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Speech at a Serenade.

Gold good, but Men better.

His Faith in the Country

as wise, as bad and as good. Let us, therefore, study the incidents of this, as philosophy to learn wisdom from, and none of them as wrongs to be revenged.

“But the election, along with its incidental and undesirable strife, has done good too. It has demonstrated that a people's government can sustain a national election in the midst of a great civil war. Until now it has not been known to the world that this was a possibility. It shows also how sound and how strong we still are. It shows that, even among the candidates of the same party, he who is most devoted to the Union, and most opposed to treason, can receive most of the people's votes. It shows also, to the extent yet known, that we have more men now than we had when the war began. Gold is good in its place; but living, brave, and patriotic men are better than gold.

“But the rebellion continues; and now that the election is over, may not all having a common interest reunite in a common effort to save our common country ? For my own part, I have striven and shall strive to avoid placing any obstacle in the way. So long as I have been here I have not wil. lingly planted a thorn in any man's bosom. While I am duls sensible to the high compliment of a reëlection, and duly grateful, as I trust, to Almighty God for having directed my countrymen to a right conclusion, as I think, for their good, it adds nothing to my satisfaction that any other man may be disappointed by the result.

May I ask those who have not differed with me to join with me in this same spirit toward those who have ? And now let me close by asking three hearty cheers for our brave soldiers and seamen and their gallant and skilful commanders.

As indicative of Mr. Lincoln's warmth and tenderness of heard the following letter will be read with interest. It was addressed to a poor widow, in Boston, whose sixth son, then

Letter to a Widow.

Five Sons for her Country.

Last Annual Message.

recently wounded, was lying in a hospital, and bears date November 21st, 1864.

“ DEAR MADAM:-I have been shown in the files of the War Department a statement of the Adjutant-General of Massachusetts, that you are the mother of five sons who have died gloriously on the field of battle. I feel how weak and fruitless must be any word of mine, which should attempt to beguile you from the grief of a loss so overwhelming; but I cannot refrain from tendering to you the consolation that may be found in the thanks of the Republic they died to save. I pray that our Heavenly Father may assuage the anguish of your bereavement, and leave you only the cherished memory of the loved and lost, and the solemn pride that must be yours, to have laid so costly a sacrifice upon the altar of Freedom. “Yours very sincerely and respectfully,


The Thirty-eighth Congress commenced its second session on the 5th of December, 1864. On the following day Mr. Lincoln transmitted what was to be his last annual message :

“FELLOW-CITIZENS OF THE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES :- Again the blessings of health and abundant barvests claim our profoundest gratitude to Almighty God.

"The condition of our foreign affairs is reasonably satisfactory. Mexico continues to be a theatre of civil war.

While our political relations with that country have undergone no change, we have at the same time strictly maintained neutrality between the belligerents.

“At the request of the States of Costa Rica and Nicaragua, a competent engineer has been authorized to make a survey of the river San Juan and the port of San Juan. It is a source of much satisfaction that the difficulties, which for a

Last Annual Message.

Central America.

South American

moment excited some political apprehension, and caused a closing of the inter-oceanic transit route, have been amicably adjusted, and that there is a good prospect that the route will soon be re-opened with an increase of capacity and adaptation.

“We could not exaggerate either the commercial or the political importance of that great improvement. It would be doing injustice to an important South American State not to acknowledge the directness, frankness, and cordiality with which the United States of Columbia has entered into intimate relation with this Government. A Claim Convention has heen constituted to complete the unfinished work of the one which closed its session in 1861.

“The new liberal Constitution of Venezuela baving gone into effect with the universal acquiescence of the people, the Government under it has been recognized, and diplomatic intercourse with it has been opened in a cordial and friendly spirit.

“The long-deferred Avis Island claim has been satisfactorily paid and discharged. Mutual payments have been made of the claims awarded by the late Joint Commission for the settlement of claims between the United States and Peru An earnest and candid friendship continues to exist between the two countries; and such efforts as were in my power have been used to prevent misunderstanding, and avert a threatened war between Peru and Spain.

“Our relations are of the most friendly nature with Chili, the Argentine Republic, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Paraguay, San Salvador, and Hayti. During the past year, no differences of any kind have arisen with any of these Republics. And, on the other hand, their sympathies with the United States are constantly expressed with cordiality and earnestness.

“ The claims arising from the seizure of the cargo of the brig Macedonian, in 1821, have been paid in full by the Gov. ernment of Chili.

Last Annual Message.


Overland and Atlantic Telegraph.

· Çivil war continues in the Spanish port of San Domingo, apparently without prospect of an early close.

" Official correspondence has been freely opened with Liberia, and it gives us a pleasing view of social and political progress in that Republic. It may be expected to derive new vigor from American influence, improved by the rapid disap pearance of slavery in the United States.

“I solicit your authority to promise to the Republic a gunboat, at a moderate cost, to be reimbursed to the United States by instalments. Such a vessel is needed for the safety of that State against the native African races, and in Liberian hands it would be more effective in arresting the African slave-trade than a squadron in our own hands.

“The possession of the least authorized naval force would stimulate a generous ambition in the Republic, and the confi. dence which we should manifest by furnishing it would win forbearance and favor toward the colony from all civilized nations. The proposed overland telegraph between America and Europe by the way of Behring Strait and Asiatic Russia, which was sanctioned by Congress at the last session, has been undertaken under very favorable circumstances by an association of American citizens, with the cordial good will and support as well of this Government as of those of Great Britain and Russia.

“Assurances have been received from most of the South Am ican States of their high appreciation of the enterprise and their readiness to coöperate in constructing lines tributary to that world-encircling communication.

“I learn with much satisfaction that the noble design of a telegraphic ommunication between the eastern coast of America an Great Britain has been renewed with full

expectation of its early accomplishment.

“Thus it is hoped that with the return of domestic peace the country will be able to resume with energy and advan. tage ber former high career of commerce and civilization.

Annual Message.

Chinese Rebellion.

Our Relations with Japan.

Our very popular and able representative in Egypt died in April last.

“An unpleasant altercation which arose between the temporary incumbent and the Government of the Pacha, resulted in a suspension of intercourse. The evil was promptly corrected on the arrival of the successor in the consulate, and our relations with Egypt as well as our relations with the Barbary Powers, are entirely satisfactory.

“ The rebellion which has so long been flagrant in China, has at last been suppressed with the coöperating good offices of this Government and of the other Western Commercial States. The judicial consular establishment has become very difficult and onerous, and it will need legislative requisition to adapt it to the extension of our commerce, and to the more intimate intercourse which has been instituted with the Gov. ernment and people of that vast empire.

“China seems to be accepting with hearty good-will the conventional laws which regulate commerce and social intercourse among the Western nations.

“Owing to the peculiar situation of Japan, and the anomalous form of its Government, the action of that Empire in performing treaty stipulations is inconsistent and capricious Nevertheless good progress bas been effected by the Western Powers, moving with enlightened concert.

Our own pecuniary claims have been allowed, or put in course of settlement, and the Inland Sea has been reopened to Commerce.

“ There is reason also to believe that these proceedings have increased rather than diminished the friendship of Japan toward the United States.

“ The ports of Norfolk, Fernandino, and Pensacola have been opened by proclamation.

" It is hoped that foreign merchants will now consider whether it is not safer and more profitable to themselves as well as just to the United States, to resort to these and other open ports, than it is to pursue, through many hazards and at

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