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IX

CIVIL GOVERNMENT:

INCLUDING

A COMPREHENSIVE VIEW

OF THE

GOVERNMENT OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK,

AND

AN ABSTRACT OF THE LAWS,

MOVING THE RIGHTS, DUTIES, AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF CITIZENS I TEK

CIVIL AND DOMESTIC RELATIONS ; WITH

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1843, by ANDRE W. YOUNG, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Nortken District of New-York.

PREFACE.

To the intelligent citizens of the state of New York, an apology for the appearance of this work will scarcely seem necessary. Notwithstanding the number and variety of class-books that have sought and gained admittance into our public schools, the study of our civil polity has not yet been encumbered with treatises on this most important science.

To secure the blessings of liberty to themselves and their posterity, was the leading object of the people of the United States in ordaining and establishing the constitution. That this constitution is fully adequate to the objects of its forma. tion, has been satisfactorily proved by the experience of more than half a century.

Whether the blessings of civil and religious freedom, which our system of government is so happily adapted to secure, shall be enjoyed by our posterity, time alone can determine. Of the probability or improbability of the fact, we may, however, conjecture from what is done to qualify the rising generation of American youth for the duties and responsibilities which, as freemen, they are soon to assume.

In a few years, the destinies of this great and growing republic will be committed to those who are now receiving instruction in our public schools. How important that the course of education pursued in these institutions, should in. clude the study of the principles of republican government, and especially of that government in which they will so shortly be called to take a part.

A thorough knowledge of our constitutional and civil jurisprudence cannot well be too highly appreciated. Without it, we may hope in vain to perpetuate our free institutions. The very idea of free government presupposes a knowledge of such government. And how is it to be obtained

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