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38th Congress Abraham Lincoln amendment Andrew Johnson anti-slavery arms attack battle believed bill blood called captured cavalry citizens civil colored command Confederate Congressional Globe Constitution convention corps Davis debate declared democratic Douglas early election emancipation Emancipation Proclamation enemy Executive favor fight flag force forever freedom friends gallant Government Governor Grant Henry Winter Davis honor House Illinois issued Jefferson Davis Kentucky labor land liberty Lincoln loyal March Maryland McClellan ment military Mississippi Missouri National negroes never North Ohio organized party passed patriotic peace persons position Potomac President prisoners proclamation prohibiting question rebel rebellion Republic Republican resolution Richmond river secession Secretary Secretary of War secure Senate sent session Sheridan Sherman slave slave power slaveholders slavery soldiers South South Carolina speech struggle surrender Tennessee territory tion traitors treason triumph troops Union army United Vicksburg victory Virginia vote Washington
Page 265 - And by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward, shall be free ; and that the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.
Page 143 - In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow-countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The Government will not assail you. You can have no conflict without being yourselves the aggressors. You have no oath registered in heaven to destroy the Government; while I shall have the most solemn one to "preserve, protect, and defend
Page 262 - That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof respectively shall then be in rebellion against the United States, and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be in good faith represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such...
Page 262 - ... and the executive government of the united states including the military and naval authority thereof will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons and will do no act or acts to repress such persons or any of them in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom...
Page 275 - Yours of this date, proposing armistice and appointment of Commissioners to settle terms of capitulation, is just received. No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted. I propose to move immediately upon your works.
Page 265 - Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three...
Page 143 - I shall have the most solemn one to " preserve, protect, and defend it." I am loth to close. We are not enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battle-field and patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.
Page 142 - The power confided to me will be used to hold, occupy, and possess the property and places belonging to the government, and to collect the duties and imposts; but beyond what may be necessary for these objects, there will be no invasion, no using of force against or among the people anywhere.