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by the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended (section 2061 et seq. of this Appendix}.

Sec. 2004 Strategic and Critical Materials Stockpiles. The Administrator of General Services shall assist the Office of Emergency Preparedness in formulating plans, programs, and reports relating to the stock piling of strategic and critical materials. Within these plans and programs, the Administrator shall provide for the procurement (for this purpose, procurement includes upgrading, rotation, and beneficiation), storage, security, maintenance, inspection, withdrawal, and disposal of materials, supplies, and equipment.

PART 21.-INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION SECTION 2101 Résumé of Responsibilities. The Chairman of the Interstate Commerce Commission, under the coordinating authority of the Secretary of Transportation, shall prepare national emergency plans and develop preparedness programs covering railroad utilization, reduction of vulnerability, maintenance, restoration, and operation in an emergency (other than for the Alaska Railroad-see Section 1303(6)); motor carrier utilization, reduction of vulnerability, and operation in an emergency; Inland waterway utilization of equipment and shipping, reduction of vulnerability, and operation in an emergency: and also provide guidance and consultation to domestic surface transportation and storage Industries, as defined below, regarding emeregncy preparedness measures, and to States regarding development of their transportation plans in assigned areas. Sec. 2102 Definitions. As used in this part:

(1) "Domestic surface transportation and storage" means rail, motor, and inland water transportation facilities and services and public storage;

(2) "Public storage" includes warehouses and other places which are used for the storage of property belonging to persons other than the persons having the ownership or control of such premises;

(3) "Inland water transportation" includes shipping on all inland waterways and Great Lakes shipping engaged solely in the transportation of passengers or cargo between United States ports on the Great Lakes;

(4) Specifically excluded, for the purposes of this part, are pipelines, petroleum and gas storage, agricultural food resources storage, including the cold storage of food resources, the St. Lawrence Seaway, ocean ports and Great Lakes ports and port facilities, highways, streets, roads, bridges, and related appurtenances, maintenance of inland waterways, and any transportation owned by or preallocated to the military.

Sec. 2103 Transportation Functions. The Interstate Commerce Commission shall :

(1) Operational control. Develop plans with appropriate private transportation and storage organizations and assoclations for the corrodination and direction of the use of domestic surface transportation and storage facilities for movement of passenger and freight traffic.

(2) Emergency operations. Develop and maintain necessary orders and regulations for the operation of domestic surface transport and storage industries in an emergency. PART 22.–NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE

ADMINISTRATION SECTION 2201-Functions. The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration shall:

(1) Research and development. Adapt and utilize the scientific and technological capability of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, consistent with over-all requirements, to meet priority needs of the programs of the Federal Government in an emergency. This will include the direction and conduct of essential reSearch and development activities relating to (a) aircraft, spacecraft, and launch vehicles, (b) associated instrumentation, guidance, control and payload, propulsion, and communications systems, (c) scientific phenomena affectIng both manned and unmanned space flights, (d) the life sciences (biology, medicine, and psychology) as they apply to aeronautics and space, and (e) atmospheric and geophysical sciences.

(2) Military support. Provide direct assistance as requested by the Department of Defense and other agencies In support of the military effort. This may include (a) undertaking urgent projects to develop superior aircraft,

spacecraft, launch vehicles, and weapons systems, (b) developing methods to counter novel or revolutionary enemy weapons systems, (c) providing technical advice and assistance on matters involving air and space activities, and (d) furnishing personnel and facilities to assist in emergency repairs of equipment deficiencies and for other essential purposes.

PART 23.-NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION SECTION 2301 Functions. The Director of the National Science Foundation shall:

(1) Manpower functions. Assist the Department of Labor in sustaining readiness for the mobilization of civilian manpower by: (a) maintaining the Foundation's register of scientific and technical personnel in such form and at such locations as will assure maximum usefulness in an emergency; (b) being prepared for rapid expansion of the Foundation's current operation as a central clearing house for information covering all scientific and technical personnel in the United States and its possessions; and (c) developing, in consultation with the Department of Labor, the Selective Service System, the Department of Defense, and the Office of Science and Technology, plans and procedures to assure the most effective distribution and utilization of the Nation's scientific and engineering manpower in an emergency.

(2) Special functions. (a) Provide leadership in developing, with the assistance of Federal and State agencies and appropriate nongovernmental organizations, the ability to mobilize scientists, in consonance with over-all civilian manpower mobilization programs, to perform or assist in performance of special tasks, including the identification of and defense against unconventional warfare; (b) advance the national radiological defense capability by including, in consultation with appropriate agencies, pertinent scientific information and radiological defense techniques in the Foundation's scientific Institute program for science, mathematics, and engineering teachers; (c) assemble data on the location and character of major scientific research facilities, including non-governmental as well as government facilities, and their normal inventories of types of equipment and Instruments which would be useful in identification and analysis of hazards to human life in the aftermath of enemy attack; and (d) prepare to carry on necessary programs for basic research and for training of scientific manpower.

Part 24.--RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD SECTION 2401 Functions. The Railroad Retirement Board shall:

(1) Manpower functions. Within the framework of the over-all manpower plans and programs of the Department of Labor, assist in the mobilization of civilian manpower in an emergency by developing plans for the recruitment and referral of that segment of the Nation's manpower resources subject to the Railroad Retirement and Railroad Unemployment Insurance Acts (sections 228a et seq. and 351 et seq. of Title 45, Railroads).

(2) Benefit payments. Develop plans for administering, under emergency conditions, the essential aspects of the Railroad Retirement Act and Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act ( sections 228a et seq. and 351 et seq. of Title 45, Railroads) consistent with over-all Federal plans for the continuation of benefit payments after an enemy attack.

PART 25.-SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION SECTION 2501 Functions. The Securities and Exchange Commission shall collaborate with the Secretary of the Treasury in the development of emergency financial control plans, programs, procedures, and regulations for:

(1) Stock trading. Temporary closure of security exchanges, suspension of redemption rights, and freezing of stock and bond prices, if required in the interest of maintaining economic controls.

(2) Modified trading. Development of plans designed to reestablish and maintain a stable and orderly market for securities when the situation permits under emergency conditions.

(3) Protection of securities. Provision of a national records system which will make it possible to establish current ownership of securities in the event major trading centers and depositories are destroyed.

(4) Flow of capital. The control of the formation and flow of private capital as it relates to new securities offerings or expansion of prior offerings for the purpose of establishing or reestablishing industries in relation to the Nation's needs in or following a national emergency.

(5) Flight of capital. The prevention of the flight of capital outside this country, in coordination with the Sec. retary of Commerce, and the impounding of securities in the hands of enemy aliens.

PART 26.-SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SECTION 2601 Functions. The Administrator of the Small Business Administration shall:

(1) Prime contract authority. Develop plans to administer a program for the acquisition of prime contracts by the Administration and, in turn, for negotiating or otherwise letting of subcontracts to capable small business concerns in an emergency.

(2) Resource in formation. Provide data on facilities, inventories, and potential production capacity of small business concerns to all interested agencies.

(3) Procurement. Develop plans to determine jointly with Federal procurement agencies, as appropriate, which defense contracts are to go to small business concerns and to certify to the productive and financial ability of small concerns to perform specific contracts, as required.

(4) Loans for plant modernization. Develop plans for providing emergency assistance to essential individual industrial establishments through direct loans or participation loans for the financing of production facilities and equipment.

(5) Resource pools. Develop plans for encouraging and approving small business defense production and research and development pools.

(6) Financial assistance. Develop plans to make loans, directly or in participation with private lending institutions, to small business concerns and to groups or pools of such concerns, to small business investment companies, and to State and local development companies to provide them with funds for lending to small business concerns, for defense and essential civilian purposes.

PART 27.-TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY SECTION 2701 Functions. The Board of Directors of the Tennessee Valley Authority shall:

(1) Electric power. Assist the Department of the Interior in the development of plans for the integration of the Tennessee Valley Authority power system into national emergency programs and prepare plans for the emergency management, operation, and maintenance of the system and for its essential expansion.

(2) Waterways. Assist the Interstate Commerce Commission, under the coordinating authority of the Secretary of Transportation, in the development of plans for Integration and control of inland waterway transportation systems and, in cooperation with the Department of Defense and the Department of the Interior, prepare plans for the management, operation, and maintenance of the river control system in the Tennessee River and certain of its tributaries for navigation during an emergency.

(3) Flood control. Develop plans and maintain its river control operations for the prevention or control of floods caused by natural phenomena or overt and covert attack affecting the Tennessee River System and, in so doing, collaborate with the Department of Defense with respect to the control of water in the lower Ohio and Mississippi Rivers.

(4) Emergency health services and sanitary water supplies. Assist the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare in the development of plans and programs covering emergency health services, civilian health manpower, and health resources in the Tennessee Valley Authority area and, in collaboration with the Department of the Interior and the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, prepare plans for the management, operation, and maintenance of the Tennessee River System consistent with the needs for sanitary public water supplies, waste disposal, and vector control.

(5) Coordination of water use. Develop plans for determining or proposing priorities for the use of water by the Tennessee Valley Authority in the event of conflicting claims arising from the functions listed above.

(6) Fertilizer. Assist the Department of Agriculture in the development of plans for the distribution and claim

ancy of fertilizer; assist the Department of Commerce and the Department of Defense in the development of Tennessee Valley Authority production quotas and any essential expansion of production facilities, and prepare plans for the management, operation, and maintenance of its facilities for the manufacture of nitrogen and phosphorous fertilizers.

(7) Munitions production. Perform chemical research in munitions as requested by the Department of Defense, maintain standby munitions production facilities, and develop plans for converting and utilizing fertilizer facilities as required in support of the Department of Defense's munitions program.

(8) Land management. Develop plans for the maintenance, management, and utilization of Tennessee Valley Authority-controlled lands in the interest of an emergency economy.

(9) Food and forestry. Assist the Department of Agriculture in the development of plans for the harvesting and processing of fish and game, and the Department of Commerce in the development of plans for the production and processing of forest products.

(10) Coordination with Valley States. Prepare plans and agreements with Tennessee Valley States, consistent with Federal programs, for appropriate integration of Tennessee Valley Authority and State plans for the use of available Tennessee Valley Authority resources.

PART 28.-UNITED STATES CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION

SECTION 2801 Functions. The United States Civil Service Commission shall:

(1) Personnel system. Prepare plans for adjusting the Federal civilian personnel system to simplify administration and to meet emergency demands.

(2) Utilization. Develop policies and implementing procedures designed to assist Federal agencies in achieving the most effective utilization of the Federal Government's civilian manpower in an emergency.

(3) Manpower policies. As the representative of the Federal Government as an employer, participate, as appropriate, in the formulation of national and regional manpower policies as they affect Federal civilian personnel and establish implementing policies as necessary.

(4) Manpower administration. Prepare plans, in consonance with national manpower policies and programs, for the administration of emergency civilian manpower and employment policies within the executive branch of the Government, including the issuance and enforcement of regulations to implement such policies.

(5) Wage and salary stabilization. Participate, as appropriate, with the Office of Emergency Preparedness and the Department of Labor in the formulation of national and regional wage and salary stabilization policies as they affect Federal civilian personnel. Within the framework of such policies, prepare plans for the implementation of such policies and controls established for employees within the executive branch of the Government, including the issuance and enforcement of necessary regulations.

(6) Assistance. Develop plans for rendering personnel management and staffing assistance to new and expanding Federal agencies.

(7) Recruiting. Develop plans for the coordination and control of civilian recruiting policies and practices by all Federal agencies in order to increase the effectiveness of the total recruitment efforts during an emergency and to prevent undesirable recruitment practices.

(8) Reassignment. Develop plans to facilitate the reassignment or transfer of Federal civilian employees, including the movement of employees from one agency or location to another agency or location, in order to meet the most urgent needs of the executive branch during an emergency

(9) Registration. Develop plans and procedures for a nationwide system of post-attack registration of Federal employees to provide a means for locating and returning to duty those employees who become physically separated from their agencies after an enemy attack, and to provide for the maximum utilization of the skills of surviving employees.

(10) Deferment. Develop plans and procedures for a system to control Government requests for the selective service deferment of employees in the executive branch of the Federal Government and in the municipal government of the District of Columbia.

(11) Investigation. Prepare plans, in coordination with agencies having responsibilities in the personnel security field, for the conduct of national agency checks and inquiries, limited suitability investigations, and full field investigations under emergency conditions.

(12) Salaries, wages, and benefits. Develop plans for operating under emergency conditions the essential aspects of salary and wage systems and such benefit systems as the Federal Employees Retirement System, the Federal Employees Group Life Insurance Program, the Federal Employees and Retired Federal Employees Health Benefits Programs, and the Federal Employees Compensation Program.

(13) Federal manpower mobilization. Assist Federal agencies in establishing manpower plans to meet their own emergency manpower requirements; identify major or special manpower problems of individual Federal agencles and the Federal Government as a whole in mobilizing a civilian work force to meet essential emergency requirements; identify sources of emergency manpower supply for all agencies where manpower problems are indicated; and develop Governmentwide pla for the use of surplus Federal civilian manpower.

(14) Distribution of manpower. Participate in the formulation of policies and decisions on the distribution of the nation's civilian manpower resources, obtain appropriate civilian manpower data from Federal agencies, and establish necessary implementing policies and procedures within the Executive Branch.

(15) Training. Develop, organize, and conduct, as appropriate, interagency training programs in emergency personnel management for Federal employees.

PART 28A.-UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY SECTION 2850 Functions. (a) The Director of the United States Information Agency shall prepare national emergency plans and develop preparedness programs for the continuation of essential emergency foreign information activities. These plans and programs shall be designed to develop a state of readiness which will permit continuing necessary activities under all conditions of national emergency including attack upon the United States.

(b) The Director shall (1) develop plans for the formulation and execution of foreign information programs utilizing the Agency's overseas posts and all media designed to promote an intelligent understanding abroad of the status of the emergency within the United States and the efforts, policies, activities, needs, and aims of the United States in dealing with the international situation then existing; (2) develop emergency plans and programs, and emergency organizational structures required thereby, as an integral part of the continuing activities of the United States Information Agency on the basis that it will have the responsibility for carrying on such programs during an emergency; (3) provide and maintain the capability necessary for simultaneous direct radio broadcasting in major world languages to all areas of the world and wireless teletype to all United States Embassies; (4) provide advice to the Executive Branch on foreign opinion, and its implications for United States policies, programs, and official statements; (5) maintain liaison with the information agencies of friendly nations for the purpose of relating the United States Government information programs and facilities to those of such nations; (6) participate in the development of policy with regard to the psychological aspects of defense and develop plans for assisting the appropriate agencies in the execution of psychological operations with special attention to overseas crises short of war; (7) maintain United States Information Service staffs abroad for the conduct of public information for all agencies of the Government, recognizing that in a theater of operations the United States Information Agency would make available to the appropriate Commander all United States citizen personnel on the staff of the Agency, who agree to remain, to serve in support of psychological operations; and (8) lend appropriate support in psychological warfare to the military command in the theater or theaters of active military operations, and provide daily guidance and basic informational materials.

(c) The Director shall insure development of appropriate plans necessary under this part and issue emer

gency instructions required to implement all appropriate plans developed under this Part.

PART 29.-VETERANS ADMINISTRATION SECTION 2901 Functions. The Administrator of Veterans Affairs shall develop policies, plans, and procedures for the performance of emergency functions with respect to the continuation or restoration of authorized programs of the Veterans Administration under all conditions of national emergency, including attack upon the United States. These include:

(1) The emergency conduct of inpatient and outpatient care and treatment in Veterans Administration medical facilities and participation with the Departments of Defense and Health, Education, and Welfare as provided for in interagency agreements.

(2) The emergency conduct of compensation, pension, rehabilitation, education, and insurance payments consistent with over-all Federal plans for the continuation of Federal benefit payments.

(3) The emergency performance of insurance and loan guaranty functions in accordance with indirect stabilization policies and controls designed to deal with various emergency conditions.

PART 30.-GENERAL PROVISIONS SECTION 3001 Resource Management. In consonance with the national preparedness, security, and mobilization readiness plans, programs, and operations of the Office of Emergency Preparedness under Executive Order No. 11051 of September 27, 1962 (set out as a note under section 2271 of this Appendix), and subject to the provisions of the preceding parts, the head of each department and agency shall:

(1) Priorities and allocations. Develop systems for the emergency application of priorities and allocations to the production, distribution, and use of resources for which he has been assigned responsibility.

(2) Requirements. Assemble, develop as appropriate, and evaluate requirements for assigned resources, taking into account estimated needs for military, atomic energy, civilian, and foreign purposes. Such evaluation shall take into consideration geographical distribution of requirements under emergency conditions.

(3) Evaluation. Assess assigned resources in order to estimate availability from all sources under an emergency situation, analyze resource availabilities in relation to estimated requirements, and develop appropriate recommendations and programs, including those necessary for the maintenance of an adequate mobilization base. Provide data and assistance before and after attack for national resource analysis purposes of the Office of Emergency Preparedness.

(4) Claimancy. Prepare plans to claim from the appropriate agency supporting materials, manpower, equipment, supplies, and services which would be needed to carry out assigned responsibilities and other essential functions of his department or agency, and cooperate with other agencies in developing programs to insure availability of such resources in an emergency.

SEC. 3002 Facilities protection and warfare effects monitoring and reporting. In consonance with the national preparedness, security, and mobilization readiness plans, programs, and operations of the Office of Emergency Preparedness under Executive Order No. 11051 (set out as a note under section 2271 of this Appendix), and with the national civil defense plans, programs, and operations of the Department of Defense under Executive Order No. 10952 (set out as a note under section 2271 of this Appendix), the head of each department and agency shall:

(1) Facilities protection. Provide facilities protection guidance material adapted to the needs of the facilities and services concerned and promote a national program to stimulate disaster preparedness and control in order to minimize the effects of overt or covert attack on tacilities or other resources for which he has management responsibility. Guidance shall include, but not be limited to, organization and training of facility employees, personnel shelter, evacuation plans, records protection, continuity of management, emergency repair, dispersal of facilities, and mutual aid associations for an emergency.

(2) Warfare effects monitoring and reporting. Maintain & capability, both at national and field levels, to estimate the effects of attack on assigned resources and to collaborate with and provide data to the Office of Emergency Preparedness, the Department of Defense, and other agencies, as appropriate, in verifying and updating estimates of resource status through exchanges of data and mutual assistance, and provide for the detection, identifcation, monitoring and reporting of such warfare effects at selected facilities under his operation or control.

(3) Salvage and rehabilitation. Develop plans for salvage, decontamination, and rehabilitation of facilities involving resources under his jurisdiction.

(4) Shelter. In conformity with national shelter policy, where authorized to engage in building construction, plan, design, and construct such buildings to protect the public to the maximum extent feasible against the hazards that could result from an attack upon the United States with nuclear weapons; and where empowered to extend Federal financial assistance, encourage recipients of such financial assistance to use standards for planning design and construction which will maximize protection for the public.

SEC. 3003 Critical skills and occupations. (a) The Secretaries of Defense, Commerce, and Labor shall carry out the mandate of the National Security Council, dated February 15, 1968, to “maintain a continuing surveillance over the Nation's manpower needs and identify any particular occupation or skill that may warrant qualifying for deferment on a uniform national basis." In addition, the Secretaries of Defense, Commerce, Labor, and Health, Education, and Welfare shall carry out the mandate of the National Security Council to “maintain a continuing surveillance over the Nation's manpower and education needs to identify any area of graduate study that may warrant qualifying for deferment in the national interest." In carrying out these functions, the Secretaries concerned shall consult with the National Science Foundation with respect to scientific manpower requirements.

(b) The Secretaries of Commerce and Labor shall maintain and issue, as necessary, lists of all essential activities and critical occupations that may be required for emergency preparedness purposes.

Sec. 3004 Research. Within the framework of research policies and objectives established by the Office of Emergency Preparedness, the head of each department and agency shall supervise or conduct research in areas directly concerned with carrying out emergency preparedness responsibilities, designate representatives for necessary ad hoc or task force groups, and provide advice, and assistance to other agencies in planning for research in areas involving each agency's interest.

Sec. 3005 Stockpiles. The head of each department and agency, with appropriate emergency responsibilities, shall assist the Office of Emergency Preparedness in formulatIng and carrying out plans for stockpiling of strategic and critical materials, and survival items.

SEC. 3006 Direct Economic Controls. The head of each department and agency shall cooperate with the Office of Emergency Preparedness and the Federal financial agencies in the development of emergency preparedness measures involving emergency financial and credit measures, as well as price, rent, wage and salary stabilization, and consumer rationing programs.

SEC. 3007 Financial Aid. The head of each department and agency shall develop plans and procedures in cooperation with the Federal financial agencies for financial and credit assistance to those segments of the private sector for which he is responsible in the event such assistance is needed under emergency conditions.

SEC. 3008 Functional Guidance. The head of each department and agency in carrying out the functions assigned to him by this order, shall be guided by the following:

(1) National program guidance. In consonance with the national preparedness, security, and mobilization readiness plans, programs, and operations of the Office of Emergency Preparedness under Executive Order No. 11051 (set out as a note under section 2271 of this Appendix), and with the national civil defense plans, programs, and operations of the Department of Defense, technical guidance shall be provided to State and local governments and instrumentalities thereof, to the end that all planning concerned with the functions assigned herein will be effectively coordinated. Relations with the appropriate seg

ment of the private sector shall be maintained to foster mutual understanding of Federal emergency plans.

(2) Interagency coordination. Emergency preparedness functions shall be coordinated by the head of the department or agency having primary responsibility with all other departments and agencies having supporting functions related thereto.

(3) Emergency preparedness. Emergency plans, programs, and an appropriate state of readiness, including organizational readiness, shall be developed as an integral part of the continuing activities of each department or agency on the basis that that department or agency will have the responsibility for carrying out such plans and programs during an emergency. The head of each depart. ment or agency shall be prepared to implement all appropriate plans developed under this order. Modifications and temporary organizational changes, based on emergency conditions, shall be in accordance with policy determinations by the President.

(4) Professional liaison. Mutual understanding and support of emergency preparedness activities shall be fostered, and the National Defense Executive Reserve shall be promoted by maintaining relations with the appropriate non-governmental sectors.

Sec. 3009 Training. The head of each department and agency shall develop and direct training programs which incorporate emergency preparedness and civil defense training and information programs necessary to insure the optimum operational effectiveness of assigned resources, systems, and facilities.

Sec. 3010 Emergency Public Information. In consonance with such emergency public information plans and central program decisions of the Office of Emergency Preparedness, and with plans, programs, and procedures established by the Department of Defense to provide continuity of programming for the Emergency Broadcast System, the head of each department and agency shall:

(1) Obtain and provide information as to the emergency functions or assignments of the individual department or agency for dissemination to the American people during the emergency, in accordance with arrangements made by the Office of Emergency Preparedness.

(2) Determine requirements and arrange for prerecordings to provide continuity of program service over the Emergency Broadcast System so that the American people can receive information, advice, and guidance pertaining to the implementation of the civil defense and emergency preparedness plans or assignments of each individual department or agency.

Sec. 3011 Emergency Actions. This order does not confer authority to put into effect any emergency plan, procedure, policy, program, or course of action prepared or developed pursuant to this order. Plans so developed may be effectuated only in the event that authority for such effectuation is provided by a law enacted by the Congress or by an order or directive issued by the President pursuant to statutes or the Constitution of the United States.

Sec. 3012 Redelegation. The head of each department and agency is hereby authorized to redelegate the functions assigned to him by this order, and to authorize successive redelegations to agencies or instrumentalities of the United States, and to officers and employees of the United States.

SEC. 3013. Transfer of Functions. Any emergency preparedness function under this order, or parts thereof, may be transferred from one department or agency to another with the consent of the heads of the organizations involved and with the concurrence of the director of the Office of Emergency Preparedness. Any new emergency preparedness function may be assigned to the head of a department or agency by the Director of the Office of Emergency Preparedness by mutual consent.

SEC. 3014 Retention of Existing Authority. Except as provided in Section 3015, nothing in this order shall be deemed to derogate from any now existing assignment of functions to any department or agency or officer thereof made by statute, Executive order, or Presidential directives, including Memoranda.

SEC, 3015 Revoked Orders. The following are hereby revoked:

(1) Defense Mobilization Order VI-2 of December 11, 1953.

(2) Defense Mobilization Order I-12 of October 5, 1954.

(3) Executive Order No. 10312 of December 10, 1951. (4) Executive Order No. 10346 of April 17, 1952. (5) Executive Order No. 10997 of February 16, 1962. (6) Executive Order No. 10998 of February 16, 1962. (7) Executive Order No. 10999 of February 16, 1962. (8) Executive Order No. 11000 of February 16, 1962. (9) Executive Order No. 11001 of February 16, 1962. (10) Executive Order No. 11002 of February 16, 1962. (11) Executive Order No. 11003 of February 16, 1962. (12) Executive Order No. 11004 of February 16, 1962. (13) Executive Order No. 11005 of February 16, 1962. (14) Executive Order No. 11087 of February 26, 1963. (15) Executive Order No. 11088 of February 26, 1963. (16) Executive Order No. 11089 of February 26, 1963. (17) Executive Order No. 11090 of February 26, 1963. (18) Executive Order No. 11091 of February 26, 1963. (19) Executive Order No. 11092 of February 26, 1963. (20) Executive Order No. 11093 of February 26, 1963. (21) Executive Order No. 11094 of February 26, 1963. (22) Executive Order No. 11095 of February 26, 1963. (23) Executive Order No. 11310 of October 11, 1966.

RICHARD Nixon. SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 2251 to 2263, 2271, 2272, 2281 to 2284, 2291, 2292 to 2297 of this Appendix. § 2293. Emergency powers of Administrator.

During the period of such emergency, the Administrator is authorized to

(a) exercise the authority contained in section 201 (h) (section 2281 (h) of this Appendix] without regard to the limitation of any existing law including the provisions of the Act of June 30, 1932, as amended (section 278a of Title 40), and section 3709 of the Revised Statutes, as amended [section 5 of Title 41), and section 3734 of the Revised Statutes, as amended [sections 259 and 269 of Title 40], and the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended;

(b) sell, lease, lend, transfer, or deliver materials or perform services for civil defense purposes on such terms and conditions as the Administrator shall prescribe and without regard to the limitations of existing law: Provided, That any funds received from the sale or other disposition of materials or for services shall be deposited to the credit of appropriations currently available and made pursuant to this Act [sections 2251 to 2284, 2286 and 2291 to 2297 of this Appendix] and shall be available for expenditure for the purposes of such appropriations;

(c) coordinate and direct, for civil defense purposes, the relief activities of the various departments and agencies of the United States as provided in section 302 hereof (section 2292 of this Appendix);

(d) reimburse any State, including any political subdivisions thereof, for the compensation paid to and the transportation, subsistence, and maintenance expenses of any employees while engaged in rendering civil defense aid outside the State and to pay fair and reasonable compensation for the materials of the State government or any political subdivision utilized or consumed outside of the State, including any transportation costs, in accordance with rules and regulations prescribed by the Administrator. As used in this subsection, the term "employees" shall include full- or part-time paid, volunteer, auxiliary, and civil defense workers subject to the order or control of a State government

or any political subdivision thereof, and such employees shall not be deemed by reason of such reimbursement to be employees or appointees of the United States;

(e) provide financial assistance for the temporary relief or aid of any civilian injured or in want as the result of any attack; and

(f) employ temporarily additional personnel without regard to the civil-service laws and to incur such obligations on behalf of the United States as may be required to meet the civil defense requirements of an attack or of an anticipated attack. During the period of any such emergency, the Administrator shall transmit quarterly to the Congress a detailed report concerning all action taken pursuant to this section. (Jan. 12, 1951, ch. 1228, title III, S 303, 64 Stat. 1252.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended, referred to in subsec. (a), is classified to chapters 10 and 16 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property and Works, chapter 4 of Title 41, Public Contracts, and chapters 21, 25, 27, 29, and 31 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Functions of the Federal Civil Defense Administration were transferred to the President of the United States by section 1 of 1958 Reorg. Plan No. 1, eff. July 1, 1958, 23 F.R. 4991, 72 Stat. 1799, as amended, set out as a note under section 2271 of this Appendix. The Federal Civil Defense Administration was consolidated with the Office of Defense Mobilization to form the Office of Emergency Preparedness in the Executive Office of the President.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 2251 to 2263, 2271, 2272, 2281 to 2284, 2291, 2292, 2294 to 2297 of this Appendix.

8 2294. Government immune from liability for death

or personal injury to employees; benefits em

ployees entitled to. The Federal Government shall not be liable for any damage to property or for any death or personal injury occurring directly or indirectly as a result of the exercise or performance of, or failure to exercise or perform, any function or duty, by any Federal agency or employee of the Government, in carrying out the provisions of this title [sections 2291 to 2297 of this Appendix] during the period of such emergency. Nothing contained in this section shall affect the right of any person to receive any benefit or compensation to which he might otherwise be entitled under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act, as amended (chapter 81 of Title 5], or any other Act of Congress providing for any pension or retirement. (Jan. 12, 1951, ch. 1228, title III, $ 304, 64 Stat. 1253.)

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 2251 to 2263, 2271, 2272, 2281 to 2284, 2291 to 2293, 2295, 2297 of this Appendix.

8 2295. Waiver of Administrative Procedure Act.

During the period of such emergency, the functions and duties exercised under this Act (sections 2251 to 2284, 2286 and 2291 to 2297 of this Appendix] shall be excluded from the operation of the Administrative Procedure Act (sections 551 et seq. and 701 et seq. of Title 5), except as to the requirements

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