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BURNSIDE'S "MUD MARCH'-HE IS RELIEVED.

351

they had made on the President's | attempts to assail our stalled and mind.

struggling forces; but they guarded Returning to the army, Gen. Burn- the fords so strongly that Burnside side soon ascertained that certain was glad to order his men back to details of the proposed cavalry move their old camps—some of which they ment had transpired -in fact, he was had burned on quitting, in the confiassured by Gen. Pleasanton that they dent expectation that they should were known among Secessionists in nevermore need them. Washington two or three days after Gen. Burnside, having discovered, his first interview with the President as he believed, the officers who had -80 he abandoned that movement; paralyzed his efforts by fomenting intending to make one somewhat dif- discontent in his army, and by disferent, in the course of a few days. heartening communications to Wash

This new movement contemplated ington, now prepared a general order a crossing in force at Banks's and at No. 8), dismissing " them from the United Statés fords, above Fred- the service; but, on the advice of a ericksburg; the crossing below be- | trusted friend, decided to submit it ing also made, or at least menaced, to the President before giving it pubas originally proposed: and again licity or effect. He did so; and the his preparations were perfected and President, after consultation with his his army now put" in motion ; when, official advisers, decided, instead of at 10 P. M., there burst over it one of approving the order, to relieve Gen. the severest and most trying storms Burnside from command; which was ever experienced in that region. accordingly done: the order stating Snow, driving sleet, pouring rain, a that Gen. B. was so relieved at his general breaking up of the roads, own request--against which, Gen. B. hitherto hard and dry, and a chaos remonstrated as most unjust, pressing of the elements which rendered loco his demand that his resignation should motion impossible and life under the be accepted instead; but he was drenching sky scarcely endurable, finally persuaded to withdraw it, and arrested that advance at its outset, agree to serve wherever his aid might and fixed our army in the mire be required, allowing any order to wherein it for hours wretchedly, sul- be published that might be deemed lenly, hopelessly floundered. Day- essential to the public weal. Thus light exposed to the enemy across the ended ” his command of the Army of stream movements which were in the Potomac. tended to be consummated under the cover of night: they were not foolish During this Winter and the ensuenough, had they been able to ing Spring, a number of raids were squander their men and animals in made by the Rebel cavalry: one 31 Jan. 20, 1863.

Taylor, were relieved from duty with this Maj.-Gen. Hooker, with Brig.-Gens. W. T. army. H. Brooks and John Newton, were designated 28 Jan. 28. Gen. Sumner, at his own request, in this order for ignominious dismissal from the and Gen. Franklin, with expressive silence, were service; while Maj.-Gens. W. B. Franklin and relieved by the same order. Gen. Sumne died W. F. Smith, and Brig.-Gens. John Cochrane soon afterward, at Syracuse, N. Y. and Edward Ferrero, with Lt. Col. J. H. 24 Dec. 25, 1862.

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by J. E. B. Stuart across the Rappa- | the very great advantage enjoyed by hannock to Dumfries,

Dumfries, where 25 Rebel raiders in the readiness of the wagons and some 200 prisoners were White inhabitants to give them intaken, and thence toward Alexandria formation, and even to scout in quest and around Fairfax Court House, of it, throughout that dreary Winter, burning the railroad bridge across that nothing that might be asserted the Accotink, and returning in tri- of Rebel audacity or Federal imbeumph with their spoils; another,”: cility is absolutely incredible. by a party of Imboden's troopers, The somber cloud is lighted by a farther west, from the Valley to single flash, not of victory, but of Romney, where the guards of a humor. In a Rebel raid far within our supply train were surprised and lines, Gen. Stoughton, a young Verrouted: 72 men, 106 horses, and 27 mont Brigadier, was taken in his bed, wagons taken and carried off ; a near Fairfax Court House, and, with third," by Fitz Hugh Lee, across the his guards and five horses, hurried off Rappahannock, near Falmouth, sur- across the Rappahannock. Some one prising a camp, and taking 150 pris- spoke of the loss to Mr. Lincoln next oners, with a loss of 14 men; a morning: “Yes,” said the President; fourth,” by Gen. W. E. Jones, in the " that of the horses is bad; but I can Valley, routing two regiments of make another General in 5 minutes." Milroy's cavalry, and taking 200 prisoners, with a Toss of 4 men only; When General Hooker assumed 28 while a more daring raid was made command of the Army of the Potoby Maj. White, of Jones's command, mac, its spirit and efficiency were at across the Potomac at Poolesville, a very low ebb. Desertions were at taking 77 prisoners. Lee further re- the rate of 200 per day; soldiers ports that Capt. Randolph, of the clandestinely receiving citizens' clothBlack Horse cavalry, by various ing by express from relatives and raids into Fauquier county, captures others to facilitate their efforts to over 200 prisoners and several hun- escape from a service wherein they dred stand of arms; and that Lt. had lost all heart. The number Moseby (whose name now makes its shown by the rolls to be absent from first appearance in a bulletin) “has their regiments was no less than 2,922 done much to harass the enemy; officers and 81,964 non-commissionattacking him boldly on several ed" officers and soldiers-many of occasions, and capturing many pris- them in hospitals, on leave, or detachoners." One or two minor cavalry ed on duty; but a majority, probably, exploits, recited by Lee in General had deserted. The frequency, audaOrder No. 29, read too much like city, and success, of the Rebel cavalry romance to be embodied in sober his- raids that Winter forcibly indicate tory; yet such was the depression on the elation and confidence felt on one our side in Virginia, such the elation side, the apathy, born of desponand confidence on the other, such dency, on the other. Superior as its 26 Feb. 16.

enormous total probably includes all who had

deserted from the regiments composing that 30 So Gen. Hooker testified before the Com.. army since they were severally organized, as

But this well as the sick and wounded in hospitals.

26 Feb. 25.

27 Feb. 26.

28 Jan. 26.

mittee on the Conduct of the War. But this

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HOOKER'S ADVANCE-STONEMAN'S ORDERS.

353

about to embark.'

numbers still were, it is questionable now be retiring on Richmond. The
that this army was a full match, on spirit of Hooker's instructions is em-
equal ground, for its more homoge-bodied in these sentences :
neous, better disciplined, more self-

“Let your watchword be fight, and let üssured, more determined antagonist. all your orders be fight, fight, fight; bearing

in mind that time is as valuable to the GenGen. Hooker very properly de

eral as the Rebel carcasses. voted the two ensuing months to im- “ It devolves upon you, General, to take proving the discipline, perfecting the the initiative in the forward movement of

this grand army; and on you and your noble organization, and exalting the spirit command must depend, in a great measure, of his men; with such success that the extent and brilliancy of our success. he had, before their close, an army Bear in mind that celerity, audacity, and re

, , equal in numbers and efficiency to cially is it the case with the command you any ever seen on this continent, ex- have, and the enterprise on which you are cept that which Gen. McClellan com-. manded during the first three months These instructions seem to have of 1861. Its infantry was nearly, if been at once terse and perspicuous, not quite, 100,000 strong; its artillery plainly indicating what was expected, not less than 10,000, every way well and why it was required; yet leaving appointed; while its cavalry, number- ample discretion to him who was to ing 13,000, needed only a fair field give them effect. Yet it is hard to and a leader to prove itself the most repress a suspicion that irony lurks effective body of horsemen ever brig- in such language, when addressed to aded on American soil. Horses and an officer like George D. Stoneman. forage having both become scarce in Our cavalry, carefully screening the South, there was not, and never its movements from the enemy, had been, any cavalry force connected marched two days westward, and had with any Rebel army that could thrown across one division, when a stand against it.

rain raised the river so rapidly that Being at length ready, Hooker this vanguard was recalled, swimdispatched " Stoneman, with most of ming its horses ; and a succession of his cavalry," up the north side of the April storms kept the streams so full river, with instructions to cross, at and impetuous, while the roads were discretion, above the Orange and rendered so bad, that a fresh advance Alexandria Railroad, strike Fitz was postponed to the 27th ; Gen. Hugh Lee's cavalry brigade (com- Hooker giving the order for the puted at 2,000) near Culpepper Court movement of his infantry and artilHouse, capture Gordonsville, and lery next day. then pounce on the Fredericksburg The time was well chosen. Longand Richmond Railroad near Sax- street, with three divisions, had been ton's Junction, cutting telegraphs, detached from Lee's army, and was railroads, burning bridges, &c., operating against Gen. Peck below thence toward Richmond, fighting at the James; and it is not probable every opportunity, and harassing by that Lee had much, if any, over 60,000 every means the retreat of the Rebel men on the Rappahannock. True, army, which, it was calculated, would his position at Fredericksburg was April 13. " He says 13,000, in his testimony before the Committee on the Conduct of the War.

VOL. II.-23

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