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progress of science and the arts, of wise legislation, philosophic research and internal improvement, would to us be infinitely more pleasing, than to exhibit that moving picture of guilt and bloodshed, of privation and calamity, to which, through the union of extraordinary talents, ambition, and success in a single individual, the province of historic annals is now almost exclusively confined. During a great part of the preceding year, the patriotic and benevolent were animated by the hope that a barrier was about to be raised against the oppression under which the civilised world has so long groaned. The flame of opposition kindled in Spain, by the succession of frauds and violences which the despot of the Continent employed against its independence, excited an enthusiasm which the wise were unwilling to repress by calculation, and which in the sanguine was connected with the certainty of success. To aid in its accomplishment the blood and treasure of this country have been employed with an almost unsparing hand. But the result, hitherto, it must be acknowledged, has little tended to verify the fond expectations which were excited ; and which, it will be seen in another part of the Volume, we cherished with the warmest emotions of our hearts. Still we cannot, we will not, despair : we will not abandon as lost the cause, which is not only the cause of every European nation, but that for which it is the bounden duty of them all to contend with the best energies that they possess. We trust, and, from the papers contained in the present Volume, we know, that the patriots of Spain did not undertake a defence of their rights without counting the costs; --without calculating upon much suffering, and many

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severe privations: and that though their armies are for the present beaten, and, in some cases, dispersed, yet we are fully persuaded they will quickly rally, and that with the effectual support, upon which they may rely from this country, they will be enabled to stop the ravages of the enemy; drive back his numerous hosts, and, at the foot of the Pyrenees, exclaim in the language of confidence and exultation, “ Hitherto thou mayest come, and no farther.”

From the unfortunate and baffling course of external hostility, it is often natural and wise to turn our attention, for relief, to circumstances in the situation of Great Britain which

may supply at once consolation and hope ; and we cannot reflect without sentiments of pride and satisfaction, that, while nearly all the long-established governments of Europe have experienced subversion, the grand institutions transmitted by our ancestors continue unimpaired ; that justice is no where administered in such purity ; that order is no where connected with such freedom; that the exigencies of war in no country ever existed to so great an extent, without considerably greater pressure; and that, whatever minor differences

may

the inliabitants of this island, all are combined with one heart and one resolve, for the protection of that constitution which is at once their birth-right and their glory. The genuine patriot, while he watches, and, as far as in him lies, endeavours to counteract that natural tendency to decay

which exists in our own, as well as in every other poli! tical establishment, will not fail to display to public

notice

exist among

notice what his country possesses calculated to excite veneration, to cherish attachment, and to kindle that ardent devotion to her cause and service, which is connected with all that is generous in purpose, and heroic in achievement.

gh March, 1809.

CON

Cancel for 1808.

CONTENTS.

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Orders in Council-Debate on in the House of Commons- Another on the

same Subject in the House of Lords-Debate on the Second Reading of a
Bill on the same, Lord Grenville's Motion-Lord Sidmouth's Appeal
to the House on the Danish Navy-Sir Francis Burdett's Inquiry on th Droits of the Admiralty-Motion and Debate on the same- Sir Charles Pole's Motion on the same- - Mr. Whitbread's Molion for Papers on the Russian and Austrian Mediation-Petition relating to Cold-Bath-Fields Prison-Mr. Dent's Motion relating to Sir Home Popham--Petition for Peace --Debate on His Majesty's Message respecting Lord Lake's Pension-On Mr. Whitbread's Resolutions on Peace

45

CHAP. III.

Danish Expedition-Lord Darnley's Motion and Resolutions on the Baltic

Expedition-Lord Elliot's Resolution-Debate on Mr. Sharp's Motion, and Mr. Sleu'art Wortley's Resolution-"Orders of Council - Lord Henry Petty's Motion for Papers-General Gascoigne's Motion on the Liverpool Petition-Mr. Alderman Combe's from the American Merchants General Gascoigne's— Delate on the Third Reading of the Bill on the Orders of Council; on the Admission of Council; and on the Era. mination of Winesses- Lord Lauderdale's Motion and Resolutions · Lord Grenville's Motion-Lord Holland's Motion and Resolutions 90

CHAP. IV.

Debates on the Arrangement with the Bank of England-Lord Folkstone's

Motion on the Oude Papers, and the Marquis of Wellesley-Sir John Anstruther's Motion-Mr. Adam's Motion on the Law of ParliamentLord Castlereagh's Motion on the new Clause in the Mutiny Bill Sir Francis Burdett's Motion on the Army- The Duke of Gloucester's Motion on the Mutiny Bill

123

CHAP. V.

Petition against the Bill to prevent the Erportation of Bark-Debate in

the House of Lords on that Subject —Delate in the House of Commons on a new Reversion Bill-Debate in the House of Peers on the pill to prevent the Exportation of Cotton-Debates on the BudgetEarl Stanhope's Motion on the Indictinent Bill Lord Castlereagh's Motion on the Local Militia-Mr. Perceval's Motion and Resolutions on the new Plan of Finance

153

. C H A P. VÌ.

Sir Samuel Romilly's Motion to amend the Criminal Law--Debate in the

Commitlee on the Privately Stealing Bill---Lord Binning's Report and Motion on the Distilleries - Mr. Grattun's Motion in lehalf of the Irish Catholics of Ireland-Lord Grenville's on the same Subject in the House of Lords--11r. Sheridan's Motion on the Afluirs of Spain-- Air. Whitbreod's Speech on the State of the Nation-Sir Francis Burdett's Motion on the Discipline of the Army-Mr. It hitbreuu's Motion on the Affairs of Spain

172

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