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life, two carriages and a pair of carriage
horses, and a jointure of six thousand
pounds a year, entered into the
most characteristic phase of her
existence. She was fifty-six
years old, and since she pur-
posed to live till at least eighty,
she bought the lease of a great
chocolate-colored house in May-
fair, with thirty years to run,
for it would be very tiresome to
have to turn out at the age of
seventy-nine. As befitted her
station, it was very large and
gloomy and dignified, and had
five best spare bedrooms, which
were just five more than she
needed, since she never asked
anybody to stay with her except
her children's governess, poor
Miss Lyall, for whom a dress-
ing-room was far more suitable:
Miss Lyall would certainly be
more used to a small room than
a large one. She came origi-

They invariably drove for two hours in the summer and

for an hour and a half in the winter" nally to help Lady Whittlemere to keep her promise as set forth in the thousand a year enabled her to procure “Morning Post” to answer the letters of every comfort and luxury that her limited condolence that had poured in upon her imagination could suggest to her, and inin her bereavement; but before that gi- stead of spending the remaining thousand gantic task was over, Lady Whittlemere pounds a year on charity or things she had determined to give her a permanent did not want, she laid it by. Miss Lyall, home here, in other words, to secure for in the same way, could be neat and tidy herself some one who was duly aware of on fifty pounds a year and lay by fifty the greatness of Whittlemeres and would read to her or talk to her, drive with her, For a year of mourning Constance and fetch and carry for her. She did not Whittlemere lived in the greatest seclupurpose to give Miss Lyall any remunera- sion, and when that year was out she contion for her services, as is usual in the case

She spent Christmas at of a companion, for it was surely remu- her son's house, where there was always neration enough to provide her with a a pompous family gathering, and stayed comfortable home and all found, while for a fortnight at Easter in a hotel at Miss Lyall's own property of a hundred Hastings for the sake of sea breezes. She pounds a year would amply clothe her spent August in Scotland, again with her and enable her to lay something by. Lady son, and September at Buxton, where, furWhittlemere thought that everybody ther to fortify her perfect health, she should lay something by, even if, like her- drank waters, and went for two walks a self, nothing but the total extinction of day with Miss Lyall, whose hotel bills she the British Empire would deprive her of of course was answerable for. Miss Lyall the certainty of having six thousand similarly accompanied her to Hastings, pounds a year as long as she lived. But but was left behind in London at Christthrift being a duty, she found that five mas and during August.

tinued to do so.




Lady Whittlemere had grave doubts whether she ought not to have a hall-boy as well. One of the footmen or the butler of course opened the front door as she went in and out, and the hall-boy, with a quantity of buttons, would stand up as she

passed him with fixed set face, and then presumably sit down again.

The hours of the day were mapped out with a regularity borrowed from the orbits of the stars. At half-past nine precisely Lady Whittlemere entered the dining-room, where Miss Lyall was waiting for her, and extended to

her companion the tips of “They then had the tea, with the cakes and four cool fingers. Breakfast was eaten the scones, from the still-room"

mostly in silence, and if there were any A large establishment was of course

letters for her (there usually were not), necessary in order to maintain the Whit- Lady Whittlemere read them, and as soon tlemere tradition. Half a dozen times in as breakfast was over answered them. the season Lady Whittlemere had a din- After these literary labors were accomner-party, which assembled at eight, and plished, Miss Lyall read items from the broke up with the utmost punctuality at "Morning Post" aloud, omitting the leadhalf-past ten, but otherwise the two ladies ing articles, but going conscientiously were almost invariably alone at breakfast, through the smaller paragraphs. Often lunch, tea, and dinner. But a cook, a Lady Whittlemere would stop her. kitchen-maid, and a scullery maid were "Lady Cammerham is back in town, is indispensable to prepare those meals; a she?" she would say. “She was a Miss still-room maid to provide cakes and rolls Pulton, a distant cousin of my husband's. for tea and breakfast; a butler and two Yes, Miss Lyall?" footmen to serve them; a lady's maid to This reading of the paper lasted till look after Lady Whittlemere; a steward's eleven, at which hour, if fine, the two laroom-boy to wait on the cook, the butler, dies walked in the Green Park till halfand the lady's maid ; two housemaids to past. If wet, they looked out of the windust and tidy; a coachman to drive Lady dow to see if it was going to clear. At Whittlemere; and a groom and a stable- half-past eleven the landau was announced boy to look after the horses and carriages. (shut if wet, open if fine) and they drove It was impossible to do with less, and thus round and round and round and round fourteen lives were spent in maintaining the park till one. At one they returned the Whittlemere dignity down-stairs, and and retired till half-past, when the butler Miss Lyall did the same up-stairs.

and two footmen gave them lunch. With such establishment Lady

"Any orders for the carriage, my Whittlemere felt that she was enabled to lady?" the butler would ask. And every do her duty to herself and keep the flag day Lady Whittlemere said: of tradition Aying. But the merest tyro

"The brougham at half-past two. Is in dignity could see that this could not be there anywhere particular you would like done with fewer upholders, and sometimes to go, Miss Lyall ?"



so that


Miss Lyall always tried to summon up made into screens and chair-seats and her courage at this and say that she would cushions, and annually one (the one begun like to go to the Zoological Gardens. She in the middle of November) was solemnly had done so once, but that had not been presented to Miss Lyall on the day that a great success, for Lady Whittlemere had Lady Whittlemere went out of town for thought the animals very strange and Christmas. And annually she said: rude. So since then she always replied: “Oh, thank you, Lady Whittlemere.

"No, I think not, thank you, Lady Is it really for me?" Whittlemere."

It was; and she was permitted to have They invariably drove for two hours it mounted as she chose at her own exin the summer and for an hour and a pense. half in the winter, and this change of At 7:15 P.M. a sonorous gong echoed hours began when Lady Whittlemere through the house ; Miss Lyall finished the came back from Harrogate at the end of sentence she was reading, and Lady WhitSeptember, and from Hastings after tlemere put her needle into her work, and Easter. Little was said during the drive, said it was time to dress. At dinner, it being enough for Lady Whittlemere to though both were teetotalers, wine was sit very straight up in her seat and look offered them by the butler, and both reloftily about her,


chance fused it, and course after course was prepasser-by who knew her by sight would sented to them by the two footmen in be aware that she was behaving as befitted white stockings and Whittlemere livery Constance Lady Whittlemere. Opposite her, not by her side, sat poor Miss Lyall, ready with a parasol or a fur boa or a cape or something in case her patroness felt cold, while on the box beside Brendon, the coachman, sat the other footman who had not been out round and round and round the park in the morning, and so in the afternoon went down Piccadilly and up Regent Street and through Portland Place and round and round Regent's Park, and looked on to the back of the two fat, lolloping horses, which also had not been out that morning. There they all went, the horses and Brendon and William and Miss Lyall, in attendance on Constance Lady Whittlemere, as dreary and pompous and expensive and joyless a carriage-load as could be seen in all London with the exception perhaps of the Black Maria.

They returned home in time for Miss Lyall to skim through the evening paper aloud, and then had the tea, with the cakes and the scones, from the stillroom. After tea Miss Lyall read for two hours some book from the circulatinglibrary, while Lady Whittlemere did wool-work. These gloomy tapestries were "And there she played Patience till 10:30"

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and worsted gloves. Port also was put never dances with the daffodils; all that on the table with dessert, this being the happens is that Lady Whittlemere sees bottle which had been opened at the last that they are there. She subscribes to no dinner-party; and when Lady Whittle- charities, for she is aware that her husmere had eaten a gingerbread and drink band left her this ample jointure for herhalf a glass of water, they went not into self, and she spends such part of it as she the morning-room, which they had used does not save on herself, on her food, and during the day, but to the large drawing- her house and her horses and the fifteen room up-stairs, with the Louis Seize fur- people whose business it is to make her niture and its cut-glass chandeliers. quite comfortable.

She has no regrets Every evening it was all ablaze with and no longings, because she has always lights, and the fire roared up the chimney; lived perfectly correctly, and does not the tables were bright with flowers, and want anything. She is totally without rows of chairs were set against the wall. friends or enemies, and she is never surMajestically Lady Whittlemere marched prised or enthusiastic or vexed. About into it, followed by Miss Lyall, and there six times a year, on the day preceding one she played Patience till 10:30, while Miss of her dinners, Miss Lyall does not read Lyall looked on with sycophantic congrat- aloud after tea, but puts the names of her ulations at her success, and murmured guests on pieces of cardboard, and makes sympathy if the cards were unkind. At a map of the table, while the evening be10:30 Branksome, the butler, threw open fore she leaves London for Hastings or the door, and a footman brought in a tray Scotland she stops playing Patience at ten of lemonade and biscuits. This refresh- in order to get a good long night before ment was invariably refused by both la- her journey. She does the same on her dies, and at eleven the house was dark. arrival in town again to get a good long

Now, the foregoing catalogue of events night after her journey. She takes no accurately describes Lady Whittlemere's interest in politics, music, drama, or picday, and in it is comprised the sum of the tures, but goes to the private view of the material that makes up her mental life. academy as May comes round because the But it is all enacted in front of the back- thing recommends it. And when she ground that she is Lady Whittlemere. comes to die, the lifelong consciousness of The sight of the London streets, with their the thing will enable her to meet the King million comedies and tragedies, arouses in of Terrors with fortitude and composure. her no sympathetic or human current; all He will not frighten her at all. she knows is that Lady Whittlemere is And what on earth will the recording driving down Piccadilly. When the langel find to write in his book about her? almond-blossom comes out in Regent's He cannot put down all those drives Park, and the grass is young with the round the park and all those games of PaHowering of the spring bulbs, her heart tience, and really there is nothing else.

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Assistant Secretary of Agriculture

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GRICULTURE, though one of the Second, it will show the farmer how to


of market his produce to better advantage the sciences. Less than two years ago, for while at the same time reducing the relathe first time, the American Academy for tive cost of farm produce to the consumer. the Advancement of Science admitted Third, it will show the farmer how to agriculture into the family circle by giv- make his purchases more advantageously. ing it a place on its program and in its Fourth, upon a solid foundation of inorganization. Thus agriculture has be- creased yields, increased profits upon what come a sort of modern Cinderella. For he has to sell, and lower costs for what he thousands of years the servant and drudge has to buy, it will enable the farmer to of civilization, at last she has found the build a splendid superstructure of more magic slipper and is making her debut as intelligent, more enjoyable, and more pura veritable and acknowledged princess, a poseful living. royal dispenser of bounty and happiness. It is indeed highly important that the

As a result of recent scientific and eco- farmer learn the agronomic lesson of how nomic developments along agricultural to increase his yields and the economic and lines, we are to-day in the midst of an business lesson of how to buy and sell to agricultural revolution that seems des- advantage, but in a larger sense these mattined to be as significant and as far-reach- ters are important only as stepping-stones ing in its effects upon civilization as was to a realization of the higher possibilities the industrial revolution of the eighteenth of life. A scientific success has little imand nineteenth centuries. In the light of portance to the farmer unless it can be these developments, agriculture appears

made the basis for a business success, and not only as the youngest of the sciences, a business success in turn has little real but also as the most important.

significance unless it can be translated What this new science will do for the into terms of life. I know farmers who world ultimately it would be inexpedient have broad fields, great herds, huge barns, to attempt to prophesy. Therefore I shall and large bank-accounts, but whose sucendeavor to confine myself to a discussion cesses end right there; who live narrow, of what the new agriculture may confi- dull, purposeless lives-lives devoid of dently be expected to do for this country aspiration, happiness, or public spirit. in the near future; that is, when our The wealth of such men is like much of farmers in general have learned to make a the fertility in our soil: it is not available. profitable application of the principles of These men need instruction in the art of scientific agriculture that already have living as much as their less-prosperous stood the test of experience. From data neighbors need instruction in the art of as unquestionable as the multiplication ta- growing and marketing crops. For, after ble we may affirm that the new agriculture all, it is only the wealth that we dominate will accomplish certain definite results: and dedicate to some useful or noble pur

First, it will show the farmer how to pose that we can be said actually to posincrease his yields of standard crops any

All other wealth that stands to our where from twenty-five to one hundred credit is either inert or actively sinister, per cent., and, what is almost equally im- and in the latter event it often gains the portant, the percentage of such possible upper hand and finally comes actually to increase as will yield him a maximum possess us. profit.

The agricultural possibilities that open


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