Heroes of the American Reconstruction: Profiles of Sixteen Educators, Politicians and Activists

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McFarland, Jan 1, 2005 - Biography & Autobiography - 184 pages
The history of post-Civil War Reconstruction wasn't written by the winners. Congress forced Reconstruction on an unrepentant South steeped in resentment and hatred, where old attitudes still held sway, murder and depredations against freed slaves and sympathizers were rampant, and black laws swapped the physical bonds of slavery for legislative ones. During Reconstruction, talented black leaders rose to serve in Congress and in state and local governments. Blacks and whites struggled together to secure the rights of millions of freed slaves, now citizens, and to heal the wounds of a shattered nation. But Reconstruction was overthrown, victim of lingering antipathy and a smear campaign that fueled the end myth of a South ravaged by incompetents, scalawags and carpetbaggers.
These biographical sketches profile 16 diverse men and women whose Reconstruction efforts should not be overlooked. They range from Blanche Kelso Bruce--a freed slave who became the first African American to serve a full term in and preside over the Senate, and to have his signature appear on the nation's currency--to James Longstreet, one of the Confederacy's greatest generals, branded a traitor to the lost cause and slandered as the goat of Gettysburg after he championed equal voting rights.

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Contents

Preface
1
Samuel Chapman Armstrong 18391893
20
Blanche Kelso Bruce 18411898
34
Cassius Marcellus Clay 18101903
44
Robert Brown Elliott 18421884
52
Charlotte Forten Grimké 18371914
59
Thomas Wentworth Higginson 18231911
67
John Mercer Langston 18291897
75
Albert R Parsons 18481887
111
Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback 18371921
124
Robert Smalls 18391915
134
Albion Winegar Tourgee 18381905
140
George Henry White 18521918
146
The End of Reconstruction
155
Notes
163
Bibliography
171

James Longstreet 18211904
87
John Roy Lynch 18471939
95
Albert Talmon Morgan 18421922
101

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