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From Good Words. er," that he would be welcomed as a son, that

he too would enter into that great house “justiTHE PRAYER OF PRUDENTIUS.

fied rather than the others” who were more AURELIUS Prudentius CLEMENS, the confident and exulting.) writer who is here introduced to the readers of GooD WORDS, was born about the year A. D.

FATHER in heaven adored, 348. Licle is known of his life beyond the

Of all creation Lord, facis that his father filled the office of Consul,

Christ, Co-eternal Son, and that the boy must therefore have received

And Spirit, Three in One, the education of the upper classes of the em.

Thy wisdom guides my soul, pire ; that his early years were spent in reckless

I bow to Thy control, license; that he twice filled the office of Pre

Before Thy judgment throne fect in a Spanish province under Theodosius;

I all my vileness own. and tbat his maturer age was devoted to the at

Before that judgment-seat

I live in hope to meet tempt to create a Christian literature which should take the place of Virgil, and Horace,

Thy mercy and Thy grace, and Lucretius, for the generation then rising

Thy smiling, pitying face, into manbood. For the most part, however,

Though what I do or say his poems do not rise above the level of neatly

Be stained with sin alway. versified rhetoric. But the passage which is here translated has the merit of being some

Before Thee I confess, thing more, -the utterance of a deep feeling.

Help Thou my wretchedness; The man himself is speaking out of the depths

Spare him who owns his sin, of his heart. At the close of a poem, on the

The deep-dyed guilt within. Origin of Evil, his mind turns in upon itself,

All woe and pain, of right, and the thought comes home to him, that there

On this vile soul might light; is an evil within which he has not yet conquer

But Thou, O Judge, be kind, ed, and from which he is craving for deliver.

Cast all my sins bebind. ance. Wherever this feeling exists it claims

Hear, Lord, the prayer of woe, our sympathy and respect. Without it there And better things bestow. can be no true prayer. And it is because it is expressed by Prudentius with a truth and hu- Grant this poor soul of mine, mility that carry their own witness with them,

When it shall leave its shrine that I have thought it right, in spite of one se.

Of flesh and blood and bone, rious drawback, to give it a wider circulation

The house it calls its own, among English readers than it has had hitherto. To which it fondly clings, The nature of that drawback is sufficiently ob

In love of earthly things ; vious. The prayer implies, in its concluding When death's sad hour shall close words, the germ of the dogma which, in its de- These eyes in dark repose, veloped form, as "the Romish doctrine of pur- And all in earth shall lie gatory,” English churchmen and other Protest- This frail mortality : ants have learnt to distrust and to reject. I When, cleansed and clear, the sight need hardly say that I have no wish to revive Shall see the heavenly light: what the experience of so many centuries has Oh hide Thou then from view shown to be the fruitful parent of “many su.

The fierce wild robber crew, perstitions.” But it is one thing, in the light That fright the startled ear of that experience, to condemn the dogma, and With voice of threat and fear, quite another to refuse to acknowledge that Who fain would drag me down when it first came there was much in it which With dark, relentless frown, might attract and fascinate minds of the highest To caverns drear and deep, order. As we find it in Prudentius, it is no in- And there a prisoner keep strument of priestly tyranny, no narcotic to dull

Till all I owe be paid the conscience, no substitution of the mere en. Guilt's utmost farthing weighed. durance of pain for a progressive sanctification. What we hear in him is the utterance of a spirit Within Thy Father's home and temper upon which Christ himself has set In different order come, the seal of His approval. In the “many man. O Christ, the mansions meet, sions" of the Father's house, the writer of this Each soul's assigned retreat : prayer is content to “take the lowest room.” I ask not with the blest In the consciousness that he is no more worthy To gain eternal rest; to be called the son of that Father, he will sim- There let the saints abide ply ask that he may be as “one of His hired Who conquered lust and prido, servants.He "stands afar off,” like the Pub- And, seeking riches true, lican, and will not “ so much as lift up his eyes From earth's vain shews withdrew. unto Heaven.” We may not doubt that, with There, in perpetual youth such a soul, mists and shadows would pass Let white-soul'd, maiden Truth, away, that he would be bidden to "go up high- Forever dwell on higli,


In stainless chastity,

of our houses to blame for the greater reFor me enough, the deep

quirements. On the Continent an apartOf Hades dark and steep,

ment of eight or ten chambers is on a floor, If only Thou wilt bind

and the work of the servants is all on the The foes of human kind, If only Thou restrain

level, no running up and down stairs to anGehenna's fire and pain,

swer bells or to attend to the door. As for Nor leave my soul to flit

the last office, if the servants happen to be All hopeless to the pit.

out, or specially engaged, the members of Enough, if fleshly stain

the family think it no more derogatory to Require the cleansing pain,

open an outer door than to open an inner That in the lake of fire

door, though here the master or mistress I purge each foul desire :

who should by any chance find thenuselves Enough, if breezes sweet

discovered attending to their street door Temper the slackening heat,

would hardly recover their self-respet in a And scorching flames abate The fierceness of their hate.

twelvemonth. But, as the Pall Mall GaThe boundless realm of light,

zette says: The crown of glory bright, This meed let others gain ;

The truth is that foreigners do more for themEnough, if I attain,

selves than we do, and want less from their serBeneath Thy pitying eye,

vants. They do not ring the parlour bell incesA lighter penalty

santly; but we are sure that they are far better so served, more cheerfully serveil, more honestly served ; in a word, are made incomparably more comfortable with incomparably less fuss and ostentation, and at one-fourth the outlay.

The servants, too, are far cleverer (we From the Examiner.

may except those in the best-mounted noble SERVANTS, FOREIGN AND ENGLISH. houses in England, who are often admirable)

than ours are; they can do more things; their ENGLAND ought to be a cheap country: heart is more in their work; they give much Why is it not ? Arthur Young observed more, and exact much less. We are for ever nearly a century ago that it is not that the complaining of our servants here — “our honseliving abroad is cheaper than in England, hold plagues ;” but we scarcely ever realize to but that the mode of living is cheaper. ourselves how wonderfully, we should gain in The prices of necessaries are higher now in comfort, and how enormously we should save in France than in England, but nevertheless money, if we had only half our usual number of people live for less in France than in Eng- servants, and those of a different temper and a land, we mean of the same class and corre- and better trained - order than ours usually

higher — that is a more sensible, conscientious, sponding means. In England we are eaten up by servants, and the evil will increase with the advance of the price of labour. As the Pall Mall Gazette observes:

But, again, we say look to your houses,

for the main cause of the evil is structural. Servants are much better abroad. They do of servants if their movements were bori

We could do better with half the number incomparably more and cost incomparably less. We need two here where we need one there, and zontal instead of perpendicular. But half we pay each of those two twice as much directly, the number would not take the up and and three times as much circuitously and uncon.

down work at double the


French sciously. A family consisting of father, mother, and German servants have tried it, and and four children, in the upper-middle or upper given it up, saying it broke their hearts. ranks of life in England cannot possibly get on And the climbing is not all. We have to with less than four servants. On the Continent consider the underground life of town sertwo would be found sufficient. An English vants, and what can be more gloomy, more footman or butler wants his five meals a day, cheerless, more, unwholesome, or more reeats meat at three of them, grumbles over them all

, and of course grows fat, insolent, and lazy. pugnant? The lower offices of most LonAll he can be persuaded to do is to wait at ta

don houses are dismal dungeons never penble, usher in visitors, brush or fold his master's etrated by a ray of sunshine, and extremely clothes, and go out for an airing with his mis- ill ventilated. And it is the same in all the tress's carriage.

provincial towns. On the Continent there

is nothing but cellarage below the level of It is true that two servants will suffice the street, and the kitchens and offices of for a family on the Continent which will re- every apartment are on the same floor. quire four here, but we have the structure Often, it is true, in Paris and great towns





they give upon an interior court wanting | so honorable to both, are now first made publight and fresh air; but other chambers of lic, and will be read with great interest. the family are under the same disadvan- Transcript. tage, and the servants cheerfully make the best of what is submitted to by their superiBut the worst of these rooms looking

Col. Bowman writes, – on inner courts are preferable to our under- On the 4th of March, at Nashville, Majorground kitchens looking on the dead wall General Grant received telegraphic orders of the narrow, dark, musty, area. In the to report in person at Washington. ConFrench apartment there is, indeed, some of gress had passed an act authorizing the apthe equality of which the people are so te- pointment of a lieutenant-general to comnacious, and the servant in the worst cham- mand the armies of the United States, and ber is but a few steps removed from the the President had nominated General Grant best; but there is no escape from the for the appointment. Before starting, on oubliette of a town house, the subterranean his journey Grant seized his pen, and in kitchen, except by painful climbing, and the very moment of bis greatest elevation, the two extremes to which servants are con- filled with generosity towards those others demned are the dismal basement and the to whose exertions he modestly chose to asconfined close garrets.

cribe his own deserved reward, hastily wrote All these things, and more, are to be con- these touching lines : sidered when we complain of servants, their high cost, and what they do for it in comparison with the expense and work of for- GENERAL GRANT TO GENERAL SHERMAN. eign servants. And the worst of our case “ Dear Sherman: The bill reviving the is, that a main cause of the evil cannot be grade of lieutenant-general in the army has remedied; for the plan of our houses is un- become a law, and my name has been sent to alterable, and in some of the new buildings the Senate for the place. I now receive oron the largest scale at Kensington and ders to report to Washington immediately in Bayswater it condemns the servants to the person, which indicates a confirmation, or a discipline of the treadmill. It is curious likelihood of confirmation. that a plan of building has had so much to I start in the morning to comply with the do with the important social relation of order. masters and servants. To economize space, Whilst I have been eminently successful in grudging money for ground, we have run this war, in at least gaining the confidence of all to height in our houses, and for this we the public, no one feels more than I how have to pay for twice the number of ser- much of this success is due to the energy, vants that would be necessary if their limbs skill

, and the harmonious putting forth of and time were not occupied in going up that energy and skill, of those whom it has and down, not to mention other inconve- been my good fortune to have occupying niences. The pleasure of the plains was a subordinate positions under me. theme of early poets, and builders make us There are many officers to whom these relament that we have no remnant of those marks are applicable to a greater or less joys, and are condemned to all the cost and degree, proportionte to their ability as solincunveniences of endless climbing. diers; but what I want is, to express my

thanks to you and McPherson, as the men to whom, above all others, I feel indebted for whatever I have had of success.

How far your advice and assistance have LETTERS OF GENERAL GRANT AND GEN- been of help to me, you know. How far ERAL SHERMAN.

your execution of whatever has been given

you to do entitles you to the reward I am From advance sheets of Colonel S. M. receiving, you cannot know as well as I. Bowman's interesting and compendious his- I feel all the gratitude this letter would tory of “ Sherman and his Campaigns,” express, giving it the most flattering con

struction. which will be published by C. B. Richard

The word

you I use in the plural, intendson, 540 Broadway, in a few days, we

ing it to include McPherson also. I should take the following interesting letters of write to him, and will some day, but starting Grant and Sherman, on the appointment of in the morning, I do not know that I will the former to be Lieutenant-General. These find time just now. letters, so characteristic of the two men, and

U. S. Grant, Major-General."



Now as to the

future: don't stay in Washo

ington. Come West. Take to yourself the Sherman received this letter near Mem- whole Mississippi Valley. Let us make it phis on the 10th of March, and immediately dead sure — - and I tell you the Atlantic replied:

slopes and the Pacific shores will follow its

destiny, as sure as the limbs of a tree live Dear General: I have your more than or die with the main trunk. We have done kind and characteristic letter of the 4th in- much, but still much remains. Time and stant. I will send a copy to General Mc- time's influences are with us. We could Pherson at once.

almost afford to sit still and let these influYou do yourself injustice and us too much ences work. honor in assigning to us too large a share of Here lies the seat of the coming empire ; the merits which have led to your high ad- and from the West, when our task is done, vancement. I know you approve the friend- we will make short work of Charleston and ship I have ever professed to you, and will Richmond, and the impoverished coast of permit me to continue, as heretofore, to the Atlantic. manifest it on all proper occasions.

Your sincere friend.” You are now Washington's legitimate successor, and occupy a position of almost dangerous elevation; but if you can continue, as heretofore, to be yourself, simple, honest, and unpretending, you will enjoy through life the respect and love of friends

From the Spectator. and the bomage of millions of human beings,

SHERMAN'S GREAT MARCHES. that will award you a large share in securing to them and their descendants a government An excellent little volume, useful not of law and stability.

merely, nor chiefly, to the military student, I repeat, you do General McPherson and but useful to the general rea ler. It is a myself too much honor. At Belmont you valuable contribution to history, having the manifested your traits — neither of us being merit of entertaining as well as enlightening near. At Donelson, also, you illustrated your a contemporary reading public. No one whole character. I was not near, and Gen- need turn from it fearing to stumble in its eral McPherson in too subordinate a capaci- pages over military technology, and to ty to influence you.

yawn over that kind of writing which is Until you had won Donelson, I confess I often called military because it is "caviare was almost cowed by the terrible array of to the general.” There is no necessity why anarchical elements that presented them- the story of a campaign should be made unselves at every point; but that admitted a intelligible to all persons not educated at ray of light I have followed since.

the Staff College. Of all pedantry perhaps I believe you are as brave, patriotic and military pedantry is the most insufferable. just as the great prototype, Washington - There is nothing of the military pedant as unselfish, kind-hearted, and honest as a about Major Nichols. He writes with apman should be - but the chief characteristic parent ease in a language understı od by is the simple faith in success you have al- everybody, and while he does not neglect ways manifested, which I can liken to nothing the broad strategical features of Sherman's else than the faith a Christian has in the Sa- campaigns in Georgia and the Carolinas, viour.

he seasons his daily narrative by jotting This faith gave you victory at Shiloh and down an abundance of incidents, - social, Vicksburg. Ålso, when you have completed political, and picturesque. We have glimpyour preparations, you go into battle with- ses of the ways and means, sketches of charout hesitation, as at Chattanooga - - no acter, and notes of adventure on the road. doubts — no reserves; and I tell you, it was He shows how the great columns of the this that made us act with confidence. I army, stretched out over a vast front, or knew, wherever I was, that you thought of folded up into a small space, were moved me, and if I got in a tight place you would as easily by the General as a fan in the help me out, if alive.

hands of a Spanish belle. Not that the Mly, only point of doubt was, in your book is and formal history. It is simply a knowledge of grand strategy, and of books of science and history; but, I confess, your * The Story of the Grent March. From the Diary common sense seems to have supplied all of a staff officer. By Brevet. Major G. W. Nichols,

Aide-de-Camp to General Sherman. With a map these.

and Illustrations. London : Sampson Low and Co.

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record, penned at intervals in the bivouac around him, and the map of the States by the camp-fire, or in the rarer shelter of spread on his knees, General Sherman ran quarters. It extends from the beginning his finger over the map, and indicated his of September, 1864, to May, 1865. Major course to Savannah. Then, after ponderNichols was sent from the West with orders ing on the map of South Carolina, his finger to report to General Sherman. He found rested on Columbia, and looking up, he him at Atlanta, just after the capture of said: - "Howard, I believe we can go that place, and the General at once retained there without any serious difficulty. If we him on his staff — an act of kindness for can cross the Salkahatchie, we can capture which the Major is proportionately grateful. Columbia,” — a striking instance of strategic Major Nichols therefore speaks as an eye- insight. From Columbia, passing his finger witness, and not the least merit of his little quickly over rivers, swamps, and cities to book lies in the fact that he records chiefly Goldsboro', North Carolina, — " That point what he saw. This is a merit that will be is a few days’ march through a rich country. appreciated at least by the future historians When we reach that important railway of the war.

junction – when I once plant this army at The first part of the book treats of the Goldsboro' - Lee must leave Virginia, or march through Georgia, and the bulk of it he will be defeated beyond hope of recormust have been published in the newspa- ery. We can make this march, for General pers, for to us it is quite familiar. The Grant assures me that Lee cannot get away second part relates to the march through from Richmond without his knowledge, nor the Carolinas, and this we do not recognize. without serious loss to bis army.” This is a Both marches are parts of the same scheme. wonderful instance of forecast. It was all It is commonly thought that when, at the done. On the 15th of November, stripped instance of Mr. Davis, Hood crossed the of every superfluous ounce of baggage, or Chattahoochee, he took Sherman by sur- clothing, or ammunition, the army moved prise. But the disposition of Sherman's out from Atlanta. On the 21st of Decemforces shows that he kept a keen watch ber that army entered Savannah. On the upon the Confederates, and the readiness 1st of February Sherman moved into South with which he applied the means at his Carolina, on the 17th he entered Columbia, command to thwart his opponent shows how and on the 21st of April he was actually in well he was prepared. For he not only Goldsboro', having in both campaigns exeleft a guard in Atlanta, he not only followed cuted his marches as he had designed them Hood closely with a superior army, but with at Gaylesville in the previous October. If the exception of Dalton he was able by the the reader will glance at a good map, he use of signals to anticipate the Confederates will begin to see why it is that these at every vital point, and finally, by exert- marches are destined to rank with the most ing an irresistible pressure upon Hood, striking exploits of the greatest commandhe was able to force that officer completely ers. What makes them so admirable, what off the Federal line of communications. rounds and completes them, is that at no When Hood reached Gadsden, Sherman one point was the great conception marred halted, and while he watched him as keen- by faults of execution. This part of the ly as ever, he estimated the possible and war is as perfect a piece of military work as probable course Hood would take, and med- is to be found in the military annals of any itated his own great plans. At the earliest nation. It has three great merits. It was moment he sent Thomas to take care of profound in design, -none but a man of Tennessee, but it was not until he was cer- genius could have conceived it; it was exetain that Hood had marched towards Tus- cuted to perfection, and that is a proof of cumbia and Corinth that Sherman sent two the rare soldier-like qualities of officers and corps to Thomas. In anticipation of Hood's men, as well as of the General-in-Chief; erratic movement, Sherman had arranged and it was decisive of the war. General his own plans for a march to the sea Sherman's own history of it is as clear and through the heart of Georgia, and had ob- unpretending as any history can be. Shertained the ready assent of Grant to this man's despatches indeed are like his exbold stroke of sterling military genius. But ploits, among the best of their kind. But it this was not all. Major Nichols tells us is volumes like this of Major Nichols which that his hero, from his camp at Gaylesville, bring out the human interest of the story, while awaiting the developinent of Hood's and enable us to see not only how the work design, sketched out the march to Golds- was done, but the men by whom it was boro'. Seated in front of his tent, towards done. There is probably no existing army the end of October, 1864, with his generals for Sherman's army has been mustered

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