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Our Lines in the Southwest.-Gen. Breckenridge's Attack on Baton Rouge.-De-

struction of the Ram Arkansas.-Gen. Price's Reverse at Iuka.-Desperate Fighting.-

THE BATTLE OF CORINTH.-Van Dorn's hasty Exultations.-The Massacre of College

Hill.-Wild and terrible Courage of the Confederates.-Our Forces beaten Back.-

Our Lines of Retreat secured.-The Military Prospects of the South overshadowed.

-THE DEPARTMENT OF THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI.-Romance of the War in Missouri.-

Schofield's Order calling out the Militia.-Atrocities of the Yankee Rule in Missouri.

-Robbery without "Red Tape."-The Guerrilla Campaign.-The Affair of Kirks-

ville.-Execution of Col. McCullough.-The Affair of Lone Jack.-Timely Reinforce-

ment of Lexington by the Yankees.-The Palmyra Massacre.-The Question of Re-

taliation with the South.-THE MILITARY AND POLITICAL SITUATION.-Survey of the

Military Situation.-Capture of Galveston by the Yankees.-The Enemy's Naval

Power. His Iron-clads.-Importance of Foundries in the South.-Prospect in the

Southwest.-Prospect in Tennessee.-Prospect in Virginia.-Stuart's Raid into Penn-

sylvania. Souvenirs of Southern Chivalry.-The "Soft-mannered Rebels."-Political

Complexion of the War in the North.-Lincoln's "Emancipation Proclamation.”–

Hey of Yankee Legislation in the War-Political Error of the Emancipation Proc

lamation.-Its Effect on the South.-The Decay of European Sympathy with the

Abolitionists.-What the War accomplished for Negro Slavery in the South.-Yankee

Falsehoods and Bravadoes in Europe.-Delusion of Conquering the South by Starva-

tion.-Caricatures in the New York Pictorials.-The noble Eloquence of Hunger and

Rags.-Manners in the South.-Yankee Warfare.-The Desolation of Virginia.—

The Lessons of harsh Necessity. - Improvement of the Civil Administration of

the Confederacy.-Ordnance, Manufacturing Resources, Quartermasters' Supplies,

.PAGE 164


A Period of Disasters.-DEPARTMENT OF THE MISSISSIPPI.-Grant's March upon

Vicksburg.-Its Steps and Incidents.-The Engagement of Port Gibson.-The Evacu-

ation of Jackson.-The Battle of Baker's Creek.-Pemberton's Declarations as to the

Defence of Vicksburg.-A grand Assault upon the "Heroic City."-Its Repulse.-

The Final Surrender of Vicksburg.-How the Public Mind of the South was shocked.

-Consequences of the Pisaster.-How it involved affairs on the Lower Mississippi.


Hooker manoeuvred out of Virginia.-The Recapture of Winchester.-The Second

Invasion of the Northern Territory.-The Alarm of the North.-Gen. Lee's object in

the Invasion of, Maryland and Pennsylvania.-His Essays at Conciliation.-The Er-

ror of such Policy.-The advance of his Lines into Pennsylvania.-The Battle of

Gettysburg. The Three Days' Engagements.-Death of Barksdale.-Pickett's splen-

did Charge on the Batteries.-Repulse of the Confederates.-Anxiety and Alarm in

Richmond.-Lee's safe Retreat into Virginia.-Mystery of his Movement.-Recovery

of the Confidence of the South.
Review of the Present Aspects of the

War.-Comparison between the Disasters of 1862 and those of 1863.-The Vitals of

the Confederacy yet untouched.-Review of the Civil Administration.-President

Davis, his Cabinet, and his Favorites.-His private Quarrels.-His Deference to Euro-

pean Opinion. Decline of the Finances of the Confederacy.-Reasons of their Decline.

The Confederate Brokers.-The Blockade Runners.-The Disaffections of Property-

holders.-The Spirit of the Army.-The Moral Resolution of the Confederacy.-How

the Enemy has strengthened it.-The Prospects of the Future.....
.PAGE 269



The New Orleans Disaster.-Its Consequences and Effects.-Dispatches of the European Commissioners.-Butler "the Beast."-Public Opinion in Europe.-The Atrocities of the Massachusetts Tyrant.-Execution of Mumford.-Lesson of New Orleans.-Spirit of Resistance. in the South.-Change in the Fortunes of the Confederacy.-Two Leading Causes for it.-The Richmond "Examiner."-The Conscription Law.-Governor Brown of Georgia.-Reorganization of the Army.-Abandonment of our Frontier Defences.-The Policy of Concentration.-Governor Rector's Appeal.-First Movements of the Summer Campaign in Virginia.-The Retreat from Yorktown.-Evacuation of Norfolk.-Destruction of the "Virginia."-Commodore Tatnall's Report.-Secretary Mallory's Visit to Norfolk.-The Engagement of Williamsburg. The Affair of Barhamsville.-McClellan's Investment of the Lines of the Chickahominy.-Alarm in Richmond.-The Water Avenue of the James.-The Panic in Official Circles.-Consternation in the President's House.-Correspondence between President Davis and the Legislature of Virginia.-Noble Resolutions of the Legislature. Response of the Citizens of Richmond. -The Bombardment of Drewry's Bluff. The Mass Meeting at the City Hall.-Renewal of Public Confidence.-The Occasions of this.-JACKSON'S CAMPAIGN IN THE VALLEY.-The Engagement of McDowell.-The Surprise at Front Royal.-Banks' Retreat down the Valley.-The Engagements of Port Republic.-Results of the Campaign.-Death of Turner Ashby.-Sufferings of the People of the Valley of the Shenandoah.-MEMOIR OF TURNER ASHBY.

THE fall of New Orleans was one of the most extraordinary triumphs which the enemy had obtained. It was the crowning stroke of that extraordinary campaign of the winter and spring of the year 1862, in which, by the improvidence of the Southern authorities, and a false military policy which divided their armies and weakened them by undue dispersion, they had lost much of their territory, most of the prestige of their arms, and had fallen upon a train of disasters well calculated to affect the general public, both at home and abroad. The close of this campaign, so ill-starred to the Confederacy, found it with scarcely more than three entire States-Texas, Alabama, and Georgia. Large portions of the territories of Virginia, the Carolinas, and Florida were occupied by the enemy; he had broken our line of defences in Tennessee, and held im

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