Page images

On motion of Mr. Burr,

The rules were suspended, and Senate bill for "An act to provide re lief to the Illinois volunteer soldiers wounded at Murfreesboro and Vicksburg" was taken up, read a first time, and

Ordered to a second reading.

On motion of Mr. Burr,

The rules were suspended, the bill read a second time, by its title, and Ordered to a third reading.

On motion of Mr. Burr,

The rules were further suspended, the bill read a third time,
And the question being put, "Shall this bill pass?"

It was decided in the affirmative,

Those voting in the affirmative are,

[ocr errors]





[blocks in formation]

Ordered that the title be as aforesaid, and that the Clerk inform the Senate thereof, and ask their concurrence therein.

The Speaker laid before the House the biennial report of the Auditor of Public Accounts.

Mr. Haines submitted the following resolution, and moved its adoption: Resolved, That the Clerk of this House is instructed to indorse upon each bill introduced, entries showing by whom it was introduced, the day on which it was introduced, the several readings through which it passed, the references taken to committees, and every action had thereon; all of which shall be indorsed on the engrossed copy. The clerk shall likewise number each bill, upon the back thereof, in the order in which it is introduced; and in reading a bill, he shall announce the number of the same, and read the indorsements thereon; that when bills are printed, said entries shall be printed at the head of each bill. Which was agreed to.

Mr. Shope submitted the following resolution, and moved its adoption, viz:

Resolved, That the Governor of this State be requested, if not incompatible with the public interests, to communicate to this House, at his earliest convenience, the number, names and rank of all military officers appointed by him under any law of this State, if any, since the last special session of the Legislature, and who are not in the actual service of the United States; together with the names, number and rank of the military officers on his staff, if any, the date of the appointment of each of said officers, and the several amounts paid each, and from what fund so paid; and the number of clerks and officers in the Adjutant General's office, and other military departments of this State, if any, their names, time of appointment, and the several amounts paid each.

Which was agreed to.

Mr. Merritt submitted the following resolution:

Resolved, That the committee on banks and currency be requested to inquire thereon to this House, as to the necessity and propriety of so amending the act to establish a general system of banking, as to abolish the board of bank commissioners created by said act and amendments thereto.

On motion of Mr. Merritt,

Said resolution was referred to the committee on banks and corporations.

Mr. Merritt submitted the following resolution: WHEREAS the constitution of Illinois provides that the people shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers and possessions, from unreasonable searches and seizures, and that such seizures are dangerous to liberty, and that no freeman shall be imprisoned or disseized of his liberty, or outlawed or exiled, or in any manner deprived of his life, liberty or property, but by the judgment of his peers, or the law of the land, and that no person shall be held to answer for a criminal offense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand jury, and that the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the public safety may require it; and whereas certain freemen of the State of Illinois have been arrested without process, and unreasonably, and have been imprisoned and exiled, and transported to foreign prisons, and there held, without lawful warrant or accusation; and whereas the Governor of the State of Illinois has solemnly sworn to preserve, protect and defend the constitution of this State: therefore,

Resolved, That His Excellency, the Governor, be and he is hereby respectfully requested to communicate to this House all facts within his knowledge, touching the arrest of any citizen of this State, charged with political offenses; and also, whether any such person has been transported, without trial, and taken or carried beyond the limits of this State; and also, under and by what authority the same was done, and by whom, and whether such citizen was surren- dered with his consent and knowledge.

On motion of Mr. Merritt,

Said resolution was laid over for one day.

Mr. Haines submitted the following resolution, viz:

Resolved, That the Governor be requested to report to this House copies of all correspondence he may have had with the War Department of the United States, and such proceedings as may have been had, in relation to an organization understood to have been recruited in this State, called the Marine Artillery.

And the question being, "Will the House agree thereto?"
It was decided in the affirmative.

Mr. O'Brien submitted the following resolutions, viz:

Resolved, That we love and cherish the Union of these States as our fathers made it, and, regarding that Union as cemented only by the just political principles assured to us and to our children in the constitution of the United States, we will defend and maintain that Union, by defending and maintaining those principles, at all times, in all places, against all foes, and at any sacrifice.

Resolved, That the constitution of the United States was ordained and established by the people of the United States, to be a constitution of government, and is the supreme law of the land, in war as well as in peace.

Resolved, That the Government of the United States is a government of enumerated powers, specifically granted in the constitution of the United States; that it can exercise no powers not so granted, and that, in the language of the tenth article thereof, "the powers not delegated to the United States by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."

Resolved, That it is the imperative duty of the Federal Government not to permit any encroachments by the State Governments upon the authority delegated to it in the constitution of the United States, and to contine its political action within the limits of such delegated powers; and any attempt to pass beyond these, and encroach upon the powers reserved to the States and the people, should be promptly resisted by the State Governments, by all constitutional means.

Resolved, That the order of the Federal Administration, directing the importation and immigration of free negroes and slaves to this State, is a fla rant assumption of power by the Executive Department of this Government, a clear, open and palpable violation of the constitution of the United States, and of the constitution and laws of this State, and a wanton and dangerous encroachment upon its rights.

Resolved, That the constitution of the United States does not confer upon the President the power to arrest the citizen of this State, not in the military service of the United States, nor within the lines of its army in the field; and every citizen is expressly protected by that constitution, and the constitution of this State, in the enjoyment of his personal liberty, of which he can only be deprived by due process of law, to answer before the judicial tribunals of the country, upon the charge of having committed some offense known to the laws of the land; and that seizure and deportation of the citizens of Illinois, upon the order of the President of the United States, or the Secretary of War, is a most palpable, gross and violent infraction of the constitution of the United States; a wanton defiance of its sacred guarantees; a degrading of the dignity and constitutional rights of this State; a ty

rannical invasion of the rights of the people; an exercise of a power inconsistent with republican liberty; subversive of the most sacred privileges of a free government; unjust, unauthorized, despotic and tyrannical in its character; and should be resisted by the people every where throughout the land.

Resolved, That Richard Yates, the Governor of the State of Illinois, is charged by the constitution of this State, and his oath of office, as the chief executive officer of this State, with the high duty of guarding and maintaining its dignity and rights, and protecting and defending the sacred privileges secured to its people, and also with the faithful execution of its laws; and that, in the opinion of this General Assembly, the said Richard Yates, in permitting the importation and immigration of free negroes and slaves into this State, under an order from the Administration at Washington, and in permitting the arrest, deportation and incarceration of its citizens by the unauthorized and unconstitutional decrees of the Federal Executive, has violated his oath taken at the time of his inauguration; meanly and timidly allowed the constitution of the State to be defied and trampled upon by the President of the United States; silently permitted the liberties of the people to be torn from them by the Federal Executive; acquiesced in the indignities, oppressions and tyrannies that have been practiced upon the patriotic and loyal citizens of this State; and deserves the emphatic censure, and the deep and eternal reprobation, of all men who love the freedom we have inherited, and are not born to be slaves.

On motion of Mr. O'Brien,

Said resolutions were referred to the committee on federal relations. On motion of Mr. Keyes,

Ordered that 5,000 copies of the biennial report of the Auditor of Public Accounts be printed.

Mr. Washburn submitted the following joint resolutions, viz:

Resolved, by the House of Representatives, the Senate concurring herein, That a committee of thirteen be appointed-nine from the House, to be appointed by the Speaker, and four from the Senate, to be appointed in such manner as the Senate may direct-to prepare an address to the people of Illinois and the Union, on the state of the country, the rights of the people and the States, and the powers of the Federal Govern


Resolved, That this resolution, on its passage, be transmitted immediately to the Senate, for their consideration.

On motion of Mr. Washburn,

Said resolution was referred to the committee on federal relations. Mr. Underwood submitted the following resolutions:

Resolved, That, although the people of the State of Illinois differ in opinion as to the constitutionality and policy of the President's emancipation proclamations, as means for suppressing the rebellion, yet, inasmuch as they have been issued by the Executive Department of the nation, we, as good and loyal citizens, will not resist their enforcement, so as to embarrass the Administration in carrying on the war to suppress the rebellion, until said proclamations are decided to be unconstitutional by the proper tribunal, or the same are revoked by the present or some future executive of the nation, constitutionally elected.

Resolved, That, for the purpose of having said proclamations revoked or nullified, we will neither attempt to intimidate the President of the United States, nor will we encourage or tolerate a forcible revolution. On motion of Mr. Walker,

Said resolutions were referred to the committee on federal relations. Mr. Shope submitted the following resolutions, viz:

Resolved, That we are now, as we ever have been, firmly and unchangeably devoted to the Union of the States, and our free institutions; and we hold it to be the duty of all true patriots to maintain them in every proper and constitutional mode; that the whole theory of the Government is based upon the assumption that wrongs are to be redressed, as far as possible, by peaceable means.

Resolved, That the Administration, in suspending the writ of habeas corpus, arresting private citizens not subject to military law, and incarcerating them in political bastiles, issuing its proclamations declaring the slaves held in certain States free, and in numerous other instances usurping power, violating the constitution, infringing upon State sovereignty, and disregarding the popular wish, and especially in diverting the war from the object of restoring the Government, which the President originally declared should be his sole purpose in its prosecution, deserves our unqualified reprobation, and justly entitles it to the condemnation of all true lovers of constitutional liberty and State rights.

Resolved, That the law of Congress, erecting certain counties of Virginia into a State, called the State of Western Virginia, is, in the language of Edward Bates, Attorney-General of the United States, in a letter dated "Attorney General's Office, August 12th, 1861," "an original, independent act of revolution," and involves a plain breach of both constitutions, of Virginia and the nation. So marked an act of revolution is it, that, unlike the emancipation proclamation, that it is not sought to be justified by its authors on the pretense of military necessity. Its passage by Congress, and approval by the President, betray, even more than any former act of Congress or of the President had betrayed, the deliberate purpose of the Administration and the political majority of Congress to set aside the constitution, and establish, on the common ruins of the Union and the sovereignty of the States, a revolutionary government, monarchical and military in its character, and in which all the great guarantees of civil liberty, recently so recklessly assailed, will be known no more forever.

Resolved, That, while we condemn and denounce the flagrant and monstrous usurpations of the Administration, and encroachments of abolitionism, we remain equally hostile to the Southern rebellion; that we regard the doctrine of secession as a ruinous heresy, unwarranted by the constitution, and destructive alike of the security and perpetuity of the Government, and the peace and liberty of the people.

Resolved, That peace, fraternal relations and political fellowship should be restored among the people of the States; that the best interests of all, and the welfare of mankind, demand that this should be done in the most speedy and most effective manner; that we hold that our federal organization should do justice to all, and injustice to none; that "State Sovereignty and the National Union" is the only true

« PreviousContinue »