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(sections 403a-403j of this title), or the application of such provision to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of this Act (said sections) or the application of such provision to persons or circumstances other than those as to which it is held invalid, shall not be affected thereby."

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 403e, 4031 of this title and title 5 section 5363.

& 403b. Same; seal of office.

The Director of Central Intelligence shall cause a seal of office to be made for the Central Intelligence Agency, of such design as the President shall approve, and judicial notice shall be taken thereof. (June 20, 1949, ch. 227, § 2, 63 Stat. 208.)

CODIFICATION Section was not enacted as a part of the National Security Act of 1947 which comprises this chapter.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 403a, 403e, 4031 of this title and title 5 section 5363.

$ 403c. Same; procurement authority.

(a) In the performance of its functions the Central Intelligence Agency is authorized to exercise the authorities contained in sections 151 (C) (1)-(6), (10), (12), (15), (17), 155 and 159 of Title 41.

(b) In the exercise of the authorities granted in subsection (a) of this section, the term "Agency head" shall mean the Director, the Deputy Director, or the Executive of the Agency.

(c) The determinations and decisions provided in subsection (a) of this section to be made by the Agency head may be made with respect to individual purchases and contracts or with respect to classes of purchases or contracts, and shall be final. Except as provided in subsection (d) of this section, the Agency head is authorized to delegate his powers provided in this section, including the making of such determinations and decisions, in his discretion and subject to his direction, to any other officer or officers or officials of the Agency.

(d) The power of the Agency head to make the determinations or decisions specified in sections 151 (c) (12), (15), and 154 (a) of Title 41 shall not be delegable. Each determination or decision required by sections 151 (c) (12), (15), 153, or 154 (a) of Title 41, shall be based upon written findings made by the official making such determinations, which findings shall be final and shall be available within the Agency for a period of at least six years following the date of the determination. (June 20, 1949, ch. 227, § 3, 63 Stat. 208.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT Sections 151 (C) (1)-(6), (10), (12), (15), (17), 153, 154(a), 155, and 159 of Title 41, referred to in subsec. (a) and (d), were repealed by act Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, $ 53, 70A Stat. 641, and are now covered by section 2301 et seq. of Title 10, Armed Forces.

CODIFICATION Section was not enacted as a part of the National Security Act of 1947 which comprises this chapter.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 403a, 403e, 403f of this title and title 5 section 5363.

§ 403d. Repealed. Pub. L. 85–507, 821(b)(2), July 7,

1958, 72 Stat. 337. Section, act June 20, 1949, ch. 227, § 4, 63 Stat. 208, related to education and training of officers and employees, and is now covered by section 4101 et seq. of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. $ 403e. Central Intelligence Agency; travel, allowance,

and related expenses. Under such regulations as the Director may prescribe, the Agency, with respect to its officers and employees assigned to duty stations outside the several States of the United States of America, excluding Alaska and Hawaii, but including the District of Columbia, shall

(1) (A) pay the travel expenses of officers and employees of the Agency, including expenses incurred while traveling pursuant to authorized home leave;

(B) pay the travel expenses of members of the family of an officer or employee of the Agency when proceeding to or returning from his post of duty; accompanying him on authorized home leave; or otherwise traveling in accordance with authority granted pursuant to the terms of sections 403a to 4030, 403e to 403h, and 403j of this title or any other Act;

(C) pay the cost of transporting the furniture and household and personal effects of an officer or employee of the Agency to his successive posts of duty and, on the termination of his services, to his residence at time of appointment or to a point not more distant, or, upon retirement, to the place where he will reside;

(D) pay the cost of packing and unpacking, transporting to and from a place of storage, and storing the furniture and household and personal effects of an officer or employee of the Agency, when he is osent from his post of assignment under orders, or when he is assigned to a post to which he cannot take or at which he is unable to use such furniture and household and personal effects, or when it is in the public interest or more economical to authorize storage; but in no instance shall the weight or volume of the effects stored together with the weight or volume of the effects transported exceed the maximum limitations fixed by regulations, when not otherwise fixed by law;

(E) pay the cost of packing and unpacking, transporting to and from a place of storage, and storing the furniture and household and personal effects of an officer or employee of the Agency in connection with assignment or transfer to a new post, from the date of his departure from his last post or from the date of his departure, from his place of residence in the case of a new officer or employee and for not to exceed three months after arrival at the new post, or until the establishment of residence quarters, whichever shall be shorter; and in connection with separation of an officer or employee of the Agency, the cost of packing and unpacking, transporting to and from a place of storage, and storing for a period not to exceed three months, his furniture and household and personal effects; but in no instance shall the weight or volume of the effects

or

stored together with the weight or volume of the effects transported exceed the maximum limitations fixed by regulations, when not otherwise fixed by law.

(F) pay the travel expenses and transportation costs incident to the removal of the members of the family of an officer or employee of the Agency and his furniture and household and personal effects, including automobiles, from a post at which, because of the prevalence of disturbed conditions, there is imminent danger to life and property, and the return of such persons, furniture, and effects to such post upon the cessation of such conditions; or to such other post as may in the meantime have become the post to which such officer or employee has been assigned.

(2) Charge expenses in connection with travel of personnel, their dependents, and transportation of their household goods and personal effects, involving a change of permanent station, to the appropriation for the fiscal year current when any part of either the travel or transportation pertaining to the transfer begins pursuant to previously issued travel and transfer orders, notwithstanding the fact that such travel transportation may not all be effected during such fiscal year, or the travel and transfer orders may have been issued during the prior fiscal year.

(3) (A) Order to any of the several States of the United States of America (including the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession of the United States) on leave of absence each officer or employee of the Agency) who was a resident of the United States (as described above) at time of employment, upon completion of two years' continuous service abroad, or as soon as possible thereafter.

(B) While in the United States (as described in paragraph (3) (A) of this section) on leave, the service of any officer or employee shall be available for work or duties in the Agency or elsewhere as the Director may prescribe; and the time of such work or duty shall not be counted as leave.

(C) Where an officer or employee on leave returns to the United States (as described in paragraph (3) (A) of this section), leave of absence granted shall be exclusive of the time actually and necessarily occupied in going to and from the United States (as so described) and such time as may be necessarily occupied in awaiting transportation.

(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, transport for or on behalf of an officer or employee of the Agency, a privately owned motor vehicle in any case in which it shall be determined that water, rail, or air transportation of the motor vehicle is necessary or expedient for all or any part of the distance between points of origin and destination, and pay the costs of such transportation. Not more than one motor vehicle of any officer or employee of the Agency may be transported under authority of this paragraph during any four-year period, except that, as a

replacement for such motor vehicle, one additional motor vehicle of any such officer or employee may be so transported during such period upon approval, in advance, by the Director and upon a determination, in advance, by the Director that such replacement is necessary for reasons beyond the control of the officer or employee and is in the interest of the Government. After the expiration of a period of four years following the date of transportation under authority of this paragraph of a privately owned motor vehicle of any officer or employee who has remained in continuous service outside the several States of the United States of America, excluding Alaska and Hawaii, but including the District of Columbia, during such period, the transportation of a replacement for such motor vehicle for such officer or employee may be authorized by the Director in accordance with this paragraph.

(5) (A) In the event of illness or injury requiring the hospitalization of an officer or full time employee of the Agency, not the result of vicious habits, intemperance, or misconduct on his part, incurred while on assignment abroad, in a locality where there does not exist a suitable hospital or clinic, pay the travel expenses of such officer or employee by whatever means he shall deem appropriate and without regard to the Standardized Government Travel Regulations and section 73b of Title 5, to the nearest locality where a suitable hospital or clinic exists and on his recovery pay for the travel expenses of his return to his post of duty. If the officer or employee is too ill to travel unattended, the Director may also pay the travel expenses of an attendant;

(B) Establish a first-aid station and provide for the services of a nurse at a post at which, in his opinion, sufficient personnel is employed to warrant such a station: Provided, That, in his opinion, it is not feasible to utilize an existing facility;

(C) In the event of illness or injury requiring hospitalization of an officer or full time employee of the Agency, not the result of vicious habits, intemperance, or misconduct on his part, incurred in the line of duty while such person is assigned abroad, pay for the cost of the treatment of such illness or injury at a suitable hospital or clinic;

(D) Provide for the periodic physical examination of officers and employees of the Agency and for the cost of administering inoculation or vaccinations to such officers or employees.

(6) Pay the costs of preparing and transporting the remains of an officer or employee of the Agency or a member of his family who may die while in travel status or abroad, to his home or official station, or to such other place as the Director may determine to be the appropriate place of interment, provided that in no case shall the expense payable be greater than the amount which would have been payable had the destination been the home or official station.

(7) Pay the costs of travel of new appointees and their dependents, and the transportation of their household goods and personal effects, from places of actual residence in foreign countries at

time of appointment to places of employment and return to their actual residences at the time of appointment or a point not more distant: Provided, That such appointees agree in writing to remain with the United States Government for a period of not less than twelve months from the time of appointment.

Violation of such agreement for personal convenience of an employee or because of separation for misconduct will bar such return payments and, if determined by the Director or his designee to be in the best interests of the United States. any money expended by the United States on account of such travel and transportation shall be considered as a debt due by the individual con

cerned to the United States. (June 20, 1949, ch. 227, § 4, formerly § 5, 63 Stat. 209, renumbered July 7, 1958, Pub. L. 85-507, § 21(b) (2), 72 Stat. 337, and amended Sept. 9 1960, Pub. L. 86–707, title III, $$ 301(b), 323, title V. $ 511 (a) (3), (C) (245), 74 Stat. 795, 798, 800, 801.)

United States or it Territories and possessions at time of employment, upon completion of two years' continuous service abroad, or as soon as possible thereafter: Provided, That such officer or employee has accrued to his credit at the time of such order, annual leave sufficient to carry him in a pay status while in the United States for at least a thirty-day period."

Par. (3) (B). Pub. L. 86–707, $ 511(C)(4), substituted "United States (as described in paragraph (3) (A) of this section) on leave, the service of any officer or employee shall be available for work or duties in the Agency or elsewhere as the Director may prescribe" for "continental United States on leave, the service of any officer or employee shall not be available for work or duties except in the agency or for training or for reorientation for work."

Par. (3) (C). Pub. L. 86–707, § 511(c)(5), substituted "returns to the United States (as described in paragraph (3) (A) of this section)" for "returns to the United States or its Territories and possessions", and "from the United States (as so described)" for "from the United States or its Territories and possessions."

Par. (4). Pub. L. 86–707, § 323(b), limited the transportation of motor vehicles to one for any officer or employee during any four-year period, and empowered the Director to approve the transportation of one additional motor vehicle for replacement either during the fouryear period or after the expiration of four years following the date of transportation of a motor vehicle of any officer or employee who has remained in continuous service outside the several States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii, but including the District of Columbia, for such period.

Pub. L. 86-707, § 511(a)(3), repealed former subsec, (b), which authorized the Director to grant allowances in accordance with the provisions of section 1131 (1), (2) of Title 22, and is now covered by pars. (1) (D) and (1) (E) of this section. CLARIFICATION OF TERM "FURNITURE AND HOUSEHOLD AND

PERSONAL EFFECTS" For clarification of the term "furniture and household and personal effects" as used in the amendment of pars. (1) (D) and (1) (E) of this section by Pub. L. 86-707, see section 301 (d) of Pub. L. 86–707, set out as a note under section 1136 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

CODIFICATION Section was not enacted as a part of the National Security Act of 1947 which comprises this chapter.

AMENDMENTS 1960—Pub. L. 86–707, § 323(a), substituted "duty stations outside the several States of the United States of America, excluding Alaska and Hawaii, but including the District of Columbia" for "permanent-duty stations outside the continental United States, its territories, and possessions" in the opening provisions, and eliminated the designation subsec. (a).

Par. (1) (A). Pub. L. 86–707, $ 511(c)(2), substituted "pursuant to authorized home leave" for "pursuant to orders issued by the Director in accordance with the provisions of subsection (a) (3) of this section with regard to the granting of home leave."

Par. (1) (D). Pub. L. 86,707, $ 301(b), authorized payment of the cost of packing and unpacking and transporting to and from a place of storage, extended the authority to pay storage costs for an officer or employee assigned to a post to which he cannot take or at which he is unable to use his furniture and household personal effects by eliminating provisions which restricted such payment only to cases where an emergency exists, empowered the Director to pay storage costs when it is in the public interest or more economical to authorize storage, and limited the weight or volume of the effects stored or the weight or volume of the effects transported to not more than the maximum limitations fixed by regulations, when not otherwise fixed by law.

Par. (1) (E). Pub. L. 86-707, § 301(b), authorized payment of the cost of packing and unpacking and transporting to and from a place of storage, permitted payment from the date of departure from the officer's or employee's last post or from the date of departure from the place of residence in the case of a new officer or employee, empowered the Director to pay the storage costs in connection with the separation of an officer or employee from the Agency, and limited the weight or volume of the effects stored or the weight or volume of the effects transported to not more than the maximum limitations fixed by regulations, when not otherwise fixed by law.

Par. (3) (A). Pub. L. 86–707, § 511(c)(3), substituted "to any of the several States of the United States of America (including the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession of the United States) on leave of absence each officer or employee of the Agency who was a resident of the United States (as described above) at time of employment, upon completion of two years' continuous service abroad, or as soon as possible thereafter" for "to the United States or its Territories and possessions on leave provided for in sections 30-30b of Title 5, or as such sections may hereafter be amended, every oficer and employee of the agency who was a resident of the

Ex. ORD. No. 10100. REGULATIONS GOVERNING GRANTING

OF ALLOWANCES Ex. Ord. No. 10100, Jan. 28, 1950, 15 F. R. 499, provided:

By virtue of and pursuant to the authority vested in me by section 5 (b) of the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949, approved June 20, 1949 (Public Law 110, 81st Congress) (this section), and as President of the United States, I hereby prescribe the following regulations:

1. The allowances granted by the Director of Central Intelligence under section 5 (b) of the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949 (this section) shall conform to the allowances granted by the Secretary of State in accordance with the regulations prescribed by him pursuant to section 901 (1) and 901 (2) of the Foreign Service Act of 1946 section 1131 (1) and (2) of Title 22) and Executive Order No. 10011 of October 22, 1948, as to places or cities with respect to which such regulations are applicable; and as to places or cities with respect to which such regulations are not applicable, the allowances granted by the Director shall conform, so far as practicable, to the general standards and rates contained in the said regulations of the Secretary of State.

2. The Director of Central Intelligence may prescribe such further regulations as he may deem necessary to effectuate the purposes of this order,

3. This order shall be effective as of June 20, 1949.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 403a, 403f of this title and title 5 sections 5363 and 5727.

$ 403f. Same; general authorities of Agency.

In the performance of its functions, the Central Intelligence Agency is authorized to

EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1964 AMENDMENT Amendment of section by Pub. L. 88-448 effective on the first day of the first month which begins later than the ninetieth day following Aug. 19, 1964, see section 403 of Pub. L. 88-448.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 403a, 403e of this title and title section 5363.

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(a) Transfer to and receive from other Government agencies such sums as may be approved by the Office of Management and Budget, for the performance of any of the functions or activities authorized under sections 403 and 405 of this title, and any other Government agency is authorized to transfer to or receive from the Agency such sums without regard to any provisions of law limiting or prohibiting transfers between appropriations. Sums transferred to the Agency in accordance with this paragraph may be expended for the purposes and under the authority of sections 403a to 403c, 403e to 403h, and 403j of this title without regard to limitations of appropriations from which transferred;

(b) Exchange funds without regard to section 543 of Title 31;

(c) Reimburse other Government agencies for services of personnel assigned to the Agency, and such other Government agencies are authorized, without regard to provisions of law to the contrary, so to assign or detail any officer or employee for duty with the Agency;

(d) Authorize couriers and guards designated by the Director to carry firearms when engaged in transportation of confidential documents and materials affecting the national defense and security;

(e) Make alterations, improvements, and repairs on premises rented by the Agency, and pay rent therefor without regard to limitations on expenditures contained in the Act of June 30, 1932, as amended: Provided, That in each case the Director shall certify that exception from such limitations is necessary to the successful performance of the Agency's functions or to the security of its activities. (June 20, 1949, ch. 227, § 5, formerly $ 6,63 Stat. 211; June 26, 1951, ch. 151, 65 Stat. 89; renumbered July 7, 1958, Pub. L. 85-507, § 21(b) (2), 72 Stat. 337, and amended Aug. 19, 1964, Pub. L. 88–448, title IV, § 402 (a) (28), 78 Stat. 494; 1970 Reorg. Plan No. 2, eff. July 1, 1970, 35 F.R. 7959, 84 Stat. —.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT The act of June 30, 1932, as amended, referred to in subsec. (e), is the Legislative Branch Appropriation Act, 1933, act June 30, 1932, ch. 314, 47 Stat. 382, and is classified to section 303b of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property, and Works.

CODIFICATION Section was not enacted as a part of the National Security Act of 1947 which comprises this chapter.

AMENDMENTS 1964—Subsec. (1). Pub. L. 88–448 repealed subsec. (f), which authorized the employment of not more than fifteen retired officers who must elect between civilian salary and retired pay. See section 3101 et seq. of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees. 1951–Subsec. (f). Act June 26, 1951, added subsec. (f).

CHANGE OF NAME The Bureau of the Budget was designated the Office of Management and Budget and the offices of Director of the Bureau of the Budget, Deputy Director of the Bureau of the Budget, and Assistant Directors of the Bureau of the Budget were designated Director of the Office of Management and Budget, Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and Assistant Directors of the Office of Management and Budget, respectively, by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1970, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, which also transferred all records, property, personnel, and funds of the Bureau to the Office of Management and Budget.

§ 403g. Same; protection of nature of Agency's func

tions. In the interests of the security of the foreign intelligence activities of the United States and in order further to implement the proviso of section 403 (d) (3) of this title that the Director of Central Intelligence shall be responsible for protecting intelligence sources and methods from unauthorized disclosure, the Agency shall be exempted from the provisions of section 654 of Title 5, and the provisions of any other law which require the publication or disclosure of the organization, functions, names, oficial titles, salaries, or numbers of personnel employed by the Agency: Provided, That in furtherance of this section, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall make no reports to the Congress in connection with the Agency under section 947(b) of Title 5. (June 20, 1949, ch. 227, § 6, formerly § 7, 63 Stat. 211, renumbered July 7, 1958, Pub. L. 85-507, § 21(b) (2), 72 Stat. 337; 1970 Reorg. Plan No. 2, eff. July 1, 1970, 35 F.R. 7959, 84 Stat. —.)

REFERENCES IN TEXT Sections 654 and 947(b) of Title 5, referred to in the text, were repealed, respectively, by act Sept. 12, 1950, ch. 946, title III, § 301 (85), 64 Stat. 843, and Pub. L. 86-626, title I, § 101, July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 427.

CODIFICATION Section was not enacted as a part of the National Security Act of 1947 which comprises this chapter.

CHANGE OF NAME The Bureau of the Budget was designated the Office of Management and Budget and the offices of Director of the Bureau of the Budget, Deputy Director of the Bureau of the Budget, and Assistant Directors of the Bureau of the Budget were designated Director of the Office of Management and Budget, Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget, and Assistant Directors of the Office of Management and Budget, respectively, by Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1970, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, which also transferred all records, property, personnel, and funds of the Bureau to the Office of Management and Budget.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 403a, 403e, 4031 of this title and title 5 section 5363.

8 403h. Same; admission of essential aliens; limitation

on number. Whenever the Director, the Attorney General, and the Commissioner of Immigration shall determine that the entry of a particular alien into the United States for permanent residence is in the interest of national security or essential to the furtherance of the national intelligence mission, such alien and his immediate family shall be given entry into the United States for permanent residence without regard to their inadmissibility under the immigration or any other laws and regulations, or to the failure to comply with such laws and regulations pertaining to admissibility: Provided, That the number of aliens and members of their immediate families entering the United States under the authority of this section shall in no case exceed one hundred persons in any one fiscal year. (June 20, 1949, ch. 227, § 7, formerly $ 8, 63 Stat. 212, renumbered July 7, 1958, Pub. L. 85-507, § 21(b) (2), 72 Stat. 337.)

CODIFICATION Section was not enacted as a part of the National Security Act of 1947 which comprises this chapter.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 403a, 403e, 4031 of this title and title 5 section 5363.

(2) supplies, equipment, and personnel and contractual services otherwise authorized by law and regulations, when approved by the Director.

(b) The sums made available to the Agency may be expended without regard to the provisions of law and regulations relating to the expenditure of Government funds; and for objects of a confidential, extraordinary, or emergency nature, such expenditures to be accounted for solely on the certificate of the Director and every such certificate shall be deemed a sufficient voucher for the amount therein certified. (June 20, 1949, ch. 227, § 8, formerly $ 10, 63 Stat. 212, renumbered July 7, 1958, Pub. L. 85–507, § 21(b) (2), 72 Stat. 337.)

$ 403i. Repealed. Sept. 1, 1954, ch. 1208, title VI, & 601

(b), 68 Stat. 1115. Section, acts June 20, 1949, ch. 227, § 9, 63 Stat. 212; Aug. 16, 1950, ch. 719, 64 Stat. 450, related to establishment of positions in the professional and scientific field.

REFERENCES IN TEXT Sections 259 and 267 of Title 40, referred to in text, was repealed by Pub. L. 86–249, § 17(12), Sept. 9, 1959, 73 Stat. 485. See chapter 12 of Title 40, Public Buildings, Property and Works.

CODIFICATION Section was not enacted as a part of the National Security Act of 1947 which comprises this chapter.

SECTION REFERRED TO IN OTHER SECTIONS This section is referred to in sections 403a, 403e, 4031 of this title and title 5 section 5363.

8 403j. Central Intelligence Agency; appropriations;

expenditures. (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, sums made available to the Agency by appropriation or otherwise may be expended for purposes necessary to carry out its functions, including

(1) personal services, including personal services without regard to limitations on types of persons to be employed, and rent at the seat of government and elsewhere; health-service program as authorized by section 150 of Title 5; rental of news-reporting services; purchase or rental and operation of photographic, reproduction, cryptographic, duplication and printing machines, equipment and devices, and radio-receiving and radio-sending equipment and devices, including telegraph and teletype equipment; purchase, maintenance, operation, repair, and hire of passenger motor vehicles, and aircraft, and vessels of all kinds; subject to policies established by the Director, transportation of officers and employees of the Agency in Government-owned automotive equipment between their domiciles and places of employment, where such personnel are engaged in work which makes such transportation necessary, and transportation in such equipment, to and from school, of children of Agency personnel who have quarters for themselves and their families at isolated stations outside the continental United States where adequate public or private transportation is not available; printing and binding; purchase, maintenance, and cleaning of firearms, including purchase, storage, and maintenance of ammunition; subject to policies established by the Director, expenses of travel in connection with, and expenses incident to attendance at meetings of professional, technical, scientific, and other similar organizations when such attendance would be a benefit in the conduct of the work of the Agency; association and library dues; payment of premiums or costs of surety bonds for officers or employees without regard to the provisions of section 14 of Title 6; payment of claims pursuant to Title 28; acquisition of necessary land and the clearing of such land; construction of buildings and facilities without regard to sections 259 and 267 of Title 40; repair, rental, operation, and maintenance of buildings, utilities, facilities, and appurtenances; and

§ 404. Office of Emergency Preparedness. (a) Employment of personnel.

The Director of the Office of Emergency Preparedness, subject to the direction of the President, is authorized, subject to the civil-service laws and chapter 51 and subchapter III of chapter 53 of Title 5, to appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel as may be necessary to assist him in carrying out his functions, (b) Functions.

It shall be the function of the Director of the Office of Emergency Preparedness to advise the President concerning the coordination of military, industrial, and civilian mobilization, including

(1) policies concerning industrial and civilian mobilization in order to assure the most effective mobilization and maximum utilization of the Nation's manpower in the event of war;

(2) programs for the effective use in time of war of the Nation's natural and industrial resources for military and civilian needs, for the maintenance and stabilization of the civilian economy in time of war, and for the adjustment of such economy to war needs and conditions;

(3) policies for unifying, in time of war, the activities of Federal agencies and departments engaged in or concerned with production, procurement, distribution, or transportation of military or civilian supplies, materials, and products;

(4) the relationship between potential supplies of, and potential requirements for, manpower, resources, and productive facilities in time of war;

(5) policies for establishing adequate reserves of strategic and critical material, and for the conservation of these reserves;

(6) the strategic relocation of industries, seryices, government, and economic activities, the continuous operation of which is essential to the Nation's security.

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