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"Mr. A. Brisbane delivered a lecture at the Stuyvesant Institute last evening upon the Genius of Christianity considered in its bearing on the Social Insti. tutions and Terrestrial Destiny of the Human Race. He contended that the mission of Christianity upon earth has hitherto been imperfectly understood, and that the doctrines of Christ, carried into practical effect, would free the world of Want, Misery, Temptation and Crime. This, Mr. B. believes, will be effected by a system of Association, or the binding up of individual and family interests in Social and Industrial Communities, wherein all faculties may be developed, all energies usefully employed, all legitimate desires satisfied, and idleness, want, temptation and crime be annihilated. In such Associations, individual property will be maintained, the family be held sacred, and every inducement held out to a proper ambition. Mr. B. will lecture hereafter on the practical details of the system of Fourier, of whom he is a zealous disciple, and we shall then endeavor to give a more clear and full account of his doctrines."
A month later, the Tribune copied a flippant and sneering article from the London Times, on the subject of Fourierism in France In his introductory remarks the editor said:
"We have written something, and shall yet write much more, in illustration and advocacy of the great Social revolution which our age is destined to commence, in rendering all useful Labor at once attractive and honorable, and banishing Want and all consequent degradation from the globe. The germ of this revolution is developed in the writings of Charles Fourier, a philanthropic and observing Frenchman, who died in 1837, after devoting thirty years of a studious and unobtrusive life to inquiries, at once patient and profound, into the causes of the great mass of Social evils which overwhelm Humanity, and the true means of removing them. These means he proves to be a system of Industrial and Household Association, on the principle of Joint Stock Investment, whereby Labor will be ennobled and rendered attractive and universal, Capital be offered a secure and lucrative investment, and Talent and Industry find appropriate, constant employment, and adequate reward, while Plenty, Comfort, and the best means of Intellectual and Moral Improvement is guaranteed to all, regardless of former acquirements or condition. This grand, benignant plan is fully developed in the various works of M. Fourier, which are abridged in the single volume on 'The Social Destiny of Man,' by Mr. A. Brisbane, of this State. Some fifteen or sixteen other works in illustration and defense of the system have been given to the world, by Considerant, Chevalier, Paget, and other French writers, and by Hugh Doherty, Dr. H. McCormack. and others in English. A tri-weekly journal (' La Phalange') devoted to the system, is published by M. Victor Considerant in
Paris, and another (the 'London Phalanx') by Hugh Doherty, in London, sach ably edited."
Early in 1842, a number of gentlemen associated themselves together for the purpose of bringing the schemes of Fourier fully and prominently before the public; and to this end, they purchased the right to occupy one column daily on the first page of the Tribune with an article, or articles, on the subject, from the pen of Mr. Brisbane. The first of these articles appeared on the first of March, 1842, and continued, with some interruptions, at first daily, afterwards three times a week, till about the middle of 1844, when Mr. Brisbane went again to Europe. The articles were signed with the letter B, and were known to be communicated. They were calm in tone, clear in exposition. At first, they seem to have attracted little attention, and less opposition. They were regarded (as far as my youthful recollection serves) in the light of articles to be skipped, and by most of the city readers of the Tribune, I presume, they were skipped with the utmost regularity, and quite as a matter of course. Occasionally, however, the subject was alluded to editorially, and every such allusion was of a nature to be read. Gradually, Fourierism became one of the topics of the time. Gradually certain editors discovered that Fourierism was unchristian. Gradually, the cry of Mad Dog arose. Meanwhile, the articles of Mr. Brisbane were having their effect upon the People.
In May, 1843, Mr. Greeley wrote, and with perfect truth:
"The Doctrine of Association is spreading throughout the country with a rapidity which we did not anticipate, and of which we had but little hope. We receive papers from nearly all parts of the Northern and Western States, and some from the South, containing articles upon Association, in which general views and outlines of the System are given. They speak of the subject as one which is calling public attention,' or, 'about which so much is now said,' or, 'which is a good deal spoken of in this part of the country,' &c., showing that our Principles are becoming a topic of public discussion. From the rapid progress of our Doctrines during the past ear, we look forward with hope to their rapid continued dissemination. We feel perfectly confident that never, in the history of the world, has a philosophical doctrine, or the plan of a great reform, spread with the rapidity which the Doctrine of Association has spread in the United States for the last year or two. There are now a large number of papers, and quite a number of lecturers in various parts of
TAK PRIBUNE AND FOURIERISM.
the country, who are leading their efforts to the cause, so that the onward
mall Lorations are springing up rapidly in various parts of the coun-
Ay Asociation has been organized in Jefferson county. Our friend, A.
tedtobe are making various pugs of this State, in Vermont, in Penn-
About the same time, he gave a box on the ear to the editors who wiele od Moniprian my hostile spirit" The kindness of our friends of the Now You Rxpress, Rochester Evening Post, and sundry other Journal which appear inclined to wage a personal controversy with us respecting tourersen, (the Express without knowing how to apell the word is duly appreciated. Had we time and room for diapubation on that subject, we would prefer opponents who would not be compelled to gonib frankly or betray clearly their utter ignoruop of the mattor, whatever might be their manifestations of personal pique or malevolence in unfair representations of the little they do understand. We counsel our too belligerent friends to posses their souls in patience, and not be too eager to rival the fortune of him whose essay proving that steamships could not cross the Atlantic happened to reach us in the first steamship that did cross it. The proof of the pudding is not found in wrangling about it."
We also find, occasionally, a paragraph in the Tribune like this: "T. W. Whitley and H. Greeley will address such citizens of Newark as choose to hear them on the subject of Association' at 71
o'clock this evening at the Relief Hall, rear of J. M. Quimby's Repository."
Too fast. Too fast. I need not detail the progress of Fourierism-the many attempts made to establish Associations-the failure of all of them but one, which still exists-the ruin that ensued to many worthy men-the ridicule with which the Associationists were assailed the odium excited in many minds against the Tribunethe final relinquishment of the subject. All this is perfectly well known to the people of this country.
Let us come, at once, to the grand climax of the Tribune's Fourierism, the famous discussion of the subject between Horace Greeley and H. J. Raymond, of the Courier and Enquirer, in the year. 1846. That discussion finished Fourierism in the United States.
Mr. Raymond had left the Tribune, and joined the Courier and Enquirer, at the solicitation of Col. Webb, the editor of the latter. It was a pity the Tribune let him go, for he is a born journalist, and could have helped the Tribune to attain the position of the great, only, undisputed Metropolitan Journal, many years sooner than it will. Horace Greeley is not a born journalist. He is too much in earnest to be a perfect editor. He has too many opinions and preferences. He is a BORN LEGISLATOR, a Deviser of Remedies, a Suggester of Expedients, a Framer of Measures. The most successful editor is he whose great endeavor it is to tell the public all it wants to know, and whose comments on passing events best express the feeling of the country with regard to them. Mr. Raymond is not a man of first-rate talent-great talent would be in his wayhe is most interesting when he attacks; and of the varieties of composition, polished vituperation is not the most difficult. But he has the right notion of editing a daily paper, and when the Tribune lost him, it lost more than it had the slightest idea of-as events have since shown.
However, Horace Greeley and Henry J. Raymond, the one naturally liberal, the other naturally conservative-the one a Universalist, the other a Presbyterian-the one regarding the world as a place to be made better by living in it, the other regarding it as an oyster to be opened, and bent on opening it-would have found it hard to work together on equal terms. They separated amicably, and each went his way. The discussion of Fourierism arose thus:
the country, who are lending their efforts to the cause, so that the onward movement must be greatly accelerated.
"Small Associations are springing up rapidly in various parts of the coun try. The Sylvania Association in Pike country, Pa., now in operation; about seventy persons are on the domain, erecting buildings, &c., and preparng for the reception of other members.
"An Association has been organized in Jefferson county. Our friend, A. M. Watson, is at the head of it; he has been engaged for the last three years in spreading the principles in that part of the State, and the result is the formation of an Association. Several farmers have put in their farms and taken stock; by this means the Domain has been obtained. About three hundred persons, we are informed, are on the lands. They have a very fine quarry on their Domain, and they intend, among the branches of Industry which they will pursue, to take contracts for erecting buildings out of the Association. They are now erecting a banking-house in Watertown, near which the Association is located.
"Efforts are making in various parts of this State, in Vermont, in Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Illinois, to establish Associations, which will probably be successful in the course of the present year. We have heard of these movements; there may be others of which we are not informed."
About the same time, he gave a box on the ear to the editors who wrote of Fourierism in a hostile spirit:-"The kindness of our friends of the New York Express, Rochester Evening Post, and sundry other Journals which appear inclined to wage a personal controversy with us respecting Fourierism, (the Express without knowing how to spell the word,) is duly appreciated. Had we time and room for disputation on that subject, we would prefer opponents who would not be compelled to confess frankly or betray clearly their utter ignorance of the matter, whatever might be their manifestations of personal pique or malevolence in unfair representations of the little they do understand. We counsel our too belligerent friends to possess their souls in patience, and not be too eager to rival the fortune of him whose essay proving that steamships could not cross the Atlantic happened to reach us in the first steamship that did cross it. "The proof of the pudding' is not found in wrangling about it."
We also find, occasionally, a paragraph in the Tribune like this: "T. W. Whitley and H. Greeley will address such citizens of Newark as choose to hear them on the subject of 'Association' at 7