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age which is still remembered by many of his fellowcadets. As is nearly always the case in educational institutions, the new pupils at the West Point Academy were made the subjects of the sport and jest of those who had passed through the same ordeal and had been advanced to higher classes. Ulysses of course was subjected to his share of the torment, but after forbearance had ceased to be a virtue, he determined to take such a decisive stand, that he would no longer be a victim of their practical jokes. His company on one occasion being out on mock parade, a repetition of one of these jokes was attempted, when stepping out from the ranks the provoked youth requested the captain to forget his rank for a few moments, and stand up fair and square to see which was the best man of the two. The captain accepted the offer, and in a few moments discovered that in a pugilistic encounter he was no match for Ulysses. The victor then turned to the lieutenant, and asked him to revenge the captain, but after a short contest he too was compelled to succumb to his opponent's skill and strength.

"Who is next?" said young Grant. "I wish peace, and if necessary will fight the entire company, one by one, to gain it. I have no ill-feeling against any one, but I will have peace in the future."

From that

No one was willing to be punished, and one and all rushed forward and took him by the hand. time he was known as " Company Grant."

During the year 1840 he advanced into the third class, ranking as corporal in the cadet battalion; in 1841 he entered the second class, ranking as, sergeant; and in 1842 he entered the first and concluding class, and becoming a commissioned officer of the Academy, by his gentlemanly conduct and efficiency endeared himself to his companions and to the officers of the institution.

On the thirtieth of June, 1843, he graduated as number

twenty-one in a class of thirty-nine, among whom were the following officers who have become prominent during the rebellion:

Major-General William B. Franklin, of Pennsylvania. Colonel William P. Reynolds, of Ohio, aide-de-camp on the staff of General Fremont, when commander of the Mountain Department.

Brigadier-General Isaac F. Quinby, of New Jersey, first colonel of the Thirteenth New York two-years Volunteers. Major-General John J. Peck, of New York, commander of the District of North Carolina.

Major-General Joseph Jones Reynolds, of Indiana, recently chief of staff of Generals Rosecrans and Thomas as commanders of the Army of the Cumberland, and late commanding in the South West.

Colonel James A. Hardie, aide-de-camp to the commander of the Army of the Potomac, and Assistant Adjutant-General.

Colonel Henry F. Clarke, recently chief commissary of the Army of the Potomac.

Samuel G. French, of New Jersey, a Major-General in the rebel ranks.

Major-General Christopher Colon Augur, of New York, late commander of the Department of Washington.

Franklin Gardner, a native of New York, a MajorGeneral of the rebel army, who was captured at Port Hudson.

Major-General Charles S. Hamilton, of New York, formerly of the Army of the Potomac, and afterwards of the Tennessee.

Major-General Frederick Steele, of New York, commander of the Army of Arkansas.

Brigadier-General Rufus Ingalls, of Maine, Quartermaster-General of the Army of the Potomac.

Brigadier-General Henry M. Judah, a native of Maryland and appointed from New York.

Colonel Joseph H. Potter, of New Hampshire.

Major Frederick T. Dent, of the Fourth United States Infantry.


On the day subsequent to his graduating, the first of July, 1843, he entered the United States Army as a Brevet Second-Lieutenant of infantry, and his name was entered upon the roll of the Fourth regiment of Regular infantry, then stationed in Missouri and Missouri Territory, with its head-quarters at Jefferson Barracks, near St. Louis, and the officers and men of which were engaged in the arduous and dangerous duty of protecting the settlers and emigrants from the incursions of the numerous Indian tribes then residing in that section of country.


In the summer of 1844 he went with his regiment to Natchitoches, in the western part of Louisiana, it having been ordered thither to form a part of the command of General Zachary Taylor, then organizing in anticipation of trouble with Mexico. In the following year he was ordered to Corpus Christi, Texas, and on the thirtieth of September was made a full Second-Lieutenant, and assigned to the Seventh infantry, but a request being made to the War Department that he should be permitted to remain with his old comrades, he in the following November received a commission as full Second-Lieutenant of the Fourth. Hostilities commenced soon after between the United States and Mexico, and in the battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma he behaved with great gallantry, while at the siege of Monterey he performed effi

cient service. When General Scott had succeeded in effecting a landing above Vera Cruz, the Fourth, with other regiments of General Taylor's army, was brought over the Rio Grande to co-operate in the siege. Lieutenant Grant participated in the operations incident to the investment, and shared in the honors and praise which became the meed of all who were present throughout the siege, and at the surrender on the twenty-ninth of March, 1847. In the following month (April) he was appointed Regimental-Quartermaster, an important position at that time when the soldiers for whom he had to provide were marching through a hostile country, but the duties of which he faithfully performed until the occupation of the City of Mexico. Occupying this position relieved him of the necessity of being exposed to the dangers of actual conflict, but such was the bravery of the young officer that, during the campaign which followed, we hear of him as a prominent participant in almost every engagement.

At the battle of Molino del Rey his conduct was so distinguished that he was appointed a Brevet First-Lieutenant to date from the day of the battle, but the honor was declined, only however to be increased in its importance by a commission being made out as full First-Lieutenant. At Chapultepec, and in fact in every engagement which took place during the remainder of the campaign, he equally distinguished himself.

Captain Horace Brooks, of the Second artillery, in his report of the battle of Chapultepec, says:

'I succeeded in reaching the fort with a few men. Here Lieutenant U. S. Grant, and a few more men of the Fourth infantry, found me, and, by a joint movement, after an obstinate resistance, a strong field-work was carried, and the enemy's right was completely turned."

The report of Major Francis Lee, commanding the Fourth infantry, at the same battle, says:

"At the first barrier the enemy was in strong force, which rendered it necessary to advance with caution. This was done, and when the head of the battalion was within short musket range of the barrier, Lieutenant Grant, Fourth infantry, and Captain Brooks, Second artillery, with a few men of their respective regiments, by a handsome movement to the left, turned the right flank of the enemy, and the barrier was carried. Second-Lieutenant Grant behaved with distinguished gallantry on the 13th and 14th."

Brevet-Colonel John Garland, commanding the First brigade, in his report of the battle of Chapultepec, says:

"The rear of the enemy had made a stand behind a breastwork, from which they were driven by detachments of the Second artillery, under Captain Brooks, and the Fourth infantry, under Lieutenant Grant, supported by other regiments of the division, after a short but sharp conflict. I recognized the command as it came up, mounted a howitzer on the top of a convent, which, under the direction of Lieutenant Grant, Quartermaster of the Fourth infantry, and Lieutenant Ledrum, Third artillery, annoyed the enemy considerably. I must not omit to call attention to Lieutenant Grant, Fourth infantry, who acquitted himself most nobly upon several occasions under my own observation."

This particular mention was made the more complimentary by the fact that, exclusive of the officers of his own staff, Colonel Garland names but one other officer besides Lieutenant Grant out of his whole brigade.

General Worth's report, September sixteenth, 1847, also speaks highly of Lieutenant Grant.

His bravery was not without its reward, and he subsequently received the brevet of Captain, the appointment to date from September thirteenth, 1847, the day on which the battle was fought.

Among other gallant officers who were connected with the Fourth regiment at the time of which we write, were General George Archibald McCall, the late commander of the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, Brigadier-General Benjamin Alvord, Major-General C. C. Augur, BrigadierGeneral II. M. Judah, the late Brigadier-General Alexander Hays, and Brigadier-General David A. Russell.

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