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(ACT of April 29th, 1816-) proportion for the parts of a dollar. Crowns of France, at the rate of one hundred and ten cents for each crown, the actual weight whereof shall not be less than eighteen pennyweights and seventeen grains, and in proportion for the parts of a crown. And it shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to cause assays of the foreign gold and silver coins made current by this act, to be had at the mint of the United States, at least once in every year, and to make report of the result thereof to congress, for the purpose of enabling them to make such alterations in this act, as may become requisite, from the real standard value of such foreign coins.' And it shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to cause assays of the foreign gold and silver coins of the description made current by this act, which shall issue subsequently to the passage of this act, and shall circulate in the United States, at the mint aforesaid, at least once in every year, and to make report of the result thereof to congress, for the purpose of enabling congress to make such coins current, if they shall deem the same to be proper, at their real standard value. [Infra, 43.]

ACT of April 29th, 1816. Pamphlet edit. 117. 43. Sec. I. From and after the passage of this act, and for three years thereafter, and no longer, the following gold and silver coins shall pass current as money within the United States, and be a legal tender for the payment of all debts and demands, at the several and respective rates following, and not otherwise, videlicit; the gold coins of Great Britain and Portugal, of their present standard, at the rate of one hundred cents for every seventy-seven grains, or eighty-eight cents and eight-ninths per pennyweight: the gold coins of France, of their present standard, at the rate of one hundred cents for every twenty-seven and a half grains, or eightyseven and one quarter cents per pennyweight: the gold coins of Spain, at the rate of one hundred cents for every twenty-eight and a half grains, or eighty-four cents per pennyweight; the crown of France, at the rate of one hundred and seventeen cents and sixtenths, per ounce, or one hundred and ten cents for each crown weighing eighteen pennyweights and seventeen grains; the five franc pieces, at the rate of one hundred and sixteen cents per ounce, or ninety-three cents and three mills for each five franc piece, weighing sixteen pennyweights and two grains. [Infra, 47. Supra, 42.]

44. Sec. 11. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury, to cause assays of the foregoing gold and silver coins, made cur. rent by this act, to be had at the mint of the United States at least once in every year; and to make report of the result thereof

to congress.

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ACT of January 14th, 1818. Pamphlet edit. 15. An act further to prolong the continuance of the mint at Philadelphia. 45. Sec. 1. The act entitled “An act concerning the mint," approved March 3d, 1801, is hereby revived and continued in force and operation, for the further term of five years, from the fourth day of March next.

46. Sec. 11. During the continuance of the mint at the city of Philadelphia, the duties which were enjoined on the commissioner of loans for the state of Pennsylvania, by the second section of the act, entitled “An act concerning the mint,” passed on the third day of March, 1801, shall be performed by the collector of the port

of Philadelphia, for the time being. [Supra, 40.]

ACT of March 3d, 1819. Pamphlet edit. 92. 47. Sec. 1. The gold coins of Great Britain and Portugal of their present standard, shall be a legal tender in the payment of all debts, at the rate of one hundred cents for every twenty-seven grains, or eighty-eight cents and eight ninths per pennyweight: the gold coins of France of their present standard, at the raie of one hundred cents for every twenty-seven and an half grains, or eighty-seven and a quarter cents per pennyweight: the gold coins of Spain, at the rate of one hundred cents for every twenty-eight and an half grains, or eighty-four cents per pennyweight: until the first day of November next; and from and after that day, foreign gold coins shall cease to be a tender within the United States, for the payment of debts or demands.

48. Sec. 11. So much of the act, entitled “An act regulating the currency within the United States, of the gold and silver coins of Great Britain, France, Portugal and Spain,” passed on the 29th day of April, 1816, as relates to foreign silver coins, is hereby continued in force, two years from and after the 29th day of April next, and no longer. [Supra, 42. 43.)

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COMMERCE.

Statistical aceounts to be annually pre- Exports and imports how valued, 10 pared, 1 Manifests to be verified by oath,

11 What to be comprehended therein, 2 to 6 Collector to make quarterly returns, 13 Particulars how ascertained,

7, 8 Secretary of the treasury to direct, &c. 14, 15 Gollectors to keep particular accounts, 9, 12

ACT of February 10th, 1820. Pamphlet edit. 10: An act to provide for obtaining accurate statements of the foreign commerce

of the Uniteu States. 1. Sec. 1. The register of the treasury shall, under the direction of the secretary of the treasury, annually prepare statistical accounts of the commerce of the United States with foreign countries, for each preceding year; which accounts shall be laid before congress, by the secretary of the treasury, on the first Monday in December in every year, or as soon after as possible.

2. Sec. ir. Such accounts shall comprehend and state all goods, wares, and merchandize, exported from the United States to other countries; all goods, wares, and merchandise, imported into the United States from other countries; and all navigation employed in the foreign trade of the United States; which facts shall be stated according to the principles, and in the manner, hereby directed.

3. Sec. fit. The kinds, quantities, and values, of all articles exported, and the kinds, quantities, and values, of all articles imported, shall be distinctly stated in such accounts; except in cases in which it may appear to the secretary of the treasury that separate statements of the species, quantities, or values, of any particular article would swell the annual statements without utility; and, in such cases, the kinds and total values of such articles shall be stated together, or in such classes as the secretary of the treasury may think fit.

4. Sec. iv. The exports shall be so stated, as to show the exports to each foreign country, and their values; and the imports shall be so stated, as to show the imports from each foreign country, and their values.

5. Sec. v. The exports shall be so stated, as to show, separately, the exports of articles of the production or manufacture of the United States, and their values; and the exports of articles of the production or manufacture of foreign countries, and their values.

6. Sec. vi. The navigation, employed in the foreign trade of the United States, shall be stated in such manner, as to show the amount of the tonnage of all vessels departing from the United States for foreign countries; and, separately, the amount of such tonnage of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tonnage of foreign vessels; and also the foreign nations to which

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(ACT of February 10th, 1820.) such foreign tonnage belongs, and the amount of such tonnage belonging to each foreign nation: and in such manner as also to show the amount of the tonnage of all vessels departing for every particular foreign country, with which the United States have any considerable commerce; and, separately, the amount of such tonnage

of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tunnag of foreign vessels: and, in such manner as to show the amount of the tonnage of all vessels arriving in the United States from foreign countries; and, separately, the amount of such tonnage of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tonnage of foreign vessels; and, also, the foreign nations to which such foreign tonnage belongs, and the amount of such tonnage belonging to each foreign nation: and, in such manner, as also to show the amount of the tonnage of all vessels arriving from every particular foreign country, with which the United States have any considerable commerce; and, separately, the amount of such tonnage of vessels of the United States, and the amount of such tonnage of foreign vessels.

7. SEC. vii. The kinds and quantities of all imported articles free from duty, shall be ascertained by entry made upon oath or affirmation by the owner, or by the consignee or agent of the importer; or, by actual examination, where the collector shall think such examination necessary: and the values of all such articles shall be ascertained in the same manner, in which the values of imports subject to duties ad valorem are ascertained.

8. Sec. vin. The values of all imported articles subject to specific duties shall be ascertained in the manner in which the values of imports subject to duties ad valorem are ascertained.

9. Sec. IX. The collectors shall keep separate accounts of the kinds, quantities, and values of such parts of the imports subject to duties ad valorem, as may be directed by the secretary of the treasury.

10. Sec. x. All articles exported shall be valued at their actual cost, or the values which they may truly bear, at the time of exportation, in the ports of the United States, from which they are exported: and all articles imported shall be valued at their actual cost, or the values which they may truly bear in the foreign ports from which they are exported for importation into the Uni. ted States, at the time of such exportation.

11. Sec. XI. Before a clearance shall be granted for any vessel bound to a foreign place, the owners, shippers, or consignors, of the cargo on board of such vessel, shall deliver to the collector manifests of the cargo, or the parts thereof, shipped by them respectively, and shall verify the same by oath or affirmation; and such manifests shall specify the kinds and quantities of the articles shipped by them respectively, and the value of the total quantity of each kind of articles; and such oath or affirmation shall state that such manifest contains a full, just, and true account of all ar. (ICT of March 3d, 1817.) ticles laden on board of such vessel by the owners, shippers, or consignors, respectively, and that the values of such articles are truly stated, according to their actual cost, or the values which they truly bear at the port and time of exportation; and, before a ci rance shall be granted for any such vessel, the master of every such vessel, and the owners, shippers, and consignors of the cargo, shall state, upon oath or affirmation, to the collector, the foreign place or country in which such cargo is truly intended to be landed; and the said oaths or affirmations shall be taken anıl subscribed in writing

12. SEC. XII. Every collector shall keep an accurate account of the national characters and tonnage of all vessels which depart from his district for foreign countries, and of the foreign places or countries for which such vessels depart; and, also, an accurate account of the national characters and tonnage of all vessels which enter his district from foreign countries, and of the foreign places or countries from which such vessels arrive, · 13. Sec. XII. The several collectors shall make quarter yearly returns to the register of the treasury, of all the facts and matters which they are hereby required to ascertain.

14. Sec. xiv. The secretary of the trưasury shall give such directions to the collectors, and prescribe such rules and forms to be observed by them, as may appear to him proper for attaining the objects of this act: Provided, that such directions or rules shall not be contrary to the provisions of any law of the United States.

15. Sec. xv. The forms of the annual statements hereby requir. ed, shall be determined by the secretary of the treasury, who shall prescribe such forms as may be proper to exhibit the facts hereby required to be stated in the clearest manner, and to show the actual state of commerce and navigation between the United States and foreign countries in each year.

16. Sec. xvi. This act shall be in force from the 30th day of September next.

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ACT of March 3d, 1817. Pamphlet edit. 225. An act transferring the duties of commissioner of loans to the bank of the Uni.

ted States, and abolishing the office of commissioner of loans. 1. SEC. 1. The bank of the United States, and its several branches, shall be, and they are hereby, required to do and perform the ses

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