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CONTENTS.

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CHAPTER I.

Ancestry of Abrahain Lincoln-Their Residence in Pennsylvania and Virginia-
His Grandfather Crosses the Alleghanies to join Boone and his Associates
“The Dark and Bloody Ground"-His Violent Death-His Widow Sottles in
Washington County-Thomas Lincoln, his Son, Marries and Locates near
Hodgenrille_Birth of Abraham Lincoln--LaRue County-Early Life and
Training in Kentucky......

CHAPTER II.

Removal from Kentucky-An Emigrant Journey-The Forests of Southern Indi-

ana-New Ilome-Indiana in 1816-Slavery and Freo Labor-Young Lincoln at

His Work-His Schools and Schoolmasters-Self-Education-A Characteristic

Incident-Acquaintance with River Life--His First Trip to New Orleans ag a

Flatboatman-Death of His Mother-His Father's Second Marriage-Recollec-

tions of an Early Settler -- Close of an Eventful Poriod in Young Lincoln's

Iristory...........

CHAPTER III.

The French Settlements-The North-West--The Advance of Emigration-Four

Great States Founded-North and South in Uhio, Indiana, and Illinois-Senti-

ments of Southern Emigrants—The First Emigrations-A Coincidonco of Dates-

Mordecai and Josiah Lincoln-Removal to Illinois-Settlement on the San-

gamon, in Macon County-Locality Described-Abraham Lincoln Engagod in

Splitting Rails--Removal of His Father-Ile Settles in Coles County-Abraham

Lincoln

makes another Trip as a Flatboatman-Becomes Clerk in a Store on

Elis Return-Postmaster at New Salem............................................................

CHAPTER IV.

Breaking Out of the Black Hawk War-The Invasion of 1831—The Rock-river

Country Threatened-Prompt Action of Gov. Reynolds-Retreat of Black

Hawk - Treaty of 1804–Bad Faith of the Indians-Invasion of 1832—Volun-

teers Called For-Abraham Lincolo one of a Company from Menard County-

He is chosen Captain-Rendezvous at Beardstown-Hard Marches across tho

Country to Oquawka, Prophetstown, and Dixon-Expected Battle Avoided by

the Enemy-Discontent among Volunteers—They are Disbanded-Captain Lin.

coln Remains, Volunteering for Another Term of Service-Skirmishing Fights-

Arrival of New Lovies—Encounter at Kellogg's Grove-Black Hawk at Four

Lakes-lo Retreats-Battle on the Wisconsin-Hastens Forward to the Mis-

sissippi-Battle of Bad-ax-End of Lincoln's First Campaign-Autobiographic

Note......

CHAPTER V.

A New Period in Mr. Lincoln's Life-His Political Opinions-Clay and Jackson-

Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for Representative-Election in 1834-Illinois Strongly

Democratic-Mr. Lincoln as a Surveyor-Land Speculation Mania-Mr. Lin-

coln's First Appearance in the Legislature-Banks and Internal Improve-

ments-Whig Measures Democratically Botched-First Meeting of Lincoln

with Douglas-The Latter Seeks an Office of the Legislature, and Gets it-Mr.

Lincoln Re-elected in 1836-Mr. Douglas also a Member of the House-Distin-

guished Associates-Internal Improvements Again-Mr. Lincoln's Views on

Šlavory-The Capital Removed to Springfield-The New Metropolis-Revulsion

of 1831-Mr. Lincoln Chosen for a Third Term John Calhoun, of Lecompton

Memory-Lincoln the Whig Lender, and Caudidato for Speaker--Close Vote

5

CHAPTER VI.

Mr. Lincoln's Law Studies-His Perseverance under Adverse Circumstances

Licensed to Practice in 1836–His Progress in his Profession-His Qualities as

an Advocate-A Romantic and Exciting Incident in his Practice-Reminiscence

of his Early Lifo-Secures an Acquittal in a Murder Case, in spite of a Strong

Popular Prejudice Against the Prisoner - Affecting Scene - Mr. Lincoln

Removes to Springfield in 1837—Devotes Himself to his Profession, Giving up.

Political Lifo-His Marriage-Family of Mrs. Lincoln-Fortunato Domestic

Relations-His Children and their Education-Denominational Tendencies

Four Year's Retirement..... ..............................................................................

62

OHAPTER VII.

Mr. Lincoln's Devotion to Henry Clay-Presidential Nominations of 1844–The

Campaign in Illinois-Mr. Lincoln makes an Active Canvass for Clay-John

Calhoun the Leading Polk Elector-Tho Tariff Issue Thoroughly Discussed

Mechod of Conducting the Canvass-Whigs of Illinois in a Hopeless Minority-

Mr. Lincoln's Reputation as a Whig Champion-Renders Efficient Service in

Indiana-Mr. Clay's Defeat, and the Consequences-Mr. Lincoln a Candidato for

Congressman in 1846—President Polk's Administration-Condition of the Coun-

try-Texas Annexation, the Mexican War, and the Tariff—Political Character

of the Springfield District-Lincoln Elected by an Unprecedented Majority-

His Personal Popularity Demonstrated.......

68

OHAPTER VIII.

The Thirtieth Congress-Its Political Character–The Democracy in a Minority

in the House--Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker-Distinguished Mombers in

both Houses—Mr. Lincoln takes his Soat as a Member of the House, and Mr.

Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Senate, at the same Session-Mr.

Lincoln's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig-The Mexi.

can War-Mr. Lincoln's Views on the Subject-Misrepresentations-Not an

Availablo Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponents-- His Resolutions of Inquiry in

Regard to the Origin of the War-Mr. Richardson's Resolutions Indorsing

the Administration - Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an Immediate Dis-

continuance of the War-Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln-Resolutions

of Thanks to Gen. Taylor-Mr. Henley's Amendmont, and Mr. Ashmun's Addi-

tion thereto-Resolutions Adopted without Amendment-Mr. Lincoln's First

Speech in Congress, on the Mexican War-Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improve-

ments-A Characteristic Campaign Speech-Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of

Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power; National Issues; President and Peoplo; Wil.

mot Proviso; Platforms; Democratic Sympathy for Clay; Military Heroes and

Exploits ; Cass a Progressive ; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War;

Democratic Divisions-Close of the Session-Mr. Lincoln on the Stump-Gen.

Taylor's Election Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress-Slavery in the

District of Columbia-Tho Public Lands–Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman-Ho

Retires to Private lifo.............

72

CHAPTER IX.

Mr. Lincoln in Rotirement for Fire Years—Gen. Taylor's Administration-The

Slavery Agitation of 1850—The Compromise of Clay and Fillmore--The "Final

Settlement” of 1852-How, and by Whom it was Disturbed - Violation of the

Most Positive Pledges—The Kansas-Nebraeka Bill-Douglas, the Agitator-

Popular Indignation and Excitement-Mr. Lincoln Takes part in the Canvass

of 1864—Great Political Changes-The Anti-Nebraska Organization--Springfield

Resolutions of 1854–Results of the Election-A Majority of Congressmen and

of the Legislaturo Anti-Nebraska-Election of United States Senator to Suc.

ceed Gen. Shields-Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Trumbull-A Magnanimous Sacrifice

Mr. Trumbull Elected ...........

119

CHAPTER X.

The Republican Party Organized–Their Platform Adopted at Bloomington-Tho

Canvass of 1856–Mr. Lincoln Sustains Fremont and Dayton--His Active Labors

on the Stump-Col. Bissell Elected Governor of Illinois--Mr. Buchanan Inau-

gurated--His Kansas Policy--Mr. Donglas Committed to it in June, 1857—John

Calhoun his Special Friend--The Springfield Speech of Douglas-Mr. Lincoln's

Reply...............

121

CHAPTER XI.

The Lecompton Struggle–The Policy of Douglas Changed - IIo Broaks with the

Administration and Loses Caste at the South-Republican Sympathies-Douglas

Falters, but Opposes the English Bill-Passage of that Meaguro-Democratic

State Convention of Illinois-Douglas Indorsed, and Efforts for his Re-election

Commenced - The Democratic Bolt-Meeting of the Republican State Conven-

tion in June Mr. Lincoln Named as the First and Only Choice of the Republi.

cans for Senator-His Great Speech Before the Convention at Springfield-Doug-

Iss and Lincoln at Chicago-Speeches at Bloomington and Springfield-Unfair

ness of the Apportionment Pointed out by Mr. Lincoln-Ho Analyzes the

Douglas Programme-Seven Joint Debates_Douglas

Produces a Bogus Plat.

form, and Proponnds Interrogatories - "Unfriondly Legislation "-Lincoln

Fully Defines his Position on the Slavery Question-Result

of tho Canvass-Tho

People for Lincoln; the Apportionment for Douglas—Public Opinion.............. 141

CHAPTER XII.

Mr. Lincoln in Ohio-His Speech at Columbus-Denial of the Nogro Suffrage

Charge_Troubles of Douglas with his “Great Principle"-Territories not

States-Doctrines of the Fathers-His Cincinnati Speech="Shooting Over the

Line"-What the Republicans Mean to Do-Plain Questions to the Democracy-

The People Above Courts and Congress—Uniting the Opposition-Eastern Tour-

The Cooper Institute Speech-Mr. Bryant's Introduction-What the Fathers

Held-What will Satisfy the Southern Democracy-Counsels to the Republic

CADS-Mr. Lincoln Among the Children.....

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CIAPTER III.

Vr. Lincoln's Administration in issue before the People. -Disadvantages of the

Hour.–Oppositiva in Official Quarters, and on the Union sido in Congress — Tho

“Radical" Movement.-Recapitulation of the Administration Policy in regard

to Virginia and Missouri.—Mr. Lincoln's Method with the Insurrectionary

States. Gen. Fremont's Military Administration in Missouri.-His Removal.-

Personality of the Missouri Feud.-How Mr. Lincoln Regarded it.-His Letter

to Gen. Schofield.- His Reply to the Demands of the “Radical" Committeo.-

The Situation in Louisiana.-Military Governorship in Tennessee.-State Re-or-

ganization in Arkansas.-Factious Opposition.–Uprising of the People for Mr.

Lincoln.--The Baltimore Convention.-The Nominations.-Responses of Mr.

Lincoln.-Address of the Methodist General Couference.-Tho President's

Boply....

***..... 531
CHAPTER VIII.

CHAPTER IV.

CIAPTER V.

Military Operations before Petersburg and Richmond, from Juno to Novembor,

1864. -Gen. Hunter's Campaiga.-Movements in the Shenandoah Valley.-

Early's Invasion of Maryland.-IIis Demonstration against Washington.-His

Retreat up the Valley, and Second Advance to tho Potomac.-Burning of

Chambersburg. Successes of Gen. Averill.-Battle of Moorfield.-Gen. Sheri-

dan takes Command in the Valley.-Admiral Farragut before Mobile.-Brilliant

Naval Victories.-Movements of Sheridan.-Important Successes in the Val-

ley.—Thanksgiving Proclamation of President Lincoln...

CI APT ER VI.

Gen. Sherman's Campaign in Georgia. From Marietta to Atlanta.-Passage of

the Chattahoochee.-Rousseau's Raid.-Battles beforo Atlanta.--Heavy losses

of the Rebels after IIood Succeeds Johnston.-Cavalry expeditions under Stone-

map and McCook. Their Failure.--Operations around Atlanta.--Kilpatrick's

Raid.Sherman's Army on the Macon Railroad.--Battle of Jonesboro.-Cap-

ture of Atlanta.-Rebel Raids.-Hood's operations in Sherman's Rear.-Price's

Invasion of Missouri.Goneral Results of the South-western Campaigns......... 604

CHAPTER VII.

The Presidential Canvass of 1864 concluded.-Spirit of the Opposition. The

North-western Conspiracy.-The Issue Concerning the Habeas Corpus and Mili-

tary Arrests.-Letters of Mr. Lincoln on these Subjects.-Efforts of the Rebel

Cabal in Canada to influence the Election.-The State Elections of September

and October.-The Voice of the Soldiers.-The Presidential Vote.-The Presi-

dent's Gratitude to the Army and Navy.-Maryland a Free Stato.-Mr. Lincoln's

Speech to Marylanders.-Cipher Dispatches, and Schemes of the Canadian

Cabal.--Affairs in Tennessee.-The Canvass in New York.

622

Second Session of the Thirty-Eighth Congress.-President Lincoln's last Annual

Message.--Cabinet Changes.- Mr. Blair withdraws, and Gov. Deunison becomes

Postmaster-General.-Mr. Speed Succeeds Judge Bates, as Attorney-General.-

Death of Chief Justice Taney.-Mr. Chase his Successor.-Our Rolations with

Canada.-The Reciprocity Treaty to Terminate.-Call for 300,000 more Sol-

diers.-Amendment of the Constitution Prohibiting Slavery, Concurred in by

the House.--Popular Rejoicing.-The Rebel Treatment of Union Prisoners. -

Retaliation Discussed in the Senate, but Repugnant to Public Sentiment.--The

Wharncliffe Correspondence.-Testimony of Coldwin Smith.-Peace Memorial

from Great Britain.--Correspondence Thereon.-Congratulatory Address of the

Workingmen of Great Britain.-Speech of Mr. Lincoln in Reply to the Swe.

dish Minister. Speech of Mr. Lincoln on the Death of Edward Everett.--Polit-

ical affairs in Tennessee, Louisiana and Arkansas.-Abortive Peace Negotia-

tions.--Fall Details of the Hampton Roads' Conference.-Rebel accounts of the

Same.-Affairs in Richmond.-Close of tho Thirty-Eighth Congress.-Creation

of the Bureau of Freedmon, and other Legislation.......

663

CHAPTER IX.

Winter Campaigns of 1864–5.-Movement of Sherman from Atlanta to Savannah.

-Fort McAllister Carried by Assault.-Communication Opened with Admiral

Dahlgren's Flect.--Savannah Occupied by Sherman.-Movements of Hood and

Beauregard.--Campaign in Tennessee.-Battle of Franklin.-The Armies Before

Nashville.-Raid of Stoneman and Burbridge.-Battle of Nashville.—Defeat

and Bout of Hood's Army.--Movements Against Wilmington.-Failure of tho

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