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nent and patriotic services of the late sure you that it is my firm determination Brigadier-General Nathaniel Lyon. The to protect every peaceable citizen in the country to whose service he devoted his full enjoyment of all his rights, whatever life, will guard and preserve his fame as may have been his sympathies in the a part of its own glory. That the thanks present unhappy struggle, if he has not of Congress are hereby given to the taken an active part in the cruel warfare brave officers and soldiers who, under which has been waged against the good the command of the late General Lyon, people of this State by the ruthless ensustained the honor of the flag and emies whom we have just defeated. I achieved victory against overwhelming therefore invite all good citizens to return numbers at the battle of Springfield in to their homes and the practice of their Missouri ; and that in order to commem- ordinary avocations, with the full assurorate an event so honorable to the coun- ance that they, their families, their homes try and themselves, it is ordered that and their property shall be carefully each regiment engaged shall be author- protected. I, at the same time, warn all ized to bear upon its colors the word evil-disposed persons, who may support 'Springfield,' embroidered in letters of the usurpations of any one claiming to gold. And the President of the United be provisional or temporary Governor of States is hereby requested to cause these Missouri, or who shall in any other way resolutions to be read at the head of every give aid or comfort to the enemy, that regiment in the army of the United States.” they will be held as enemies, and treated

General Price, the commander of the accordingly." The Confederate Congress Missouri State Guard, issued a Proclama- at Richmond presently, on the 21st of tion after the battle, addressed to the August, on motion of Mr. Ochiltree of People of Missouri. Declaring that the Texas, passed the following resolution : army under his command “had been or- "Whereas it has pleased Almighty God ganized under the laws of the State for to vouchsafe to the arms of the Confederthe protection of their homes and fire- ate States another glorious and importsides, and for the maintenance of the ant victory in a portion of the country rights, dignity and honor of Missouri," where a reverse would have been disashe added that it was " kept in the field trous, by exposing the families of the for these purposes alone, and to aid in good people of the State of Missouri to accomplishing them, our gallant Southern the unbridled license of the brutal solbrethren have come into our State with diery of an unscrupulous enemy ; therethese. We have just achieved a glorious fore, be it resolved : That the thanks of victory over the foe, and scattered far Congress are cordially tendered to Brigand wide the well-appointed army which adier-General Ben McCulloch and the the usurper at Washington has been officers and soldiers of his brave commore than six months gathering for your mand, for their gallant conduct in defeatsubjugation and enslavement. This vic- ing, after a battle of six and a half hours, tory frees a large portion of the State a force of the enemy equal in numbers, from the power of the invaders, and re- and greatly superior in all their appointstorés it to the protection of its army. ments, thus proving that a right cause It consequently becomes my duty to as- nerves the hearts and strengthens the



arms of the Southern people, fighting, as ters of the motives and conduct of the they are, for their liberty, their homes Federal army, raised at such cost and and friends against an unholy despotism.” self-sacrifice for the preservation of the Such were the representations made, and Union and the old liberties and prospersuch the belief inculcated in high quar- | ity of the nation!

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We have now to turn our attention to the 1st Illinois regiment of cavalry, Cola position in western Missouri which be- onel Marshall, five hundred Missouri came the scene of one of the most inter- Home Guards, and the 23d regiment of esting episodes of the war. The town of the Irish brigade, a body of stalwart Lexington, the capital of Lafayette coun- men raised in Illinois, who were led by ty, situated on the southern bank of the Colonel James A. Mulligan of Chicago. Missouri river, three hundred miles This gentleman, of Irish parentage, was above St. Louis, occupies an important born in Utica, New York, in 1829. He frontier position, commanding the ap- was educated at the Catholic College at proach by water to Fort Leavenworth, Chicago, had studied law, and edited the and the direct communication with Inde- Western Tablet in that city, been admitpendence and the great overland route ted to the bar, employed as a clerk in to Santa Fé. It was a prosperous town, the Department of the Interior at Washlying in a fertile region, and one of the ington, and at the outbreak of the premost thriving settlements of the West. sent war was Captain of a militia comIts inhabitants were understood to be pany, “Shields' Guards," at Chicago. tainted with secession sentiments, and with such antecedents, it was a natural the place afforded, of course, a favorable step to a Colonelcy of the Irish Brigade opportunity for the operations of the in- raised in that city in 1861. The youth, surgents. As the danger of its occupa- enthusiasm, and energy of this officer tion became imminent, a small force was proved important qualifications for the sent forward by order of General Fre- military career upon which he had entermont to take charge of the money in the ed, and which his command was destined banks, and protect the region from spoli- successfully to illustrate. ation in aid of the rebellion. With these Colonel Mulligan, while encamped with and several accessions of troops, there his regiment at Jefferson City, at the end were collected at this place, early in Sep- of August, received an order to march to tember, a body of about twenty-seven the relief of Colonel Marshall's cavalry hundred men, composed of the 13th Mis- at Lexington, one hundred and twenty souri regiment under Colonel Peabody, miles by the road to the westward.


Starting with forty rounds of ammuni- to the enemy with the exaggeration tion and three days' rations, foraging by usual under such circumstances, undoubtthe way, they accomplished the march in edly tended to keep them at a distance nine days, reaching Lexington on the and prolong the siege. 9th of September, when Colonel Mulli- Works like these, of course, were not gan, as senior officer, took the command the labor of a day. They were performof the troops assembled there—Colonel ed under many disadvantages, with the Marshall's cavalry and the Home Guard, foe close at hand, with the prospect of a already mentioned. Colonel Peabody's fierce and deadly encounter with superior Missouri regiment came in the next day numbers, and under circumstances which, in full retreat from Warrensburg, before to less brave and spirited men, would the forces of General Price. Colonel have counseled, without dishonor, a pruMulligan then immediately began the dent and safe retreat. It would seem work of intrenchment, having chosen a that this gallant band were actuated by favorable position for the purpose on an the single motive of setting before their elevation high above the river, at a dis- countrymen an inspiring example of entance of about half a mile from it, and nobling toil and indomitable valor. commanding the lower inland approaches. Their preparations were barely comThe spot selected bore the name Masonic menced when, the third day after the Hill, and was intermediate between the arrival of Colonel Mulligan, the enemy, new and old town. A solid brick edifice, in large numbers, led by General Price, built for a college, was upon it, and by the were announced at hand. Their first side of this the first lines of defence were design was evidently an immediate atdrawn. The whole circuit of the fortifi- tack. The pickets were driven in, but cation was made to include an area capa- further onset was steadily repulsed. ble of receiving ten thousand men. This There was some sharp and brave work was defended by a heavy earthwork, on that day, the 12th, driving the rebels raised with great labor by Colonel Mul- backward over a bridge which they had ligan's force, breast high, some ten feet crossed, and encountering them with in width at the base and five feet at the deadly resolution in a struggle at another summit. Outside of this was a ditch point in a graveyard. The result of the eight feet broad, while in the open space, day's fighting, which included a cannonfor several hundred feet beyond, the ading of the college defences, was the ground was perforated by a series of withdrawal of General Price to a safe skillfully contrived pits, and heaped up position, where he awaited reinforcewith mounds which, though extempore ments, while the little band of Lexington works, suggested more by mother wit gathered to their arduous labors at the than military experience, were well cal- intrenchments. At these works were culated to baffle the efforts of any assail- mounted a scant supply of artillery, conants on foot or on horseback. Beside sisting of but five 6-pounders, with which these ingenious devices, the ground was the honors of a siege were to be mainalso carefully mined, and a good supply tained against the batteries of the enemy, of gunpowder, with suitable trains laid numbering thirteen guns. in it, a fact which, subsequently reported Having been strongly reinforced-his



troops now numbering, it is calculated, a struggle for the possession of the hostwenty-seven thousand men — General pital building, occupied by the sick and Price began to close in upon the works. wounded of the Union troops, one hunThe number appears large. The troops dred and fifty in number, and situated gathered by the rebels in Missouri, it outside of their entrenchments. This should be remembered, however, did not edifice, a large dwelling-house, on the always turn out for a campaign, but came summit of the bluffs, commanded the fort with their hunting rifles for the occasion. and its defenders at a distance of a few They may thus, very probably, have hundred yards. It was seized upon by greatly exceeded in number the volun- a portion of General Price's command, teers regularly enlisted for the war. On about noon, his troops, he alleges, havthe 17th, the defenders were cut off from ing been fired upon from the building ; the town, upon which they were mainly and became, with the adjoining grounds, dependent for a supply of water. The in the hands of the sharpshooters of his work was now stoutly invested. On the army--men expert in the use of their 18th the final attack was begun. The trusty rifles--a most serious annoyance extensive preparations for it are related to the defenders of the fort. In this in the official report of General Price to strait Colonel Mulligan, after two parties Governor Jackson. Brigadier-General of the Missouri troops shrank from the Rains' division,” he states, “occupied a task, sent forth a devoted band of his strong position on the east and north- brigade, Captain Gleason's company of east of the fortifications, from which an Montgomery Guards, to regain the buildeffective cannonading was kept up by ing and repel the assailants. The men Bledsoe's battery and another command- whom he selected were a single comed by Captain Churchill Clark of St. pany, eighty in number. Onward they Louis. General Parsons took a position marched, silent, unflinching, twice reon the west of the works, whence his ceiving the volleys of the insurgents battery, under command of Captain Gui- from the building, and making no reply. bor, poured a steady fire. Skirmishers When they charged, the onset was terand sharpshooters were also sent for- rific. They quickly drove the enemy ward from both of these divisions to har- before them, and took possession of the ass and fatigue the enemy, and to cut building. Fifty only of the gallant party them off from the water on the north, returned, quietly to resume their labors east and south of the college, and did in- at the trenches ; the rest were offered a estimable service in the accomplishment sacrifice in a deed of glory. of these purposes.

Colonel Congreve, The position was, however, soon reJackson's division, and a part of General gained by the insurgents. The heights Steen's were posted as a reserve, at all to the left of the hospital, to resume the times vigilant and ready to rush upon narrative of General Price, were fortified the enemy.”

by his soldiers, “who threw up breastOne of the severest passages of arms works as well as they could with their beyond the limits of the fort during these slender means." Thus the siege went on days of bombardment, illustrates the for three prolonged days, the bright barbarity of this unnatural war. It was moonlight rendering the night as serviceable as the day for the work of assault, honor in the bloody battle of Springwhich was never intermitted. The sup- field.” ply of food and ammunition was rapidly From statements like these of the failing within the fort, and water, that assailants, we may judge of the vigor indispensable craving of the wounded, of the defence. We have heard Colonel was quite cut off. Yet the garrison Mulligan himself, in a popular address held out; its thin ranks manfully fight to the citizens of New York, recount the ing the guns, and ready to repel, hand incidents of these eventful days of perto hand, any near approach of the sistent courage and endurance. He fillinvaders. At length a prudent expe- ed up with animated adventure that tale dient was hit upon by the assailants, of war, which, in the best written diswhich saved them the necessity of a patches, is little better than a barren dangerous assault. “On the morning of formula, but which, to the participants, the 20th,” says General Price, “I caused is intensified with lofty purpose, and a number of hemp bales to be trans- glowing action—a sum of life which ported to the river heights, where mov- crowds the sensations of years into days. able breastworks were speedily con- He told of the toil and exposure, the structed out of them by Generals Har- ignominious hard labor, made honorable ris and McBride, Colonel Rivers and by the lofty motive, the patience and Major Winston, and their respective resolution with which wounds were commands. Captain Kelley's battery, braved, and death encountered among attached to General Steen's division, was the shattered and the dying ; of the ordered at the same time to the position hospital sufferings, when the enemy havoccupied by General Harris' force, and ing barbarously made captives of the quickly opened a very effective fire. surgeons, the only aid for mangled limbs These demonstrations, and particularly was from the scant service of a soldier, the continued advance of the hempen who had been at one time a physician, breastworks, which were as efficient as who was called from the ranks for this the cotton bales at New Orleans, quickly unwonted duty, who cut, lopped and attracted the attention and excited the hacked perforce, his only instrument a alarm of the enemy, who made many razor ; of the dying agonies of men calldaring attempts to drive us back. They ing for water, and drinking the scant were, however, repulsed in every in- refuse mingled with blood, with which stance by the unflinching courage and the whole place was dabbled and oozy ; fixed determination of our men. In these of the death-dealing of the enemy, when desperate encounters, the veterans of they for a short time only gained a porMcBride's and Slack's divisions fully tion of the works ; of the strange touches sustained their proud reputation, while of good humor and good fellowship Colonel Martin Green, and his com- which seemed to relieve, and yet enmand, and Colonel Boyd and Major hanced the terrors of this grim scene. Winston, and their commands, proved By the testimony of friend and foe it themselves worthy to fight by the was an extremity which justified surside of the men who had, by their render, which, in the eyes of policy and courage and valor, won imperishable military discretion, might have justified

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