of course were right flank of the enemy. both repulsed with slaughter; as they Starting before dawn, the 9th corps, probably would have been at any under Parke, on the right, with the rate. But, a few days thereafter, the 5th, under Warren, on its left, struck, Rebels surprised at dawn our right, at 9 A. M., the right of the Rebel inheld by Kautz's cavalry, which had trenchments, which rested on the east been pushed up the Charles City road, bank of Hatcher's run; assaulting, to within 4 or 5 miles of Richmond, but failing to carry them. Warren and drove it; capturing 9 guns and thereupon undertook, as had been arperhaps 500 prisoners. A desperate ranged, to come in on its flank by a fight ensued, in which the Rebel Gen. turning movement; while Hancock, Gregg, of Texas, was killed. Both who had simultaneously advanced sides claimed a clear advantage, but still farther to our left, and had found neither obtained much, save in the but a small force to dispute his pascapture of Fort Harrison; while the sage of Hatcher's run where he struck losses of each had been quite heavy. it, moved north-westward by Dab

Butler pushed forward a strong ney's mill, gained the Boydton plankreconnoissance on the 13th, and as- road, and pushed up to strike the saulted some new works that the Lynchburg railroad in the enemy's enemy had constructed on a part of rear. Gregg, with his cavalry division, their front; but they were firmly was thrown out on Hancock's left. held, and the attack was not long Hancock had reached, with little persisted in.

opposition, the Boydton plank-road, After a considerable pause, spiced and was pushing farther, when, at 1 only by cannonading and picket- P. M., he was halted by an order from firing along the intrenched front of Meade. Warren, upon the failure of both armies, and some sanguinary Parke to carry the intrenchment in encounters around Fort Sedgwick his front, had pushed Crawford's di(nicknamed by our soldiers Fort vision, strengthened by Ayres's brigHell') covering the Jerusalem plank- ade, across the run, with orders to road, Gen. Grant again sounded a move down the north bank of that general advance. While Gen. Butler stream, so as to turn the Rebel dedemonstrated in force on our extreme fenses. Hancock, hitherto several right—the 18th corps moving on the miles distant, it was intended to conRichmond defenses by both the nect with by this movement.

60 Oct. 27.

Crawford, with great difficulty, ad- | guns; and, as the enemy, emerging vanced as ordered, through woods into the cleared space along the ånd swamps all but impenetrable, Boydton road, pushed across that road and in which many of his men were in pursuit of Mott's fugitives, firing lost, while regiments were hopelessly and yelling, Egan struck them in separated from their division, until flank with two brigades, sweeping he was directly on the flank of the down the road, retaking the lost guns, Rebel intrenchments; when he, too, and making over 1,000 prisoners. was halted by Warren to give time The disconcerted Rebels retreated as for consultation with Meade—the rapidly as they had advanced; but, country having proved entirely dif- over 200 of them, fleeing in utter ferent from what was expected. Han- confusion toward the run, fell into cock was now but a mile from Craw- Crawford's lines, and were captured. ford's left; but the dense woods left Could Crawford have instantly comthem in entire ignorance of each prehended the situation and

and adother's position. And now, of course, vanced, their loss must have been far as Hancock was extending his right greater. (Gibbon's division, now under Egan) Warren was with Meade in the to find Crawford's left, and receiving rear of Crawford's line, when Hill's a mistaken report that the connec- blow was struck, and at once ordered tion had been made, though a space up Ayres to the support of Hancock; of 1,200 yards still intervened, Lee but night fell before Ayres could threw forward Hill to strike Han- get up. cock's right and roll it up after the Simultaneously with the charge on established fashion.

Hancock's front, Wade Hampton, Hill's leading division, under Heth, with five brigades of cavalry, charged crossed the run, making for Hancock, his left and rear, guarded by Gregg's and, following a forest path, swept cavalry; and Hancock was required across in front of Crawford's skirmish- to send all his available force to ers and across the interval between Gregg's support. Hampton persisted Crawford and Hancock, without till after dark, but gained no ground, clearly knowing where it was. Ar- and was ultimately beaten off. Hanriving opposite Hancock's position, cock's total loss by the day's operaHill, seeing but unseen, silently de- tions was 1,500; that of the enemy ployed in the woods, and, at 4 P. M., was greater. charged; striking Mott's division, Hancock was now authorized by whose first notice of an enemy's ap- Meade either to withdraw or to hold proach was a volley of musketry. on and attack next morning, if he The brigade (Pierce's) thus charged could do so safely with the aid of gave way; a battery was lost; and, Ayres and Crawford. Being short for a moment, there was a prospect of ammunition, with no certainty of another Reams's station disaster. that any more would reach him, or Hancock of course instantly sent word that Ayres and Crawford could bring to Egan to change front and hurry to up their divisions in season for the the rescue; but Egan had already attack that would naturally be made done that at the first sound of Hill's on him at daybreak, Hancock pru

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