Bulletin ..., Volumes 11-12

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1915
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Page 1 - The lands of the State, now owned or hereafter acquired, constituting the forest preserve as now fixed by law, shall be forever kept as wild forest lands. They shall not be leased, sold or exchanged, or be taken by any corporation, public or private, nor shall the timber thereon be sold, removed or destroyed.
Page 9 - ... Hudson, but is impounded at the Ashokan dam and constitutes the main source of water supply for New York city. The slope ranges from medium to precipitous; the aspect on the north side of the ridge is mainly northeast and on the south side southwest. The structure of the Catskill * mountains is simple. The strata lie almost flat, with slight dips to the west, northwest and southwest in various places. Shale commonly outcrops on the lower slopes of the valleys, but sandstones occur higher in the...
Page 7 - The cut is approximately five times as much as the annual growth, and consumption is at least sixteen times the growth. The question of the source of supply of our necessary wood materials is one that must be seriously considered. Our demands are great and, under present methods, will soon lead to exhaustion, but if the resources of the State are properly developed the necessary supply can be produced. The present use of the Forest Preserve is protective and aesthetic. The practice of proper forestry...
Page 4 - Once the land is placed under systematic forest management, this amount could be secured annually without reducing the forest itself. It means taking the interest on the wood principal. The quantity would be further increased by ultimate growth on what are now non-merchantable areas and through reforesting of denuded lands.
Page 3 - There are large areas of virgin forests (estimated 70,000 acres), also extensive areas of lumbered lands (estimated 1.130,000 acres) upon which the greater proportion of timber is mature and is not increasing in volume or value. There are other areas covered with poplar, a tree that reaches maturity in a comparatively short time, which is very valuable for pulp and other...
Page 13 - ... becomes prominent because of its regular form and development which contrasts strongly with the short boles and irregular crowns of the hardwoods found here. (See Plate II.) Specimens of black cherry are frequent but they are of too poor form to be of any value. The remainder of the stand consists of about an equal distribution of beech, birch and maple, all of DBH Balsam Hemlock Hi :•.-!. Birch Maple Ash Basswood Miscellaneous Total 7 8 9...
Page 7 - ... use of the forest — points that come close to many private owners' desires. The best examples in this State are the lumbering operations as conducted on the parks of the Webb and Whitney estates. The effects of lumbering are scarcely visible to-day; these forests have cleaner floors and are freer from debris than similar areas on State land. In fact, the lumbering operations have improved the appearance of these forests, for the dead, fallen, and diseased trees have been removed, and yet the...

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