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PUBLISHED BY W. MITCHELL AND SON,

39, CHARING CROSS,

NEAR THE ADMIRALTY AND HORSE GUARDS.

1862.

J, B. NICHOLS AND SONS,

[25, PARLIAMENT ST., WESTMINSTER

PATRON.
HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN.

VICE-PATRONS.
COLONEL H.R.H. THE PRINCE OF WALES, K.G.
GENERAL H.R.H, THE DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE, K.G. COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF.

FIELD MARSHAL HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE BELGIANS, K.G. &c. &c.
Palmersto), Right Hon. Viscount, K.G. M.P. First Dalhousie, Rt. Hon. The Farl of, K.T.
Lord of the Treasury.

Northumberland, Vice-Admiral His Grace the Grey, Right Hon. Sir G. Bart. M.P. Secretary of Duke of, K.G. F.R.S. &c. State for the Home Department.

Hardwicke, Vice-Admiral the Right Hon, the Russell, 'Right Hon. Earl, Secretary of State for Earl of. Foreign Affairs.

Graham, Rt. Hon. Sir James, Bart. M.P. Newcastle, His Grace the Duke of, Secretary of Broughton, Right Hon. Lord, G.C.B. State for the Colonies.

Baring, Rt. Hon. Sir Francis T. Bart. M.P. Lewis, Right Hon. Sir G. C. Bart. M.P. Secretary Beresford, Rt. Hon. W. M.P. of State for War.

Murchison, Sir Roderic Inıpey, G.C.St.S. F.R.S. Wood, Right Hon. Sir Charles, Bart. M.P. Secre- &c. tary of State for India.

Peel, Major-General Rt. Hon. J. M.P. Somerset, His Grace the Duke of, First Lord of Pakington, Rt. Hon. Sir John, Bart. M.P. the Admiralty.

Clyde, General Rt. Hon. Lord, G.C.B. K.S.I. Carlisle, Right Hon. the Earl of, K.G. Lord

Lieutenant of Ireland.

PRESIDENT.
THE DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, K.G. &c. &c.

VICE-PRESIDENTS. Smyth, W. H. Vice-Admiral, K.F.M. D.C.L. Pollock, Sir G. General, H.M. Beng. Army, G.C.B. F.R.S. F.S.A. F.R.G.S. &c.

K.S.I. Fox, C. R, Lieut.-General.

Hamilton, F. W. Major-General, C.B. Stanhope, P. Spencer, Major-General.

Alcock, T. St. Leger, Lieut.-Col.-Commandant Back, Sir George, Rear-Admiral, D.C.L. F.R.S. Royal E. Middlesex Militia. &c.

White, Loraine, Major. Yorke, P.J. Col. late Scots Fusilier Guards, F.R.S. Sykes, W.H.Col. Ret. H.M. Bom.Army, F.R.S.M.P. Lindsay, Hon. James, Major-General, M.P.

Fishbourne, E. G. Captain R.N. C.B.

COUNCIL

1862-63.

CHAIRMAN--Captain E. G. Fishbourne, R.N. C.B.

VICE-CHAIRMAN -- Major-General the Hon. James Lindsay, M.P. Lacon, W. Stirling, Esq. late H.C.S.

Higgins, W. F. Esq. late Colonial and War DepartTapper, A. C. Capt. Royal Brecknock Militia.

ment. Barrow, John, Esq. F.R.S. late Admiralty.

Adair, R. A. Shafto, Col. Suffolk Mil. Art. F.R.S. Nicolson, Sir Frederic, Bart. Captain R.N. C.B. Goldsmith, George, Capt. R.N. C.B. Stopford, James J. Rear-Admiral.

Packe, E. Captain, late Royal Horse Guards. MacQueen, James, Capt. h.p. 3rd Light Dragoons. Tyler, H. W. Captain R.E. Le Couteur, J. H. Lieut.-Colonel Coldm. Guards. Porter, S. W. Major R.E. Cooke, A. C. Major R.E. Topographical Staff. Petrie, M. Captain 14th Regt. Topog. Staff, Collinson, R. Capt. R.N. C.B.

Malton, W. D. Capt. Dumfriesshire Militia. Scott, Captain Sir Sibbald, Bart.

Craufurd, F. A. B. Captain R.N. Jefferson, R. Capt. h.p. Ceylon Rifles.

lay, Sir John C. D. Bart. Capt. R.N. C.B. M.P. Houston, W. Captain R.N.

Tarleton, J. W. Captain R.N. C.B. A.D.C. to the Barnet, E. Captain R.N.

Queen.

SECRETARY AND CURATOR-Captain Boughey Burgess.

The following Officers have kindly consented to become CORRESPONDING MEMBERS of COUNCIL.

Royal Navy. Coote, R., Capt. H. M. Ship Victory Hutton, F., Capt. H. M. Ship Terror De Horsey, A. F., Capt. H. M. Ship Brisk Lambert, R., Capt. H. M. Ship Scylla Egerton, Hon. F., Capt. H. M. Ship St. Phillimore, A., Capt. H. M. Ship Curaçoa George

Randolph, G. G., Capt. H. M. Ship Diadem Fitzclarence, Hon. G.,Lt. H. M. 8. Revenge Sbanks, J. G., Lieut. R.M. H. M. Ship Nile

Army.
Williams, 0. L. C., Capt. R. H. Gds. Hort, J. J., Col. 36th Regt.
Swinfen, F. H., Major 5th Dr. Gds.

Morgan, H. Capt. and Paym. 43rd Lt. Inf.
Griffiths, H. D., Col. 2nd R. N. B.Dgs. C.B. Hancock, H. J. B., Ens. 45th Regt.
Bell, W. M., Capt. 3rd Hussars

Lowry, R. W., Lt. Col. 47th Regt.
Trevelyan, H. A., Maj. 7th Hussars

Eustace, T. F. Lieut. 49th Regiment.
Steel, A. F., Lieut.-Col. 9th Lancers Lock, A. C. K., Major 50th Regt.
Goldsworthy, Walter, Lieut. & Adj. 8th Bourchier, J. J., Major 52nd Regt.
(King's Roy. Irish) Hussars

Travers, F. S., Capt. 4th Batt. 60th Rifles Baker, V., Lt.-Col. 10th Hussars

Ingall, W. L., Col. 62nd Regt. C.B.
Rosser, G. F., Maj. & Paym. 16th Lancers Grey, F. D., Major 63rd Regt.
Knox, R., Lieut.-Col. 18th Hussars

Barker, G. D., Major 64th Regt.
Maberley, E., Col. R.A. C.B.

Blewett, C., Capt. 65th Regt. Irving, A., Col. R.A.

Mackirdy, D. E., Col. 69th Regt. Bayly, N. S. K., Capt. R.A.

Dormer, The Hon. J. B. J., Captain 74th Oldfield, R., Capt. Adj. 6th Brigade R.A. Highlanders De la Chaumette, H. L., Capt. & Paym. Smyth, H., Col. 76th Regt. C.B. R.A. Bengal

Deverell, T. J., Col. 77th Regt. Collinson, T. B., Lieut.-Col. R.E.

Brymer, J. E., Lieut. 83rd Regt. Drake, J. M. C., Capt. R.E.

Crosse, J. G., Major 88th Regt. Molesworth, M. C., Lieut. R.E.

Patterson, W. T. L., Lt. Col. 91st Regt. Smith, P.G. L., Lieut. R.E.

Knollys, W. W., Capt. 93rd Regt. Earle, W., Capt. 1st Batt. Gren. Gus. Cafe, H. L., Major 94th Regt. Johnstone, J.J., Capt. 3rd Batt. Gren. Gds. Thesiger, Hon. F. A., Lt.-Col. 95th Regt. Wynne, W., Capt. 1st Batt. Colds. Gds. Maclean H. I., Capt. 1st Batt. Rif. Brigado Trefusis W. R., Capt. 1st Batt. S. Fus.Gds. Doorly, M., Qua.-Mas. 3rd W. I. Regt. Moncrieff, G. H., Capt.2nd Batt.S.Fus. Gds. Meaden, J., Capt. Ceylon Rifles Cowell, H. R., Capt. 2nd Batt. 3rd Buffs Pole, C. V. N., Capt. Cape M. Rifles Kirkland, J. A. V., Lt.-Col. 2nd Batt. 5th Grange C. W., Maj. R, Canadian Rifles Fusiliers

Teush-Hecker, C. H., Col. Asst. Comt. Robertson, Alex. C. Lt.-Col. 1st Batt. 8th Cav. Depot, Maidstone King's

Stewart, W.L., Lieut.-Col. 2nd Dep. Batt. Brown, C. B., Lieut. 2nd Batt. 8th King's Chatham Wilkie, J. L., Capt. 1st Batt. 12th Foot Burney, H. 8. S., Maj. & Paym. 6th Depot Espinasse, J. W., Major 2nd Batt. 12th Ft. Batt. Walmer Marriott, H. C., Maj. 1st Batt. 13th Lt.Inf. McDonald, A. M., Lt. Col. 7th Depot Batt. Trevor, W. C., Major 1st Batt. 14th Foot Winchester Alexander, Sir J. E., Col. 2nd Batt. 14th Ft. Chapman, A. T. L., Capt. (i. m.) 10th Boom, A. S., Ens. 1st Batt. 15th Regt. Depot Batt. Colchester Pocklington, G. H., Capt. 1st Batt. 18th Skipwith, G., Maj. 11th Depot Batt. Preston Royal Irish

Benson, G. T., Major and Paymaster 12th Warden, R., Lt.-Col. 2nd Batt. 19th Foot Depot Batt. Athlone Aldridge, John, Brevet Major 1st Batt. 21st Charter, E. J., Major, 16th Depot Batt. Fus.

Templemore Templeman, A., Capt. 2nd Batt. 21st Fus. Yonge, G. N. K. A., Major 17th Depot Torrens, H. D. Lt.-Col. 1st Batt. 23rd Fus. Batt. Limerick Armstrong, E., Capt. 2nd Batt. 23rd Fus. Egerton, C. R., Col. 18th Depot Bat. Fermoy Butler, T, P. Lieut. 1st Batt. 24th Regt. Chichester,C.R.; Maj.19th Dep.Bat.Fermoy Clarke, T., Capt. 2nd Batt. 24th Regt. Hall, J. P., Major and Paymaster 22nd Lamert, G. F., Capt. & Paym. 30th Regt. Depot Batt. Stirling Vacher, F. S., Major 33rd Regt.

Her Majesty's Indian Army.
Stubbs, F. W., Capt. H.M.Beng. Horse Art. Holt, J., Capt. H. M. 20th Bombay N.I.
Macaulay, G.W.Capt. Comt.lst Sinde Horse

Militia.
Adair, R. A. Shafto, Col. Suffolk Artillery, A.D.C. to the Queen.

Le Couteur, J., Col. Jersey Mil, Staff, A.D.C, to the Queen.

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Page

Photography, and its Application to Military purposes. By Captain Donnelly, R.E. 1

The History of the Fortress of Malta. By Major PORTER, R.E.

19

The British Tides. By the Rev. H. M. GROVER

31

The Military Forces of the Nations of Europe. By Captain PETRIE, 14th Regiment,

Topographical Staff

45

The Survey of Rivers. By Captain COLLINSON, R.N., C.B.

68

Military Surveying. By Captain FARRELL, R.E.

79

Military Training, considered principally with reference to the Measures adopted for

the development of Individual Excellence. By Lieut.-Colonel A. C. ROBERTSON,

8th King's Regiment

87

Swiss Targets and Rifle Ranges. By Mr. J. LATHAM

110

Iron-Cased Ships. By Captain E. P. HALSTED, R.N.-

Experiments at Woolwich, 1845, and on the “Ruby" at Portsmouth, 1856.-

Spherical Shot only

121

Simoom " Experiments of 1849, 1850, 1851.–Spherical Shot and Shell 140

Discussion

. 165

Adjourned Discussion

. 172

The Experiments on the “ Trusty," 1859 and 1860.-Conical Shot only 180

Discussion

· 197

The “Warrior" as a Ship-of-War

• 205

The “Warrior's” junior Sisters.- Proposal for a Proof-ship.

245

Discussion

. 262

The Italian Campalgn of 1859. By Major MILLER, R.A., V.C.

. 269

The Trajectory of Balls. By Major-Gen. ANSTRUTHER, C.B.

. 309

Description of an Electro-Chronoscope invented by Major-Gen. Anstruther. By

Mr. C. BECKER .

322

Ships' Hulls (adjourned Discussion on Iron-Cased Ships). By Mr. GRANTHAM

325

De Bathe's and Lynall Thomas's Armour-plates. By LYNALL THomas, Esq. 342

On the Influence of Atmospheric Pressure upon the burning of Time-fuses. By

Dr. E. FRANKLAND, F.R.S.

349

Iron Ships and Iron Plates, with reference to Views recently advanced in the

Theatre of the Institution. By Captain E. G. FISHBOURNE, R.N., C.B.

354

Military Gymnastics of the French. Part I. The System explained ; Part II. The

Advantages of the Training demonstrated, with reference to the necessary Tactics

of future Battles, resulting from the Introduction of the Rifle and Rifled Cannon;
the French Chasseurs, &c. By Lieut. A. STEINMETZ, Queen's Own Light Inf.
Mil. &c. .

370

Military Drawing. By Lieut.-Col. H. GARNET MAN

. 397

Rotatory Storms. By Capt. Sir F. W. E. Nicolson, Bart., R.N., C.B.

405

.

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