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people to burn. He had clearly a high idea people, so little quieted.” The real words of his own kingly dignity and greatness, and a are “ so lately quieted,” making quite anothfirm conviction that the final cause of “ Church er sense. A little way on (p. 256) “ bolts stuff” was to fill the King's pocket and to adorn and bars” become “bólts and locks.” “ A the King's house. He kept a keen look-out sum of money” in p: 273 should be “ a some after the smallest and meanest sources of reve-money,” but the mistake here is Burnet's nue, and he entered into puzzling speculations and not Froude's. But in the same extract, about the coinage which we will leave to pro- where Edward says that Beaumont "did fessed financiers to examine.

buy land with my money,” Mr. Froude Altogether it seems plain that Edward makes nonsense of it by turning it into had the true Tudor spirit in him, a spirit “ buy land with my own money.” In p. 282 which his education would certainly tend again, the grammatical inaccuracy “to rather to foster than to subdue. Éad he any should” is King Edward's own; but lived really to reign, and had he enjoyed Edward wrote, and Burnet copied, “ Yorke, health to act for himself, we can well believe master of one of the mints at the Tower.” that his rule would have been as imperious That there should be more than one mint at as that of Henry or Elizabeth. He would the Tower was a fact that Mr. Froude probably have stuck to business from the might have been reasonably called on to very beginning, and not have wasted much explain, but he found it much easier to get time upon the sports and pageants which rid of it altogether by changing the difficult were the delight of the early years of his words into - Master of the Mint at the Towfather. Sometimes, to be sure, he conde- er," with all the dignity of official capitals. scends to mention such things. He tells us, Edward records the marriage of Lord in a strain as cool as if he were recording Lisle, the Earl of Warwick's son," and of the beheading of an uncle or the burning

“ Sir Robert Dudley, third con to the Earl of a heretic, of the bearbaitings with which of Warwick.” Mr. Froude, incapable of atthe French ambassadors were regaled, and tending to such small matters, calls them of a still beastlier sport which graced the “Lord Ambrose Dudley” and “ Lord Robmarriage of Robert Dudley and Amy Robert Dudley" respectively. In p. 339 (a sart:-“ After which marriage there were page in which Mr. Froude confounds Garcertain gentlemen which did strive who diner and Goodrich) among the “garnish should first take away a goose's head which of vessels out of Church stuff” we read of was hanged alive on two cross-posts." At "reliques of Plessay." What are “ reliques another time, “a challenge was made by of Plessay?. We do not know, but it is me that I, with sixteen of my chamber, Mr. Froude's business to tell us, and not to should run at base, shoot, and run at ring, get rid of the question by leaving the words with any seventeen of my servants gentlemen

of Plessay" out. In the next page, the in the court.” “ The first day of the chal- phrase, very characteristic of a young Tudor, lenge at base, or running, the King won.”

* on my frontier at Calais” is softened into Two days after, “ I lost the challenge shoot

over the frontier.”

In p. 373 a base ing at rounds, and won at rovers.'

company" should be a "bare company,” and Mr. Froude, as his readers doubtless know, so a blunder wherever a blunder has made large use of this Journal. It may

could be made room for. therefore be as well to mention that the grearter part of his quotations from it are inaccurate. We have tested him not only by Mr. Pocock, whose text we feel sure ac

From the Spectaton curately represents the original manuscript, VISCOUNT MILTON AND DR. CHEADLE'S, but to which Mr. Froude of course could not

TRAVELS.* refer, but also by the first folio edition of Bur- The modern facilities for locomotion are net. And we find some mistake or other, gradually restricting the limits within which great or small in nearly every extract. Mr. the perilous poetry of travel in the older. Froude not only torments us with that vague sense remains possible-Alpine tourism being sort of reference which is the scholar's abhor- to real travel what Blondinism is to gymnasrence, but when the passage is got at, we tics. As the excursion trip and the dilelfind him pursued by an incapacity, like that tante traveller are able to penetrate further, of a Frenchman, for copying a plain piece of with regulation comfort, and without more print without some error or other. For in- than the regulation risk, so the halo through, stance, in Froude v. 237, we find, within inverted commas, as an extract from the

* The North-West Passage by Land. By Vis

count Milton and Dr. Cheadle, London : Cassell,, Journal, “ the lords fearing the rage of the Petter, and Galpin.

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which the more impenetrable districts of the or comparatively unknown, to modern Euglobe were viewed is beginning to fade away, ropeans. and countries and nations, from which even To this latter class both Viscount Milton's in the present day no man who visits them and Mr. Palgrave's travels belong, and it can be sure to return, have lost much of their would be interesting to analyze the relative imaginative charm in the mind of the aver- degrees of romance which attach to the age reader, standing out, as they seem to do, achievements of either. If Mr. Palgrave naked and unadorned, like the sharp naked was in perpetual danger of dying of thirst hills under a southern sky. This phase of and having his head cut off in the east, Visfeeling is, however, as much founded on il- count Milton and Dr. Cheadle were in allusion as that which it succeeds, the appar- ternate danger of being eaten and having ent clearness of the forms only beguiling the nothing to eat in the west, not to mention distant spectator into the belief that what he the danger of assassination at the hands of sees is really as it looks, whereas in truth | Sioux Indians. Mr. Palgrave introduces us the details are hidden by distance in the one to old civilizations, august with age, yet incase even more than they were by the inter- vested to him and us with all the freshness vening mist in the other. It is only when of absolute youth, but what he saw is more he attempts to get nearer, when he is helped likely to fascinate the mature than the young, by the telescopic view of a fellow traveller, the historical student and political philosothat he awakes to the hidden reality-reality pher than the general reader. Viscount all the better concealed because of the ap- Milton and Dr. Cheadle's rambles in the parent distinctness of the object seen. And forest, however deeply they may interest if by the magic of another's eyes whole tracts grown-up men, will take a place in the corof the globe, hitherto vacantly stereotyped in ner of the boy's own heart where the Robour minds, suddenly blossom into unexpected inson Crusoes, the Swiss Family Robinsons, life, the romance is all the greater from the the Mungo Parks have an abiding bome excess of the surprise. Behind a curtain perhaps one of the safest and most abiding we may expect to find anything the imagin- nooks in the temple of posthumous fame in ation is pleased to suggest. When the un- which any book can be lodged. So true it curtained wall suddenly breaks into life, the is that fiction is often less strange than truth, sensation is rather one of miracle than of that Robinson Crusoe's imaginary hardships merely gratified curiosity. Of course the are as nothing to those endured by Lord possible number of such unexpected revela- Milton and Dr. Cheadle. Their journey tions must necessarily diminish from year to down the Red River, over some four hunyear, the more so as the exploring instinct dred miles, in canoes, not by any means the of the Teutonic, and especially the British, most hazardous they performed, is one of the race seems as strong as ever, and all the inost romantic we remember to have read, supposed enervating influences of a civiliza- more in tune with the tales of crusading piltion, whose British talisman is comfort, have grims than of nineteenth-century gentlefailed to hinder even the more delicate sons men. Three men and a dog for sixteen of modern refinement from affronting even days occupied two cranky canoes, perpetualthe greatest perils of foreign travel. When ly in need of caulking. They started from a literary man of delicate literary refine-| Georgetown for Fort Garry (500 miles), ment, when an English viscount bred to a with twenty pounds of flour, twenty pounds viscount's ease, and an English medical man of pemmican, ten pounds of salt pork, some and member of an English university, take grease, tinder and matches, a small quantity 'their lives in their hands and travel east and of tea, salt, and tobacco, and plenty of amwest very much as the crow flies, and all munition ; a tin kettle and a frying pan, within the space of two or three years, fast some blankets and a waterproof sheet, a upon the Spekes, the Burtons, the Du Chail- small axe, and a gun and hunting knife lús, it is clear that the roving spirit of dis- apiece. Lord Milton and the dog (Rover covery rules stronger than ever, and that in by name, a treasure of genius and pluck) theory at least the uninspected parts of the occupied the smaller canoe, while a Mr. world must grow less and less. In practice, Treemiss and Dr. Cheadle “ navigated” the however, enough remains to fillip the won- larger one. The first day and night passed der of some generations to come, and it may merrily enough, and very well described probably be long ere it will be no longer possi- they are. But the next morning Lord Milble to divide books of travel into narratives ton's arms were so blistered withịpaddling in of purely personal impressions regarding the sun that he was disabled for several days, countries known to the bulk of readers, and and his canoe was towed along by the other new records of countries hitherto unknown, two men. A week after they left Georgetown their provisions fell short, and the ultimately selected a spot about half-way bepemmican proving worthless fell to the treas- tween Red River and the Rocky Mounure of a dog. Henceforward wild-duck and tains, called by the Indians “ La Belle Prafowl shooting became something more than rie," a lovely patch of two hundred acres, a sporting entertainment. Hunger had tak- " surrounded by low, wooded hills, and on en the place of gastronomy. And the inter- one side a lake, winding with many an inlet est with which the reader joins in the chase amongst the hills and into the plain.” How after young geese,

“ nearly full grown and they built their log hut here, far away from feathered, but not able to fly," is almost pa- human habitation, how they only just comthetically dramatic. Three men and a dog, pleted it before winter fell on them like an with hungry stomachs, and in no temper to avalanche, how they lived with their dogs trifle, paddling furiously on a wild American the wild life of Indian trappers, and oftenriver in two canoes after young geese, very times very nearly perished of hunger and succulent, but equally indispensable whether cold, will soon be read by every schoolboy succulent or dry, is an idyllic picture which in England. The buffalo-hunting is described throws a funny gleam on the fat sport of a with the zest of exact truth, - the nervous turnip battue, and also upon the true pleas- anxiety, the immense but smothered expecures and pains of savage life. Then follows a tation, the danger, the necessities of actual description of a “riband” storm following subsistence, all these, coupled with the simthe course of the river, for the singular force ple reality of the description and the total and simplicity of which the authors deserve absence of sensation writing, are features very great credit. We wish we could quote which will make the North-West Passage by it, but we must hurry on. Their canoes were Land one of the most popular English books flooded with the torrents of rain — they sat of travel. At the same time it is as hard a a night long in a rising hip-bath — it became book to review as would be Robinson Crusoe doubtful if their small craft would float till itself. It is almost impossible to analyze its daybreak — the rain beat upon them — they contents. All the incidents follow one anshivered from head to foot — their teeth chat- other link by link in such a manner that it tered, and their hands were so numbed that is difficult to mention them without recountthey could scarcely grasp their paddles, - ing the whole book. But here, for instance, nor dare they take a moment's rest in their is one example of the life they lead :watch to keep clear of snags and rocks, revealed to them from time to time by appall- “On the 11th of March, as we were sitting in ing flashes of lightning, illuminating the the hut talking to two young Indians who had river for an instant, and leaving them just arrived from the plains with a message from plunged in more appalling darkness. Day Gaytchi Mohkamaru, to the effect that he would broke at last, and they climbed on a muddy be compelled by hunger to eat the meat we had. bank, landed their canoes, wrapped them- left in cache if we did not fetch it immediately, selves in their dripping blankets, and, utterly the door opened and in walked La Ronde - (an weary and worn out, slept long and soundly. Indian half-breed who accompanied them. He This is only one little episode in the epi

was very emaciated, and appeared feeble and sode itself of the sixteen days' canoe

worn out. Bruneau arrived soon after in a dog ing, which is, after all, only introduc- Aour, 'a small chest of tea, and above all letters

sleigh, on which were a pemmican, a sack of tory to the main purport of the book. Lord from home. How eagerly we seized them, and Milton and Dr. Cheadle having under low often we read and re-read them, need taken to explore the most direct route hardly be told. We made a feast in honor of through British territory to the gold regions the arrival ; pancakes were fried in profusion, of Cariboo and the unknown country on the and kettleful after kettleful of tea prepared. The western flank of the Rocky Mountains, in the latter we had not tasted for many days, the neighbourhood of the sources of the north former not for weeks. We sat up until long branch of the Thompson River, were prac. of his journey and the news from Red River.

after midnight, listening to La Ronde's account tically only at the starting point of their They had accomplished the journey of 600 miles true expedition when they got to Fort Gar- to Fort Garry in twenty-three days, and after a ry. Finding, when they reached this prelim- week's rest set out on their return on the last inary stage, that it was already too late in day of January. This and the 1st of February the season to attempt crossing the mountains were the two days on which Cheadle and Isbister before winter, they decided to travel west- travelled from Carlton, the period of greatest ward to some convenient point on the river cold, when there were seventy degrees of frost.Saskatchewan, and winter there, in readi. ness to go forward across the mountains the All the details which follow are interestollowing sum mer. After some hesitation they ing, but one touch is peculiarly graphic:

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“We found,” say the authors, “to our sur- ninety pounds each; tea, salt, and tobacco.
prise, that we had somehow or other con- Their company comprised seven persons,
trived to manufacture three days since our and they had twelve horses, six of which
last visit to the Fort, six weeks before. By carried packs.
our reckoning we made the day of their return On this eventful journey they repeatedly
Saturday, the 14th of March, whereas it lost their trail, and finally had to cut their
proves to be Wednesday, the 11th,” — a little way through a primeval forest; while the
fact which leaves a vivid impression behind very Indians who accompanied them de-
of how soon civilization might under certain spaired of life. Their provisions dying out,
circumstances die from the face of the they had to feed on one of their own horses.
world.

The expedition lasted not fifty days, as On the re-appearance of the thaw our they reckoned, but nearly ninety. At the travellers prepared to push on through the end of August they reached Fort Kamloops second half of their expedition, but they in the following condition : 6 Our clothes had “to find the horses

a very expres- were in tatters, the legs of Milton's trousers sive phrase. " The horses " had been torn off above the knees, Cheadle's in ribturned loose at the commencement of win- bons; our feet covered only by the shreds ter, and had trailed eight or ten miles of moccassins; our faces gaunt, haggard, away. To the great astonishment of their and unshaven ; our hair long, unkempt, owners, they were, when found, “perfect and matted; and we had no means of balls of fat." Yet they had lived without proving our identity.” There they washed, shelter on such grass as they could scrape and dressed, and ate, and drank, and the at through the snow. So nutritious, it rhapsody about their eating and drinking seems, is prairie grass, that “the milch cows is quite pathetico-comically Homeric. They and draught oxen at Red River and in hear for the first time the marriage of the Minnesota, feeding on grass alone, were Prince of Wales. “Bless me! how delightgenerally in nearly as fine condition as the ful! is it possible ? but, oh Cheadle! what stall-fed cattle of the Baker-Street Show.” a mutton chop!” They hear of the Polish On the 3rd of April, not without regret, insurrection. “ Very sad, but, oh Milton! Lord Milton and Dr. Cheadle turned their what a rice pudding!” With mutton backs upon La Belle Prairie and set out chops, potatoes, bread, butter, milk, rice for Edmonton, across a country of the pudding, tea, sugar, — " contrast dried usual rich character, mingled woods, rolling horse-flesh and water, or martens, or nothpraries, and lakes and streams," along the ing at all.” “ The height of happiness," course of the Saskatchewan, which appears cry the two travellers," the height of hapto flow in one of the most fertile and glori- piness is eating and drinking! Talk not to ous valleys in the world. It is melancholy us of intellectual raptures, the mouth to think that the vanities of the fur trade and stomach are the doors by which enters should for so many years have practically true delight,” a sentiment which in such helped to shut out mankind from a district mouths sounds as delightfully fresh and incapable of sustaining a flourishing nation nocent as the confessions of sweet infancy of thirty millions of souls. Starting from respecting the bliss of toffy and the artistic Edmonton, the most important establish- beauties of plum-pudding. Men who peril ment of the Hudson's Bay Company in the their lives to add to the substantial knowlSaskatchewan district, the travellers, in edge of the world may be permitted to spite of the earnest remonstrances of local extol a mutton chop and a rice pudding connoisseurs, determined to try their for- in batrachomyomachian language. tune over Yellow Head Pass, following the The net result of Viscount Milton and emigrants' trail as far as may seem desira- Dr. Cheadle's book may be stated in a senble, but trusting to their imperfect maps tence. “ Millions of money and hundreds and the sagacity of their men to reach of lives have been lost in the search for a either Cariboo or Fort Kamloops, at the North-West Passage by Sea. Discovered grand fork of the Thompson. They calcu- at last, it has proved useless. The Northlated that they could not reach any post in West Passage by Land is the real highway British Columbia under a journey of seven to the Pacific." This is the passage they or eight hundred miles, which they thought have discovered, thereby connecting the might take them fifty days to accomplish at apparently inexhaustible soil of the Sasthe outside. For this their provisions com- katchewan with the apparently inexhaustiprised two sacks of flour, of a hundred ble minerals of British Columbia. pounds each ; four bags of pemmican, of

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PART VIII. - CHAPTER XXVII.

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the state of mental exhilaration and excite

ment naturally consequent upon having a a Miss MARJORIBANKS's mind had scarcely very important piece of work in hand. subsided out of the first exhilarating sense “I don't know what to do,” said Rose ; of a great many things to do, and a truly I made up my mind I never would say a important mission in hand, when little Rose word to any one. It is so strange that she Lake sought her with that confession of should have no proper pride! but you know, family troubles, and prayer for counsel and Lucilla, it is dreadful to think if anything aid in the extremity, which opened a new should come of it! though I am sure I way and mode of working to Lucilla. Rose don't know what could come of it; but they was proud, poor little soul, not only of her might run away, or something; and then exceptional position, and that of her family, people are so fond of talking. I thought as a family of artists, but also with a con- for a long time, if I only knew some nice stitutional and individual pride as one of the old lady;

but then I don't suppose there natural conservators of the domestic hon- are any nice old ladies in Carlingford,” adour, who would rather have died than have ded the Preraphaelist, with a sigh. heard the Lakes lightly spoken of, or up

" Oh, you

little monster !” cried Lucilla, braided with debt or indecorum, or any oth- “ there is Mrs. Chiley, the dearest old —; er crime. She had been silent as long as but never mind, make haste and tell me all she could about Barbara's shortcomings, the same, jealously concealing them from all the world, Lucilla,” said Rose, solemnly, “we are and attacking them with a violence which not great people like you; we are not rich, made her big elder sister, who was twice as nor able to have all we like, and everybody big and six times as strong as she, tremble to visit us; but, all the same, we have our before her when they were alone. But little Pride. The honour of a family is just as Rose had at length found things come to a precious whether people live,” said the point beyond which her experience did not young artist, with a certain severity, “in go. When Barbara began to have secret Grove Street or in Grange Lane." meetings with a man whose presence nobody This exordium had its natural effect upon was aware of, and who did not come openly Miss Marjoribanks; her imagination leaped to the house to seek her — and persevered, forward a long way beyond the reality in spite of all remonstrances, in this clandes- which her companion talked of so solemnly, tine career Rose could not tell what more and she changed colour a little, as even a to do. A vague instinct of greater evil be- woman of her experience might be excused hind impelled her to some action, and shame for doing in the presence of something terriand pride combined at the same time to ble and disastrous so near at hand. keep her silent. She could not speak to “ I wish you would not frighten me," said her father, because the poor man lost his Lucilla ; " I am very sorry for you, you head straightway, and made piteous ap- dear little Rose. You are only a baby yourpeals to her not to make a fuss, and threw self, and ought not to have any bother. the burden back again upon her with a Tell me all about it, there's a dear.” double weight; and besides, he was only a But these soothing tones were too much man, though he was her father, and Rose for Rosa's composure. She cried, and her had the pride ot'a woman in addition to her cheeks flushed, and her dewy eyes enlarged fotber prides. In these painful circumstan- and lightened when they had thrown off a ces, it occurred to her to consult Lucilla, little part of their oppression in the form of who had been, as has been recounted in an those hot salt tears. Miss Marjoribanks had early part of this history, a great authority never seen her look so pretty, and said so at Mount Pleasant, where her heroic belief to herself, with a momentary and perfectly in herself led, as was natural, others to be- disinterested regret that there was lieve in her. And then Miss Marjoribanks body" to see her - a regret which probawas one of the people who keep counsel; bly changed its character before Rose left and Rose felt, besides, that Lucilla had been the house. But in the mean time Lucilla injured, and had not revenged herself, and soothed her and kissed her, and took off her that to put confidence in her would be, to a hat and shed her pretty curls off her forecertain extent, to make up for the offence. head. These curls were not by any means All these motives, combined with an intoler- so strong and vehement in their twist as able sense of having upon her shoulders a Miss Marjoribanks's own, but hung loosely burden greater than she could bear, drove and softly with the "sweet neglect” of the the young artist at last to Grange Lane, poet. “You would look very nice if you where Lucilla, as we have said, was still in would take a little pains,” Lucilla said, in

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