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“ Be it so;

that woman, I will never willingly see her Aylmer walked very often up and down the again.” A meeting was therefore arranged room, endeavouring to make some arrangebetween Captain Aylmer and Miss Amed- ment which might seem in some sort to aproz in a sitting-room up-stairs.

pease his mother. Would Clara only allow “What is all this, Clara ? ” said Captain a telegram to be sent to Mrs. Askerton, to Aylmer, at once.

explain that she had changed her mind ? Simply this, – that your mother has But Clara would allow no such telegram to insulted me most wantonly."

be sent, and on that evening she packed up " She says that it is you who have been all her things. Captain Aylmer saw her uncourteous to her."

again and again, sending Belinda back- you can of course believe wards and forwards, and making different whichever you please, and it is desirable, appointments up to midnight;:but it was all no doubt, that you should prefer to believe to no purpose, and on the next morning she your mother.”

took her departure alone in the Aylmer “But I do not wish there to be any Park carriage for the railway station. quarrel.”

Captain Aylmer had proposed to go with " But there is a quarrel, Captain Aylmer, her; but she had so stoutly declined his and I must leave your father's house. I company that he was obliged to abandon cannot stay here after what has taken his intention. She saw neither of the place. Your mother told me — ;I cannot ladies on that morning, but Sir Anthony tell you what she told me, but she made came out to say a

ord of farewell to her against me just those accusations which she in the hall. knew it would be the hardest for me to “I am very sorry for all this,” said he. bear."

" It is a píty,” said Clara; " but it can“ I'm sure you have mistaken her.” not be helped. Good-bye, Sir Anthony." “ No; I have not mistaken her.”

I hope we may meet again under pleas“ And where do you propose to go ?”

anter circumstances," said the baronet. “ To Mrs. Askerton."

To this Clara made no reply, and was “ Oh, Clara!”

then handed into the carriage by Captain “ I have written to Mrs. Askerton to ask Aylmer. her to receive me for a while. Indeed, I "I am so bewildered,” said he," that I may almost

say that I had no other choice.” cannot now say anything definite, but I ** If you go there, Clara, there will be an shall write to you, and probably follow end to everything."

" And there must be an end of what you "Do not follow me, pray, Captain Aylcall everything, Captain Aylmer,” said she, mer,” said she. Then she was driven to smiling. “ It cannot be for your good to the station ; and as she passed through the bring into your family a wife of whoin your lodges of the park entrance she took what mother would think so badly as she thinks she intended to be a final farewell of Aylof me."

mer Park. There was a great deal said, and Captain

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Weybridge, Nov. 28, 1865.

no other inscription than the name of John THE GRAVE OF JOHN LOCKE. – Fifteen Locke, has till now not been forthcoming.' years ago you inserted in your columns a letter A few admirers of the illustrious and veneraentitled “ A Pilgrimage to the Grave of Locke.” ble man have at length repaired this neglect, The chief purpose of that letter was to call the and removed this scandal. “You will learn with attention of the public, or of those more near- satisfaction that the grave has been repaired ly concerned, to the ruinous and decaying and restored, with the most scrupulous adhestate of the modest tomb which covered the rence to the august simplicity which makes it ashes of a man unsurpassed for wisdom and so fit to cover the remains of Locke. virtue.

Among the names of the few contributors to In those fifteen years what sums have been this holy work it is pleasant to find those of spent in the endeavour to perpetuate reputations Victor Consin and Barthélemy St.-Ililaire, of the day, and to honour second-rate merit ! “grateful,” as they say, “ for the opportunity Yet the small sum required to keep from utter afforded them of showing their reverence for demolition the plain stone which has, and necds, Locke."

8. A.


From the Saturday Review, clusive legal evidence is to be offered by A MARITIME CONGRESS.*

the agents of the English Government be

fore cruisers intended to act against us are The last accounts from America suggest

detained in American ports, every sea will that very probably the discussion between swarm with Yankee Alabamas. When the England and the United States may simply not refer the Alabama case to the proposed

American Government finds that we will die away, because neither party can convince the other, and may leave behind it

Commission, it may very probably decline on the other side of the Atlantic a feeling and reserving its claim for an indemnity

any further discussion, merely reasserting of bitterness and a sense of injury which will be very much to be regretted. That for the losses which the Alabama inflicted. the Government or the people of the United Our only hope, in that event, of getting States will go to war about the Alabama some general rules laid down that would be claims is in the highest degree unlikely;

but be in trying to get a Congress of the mari

fair both to belligerents and neutrals, would the impression, it is to be feared, may pre- time nations to examine into and decide on vail that England did not do her duty in the matter, and instead of owning this and

the whole subject. There would be some expressing regret, justified hersell, and was difficulty in getting such a Congress to too proud to be penitent. The Americans meet; and it is to be feared that the Conwill not wish to make war on England for gress, from the inherent intricacies of the letting the Alabama escape; but they will question, would find it hard to come to a wait with eager expectation for the day of decision; but still it is of such paramount retribution, when England shall be engayed importance that another great war should in a war while the United States are neu

not break out before we have a clear notion tral, and then avenging Alabamas will be as to what we can ask as belligerents, or suffered to escape from American ports,

what we ought to do as neutrals, that it is and be let loose on our mercantile marine. worth while to examine what a Maritime It will not be fair on us that this should be Congress could do if it were called togethdone, for, as we subsequently adopted much er more rigorous precautions against the issue

The Congress might, in the first instance, of cruisers than we took in the case of the lay down that it is the duty of a neutral to Alabama, it is hard that we should not have detain a suspected vessel 'when there is a the benefit of our right-doing, and be judged dence against the ship is procurable, and

reasonable presumption that further eviby the many instances where our vigilance

that this evidence will suffice for a condemwas unimpeachable, rather than by the one case where, if judged by the standard of nation. It will be necessary that the agents our own later acts, we were in some slight of the belligerent against whom the vessel measure remiss. Nor would the Americans is supposed to be going to act should collect judge us in the least harshly if we would this evidence, for otherwise the belligerent but

own that we were in fault with regard would have no means of calling the neutral to the Alabama. But technically we were

to account if the neutral failed in bis duty. right, even in this instance; and it is diffi- The mode of discharging this duty, whether cult, when we were right, to own that we by directions to police, statutes forbidding were wrong, although, perhaps, we should and punishing the offence, heavy bonds exdo no harm by stating, a little more plainly acted from ship-builders, or other similar than Lord RussELL has done, that in this means, must be left to the neutral himself; case we acted on the rule which the Ameri- and if the neutral does not do his duty he can Government had laid down, that legal declared against him, or by his being called

must be punished, either by war being evidence sufficient to convict must be provided before a vessel could be detained, but on to express sorrow and regret or else by his that, as this was found insufficient, we laid being made to pay a sum of money as a down a new rule. It is highly undesirable fine for his negligence. But it is not in this that the matter should simply end in our direction that the labours of the Congress seeming to uphold the rule on which we determine for itself how it will prevent an

would be most effective. Each nation must acted in the case of the Alabama. If con- intended cruiser from getting to sea; but af;

ter it has once got to sea, are the duties and • [In our opinion there will be no such Congress, until after the settlement of the American caims powers of the neutral at an end ?. And this concerning the Alabama. Earl Russell agrees with is the main question which the Congress the Saturday Review that it would be well, by mak: would be called on to determine. At presing a new law, to prevent our adopting England's ent it is, under the customary law of napast position, – Ed. Living Age.]

tions, taken for granted that the powers | nity of refitting. The only difficulty worth and duties of the neutral are over, if not di- considering, as to this exercise of the rights rectly the vessel has got to sea, at least as of a neutral, is the difficulty of getting evisoon as she has received her commission dence. How is evidence to be produced in from a belligerent, and become a part of neutral ports sufficient to warrant this attithat belligerent's naval force. We have al- tude of suspicion, and this threat of punishways said that we could not be answerable ment, towards a vessel of a belligerent? In for what our countrymen did when out of English colonies, for example, there could our jurisdiction. We have no means of com- scarcely be any evidence forthcoming which pelling a belligerent vessel not to use the would warrant a Colonial Governor in seizrights of a belligerent, nor have we any ing a ship, or in refusing her entrance into business to interfere with a lawfully com- a port, unless distinct instructions had been missioned vessel that is engaged in carrying sent from home directing him to behave in on the ordinary operations of war. A neu- a particular way towards a ship mentioned tral might, indeed, refuse to recognize the by name. But it would take a long time commission given to a vessel that had in- before these instructions could reach disfringed the municipal law of the neutral, tant colonies, and as the name of the ship but the neutral could not safely pronounce would of course be altered, the Colonial its decision on the validity of a commission Governor would run a great risk in deciding while the vessel was on the high seas. For, that a man-of-war bearing one name had if it undertook to do this, it would then have really been a merchant vessel bearing the duty cast on it of doing it; and a neu- another name. tral cannot accept so onerous a charge as It is also to be observed that, even if the that of scouring the seas in pursuit of ves- representatives of a neutral Power in the sels that some one alleges to have escaped most distant parts of the world could be improperly from the ports of the neutral. kept so well informed of whatever the Most neutrals would have no means of dis. Home Government considered true or charging this duty, and those great mari- probable as to detain vessels, or to refuse time States that could discharge it would them admittance, this would only check be forced to divert their navies from the the career of such vessels in a very minute proper purposes which these navies were degree. · If all English ports had been inteniled to fulfil, and would be practically closed to the Alabama, she could still bave called on to make war; for it is impossible gone into French or Spanish or Dutch that, if a British fleet were sent out to find, ports. A Maritime Congress might, indeed, capture, and bring to England a vessel that determine that a vessel thus excluded from bore, however wrongfully, a French com- the ports of one neutral country should mission, we could remain at peace with also be excluded from the ports of all other France. It is a very different thing, how- neutral countries. But the practical diffiever, avhen the delinquent vessel chooses to culties attending the enforcement of this return into the ports of the neutral. At rule would be most serious. In the first present it is held that the commission of a place, notice of the facts must be communibelligerent cures antecedent faults, and cated to every neutral, and the belligerent that one nation cannot exercise control who conceived himself to be injured must over the men-of-war of another. But a Mari- prove his case in th

territory of every time Congress might easily alter this rule ifit neutral into whose ports the suspected vegthought proper. It might be laid down that sel might try to enter.

The probability, the neutral should be at liberty to seize therefore, is that a vessel which had escaped such vessels in his ports; and if he could in contravention of the laws of a neutral seize them he certainly must do so, for the country would have so fair a chance of notion that a neutral is the judge of the being for a time received with the usual success with which he carries out his neu- hospitality in the distant ports of that trality is really illusory, since the bellige- country, and in the ports of other neutrals, rent is also the judge when the particular that it would answer perfectly well to start kind of ncutrality adopted by the neutral is her, and try how long she could be kept tantamount to hostility. If it should be afloat. The only means of preventing the thought to be too much like an act of war issue of such vessels that remains for the to seize on vessels of war actually engaged consideration of a Maritime Congress perhaps in combined operations with other, and probably the most efficacious of all vessels of the belligerent, it might yet be is that of remonstrances with the Governopen to the neutral to refuse them shelter, ment of the belligerent State which has to refuse them coals, stores, and an opportu- 1 procured the issue of cruisers in defiance of



the laws and wishes of a neutral. The I to us through certain proceedings of a ground of complaint must not be taken to questionable kind, supposed to indicate consist in the danger which threatens the something like panic, in Jamaica, deserves neutral State, for in many cases the neu- better to be known through a very different tral State would run no danger. If no and much more unique class of proceedings, amount of vigilance could have prevented in which he has shown qualities that perthe issue of the cruiser, the belligerent haps not one Englishman in a million could against whom the cruiser is intended to match. The more severely we criticise his act could have no just ground of complaint, conduct in the former matter, the more and therefore the neutral would run no imperative becomes our obligation to exrisk. No amount of vigilance, for exam- hibit the grander aspect of it, which his ple, could have prevented the issue from achievements nearly a quarter of a century our ports of the Shenandoah; and there- ago as Australian explorer present. He fore we could not be called to account for has told his own tale, which has been reher escape.

But it is an injury to the cently repeated by Mr. Howitt, in his hisneutral that its municipal laws should have tory of Australian discovery, and still more been infringed with the connivance of a lately re-told by Mr. Henry Kingsley in the foreign Government, and this injury is October and November numbers of Macmilsufficient to warrant a strong remonstrance lan's Magazine in a style apparently inventon the part of the neutral. The safety of ed expressly to describe courageous physical the maritime world is also imperilled by the exploits with even more than the freshness underhand proceedings of the belligerent, of most men's original experience. And it and the neutral is entitled to protest, not is only fair to say that Mr. Henry Kingsley only in its own name, but in that of all begins his tale by a testimony to Mr. Eyre's neutral nations. If such a course of un- previous reputation as protector of the friendly proceedings were persisted in after Australian blacks of the Lower Murray, — remonstrance had been made against it, being the lowest type of black man known the neutral would be justified in going to to us, — which should fairly raise a very war with the offending belligerent. In strong presumption in favour of his justice many cases, it is true, the injured neutral where any issue between the Anglo Saxon would not dare to go to war. But a nation and a lower race is placed clearly before which is too weak to protect itself may him. Mr. Kingsley wrote: nevertheless appeal to a general feeling of what is right among civilized nations; and “Of this Mr. Eyre, who made this unparala nation that has a high sense of honour leled journey, I know but little, save this : and dignity does not like to find the verdict He knew more about the aboriginal tribes, of general opinion against it, even though their habits, language, and so on, than any it may be free from the apprehension that man before or since. He was appointed Black the number of its open and active enemies Protector for the Lower Murray, and did his is likely to be increased. It would be the work well. He seems to have been (teste business of a Maritime Congress to create Charles Sturt, from whom there is no appeal), this body of general opinion, by laying man concealed less than Eyre the vices of the

a man eminently kind, generous, and just. No down in explicit terms that a neutral is in- natives, but no man stood more steadfastly in jured from whose port a cruiser has been the breech between them and the squatters (the launched by the secret contrivance of a great pastoral aristocracy), at a time when to foreign Government. The experiment do so was social ostracism. The almost unexwhether such a body of opinion could not ampled valour which led him safely through be created, and whether it might not prove the hideous desert into which we have to follow efficacious if it were created, is at least him, served him well in a fight more wearing worth trying; and England will have great

and more dangerous to his rules of right and cause to rejoice if the meeting of a Con- wrong; He pleaded for the black, and tried to

stop the war of extermination which was, is, gress to give this amount of sanction and and I suppose will be, carried on by the coloforce to the decisions of neutrals were the nists against the natives in the unsettled districts result of our present unfortunate difference beyond reach of the public eye. His task was with the United States.

hopeless. It was easier for him to find water in the desert than to find mercy for the savages. Honour to him for attempting it, however."

From the Spectator, 25 Nov.

A man

" eminently kind, generous, and THE PARADOX IN GOVERNOR EYRE.

just,” standing between the squatting arisGOVERNOR Eyre, just now best known tocracy of Australia and the wretched savages of those regions, should certainly be companion about half-way,, over hunable, and apparently willing, to stand, if dreds of miles of sand or cliff, without a occasion were, between the negroes of tree, or spring of water, or even a native Jamaica and the terrified white population. settlement. Repeatedly for six days at a And if, as we fear, he has failed to do so, his time they dragged along the horses with character must present at least some curi- their provisions, or the sheep which they ous paradox.

were ultimately to eat, without coming Courage at all events, - courage of an even to sand where a brackish well was order that makes ordinary courage seem possible. Baxter wanted to go back. Even cowardice, – Mr. Eyre certainly does not the inadequate end Eyre had proposed to want. It would be impossible here, and himself — to disprove the possibility of any useless if it were possible, to repeat a twice- route in this direction, was attained. told story, which, too, in the form into But he had resolved to complete his jourwhich Mr. Henry Kingsley has thrown it, ney or perish, and complete it he did. no one who reads can ever forget. But when they were five hundred miles away we may just recall the kinds of courage from help on one side, and four hundred on which that wonderful narrative illustrates, the other, Baxter was murdered, and why - the inborn love of braving unknown the savage followers who shot Baxter did dangers, the profound contempt for hard- not shoot Eyre also it is impossible to say. ship, which often fails to accompany the But even then, alone with one native boy, greatest serenity in danger, an unequalled he proceeded, leaving his friend's body unfortitude under real pain and suffering, buried on the hard rock where there was without any disposition to be driven by neither earth nor sand to bury it, and for actual pain, and the expectation of pro- two months longer he trudged on, alone but longed pain, from his purpose, - a persist for this savage, always halt starved, generency of will quite independent of the value ally fainting with heat and thirst, latterly of the end to be attained, or the suffering almost frozen with cold, to carry out the to be saved by sacrificing it, when the fiat arbitrary task he had set himselt: Clearly has once gone forth, — incredible patience Mr. Eyre is one of those men who by merewith small obstructions, indomitable deter- ly " putting his foot down” on a given mination to struggle with great ones, — such course can make it as sacred to himself, were the qualities which took Mr. Eyre in without looking for any results from it, as it 1840-1 over some 900 miles of actual des the perspective beyond it were always openert, with water attainable only at intervals ing out into a more and more brilliant fuof about 120 miles, and no end in view be- ture. There are many men who, with yond that of demonstrating his own confi- Columbus's conviction, could go through dent and reasonable prediction, that no Columbus's trials. But how many are there good could come of the route he followed. who could go nine hundred miles on foot The case was this. Mr. Eyre had persuad- over dreary cliffs, through a waterless, ed the colony of South Australia, just then treeless, but not insectless desert (Mr. Eyre anxious to find a practicable land route for was stung to madness day after day), to cattle to Western Australia, to permit him verify a negative inference which he had to explore in a northerly direction instead, proved to his own and his fellow colonists'satas he showed on good grounds that the isfaction before he started, - - or rather, if we westerly exploration could come to nothing. must give the true reason, - because he had The colony, which had raised a sum of mon- rashly pledged himself to himself to do this ey for the western route, permitted him to thing? To such a man means, however devote it to the northern, and his attempt horrid, become of no account, when an end, failed. He then persuaded himself that he howeveť trivial, is once fixed upon. He was under a sort of honourable obligation lives only to stretch forward to that end. to satisfy the colony that the western route Is, then, courage, and fortitude, and iron also was impracticable, and this he insisted strength of purpose such as this -- so imon doing, at the cost, as he expected, of measurably beyond any standard put beboth his own and a friend's life (and actually fore the eyes of ordinary men - compatible, at the cost of the friend's), though before he even in imagination, with the supposition started finally the colony was persuaded that in Jamaica Mr. Eyre has yielded to a that his view was correct, and sent the most social panic, and adopted very unscrupulous urgent entreaties to him to give up the mad ex- measures for suppressing the insubordinapedition. Go, however, he would, — with tion which had broken out there? We one English attendant, Baxter, and three fear it is. The sort of mind which can hunt native boys, two of whom murdered his down almost any end with sure inevitable

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