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Character of Abraham Lincoln in history.-Absurd panegyric.-The personal and

political life of the new President.-His journey to Washington.-His speech at

Philadelphia.—The flight from Harrisburg.-Alarm in Washington.-Military dis-

play in the capital.-Ceremony of inauguration.-Criticism of Lincoln's address.-

What the Republican party thought of it.-Serious pause at Washington.-State-

ment of Horace Greeley.-How the Inaugural Address was received in the Seceded

States.-Visit of Confederate Commissioners to Washington.-Seward's pledge to

Judge Campbell.-The Commissioners deceived.-Military and Naval expeditions

from New York.-Consultation of the Cabinet on the Sumter question.--Capt.

Fox's visit to Charleston.-His project.-Objections of Gen. Scott.-Singular article

in a New York journal.-Lincoln's hesitation.-His final device.-Seward's game

with the Commissioners.-The reduction of Fort Sumter.-Description of the Con-

federate works for the reduction of Sumter. -Beauregard demands the surrender

of the Fort. The bombardment.-The fort on fire.-The Federal fleet takes no

part in the fight.-The surrender.-Great excitement in the North.-Its true

meaning.-The crusade against the South.-Dr. Tyng's exhortation.-Conduct of

Northern Democrats.-Dickinson, Everett, and Cochrane.-President Lincoln's

Proclamation. His pacific protests to the Virginia Commissioners.-Secession of

Virginia. Discontent in the Western counties.-Second secessionary movement of

the Southern States.-Violent acts of the Washington Administration.-Prepara-

tions of the Confederate Government for War.-Rush of volunteers to arms.-Pre-

sident Davis' estimate of the military necessity.-Removal of the seat of govern-

ment to Richmond.-Activity of Virginia.-Robert E. Lee.-His attachment to the

Union.-Why he joined the Confederate cause.-His speech in the State House at

Richmond.—His organization of the military force of Virginia.-Military council

in Richmond.-The early reputation of Lee..

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Mr. Lincoln's remark about the wolf.-His designs upon Virginia.-Federal occupation

of Alexandria.-Tragedy at the Marshall House.-Jackson, the martyr.-The affair

of Great Bethel.-Easy victory of the Confederates.-Exaggerations of Southern

newspapers.-Apparent lull of hostilities.-New demonstrations of public opinion

in the North.-Financial difficulties at Washington.-Popular clamour against

President Lincoln and Gen. Scott.-Early indications of the real objects of the war.

-The rights of humanity.-Virginia the great theatre of the war.-The Grand

Army of the North.-Consultation of President Davis and Beauregard and Lee.—

Beauregard's line of defence in Northern Virginia.-Sketch of General Beauregard.

-His person and manners. His opinion of the Yankee.-The Army of the Potomac

and the Army of the Shenandoah.-Gen. Johnson's evacuation of Harper's Ferry.-

"Stonewall" Jackson's first affair with the enemy.-Johnston amusing the

enemy.-Affair of Rich Mountain.-McClellan's march into Northwestern Virginia.

-Rosecrans' capture of the Confederate force on Rich Mountain.-Retreat of the

Confederates from Laurel Hill.-Death of Gen. Garnett.-Extent of the disaster to

the Confederates.-The "Grand Army" advancing on Manassas.-Johnston's move-

́ment to Beauregard's line.-The Battle of Manassas.-The affair of 18th July.--

Longstreet's gallant defence.-Theatre of the great battle.-Beauregard's change

of purpose, and his plan of battle.-The Stone Bridge.—The “Big Forest.”—The

Confederates flanked. The day apparently lost for them.-The scene at the

Henry House.-Timely arrival of Jackson.-Gen. Beauregard disconcerted.-Ride

from the Hill to the Henry House.-The battle restored. The bloody plateau.—

Three stages in the battle.-The last effort of the enemy.-The strange flag.-

Arrival of Kirby Smith.-The grand and final Charge.-Rout and panic of the

enemy. The fearful race to the Potomac.-Scenes of the retreat.-Failure of the

Confederates to pursue, or to advance upon Washington.-A lost opportunity...134

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General character of the military events of the year 1862.-The Confederate situation

in Kentucky.—Gen. A. S. Johnston's command and position.--Battle of Fishing

Creek.-The Confederate right in Kentucky.-Gen. Crittenden's command in ex-

treme straits.-Difficulty in subsisting it.-The decision to give battle to the

enemy.-Zollicoffer's brigade.-The contested hill.-Death of Zollicoffer.--Defeat

of the Confederates.--Crittenden crosses the Cumberland.-His losses.-Import-

ance of the disaster.--Designs of the enemy in Western Kentucky.--Popular de-

lusion as to Johnston's strength.-Hopelessness of his defence.-Official apathy in

Richmond.-Beauregard's conference with Johnston.-The Tennessee and Cumber-

land rivers.--The avenue to Nashville.-Grant's ascent of the Tennessee.-Cap-

ture of Fort Henry.-Noble and gallant conduct of Gen. Tilghman.-Battle of Fort

Donelson.-Johnston's reasons for making a battle there.--Commands of Buckner,

Pillow, and Floyd.--Site and strength of the fort.-Battle of the trenches.--En-

gagement of the gunboats.-Two days' success of the Confederates.--Suffering of

the troops from cold.-Exposure of the wounded.--Federal reinforcements.-The

Confederate council of war.--Plan of attack, to extricate the garrison.-A fierce

and terrible conflict.-The Federals forced back towards the Wynn's Ferry Road.

-The opportunity of exit lost.-Gen. Buckner's explanation.-A commentary

on military hesitation.-How the day was lost.-Nine hours of combat-Scenes

on the battle-field.--Council of Confederate generals.-Gen. Pillow's proposition.-

Literal report of the conversation of Gens. Floyd, Pillow, and Buckner.--A sur-

render determined.-Escape of Floyd and Pillow.-Buckner's letter to Grant.--

Johnston's movement to Nashville.-Excitement there.-Retreat of Johnston's

command to Murfreesboro'.-Panic in Nashville.--Capture of Roanoke Island by the

enemy.-Burnside's expedition.-Gen. Wise's estimate of the importance of Roan-

oke Island. His correspondence and interviews with Secretary Benjamin.-De-

fences of the Island.--Naval engagement.-Commodore Lynch's squadron.-Land-

ing of the enemy on the Island.--Defective reconnoissance of the Confederates.

Their works flanked.-The surrender.—Pursuit of the Confederate gunboats.—

Extent of the disaster.-Censure of the Richmond authorities.-Benjamin accused

by the Confederate Congress...

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disasters.-Inauguration of the Permanent Government of the Confederate States.-

Gloomy scene in Capitol Square.-President Davis' speech.-Commentary of a

Richmond journal.-Causes of popular animation in the Confederacy.-Develop-

ment of the enemy's design upon slavery.-History of the Anti-slavery measures

of Lincoln's administration.-His early declaration of non-interference with sla-

very. Mr. Seward in 1860.-Lincoln's statement, March 4th, 1861.-Diplomatic

declaration, April, 1861.-Early affectations of Lincoln's Administration on the

subject of slavery.-M'Clellan's address.-M'Dowell's order.-Revocation of the

emancipation measures of Fremont and Hunter.-First act of Anti-slavery legisla-

tion at Washington.-Lovejoy's resolution.-The Anti-slavery clause in the Confis-

cation Act.-Three notable measures of anti-slavery legislation.-Commencement

of the Emancipation policy in the District of Columbia.—Explanation of the ascen-

dancy of the Abolition party during the war.-The new Confederate Congress.-

Its vigour. The old Provisional Congress.-Its measures.-Its echoes to Federal

legislation. The sequestration law.-Silly and demagogical military legislation.-

The "Sixty Days' furlough" law.-Alarm of Gen. Johnston.-Indisposition of

Confederate volunteers to re-enlist.-The Conscription law of the Confederate

States. Its timely passage.-Its provisions and effect. Other military acts of the

Confederate Congress.—Re-organization of the army.-Destruction of Southern

cotton and tobacco.-Authorization of partisan service.-Alternations of Confede-

rate victory and defeat.-The Trans-Mississippi.-Battle of Elk Horn.-Van Dorn's

command.-An obstinate fight.-Death of M'Culloch.-The Confederate success

indecisive and imperfect.-Reasons for Van Dorn's retreat.-Confederate designs

upon Missouri abandoned for the present.-Transfer of Van Dorn's and Price's

forces.-Naval fight in Hampton Roads.-The Virginia and the Monitor-Lack of

naval enterprise in the Confederacy.-The privateer service.-Construction of the

Virginia.-Confederate squadron in the James River.-Federal fleet off Fortress

Monroe.-Fearful enterprise of the Virginia.-Sinking of the Cumberland.- Gal-

lantry of her crew.-A thrilling ccene of heroic devotion.-Surrender of the Con-

gress.-Frightful scenes of carnage.-Perfidious conduct of the enemy.—The

Virginia engages the Minnesota.-Wonderful results of the first day's fight.-

Second day's fight.-Apparition of the Monitor.-A singular scene of naval com-

bat.-A drawn battle.-Excitement about iron vessels.-Discussion in the news-

papers.—Addition of Ironclads to the Federal navy.-What M'Clellan thought of

the Virginia.-Capture of Newbern, &c.-Objects of Burnside's expedition.—

Branch's command at Newbern.-The Confederate works on the Neuse River.—

Retreat of Branch.-Federal occupation of Newbern.-Capture of Fort Macon.-

The entire coast of North Carolina in possession of the enemy.-The sea-coast

an unimportant part of the Confederate defences..

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