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agreeable road, which tends only to sagacity, and a degree of goodness reuder, by contrast, the tomb into truly paternal. He resigned the which be descends still more dreary. sceptre to Ferdinand IV, his son, in Yes, I repeat it-the tomb! for this 1759, in order to reign over Spain. residence, although the roof is de- Such is a rapid sketch of the most stroyed, still conveys, by means of signal events that have occurred in its internal structure, a better idea these two stales: and they have of the dreary houses of antiquity been regularly traced without the than any other I have yet beheld. omission of a single epoch, with

ex The very garden is discovered, and exception to the present alone.” The the fish-ponds and their divisions are writer may fairly assume this boast; sull visible."

and we have no objection to add, “ Notice Historique sur le Roy. that they have also been traced with aume des deux Sicilies." “ Histo- spirit and independence, and conric Memoir relative to the Kingdom tain a faithful epitome of the transof the two Sicilies, 8vo." The two actions that distinguish, with so deep Sicilies, from a variety of circum- an interest, the countries before us. stances which will at once present Closely connected with the prethemselves to the reader's recollec- ceding, we are next called upon tion, have obtained a more than or- to notice a partnership publication dinary degree of attention from the brought forward by M. Jube and literary and political world, within M. Šervan, entitled “ Histoire de the range of the period to which our Guerres des Gaulois et des Français present lucubrations are limited. In en Italie, &c. “ History of the the course of our domestic history, Wars of the Gauls and of the French we have had to notice one or two in Italy, from the earliest accounts publications of no ordinary merit to the present times, 5 vals. Svo." upon these countries, and the pre- Of these the first volume alone is the sent forms the third submitted to production of M.Jube. It commences our contemplation in the depart. with the earliest exploits of the inment of foreign literature. It is habitants of ancient Gaul in Italy, published anonymously, but the and extends to the æra of Louis XII. writer needed not to have suppressed of France. The four ensuing vohis name. The scope undertaken lumes are conducted by General by bim is very extensive; in effect Servan, the friend of the celebrated it commences with the decline of Madam Roland, and do credit to his the Roman empire, and is continued pen. The second and third volume down to the installation of his pre- till up the interval from the reign of sent majesty Ferdinand IV., upon Louis XII, till the death of Louis whose eventful and unfortunate XV, and close with a general picreign, the historian, with a modesty ture of the seventeenth century. not often to be met with in anony. The two last volumes are more inmous writers, chooses to be silent. teresting than any of the preceding, “After having passed in succession, as comprising events contempo(it is thus he concludes his rapid raneous with ourselves, and which sketch,) under the dominion of have made a deep and permanent Charles II. son of Leopold and the impression upon every heart. They Emperor Charles VI., the two contain an authentic history of those Sicilies were conquered in 1734 by campaigns which terminated in the Dou Carlos, who governed them with late conquest of Italy, and laid the

foundation

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liary forces, or those of dependent &e." “ My Travels in England, by countries, form a part of it. In the D. Collenbach, 8vo. Gotha." The time of Louis XIV. it averaged col. writer is an intelligent man, and his lectively 500,000; and at present work contains many remarks that is onquestionably above this number. may afford entertainment to our The performance, however, is well own countrymen, and advantage to entitled to the attentive perusal of those of Germany. His object in military men, and especially those visiting us, however, was merely who make the science of engineer. that of obtaining a knowledge of the ing their chief study.

practical state of English arts and Exposicion de las Praticas, manufactures, and to these subjects

“ Exposition of the Practices the work is confined almost excluand Machinations which led to the sively. M. Collenbach, with true Usurpation of the Crown of Spain, German appetite, appears to be fond and the means adopted by the em- of good eating and drinking--but disperor of the French to carry it into covers a very indifferent taste for execution, by Don Pedro Cavallos, polite literature. first Secretary of State, &c. Madrid, “ Statistic der Europaeschen Sta18mo." We notice this publication aten." - Statistics of the States as one of the most interesting docu- of Europe, by Conrad Mannert, ments that have ever appeared in 8vo. Bamberg.” This volume apthe political world; that will be pears to have be compiled with great refered to as a record of authority caution and examination. We re. by ensuing generations, and that commend it to the chartists and tends more than any other publica- geographical writers of our own tion that has hitherto been submitted country, as it will be found to corto the world, to develope the lawless rect a multitude of very common, ambition of the tyrant whose iron and at the same time very important rod is felt from one end of the con- errors, to be met with in our chorotinent to the other, and who proves graphies of foreign states. himself to be equally destitute of “Untersuchungen ueber Gebustsa. public principle aud secret com- del und die Möglictheit seiner fort punction ; who despises public opi. dauer im neunzehnten Jahrhundert, nion, and is resolved to have no will &c." “ Inquiry into hereditary but his own. The translation and Nobility, and the possibility of its universal circulation of this most continuance in the nineteenth cencurious archive in our own tongue, tury, by the author of the New Leviarenders it unnecessary for us to than, Berlin, 8vo." The anonymous dwell upon it at greater length. writer of this work has acquired no

From the German press we have small degree of reputation by his received M.Bergman's “ Historische New Leviathan; and in this, as in Schrifften, &c." “ Historic Memoirs that, we perceive much able reason. on the History of Livonia," pub- ing, often, however, too abstractly lished in two octavo volumes, at conducted, and not unfrequently Leipsic-a publication that gives an too largely blended with fancy and interesting and general account of idle speculation. It does not apthis eventful country. We have pear decided as to the best form of also to notice the following from the political government, and is equally same quarter.

hostile to monarchies and to repub“ Meine Reise durch England, lies; yet with strangeinconsistency be

prefers

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prefers the present government of ington and New York." The perFrance, which is almost purely mo- petual

' irritation which is kept alive narchical, to that of England, which by the present mode of electing tbe unites the principles of republican-chief executive officer, the Senate ism and pure monarchy.

and House of Representatives of “Versuch über eine Allgemeine an- the Union, calls aloud at all times wendbare Minisk, &c." “ Inquiry for some change or other; but respecting an universally practicable more especially at the existing peSystem of Symbols for the use and riod, in which the general state of instruction of the deafly-dumb: by Europe, and the system of politics J. M. Weinburger, Vienna, 4to." exhibited by the President for the This indefatigable and able teacher, time being, and perhaps to be ex. to whom we have, on several occa. hibited by his successor, add fuel sions, antecedently begged leave to to the prveious fire, and exacerpay our respects, is well known to bate the public feeling in a tenhave been for many years chief di- fold degree. Mr. Hillhouse effecrector of the institution for instruct- taally succeeds in pointing out the ing the deafly-dumb at Vienna, un- cause of this intestine commotion, der the patronage of the Emperor but we have many doubts wheand his family. In the work before ther the plan he proposes would us, the author introduces a hand- actually serve as a remedy: ve alphabet, which, in effect, consti- mean that of choosing the chief tutes the system of symbols he re- magistrate annually from the Senate fers to, and by means of which, or by lot; of reducing his salary from in other words, by varying the posi- 25,000 to 15,000 dollars per 20tions of the fingers of a single hand, mum, and of restricting his power on wirich variation the letters of the of appointment to offices; in conalphabet are made to depend, his junction with which he proposes scholars are capable of holding an also that the House of Represeneasy communication of ideas. tatives, instead of being elected as

The only work of real value in at present, for two years, shall be the department before us, which only elected for one, and that the has reached us from the American term of service in the Senate sbail States, is entitled “ Propositions be reduced from six years to for amending the Constitution of three. The Senate, however, has the United States of America, sub- decreed this communication of sufmitted by Mr. Hillhouse, to the ficient consequence, to order it, on Senate of the United States, on the its express authority, to be printed 12th day of April, 1808. With his and circulated for the general info:explanatory remarks, 12mo. Wash- mation of the country.

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CHAPTER

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CHAPTER IV.

LITERATURE AND POLITE ARTS.

Comprising the chief productions of France, Germany, Italy, Portugal,

and Anitrica.

EMOIRES de l'Institut by mere vibrations in the particles

National, &c." “ Me- of the heated body, instead of by moirs of the French National In- the access of a positive matter of stitute for the year 1806.” The heat, hitherto known by the name of events of war, which in a consi. caloric. In the department of hisderable degree cut off our com- tory the reporter has but little munication with the continent, to offer of high distinction; the prove in no small measure, un- name of M. Mongez is mentioned, friendly to the actual productions of however, with respect in the subdivicontinental writers whether single sion of paleology: and in the departor in the aggregate. The transac- ment of mineralogy we are chiefly tions of this celebrated society, are informed, from the observations of on this account considerably in ar M. Dupont de Hemouss, that almost rear in point of publication; while all attempts to predict the phænoof those actually published we have mena of changes of weather, from not hitherto received any regular the state of the atmosphere, must be series later than to the year 1807, futile, since nothing can exceed the containing the memoirs of the year variability of the action of heat upon 1806. These transactions are intro- the atmospheric regions. The report duced by an admirable report of M. upon the general state of mathema. Cuvier, on the general state and tics for the period included, is progress of science for the year to drawn up by M. Delambre, M. which they refer. In medicine' it Cuvier's colleague in the Secretarychiefly notices the advance of vac- ship to the Institute. It relates cination; in arts and manufactures, chiefly to experiments for ascertain. M. Vauquelin's valuable observa- ing the declination and inclination tions on the use and application of of the compass, together with the metals as colouring substances; in intensity of the magnetic power ; mineralogy other remarks of the and to the best modes of constructsame excellent naturalist, as well as ing thermometers and barometers. observations of other excellent oryc- We prefer giving a sketch of this tologists on the best modes of general summary to a mere catarendering the native iron of France logue (which is all we could give) malleable and of general use. In of the papers actually read and printthe division of chemistry the names ed. We shall only further observe, of Seguin, Menard, and Count that amongst these M. La Place's Rumford; are mentioned with high Memoir on the apparent attraction approbation, yet various experi. and repulsion of small bodies swimments are adverted to in disproof ming on the surface of fluids, apof the theory of this last philosopher pears to be one of the most valuable felative to the production of heat in the collection.

Of the biographical productions for and original documents, by H. S. the year the following are the princi- Dumolard, 3 vols. Svo.' Paris." pal.

Favart was one of the greatest wits, “ Histoire de Fenelon, &c." and the best dramatist of his age : History of Fenelon, composed but his life, like that of many other from original Manuscripts; by M. celebrated wits, was peculiarly di. L. F. De Bausset, late Bishop of versified and eventful. He was Alais, &c." 3 vols. 8vo. Paris." We haunted by jealousy, persecuted by hope these volumes will be translat- envy, plundered by flatterers and ed. Genuine biography is always specious adventurers, and too often interesting, and peculiarly so when a prey to penury and disease. The directed to unfold the moral worth, correspondence between himself and the high intellectual talents, the in- Count Durazzo, of Vienna, which appreciable services, and unmerited occupies by far too large a space in sufferings of a character so pre-emi- the volumes before us, is not peculiarnently distinguished as that before ly interesting; but with this excepus. It is justly observed by the pre- tion, they overflow with spirit, and sent writer, that the memory of intranslatable bumour and pleasanFenelon is as dear to foreign nations tries. To the, French reader they as to France herself; that his princi. open a fund of entertainment, but pal works have been translated into they are ill calculated for transfusion all languages: and that unanimous into a foreign tongue ; the essence consent has pronounced them to be they contain would be found to dy the most proper for fixing the atten- off in the transfer. tion of young persons, and inspiring Eloge de Corneille." "Elogy them with a love of virtue. They of Corneille." This biographic also serve, which has been also as picture is published anonymously; extensively conceded, beyond all it was intended to have been adothers, to embellish the fancy, to mitted into a competition for the purity the taste, to fructify the prize lately offered by the French reason of mature age, and to dif- National Institute for the best elap fuse a charm and interest over the gy on the character to which it closing scenes of life. Much of is devoted; but was rejected for the information communicated in reasons that have no connection with these biographic pages is original, its literary merits. Corneille may and drawn from manuscrips which be regarded as the father of the preceding biographers have never French drama; and the chief object had an opportunity of consulting. of the present writer is to trace him Of the authenticity of these records critically through his various prethere appears to be no doubt; and tensions to this character. He first they uniformly represent the arch- treats of the importance of the trabishop in the same amiable light in gic drama, and the direction given to which we have been accustomed to it by Corneille; he proceeds to adcontemplate him.

measure the degree of merit due to “ Memoires et Correspondences the works of Corneille, and the Litteraires, Dramatique, ei Anecdo- peculiarities by which they are diso tiques, de C. S. Favart, &c." “Me- tinguished. He then touches up. moirs, Correspondence, and Anec- the dramatist's general design or dotes, literary and dramatic, of C. object in his dramatic writings ; he S. Favart, drawn up from authentic next advances 19 a consideration of

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