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TRICHOTOMOUS, a. tri-kõť'ō-més [Gr. tricha, in three parts; tome, a cutting]: divided into three parts or into threes. TRICHOTOMY, n. -mi, division into three parts.

TRICK, n, trik [Dut. trekken, to pluck, to draw; trek, a trick: Ger. streich, a stroke, a trick: F. tricher, to cheat: in meaning to dress or adorn,' perhaps from W. trec, gear, harness]: any fraud or underhand scheme to impose upon others; something done to cheat or deceive; a vicious practice; practice or habit, as, he has a trick of winking;' a sly artifice by way of amusement; a frolic; the dexterous artifice of a juggler; a parcel of cards falling to a winner at one round of play: in sailors' slang, a spell of work, as at the helm; a turn; a shift: in her., mode of representing arms by sketching them in outline, and appending letters to express the tinctures, and sometimes numerals to indicate the repetition of changes: V. to deceive; to impose on; to defraud; to dress or adorn fantastically, with out, as,' she was tricked out in all her finery.' TRICK'ING, imp.: ADJ. cheating; deceiving; defrauding: N. in OE., dress; ornaments. TRICKED, pp. trikt. TRICKER, n. trik'er, one who cheats; also TRICK'STER, n. -ster. TRICK ERY, n. -ér-ž, artifice; deceit; the art of dressing up fantastically. TRICK'ISH, a. -ish, given to deception and cheating. TRICK ISHLY, ad. li. TRICK'ISHNESS, n. -nès, quality of being trickish or deceitful. TRICK'Y, a. i, artful; cunning. TRICKINESS, n. -i-nes, quality of being tricky. TRICKSY, a. trik'si, very artful; full of tricks; elegantly quaint. TRICK'SINESS, n. -nes, artfulness; playfulness: quaintness.—SYN. of trick, n.': stratagem; fraud; wile; cheat; juggle; finesse; imposition; delusion; imposture; deception; sleight; artifice; subterfuge; antic.

TRICKLE, v. trik'kl [W. treiglo, to roll or trickle: Scot. trigil, to trickle: Dan. trille, to roll]: to flow in drops or in a small intermittent stream; to run gently down. TRICKLING, imp. kling: ADJ. flowing in a small gentle stream: N. the act of flowing in a small gentle stream. TRICKLED, pp. trik'kld.

TRICK-TRACK, n. trik-trăk [F. trictrac, backgammon]: a game at tables-resembling backgammon.

TRICLINIC, a. tri-klinik [Gr. tris, thrice; klinō, I bend]: having three unequal axes intersecting at oblique angles, applied to a system of crystallization; inclining or bending in three different directions; also called TRICLINOHED'RIC, a. -kli-nō-hëď'rik [Gr. hedra, a seat].

TRICLINIUM, n. tri-klin'i-ŭm [L.-from Gr. tris, thrice; klino, I bend]: in anc. Rome, a couch to recline on at meals, usually for three persons; a dining-room furnished with couches on three sides. TRICLI'NIARY, a -nier-i, pertaining to the ancient mode of reclining at table.

TRICOCCOUS, a. tri-kōk' kŭs [Gr. treis, three; kokkos, a kernel or berry]: in bot., having three one seeded cells.


TRICOLOR, or TRICOLOUR, n. tri'kul-ér [L. tres, three, and Eng. color: F. tricolore, of three colors]: a national banner of three colors. TRICOLORED, a. -kul-erd, having three colors.-Tricolor is simply a flag in three colors; and most national ensigns are of this kind; but the applied sense limits it to flags having three colors in equal masses. The principal T. ensigns are: France-blue, white, red, divided vertically, blue next the staff. German empire-black, white, red, divided horizontally. Italy—green, white, red, divided vertically. Belgium-black, yellow, red, divided vertically. Holland-red, white, blue, divided horizontally. The tricolor took its rise at the outbreak of the French Revolution as the badge of the National Guard. The red and blue were selected as the arms of Paris, and the white was added, as the color of the army, to show the intimate union which should subsist between the people and the armed force.

TRICORNIGEROUS, a. tri kõr-nij'ér-ús [L. tres, three; cornu, a horn; gero, I bear]: having three horns.

TRICOSTATE, a. tri-kos'tat [L. tres, three; costa, a rib]: in bot., three-ribbed.

TRICOUPIS, trē-ko'pis, SPIRIDION: modern Greek statesman and author: 1791-1873; b. Missolonghi; son of a primate of that town. After completing his studies in France and England, he went to the Ionian Isles; but on the outbreak of the war of independence 1821, he hastened to enrol himself among the patriots. During the reign of King Otho, he was thrice sent to London as envoy-extraor dinary; he was minister of foreign affairs and of public instruction (1843); vice-president of the senate (1844-49); and envoy-extraordinary to Paris (1850) on the occasion of the blockade of the ports of Greece by Great Britain.

T. had great reputation in his own country as orator and historian. His funeral oration on his friend Lord Byron, in the cathedral of Missolonghi, has been translated into most European languages. He published many other writings, political and religious; but his masterpiece is his History of the Greek Revolution (Historia tes Hellenikes Epanastaseos, Lond. 1853-4), praised for its accuracy, impartiality, and style.

TRICUSPID, a. tri-kŭs'pid [L. tres, three; cuspis, a point]: having three summits or points. TRICUS PIDATE, a. -pi-dāt, having three points; ending in three points.

TRICYCLE, tri'si-kl: a 3-wheeled carriage: specifically, a Velocipede (q.v.) with three wheels, invented by James Starley, of Coventry, Eng., the 'father' of the Bicycle (q.v.). The rear wheels are of uniform size, and the front or pivotal wheel is generally much smaller. The T. is adapted particularly to ladies' use, though its use by men is increasing; and remarkable records have been made with it in Great Britain and in the United States. The best single T. record for 5 m. was made in London 1890, June 25, by G. Turner, 13 min. 50 sec.; and the best tandem T. in London 1890, June 20, by Wilson and Dangerfield, 13 min. 54 seconds.


TRIDACNIDÆ, tri-děk ni-dě: family of lamellibranchiate mollusks, having the shell open, the valves equal, the foot small, and furnished with a byssus. Hippopus maculatus, the BEAR'S PAW CLAM (q.v.), is prized for its beauty. Tridacna gigas is remarkable for great size, exceeding any other bivalve: the shell of a single specimen has been known to weigh more than 500 lbs., and to measure a yard or more in length. Some, 2 ft. or more, are often seen outside of restaurants in New York and other cities. The valves are sometimes used in Rom. Cath. churches for holy-water vessels. They are used also as an ornament for grottoes and fountains. They are deeply furrowed and beautifully grooved. This great mollusk is a native of the E. Indies, and is found in shallow water: it is used for food, and one suffices for a number of persons.

TRIDACTYLOUS, a. tri-dăk'ti-lus [Gr. treis, three; daktulos, a finger or toe]: having three fingers or toes.

TRIDENT, n. tri'dent [F. trident, a trident-from L. tridens or triden' tem, having three teeth-from tres, three; dens or dentem, a tooth: It. tridente]: any instr. in the form of a fork with three prongs; a kind of sceptre or spear having three prongs; the sceptre of Neptune, the fabulous god of the sea; a figure frequent on ancient coins. DENTED, a. in OE., having three teeth or prongs. DENTATE, a. trī-děn'tāt, in bot., having three teeth, or toothlike divisions.



TRIDENTINE, a. tri-dèn'tin [L. Triden'tum, Trent]: pertaining to the celebrated Council of Trent, or to Trent --e.g., the Tridentine Profession': see TRENT, COUNCIL


TRIDIMENSIONAL, a. tri-di-měn'shŭn-ăl [L. tres, three; and Eng. dimension]: having three dimensions; having length, breadth, and thickness.

TRIDING, n. tri'ding [see RIDING]: in OE., the third part of a county or shire-now retained in Yorkshire in the corrupt form Riding (q.v.).

TRIDUO, n. trid ́u-ō [It.—from L. triduum]: in the Rom. Cath. Chh., prayers through three days, followed by Benediction, as preparation for keeping a saint's day, or a means of obtaining some favor from God through intercession of one of his saints. TRIDUUM, n. trid'u-um, last three days of Lent; any three days kept in a special manner, as during a retreat, or as a preparation for a feast.

TRIDYMITE, n. tri'di-mit [Gr. tridumos, triple]: a mineral similar to quartz, occurring in triple plates.

TRIED, pp.: see under TRY.

TRIENNIAL, a. tri-ěnʼni-ăl [L. triennium, the space of three years-from tres, three; annus, a year]: continuing three years, as triennial parliaments; happening every three years. TRIENNIALLY, ad. -l. TRIENNIAL ACT, in Eng. hist., an act of William and Mary, 1695, providing that no parliament should last longer than three years, repealed 1717.


TRIENS, n. tri'enz [L. the third part of an as, a third part]: in law, a third part; dower.

TRIER, n. tri'ėr [from TRY (which see)]: one who examines anything by a test or standard.

TRIESTE, tre-ěsť (Ger. Triest, Slav. Terst): city, the most important seaport of the Austro-Hungarian empire, and the most considerable trading-town on the Adriatic; stands at the head of the Gulf of T., an arm of the Gulf of Venice; 90 m. s.w. of Laibach, on the Vienna and Trieste railway. It was an imperial free town; and attached and belonging to it is a territory of 46 sq. m., consisting of the slopes of the Triestiner Karst, which decline somewhat abruptly toward the Adriatic shore. The city of T., in which the pop. of the district is almost wholly massed, the other places being only small villages, consists of the old town, the new town, or Theresienstadt, and the two suburbs, Josefstadt and Franzenstadt. The old town, on the slope of a steep hill, surmounted by a castle (built 1680), forms about a fourth of the whole city, and is distinguished by its narrow streets and black walls. It contains the cathedral, an early Byzantine edifice of uncertain date, into whose walls stones bearing Roman inscriptions and carving have been built, and whose tower is said to rest on the foundation of a temple of Jupiter. The new down, with broad streets in regular parallelograms and with handsome houses, occupies the plain fronting the sea. Between these two divisions runs the Corso, chief thoroughfare of the city. The Tergesteum, in the new town, is a splendid moderu edifice, containing a bazaar, a grand concert and ball room, exchange and reading rooms, and the offices of the Austrian Lloyd's, the largest establishment in Europe for sea-steamers. North, on the sea-shore, is the new and magnificent Lazaretto, with a harbor in which 60 vessels can perform quarantine at once. There are numerous churches for Greeks, Jews, Rom. Catholics, and Protestants. The pop. includes Germans, Americans, Italians, Greeks, Jews, Armenians, Dalmatians, etc.; but Italian is the prevailing language. T. was, till 1882, a free port; the harbor, with entrance uninterrupted by islands or sandbanks, is well protected. The manufactures are very extensive. There are more than 40 establishments for ship-building, and several soap-works and rope-works. Rosoglio, white-lead, and leather are manufactured, and wax-bleaching is carried on. The annual value of exports and imports is about $150,000,000. A great agricultural exhibition was held at T. 1882, and an addition to the harbor was opened 1883.-Pop. (1880) 133,019-dist. 144, 844; (1890) city 158,344-dist. 157,466.

T., anc. Tergeste or Tergestum, was important under the Romans, and appears in history first B.C. 51, when it was overrun and plundered by neighboring tribes. It was much improved by Augustus, and 1382 passed finally into the hands of Austria. It owes its prosperity chiefly to Emperor Charles VI., who constituted it a free port, and to Maria Theresa. Since 1816 T. has borne the title The Most Loyal of Towns.' It ceased to be a free town 1891.


TRIFACIAL, a. tri-fä'shal [L. tres, three; făciès, the face]: of or pertaining to the trigeminal or fifth cranial nerve, the great sensitive nerve of the head and face.

TRIFARIOUS, a. tri-fā'ri-ús [L. trifarius, of three sorts or ways]: in bot., in three rows; looking in three directions.

TRIFID, a. trifid [L. trifidus, cleft into three partsfrom tres, three; fidi, I have cleft; findo, I cleave] in bot three-cleft; divided, as a leaf, into three segments which reach to the middle.

TRIFLE, n. tri'fl [OF. trufle, truffle, mockery, raillery— from truffé, a mock, a jest, a truffle (see TRUFFLE): It. truffa, a toy, an idle thing]: thing of little value or importance; small light cake or confection flavored, and soaked in wine or brandy, with syllabub poured over it: V. to act or talk lightly; to indulge in light or silly amusements; to spend or waste unprofitably; in OE., to play with; to reduce to a trifle; make trivial. TRIFLING, imp. fling: ADJ. treating serious things with lightness; of small importance or value; nugatory: N. employment about things of no importance; the treating of serious things with lightness. TRIFLED, pp. trifld. TRIFLER, n. -fler, one who wastes time idling, or who acts with levity. TRI FLINGLY, ad. -fling-li. TRIFLINGNESS, n. -nes, the state of being trifling. TO TRIFLE WITH, to befool; to delude; to treat as of no estimation.

TRIFOLIATE, a. tri-foli-āt, or TRIFO'LIOLATE, a. -lìolat [L. tres, three; folium, a leaf]: in bot., having three leaves or leaflets from the same point. TRIFO'LIUM, n. -lium, a genus of papilionaceous plants, commonly known as clovers or trefoils; common red clover is Trifolium praten'se-the white Dutch clover, the shamrock of Ireland, is T. repens, ord. Leguminosa (see TREFOIL: CLOVER).


TRIFORIUM, u. tri-fo'ri-ùm [L. tres, three; foris, a door]: in arch., the open gallery or arcade in the wall above the arches of the nave of a cathedral or church. is between the central and side aisles, and is usually a dark gallery, being the wall-space against which the lean-to roof of the aisles rests. In the later styles the side-aisles are covered with independent roofs, allowing the T. arches to be filled with glass.

TRIFORM, a. tri'fawrm [L. tres, three; forma, a shape]: having a triple form or shape.

TRIFURCATE, a. tri-fer'kāt, or TRIFURCATED, a. -kāted [L. tres, three; furca, a fork]: having three branches or forks.

TRIG, a. trig [from trick, to dress, to decorate; W. trec, harness, gear]: true; tight; firm; trim; neat: V. to trick out. TRIG'GING, imp. TRIGGED, pp. trigd. TRIG'NESS, n. -nes, smartness; neatness.

TRIG, n. trig [Dut. trekken, to pull, the root of trigger]: a wedge to prop a cask, or to stop a wheel: V. to skid a wheel.

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