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back and lead us to battle ; we will fight parts, and the whole was intended to exfor you! The General rode on perfect- press the passions which war excites in the ly calin, a pleasant smile on his face, Indian nature—the joy which they feel telling the men he was doing his duty, at the prospect of a fight—their contempt and they must do theirs. We travelled for their enemies—their frenzy at sight with great rapidity and circumspection ; of the foe—the conflict--the operations for there was some reason to suppose of tomahawking and scalping their opthat parties of the enemy had been ponents--and, finally, the triumph of thrown to the north of Springfield, in victory. The performances occupied over which case we might have been interfer- two hours. Fall-Leaf presided with an ed with.

air of becoming gravity, smoking an Sedalia, November 7th. We are enormous stone pipe with a long reed waiting for the train which is to take us stem. After rendering thanks in proper to St. Louis. Our journey here has been form, Fall-Leaf was told that, by way of made very quickly. Monday we march- return to their civility, and in special ed twenty - five miles. Tuesday we honor to the Delawares, the negroes started at dawn, and made thirty miles, would dance one of their national dances. encamping twenty-five miles south of the Two agile darkies came forward, and Osage. Wednesday we were in the sad- went through with a regular break-down, dle at 6 o'clock, crossed the Osage in the to the evident entertainment of the red afternoon, and halted ten miles north of men. Afterwards an Irishman leaped that river, the day's journey being thir- into the ring and began an Irish hornty-five miles. We pitched our tents pipe. He was the best dancer of all, and upon a high, flat prairie, covered with his complicated steps and astonishing long dry grass. In the evening the Del-tours-de-force completely upset the gravawares signified that, if the General ity of the Indians, and they burst into would consent to it, they would perform loud laughter. It was midnight before a war-dance. Permission was easily ob- the camp was composed to its last night's tained, and, after the Indian braves had sleep. This morning we started an hour finished their toilet, they approached in before day, and marched to this place, formal procession, arrayed in all the glory twenty miles, by noon. Thus ended and terror of war-paint. A huge fire had the expedition of General Fremont to been built. The inhabitants of our little Springfield.” camp quickly gathered, officers, soldiers On the evening of the 8th of Novemof the guard, and sharpshooters, negroes ber General Fremont was welcomed to and teamsters. The Indians ranged | St. Louis by a deputation of the citizens, themselves on one side of the fire, and who presented him with a series of resothe rest of us completed the circle. The lutions, warmly expressive of their condancing was done by some half-dozen fidence in the integrity and patriotisni young Indians, to the monotonous beat- of his conduct under many “paralyzing ing of two small drums and a guttural circumstances.” In reply, he said, "Genaccompaniment which the dancers sang, tlemen, I wish to say to you that your the other Indians joining in the chorus. kind and affectionate-I may even say The performance was divided into two affectionate-reception of me moves my

SPEECH OF GENERAL FREMONT.

599

neart. It cheers me and strengthens my Eaton, Assistant-Adjutant General, Colconfidence--my confidence, already some-onel A. Tracy, Acting Chief Commissary, what wavering—in our republican insti- Colonel J. C. Woods, Director of Transtutions. I felt all day as we passed portation, and the following Aids-dethrough the country—I feel emphatically camp: Colonel Hudson, Colonel Shanks, to-night—that the faithful servant of the Colonel Owen Lovejoy, the well-known people, honestly laboring in the public member of Congress from Illinois, Major cause, will not be allowed to suffer 'un- F. J. White, the leader of the dashing deserved, and I feel stronger. Since I march on Lexington, Major W. Dorsleft you a few weeks ago, many accusa- heimer, whose narrative of the campaign tions have been rained on my defenceless we have frequently cited, Major W. head-defenceless, because my face was Savage, Captain J. R. Howard, Captain turned to the public enemy. What I see L. Haskell, R. W. Raymond, Lieutenant and hear to-night, the address you have F. Clarke, Lieutenant E. N. Hallowell,

just read to me, and the approving mul- Captain A. Sacchi and Lieutenant A. titude below, show me that I was not Odoni, the last two, soldiers of Garibaldi's wrong in leaving my defence with you. campaigns, who had come from Italy to In regard to the baser charges made take part in the war. against me I will say nothing now. You The day previously to the surrender do not require it, and to speak of them of his command, General Fremont comwould jar upon the generous feelings with pleted a negotiation with General Price, which you come here to-night. Others through the agency of commissioners, for have been already answered by my the purpose of protecting peaceable citbrave soldiers at Springfield ; and others izens of Missouri, and for the exchange of gross incompetency and a weak and of prisoners of war. The following joint aimless administration, to all of these I Proclamation embodied this agreement : will adopt your address, and the shouts “ To the Peaceably-disposed Citizens of of the grand multitude assembled below, the State of Missouri, greeting, Whereas, as my answer. And for all this, gentle- A solemn agreement has been entered men, to you and to them, I renew my into by Major-Generals Fremont and thanks with all my heart, which, to- Price, respectively commanding antagonight, is roused to full sensibility by the nistic forces in the State of Missouri, to hearty and unqualified expression of the effect, that in future arrests or forciyour confidence and approbation so ble interference by armed or unarmed valuable and grateful to me in my actual parties of citizens within the limits of position. I shall soon have occasion, for said State for the mere entertainment or I shall make occasion, to answer all these expression of political opinions, shall charges more definitely. Until then, I hereafter cease ; that families now broken will rely upon this evening for my de- up for such causes may be reunited, and fenco."

that the war now progressing shall be The staff of General Fremont, in ac- exclusively confined to armies in the cordance with the Act of Congress of field ; therefore, be it known to all whom the previous session, was presently dis- it may concern-1. No arrests whatever charged. It consisted of Colonel J. H. on account of political opinions, or for merely private expression of the same, powered to represent Major-General Freshall hereafter be made within the limits mont; and Colonel D. H. Armstrong, of the State of Missouri, and all persons Hon. J. Richard Barrett, and Colonel who may have been arrested, and are Robert M. Renick, or either of them, are now held to answer upon such charges hereby authorized and empowered to reonly, shall be forthwith released. But it present Major-General Price; and the is expressly declared that nothing in this parties so named are hereby authorized, proclamation shall be construed to bar whenever applied to for that purpose, to or interfere with any of the usual and negotiate for the exchange of any and all regular proceedings of the established persons who may hereafter be taken courts and statutes and orders made and prisoners of war and released on parole; provided for such offences. 2. All peace- such exchanges to be made upon the ably-disposed citizens who may have plan heretofore approved and acted been driven from their homes because of upon, to wit: grade for grade, or two their political opinions, or who may have officers of lower grade as an equivalent left them from fear of force and violence, in rank for one of a higher grade, as are hereby advised and permitted to shall be thought just and equitable. This return, upon the faith of our positive as- done and agreed at Springfield, Missouri, surances that while so returning they this first day of November, 1861. By shall receive protection from both armies order of Major-General Fremont. J.H. in the field, whenever it can be given. EATON, A. A. A. G. Major-General 3. All bodies of armed men, acting with Sterling Price. By HENRY W. WILout the authority or recognition of the LIAMS, D. ROBERT BARCLAY, CommisMajor-General before named, and not sioners." legitimately connected with the armies in The Proclamation was signed by Genthe field, are hereby ordered at once to eral Price at Cassville on the 5th of disband. 4. Any violation of either of the November, but was not suffered, howforegoing articles shall subject the offend-ever, to be operative. General Hunter er to the penalty of military law, accord- thinking its provisions impolitic under ing to the nature of the offence. In the circumstances of the war, testimony whereof, the aforesaid John diately after taking command of the Charles Fremont, at Springfield, Mo., on army, addressed, on the 7th, a letter the first day of November, A.D. 1861, to General Price, stating that he could and Major-General Sterling Price, at “in no manner recognize the agreement,

day of November, or any of its provisions, whether implied A. D. 1861, have hereunto set their hands, or direct, and that he could neither and hereby mutually pledge their earnest issue, nor allow the joint Proclamation efforts to the enforcement of the above to be iss'ied." In communicating this articles of agreement, according to their letter to Adjutant-General Thomas, Genfull tenor and effect, to the best of their eral Hunter gave the following as the ability.

grounds of his repudiation of the conSecondly. Brigadier-General R. Cur- vention. " It would be, in my judgtis, or the officer in command at Benton ment, impolitic in the highest degree to barracks, is hereby authorized and em- | have ratified General Fremont's nego

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on this

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THE FREMONT AND PRICE CONVENTION.

601

tiations, for the following, among many are contending, and a practical liberaother: obvious reasons : The second stip-tion, for use in other and more immeulation, if acceded to, would render the diately important localities, of all their enforcement of martial law in Missouri, forces now kept employed in this portion or any part of it, impossible, and would of the State.” give absolute liberty to the propagand- General Hunter, after remaining a few ists of treason throughout the length and days at Springfield, in accordance with breadth of the State. The third stipula- an order from the President, retreated tion, confining operations exclusively to in the direction of St. Louis. The army, ' armies in the field,' would practically formed in so short a time by the exerannul the Confiscation Act passed during tions of Fremont, and hurried forward the last session of Congress, and would with extraordinary effort, retraced its furnish perfect immunity to those dis- steps to the Missouri, and awaited the banded soldiers of Price's command who call of the new head of the Department, have now returned to their homes, but General Halleck, again to follow under with the intention, and under a pledge, less advantageous circumstances, at a of rejoining the rebel forces whenever less propitious period of the year, the called upon; and, lastly, because the still advancing, still retreating, ever refourth stipulation would blot out of ex- newed, ever dispersing rebel army of istence the loyal men of the Missouri Price. When the Statement of Fremont, Home Guard, who have not, it is alleged, in reply to the charges of General Thomas' been recognised by act of Congress, and Report was published, in the ensuing who, it would be claimed, are therefore March, it was received with favor and ' not legitimately connected with the respect, and while the force of its explaarmies in the field. There are many nations was freely admitted—for every more objections quite as powerful and ingenuous mind rejoices when a load of obvious, which might be urged against obloquy is removed from the fair fame

ratifyine all peaceably-disposed citizens of the that the best vindication of his hurried State of Missouri,' fairly allowing the in- military manquvres, and the policy of ference to be drawn, that citizens of the his interrupted campaign, was the almost United States (the loyal and true men identical repetition of the movement in of Missouri) are not included in its bene- the recent entry of the Union troops fits. In fact, the agreement would seem into Springfield, and the pursuit, acto me, if ratified, a concession of all the cording to the original programme of the principles for which the rebel leaders still fugitive Price into Arkanssas

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CHAPTER X X X VIII.

MILITARY AND NAVAL ENGAGEMENTS AT SANTA ROSAS ISLAND AND THE PASSES OF

THE MISSISSIPPI, SEPTEMBER-NOVEMBER, 1861.

AFTER the reinforcement, in April, of the Navy Yard. "An aide-de-camp the little garrison with which Lieutenant from General Bragg entered as we were Slemmer gallantly seized and held Fort sitting at table, and invited me to attend Pickens, that important position, under him to the General's quarters. The the energetic command of Colonel Har- road, as I found, was very long and very vey Brown, for many months continued disagreeable, owing to the depth of the to attract the attention of the public, ex- sand, into which the foot sank at every pectation being at one time excited by step up to the ankle. Passing the front of the prospect of the recovery of the aban- an extended row of the clean, airy, pretty doned ground on the mainland at Pen- villas inside the Navy Yard, we passed sacola, at another by the danger to the the gate on exhibiting our passes,

and fort itself from attack by the insurgents. proceeded by the sea-beach, one side of A description of a visit to these scenes which is lined with houses, a few yards in April, by Mr. Russell, the correspond- from the surf. These houses are all ocent of the London Times, affords us the cupied by troops, or are used as barunusual opportunity of an intelligent rooms or magazines. At intervals a few view of what was going on in both camps guns have been placed along the beach, at the same time. Accompanied by sev- covered by sand-bags, parapets and traeral friends, he ran down in a small verses. As we toiled along in the sand schooner from Mobile, was admitted, by the aide hailed a cart, pressed it into the the courtesy of the United States officers service, and we continued our journey off Pensacola, to pass the blockade, and less painfully. Suddenly a tall, straightafter a day spent with the Confederates backed man in a blue frock-coat, with a among their defences on the mainland, star on the epaulette strap, a smart kepi, had the privilege of a leisurely inspection and trousers with gold stripe, and large of Fort Pickens and Santa Rosas Island. brass spurs, rode past on a high-stepping, He found General Braxton Bragg in powerful charger, followed by an ordercommand of the Confederates. A native ly. "There is General Bragg,' said his of a Southern State, this officer had been aide. The General turned round, reined educated at West Point, and had served up, and I was presented as I sat in my for many years with distinction in the state chariot. The commander of the United States army. He is thus intro- Confederated States army at Pensacola duced to us in the vivid and entertaining is about forty-two years of age, of a narrative of Mr. Russell, who, on land- spare and powerful frame ; his face is ing, has been received with due hospital- dark, and marked with deep lines, his ity by a mess of New Orleans officers mouth large, and squarely set in deterestablished in the pleasant quarters about | mined jaws, and his eyes, sagacious, pen

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