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In issuing in the convenient form of two volumes the Southern History of the War, by Mr. E. A. Pollard, of Richmond, the actuating motive is the belief that this work is one of permanent historical value.
Of the two classes of historical composition—namely, that which is made contemporaneously with the transactions recorded and that which is made after the interval of years--it must always happen that the former will show errors of fact, errors in the interpretation of facts, and errors in the correlation of facts. These a calm, judicial survey will readily avoid. Yet public appreciation accounts such faults to be fully countervailed by the life-like interest of the narrative, by the revelations of actual motive on the part of the actors and by a tone and color of reality that only portraiture from the
life can convey.
The work of Mr. Pollard belongs to the former category.
many things are now known more justly than when the author poured forth, from the warm feeling of the moment, his thonghts, impressions, and aspirations, it is easy to believe. There is also much in the tone of the book that now, since the close of the war and the failure of the Secession experiment, might appropriately be changed.
Yet granting all these drawbacks, which are inseparable from contemporaneous composition, the work of Mr. Pollard remains one of marked and peculiar value. Living at the centre of the Contederate power, Mr. Pollard's opportunities for penetrating
the real springs of action were excellent. Gifted with a 1emarkable keenness of observation and analysis, he has expi essed with pungent power the judgments of a mind distinguished for its independence. A Secessionist à l'outrance, believing with all the strength of his nature in the Confederate cause, he was yet a caustic critic of the Confederate government and of those charged with its administration and the conduct of the war; and he had the talent to express these views in a style of nervous and vigorous eloquence.
Such were the circumstances under which this work was composed ; and its pre-eminent value arises from the fact that it photographs the events of the war in the circumstances of their actual performance; the motives of action as they really revealed themselves, and the hopes and aspirations of the South as they beat in the breasts of living men. Doubtless some things in this history might be corrected ; some made to conform to accomplished facts. But this would be to take away from rather than to add to its essential value, which is that of a mémoire pour servir. As such, it must always remain a valuable contribution to the history of the war; and from the side of the Sonth it is the only complete record of the momentous four years during which Secession was fought for and lost.
Delfare Ideas of the Union.-Administration of John Ada ns.—The “Strict Con-
structionists.”—The “State Rights" Men in the North. The Missouri Restriction. -
General Jackson and the Nullification Question.— The Compromise Measures of 1850.
--History of the Anti-Slavery Party.–The “Pinckney Resolutions.”—The Twenty-
first Rule.-The Abolitionists in the Presidential Canvass of 1852.—The Kansas-
Nebraska Bill.—The Rise and Growth of the Repnblican Party.- The Election of
President Buchanan.-The Kansas Controversy.--"Lecompton" and " Anti-Lecomp-
ton." -Besults of the Kansas Controversy.—The John Brown Raid.--" Helper's
Book"-Demoralization of the Northern Democratic Party.– The Faction of Stephen
A. Douglas.-The Alabama Resolutions. -The Political Platforms of 1860.-Election
of Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States.-Analysis of the Vote.-Politica
Condition of the North.-Secession of South Carolina.-Events in Charleston Harbor.
- Disagreements in Mr. Buchanan's Cabinet. The Secession Movement in Progress.
-Peace Measures in Congress.-The Crittenden Resolutions.—The Peace Congress.-
Policy of the Border Slave States.-Organization of the Confederate States Govern.
Lent.-President Buchanan.-Incoming of the Administration of Abraham Lincoln.
Strength of the Revolution....
M:. Lincoln's Journey to Washington.-Ceremonies of the Inauguration.—The In-
mugural Speech of President Lincoln.-The Spirit of the New Administration. Its Fi-
mncial Condition.-Embassy from the Southern Confederacy.- Perfidious 'Treatment
of the Southern Commissioners.—Preparations for War.—The Military Bills of the
Confederate Congress.-General Beauregard.–Fortifications of Charleston Harbor.-
Naral Preparations of the Federal Government.-Attempted Reinforcement of Fort
Samter.- Perfidy of the Federal Government.—Exciteinent in Charleston.--Reduction
of Fort Samter by the Confederate Forces.—How the News was received in Wash-
ington.-Lincoln's Calculation.-His Proclamation of WAR.-The “ Reaction" in the
North.—Displays of Rancor towards the South.-Northern Democrats.-Replies of
Southero Governors to Lincoln's Requisition for Troops.-Spirit of the South.—Seceg.
sion of Virginia.–Maryland.—The Baltimore Riot.-Patriotic Examplo of Missouri.--
Locoln's Proclamation blockading the Southern Ports. -General Lee.--The Federals
Eacuate Harper's Ferry.—Burning of the Navy Yard at Norfolk.—The Second
Secessionary 'Movemeut.-Spirit of Patriotic Devotion in the South.-Supply of
Arms in the South.–The Federal Government and the State of Maryland.—The Pros-
Confidence of the North.-Characteristic Boasts.-"Crushing out the Rebelliou."-
Volunteering in the Northern Cities. The New York "Invincibles.”—Misrepresenta-
tions of the Government at Washington.—Mr. Seward's Letter to the French Govern
ment.-Another Call for Federal Volunteers -Opening Movements of the Campaign.
- The Federal Occupation of Alexandria.- Death of Col. Ellsworth.-Fortress Mce.
roe.-The BATTLE OF BETHEL.-Results of this Battle.-Gen. Joseph E. Johnston.-
The Upper Potomac.—Evacuation and Destruction of Harper's Ferry.-The Move-
ments in the Upper Portion of the Valley of Virginia.—Northwestern Virginia. - The
BATTLE OF Rich MOUNTAIN..-Carrock's Ford.-The Retreat of the Confederates.-
General McClellan.-Meeting of the Federal Congress.-Mr. Lincoln's Message.-
Kentucky - Western Virginia.—Large Requisitions for Men and Money by the Fed-
eral Government.-Its Financial Condition.-Financial Measures of the Southern
Confederacy.-Contrast between the Ideas of the Rival Governments.-Conserva-
tism of the Southern Revolution.-Despotic Excesses of the Government at Wash-
The “Grand Army" of the North.-General McDowell.—The Affair of Bull Fun.
An Artillery Duel.—THE BATTLE OF MANASSAS.—“On to Richmond."-Scenery of the
Battle-field.-Crises in the Battle.-Devoted Courage of the Confederates.—THE Rout
-How the News was received in Washington.—How it was received in the South.–
General Bee.-Colonel Bartow.- The Great Error.-General Johnston's Excuses for
not advancing on Washington.-INCIDENTS OF THE Manassas BATTLE....... Page 101
Results of the Manassas Battle in the North.-General Scott.-McClellan, "the
Young Napoleon."-Energy of the Federal Government.—The Bank Loan.-Events
in the West.—The M1880URI CAMPAIGN.-Governor Jackson's Proclamation.-Sterling
Price.-The Affair of Booneville.--Organization of the Missouri forces.-The BATTLE
OF CARTHAGE.-General McCulloch.-The BATTLE OF Oak Hill.-Death of General
Lyon.—The Confederate Troops leave Missouri.--Operations in Northern Missouri.-
General Harris.—General Price's march towards the Missouri.–The Affair at Dry-
wood Creek.—The BATTLE OF LEXINGTON.—The Jayhawkers.—The Victory of the
Five Hundred."--General Price's Achievements.-His Retreat, and the necessity for
it. --Operations of General Jeff. Thompson in Southeastern Missouri.—The Affair of
Fredericktown.--General Price's passage of the Osage River.-Secession of Missouri
from the Federal Union.-Fremont superseded.—The Federal forces in Missouri de-
moralized.--General Price at Springfield.—Review of his Campaign.-SKETOH OB
GENERAL PRICE.-Coldness of the Government towards him....
The Campaign in Western Virginia.-General Wise's Command.--Political Intiu
aces in Western Virginia.—The Affair of Scary Creek.-General Wise's Retreat to
Lewisburg.--General Floyd's Brigade.—The Affair at Cross Lanes.--Movements or
the Gauley.--The Affair of Carnitas Ferry.-Disagreement between Gererals Floy
and Wise.—The Tyrees.- A Patriotic Woman.—Movements in Northwestern Vir.
ginia.-General Lee. - The Enemy intrenched on Cheat Mountain.-General Rose-
Crans-Failure of General Lee's Plan of Attack.-He removes to the Kanawlia Ro.
gion.- The Opportunity of a Decisive Battle lost.—Retreat of Rosecrans.-Gener:
H. R. Jackson's Affair on the Greenbrier.— The Approach of Winter.-The Campaigu
in Western Virginia abandoned.—The Affair on the Alleghany.-General Floyd a
Cotton Hill.-His masterly Retreat.-Review of the Campaign in Western Virginia. --
Some of its Incidents. Its Failure and unfortunate Results.-Other Movements in
Virginia.-The Potomac Line.—The BATTLE OF LEESBURG.–Overweening Confidence
The Position and Policy of Kentucky in the War.-Kentucky Chivalry.- Reminis-
senees of the “ Dark and Bloody Ground.”—Protection of the Northwest by Ken
taeky.-How the Debt of Gratitude has been repaid. -A Glance at the Hartiord
Convention.-The Gubernatorial Canvass of 1859 in Kentucky.-Division of Parties. -
Other Canses for the Disloyalty of Kentncky.-The “Pro-Slavery and Union" Resola-
tions.-The “State Gaard."-General Buckner.—Tho Pretext of "Neutrality," and
what it meant.-The Kentucky Refugees.-A Reign of Terror.-Judge Monroe ia
Nashville.- General Breckinridge.-Occupation of Columbus by General Polk.--The
Neatrality of Kentucky first broken by the North.--General Buckner at Bowling
Groen.-Camp “ Dick Robinson.”—The “ Home Guard.”—The Occupation of Colum-
bas by the Confederates explained.-Cumberland Gap.-General Zollicoffer's Procla-
mation,-The Affair of Barboursville.—“The Wild-Cat Stampede.”—The Virginia
and Kentucky Border.-The Affair of Piketon.-Suffering of our Troops at Pound
Gap. The “Union Party" in East Tennessee.-Keelan, the Hero of Strawberry
Plains.-The Situation on the Waters of the Ohio and Tennessee.—THE BATTLE OF
BELMONT.-Weakness of our Forces in Kentucky.-General Albert Sidney Johnston.-
Inadequacy of his Forces at Bowling Green. Neglect and Indifference of the Con-
federate Authorities.-A Crisis imminent.----Admission of Kentucky into the Southern
Prospects of European Interference.—The selfish Calculations of England.—Effects
of the Blockade on the South-Arrest by Capt. Wilkes of the Southern Commission-
ers. -The Indignation of England.-Surrender of the Commissioners by the Lincoln
Government.-Mr. Seward's Letter.-REVIEW or AFFAIRS AT THE CLOSE OF THE YEAR
1951.-Apathy and Improvidence of the Southern Government.--Superiority of the
North on the Water.—The Hatteras Expedition.—The Port Royal Expedition. The
Soathern Privateers.—Their Failure.-Errors of Southern Statesmanship.—“King
Jotton.”—Episodes of the War.—The Affair of Santa Rosa Island.—The Affair of
Dranesville. - Political Measures of the South.-A weak and halting Policy.-The
Spirit of the War in the North.—Administration of the Civil Polity of the Southern
årmy.-The Quarter-master's Department.-Hygiene of the Camps.—Ravages of the
Southern Army by Disease.—The Devotion of the Women of the South....Page 212