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He has encountered the envy and obloquy his posthumous fame, at least, is secure. inseparable from exalted living merit. So did When the rival passions, which have assailed Socrates, and Cicero, and even our own God- him, shall have been buried at his tomb, his like Washington-and so must every honest character as a patriot, orator and statesman, patriot, who lives and acts for his country and will shine forth, clear and refulgent; and like for truth. The pathway of such a patriot the setting sun of a stormy day, it will pass will ever be beset with the Cleons and Clodii the horizon cloudless, spotless, and full-orbed. of the day. But remember that his straight [Great applause.] and narrow course is the only one which could Identified with his country's fortune, his secure for him honorable renown, or the grate-, memory will live in the history of that counful remembrance of an age to come. Such has try's glory—and with Washington's, and Ham been the conduct, such the aim, and such, of ilton's, and Madison's, Marshall's and Patrick course, the doom of our distinguished neigh- Henry's, it will be embalmed in the hearts of bor and friend. Ambitious, we know, he has the virtuous and the wise, as long as eminent always been. But he has been ambitious- talents, signally devoted to the welfare of our not of office, nor of fleeting popularity-but of race, shall be revered among men. that sacred fame which follows and hallows! And, in some future age, when the young noble deeds. His ambition, totally unlike Kentuckian, with curious eye and palpitating that of the unprincipled egotist, has resem- heart, shall explore the Pantheon of illustri bled rather that nobler mould of Cato, or of ous Americans, soon attracted by the most Curtius. And this, more than triumphal honored group, he will there at once behold a scene, is only the dawn of that light with graceful and majestic statue of granite, and which time and the approving judgment of casting an anxious glance at the sculptured mankind will encircle his name. Already, pedestal, he will read, with unutterable emothis day, he enjoys, in retirement, a reward tions of gratitude and pridewhich no earthly place or title could ever confer.
HENRY CLAY, OF KENTUCKY. Without detaining you longer, I will announce the sentiment, to which the hearts of millions, now and for ages, will approvingly respond.
Men will differ in politics as in other things. But let them honestly differ, like christians and republicans, in a spirit of toleration and charity-and not, as untamed savages, with HENRY CLAY-Farmer of Ashland-Pathe brutal ferocity of hungry tigers. When triot and Philanthropist-the AMERICAN Stateswe explore his whole public life, the unrelent-man and Unrivalled Orator of the Age-illusing crusade, so spitefully and perseveringly trious abroad, beloved at home. In a long prosecuted by some leading men against this career of eminent public service, often, like venerable and unbending statesman, might re- Aristides, he breasted the raging storm of pasmind us of the saying of Tacitus-that, by sion and delusion, and by offering himself a murdering Helvidius, and Thrasea, and Seneca, sacrifice, saved the Republic; and now, like Nero expected to cut up public virtue by the Cincinnatus and Washington, having voluntaroots. Could the ostracism or ruin of such a rily retired to the tranquil walks of private man advance the glory or promote the happi- life, the grateful hearts of his countrymen ness of that country which he has so much will do him ample justice; but, come what honored and helped to save? Faultless, we may, Kentucky will stand by him, and still admit, he has not always been. Who on earth continue to cherish and defend, as her own, ever was, or will ever be? But, had he been the fame of a son who has emblazoned her eseven perfect, imperfect men would either not cutcheon with immortal renown. have known, or knowing, not acknowledged it. Blind allegiance to party is not only the canker of liberty, but the murderer of character also. Those who look through the microscope of a party or a faction, instead of seeing for themselves, in the open sunlight of heaven, will never behold anything as it is. Many have only seen our guest through this false medium: and they cannot, therefore, know or appreciate his true character. It is not our purpose, here, or elsewhere, to vouch for the rectitude of all he ever did, or said, or thought. But we may be allowed now to say that even those, whose estimate of him is most unfavorable, generally concede that he is high on the roll of the most distinguished men of the age, and acknowledge, moreover, that he has, through a long public life, stood steadfastly by his principles and maintained them, on all occasions, ably, boldly, and manfully. Let them then judge him by the golden rule.
[From the Obsv. & Reporter, 14th July, 1852.] BURIAL OF HENRY. CLAY.
Saturday last, the 10th of July, was a day ever to be remembered in our city. It was the day consecrated to the last solemn funeral rites to the remains of our illustrious friend and neighbor, HENRY CLAY, and will be remembered by all who had the honor of participating in the mournful exercises of the oceasion, not only because of the consignment then to their final place of repose of the remains of our great fellow-citizen, but as having been the occasion of a larger assemblage of people than was ever before congregated in the limits of our city, and of having been one general scene of mourning and sorrow. The pageant was, probably, never surpassed on any similar But whatever may be thought of him now, or occasion in the United States, and the testimowhatever may be his future destiny on earth, (no of respect and affection furnished by every
outward indication was such as no man save HENRY CLAY could have commanded.
We scarce know how to begin a description of this great and melancholy occasion. It was such a display as we are not in the habit of witnessing in the West, and the like of which we have never before been called on to portray. Were we to write a week, we could scarcely begin to do justice to the subject, and must crave the charity of our readers for falling so far short of that which we would have liked so much to have accomplished.
feelings toward the illustrious dead. Delegations from cities, towns and villages have waited on us. The pure and the lovely, the mothers and daughters of the land, as we passed, covered the coffin with garlands of flowers and bedewed it with tears. It has been no triumhpal procession in honor of a living man, stimulated by hopes of reward. It has been the voluntary tribute of a free and grateful people to the illustrious dead. We have brought with us, to witness the last sad ceremony, a delegation from the Clay Association of the city of New York, and delegations from the cities of Cincinnati and Dayton, in Ohio. Much as we have seen on our way, it is small compared with the great movement of popular sympathy and admiration which everywhere bursts forth in honor of the departed Statesman. The rivulets we have witnessed are concentrating, and in their union will form the ocean tide that shall lave the base of the pyramid of Mr. CLAY'S fame forever.
On Friday evening, the committee of the Senate, consisting of Messrs. Underwood, Cass, Houston, Jones, Fish and Stockton; the committee appointed by our citizens to escort the remains, accompanied by a committee from the city of New York, a committee from the citizens of Dayton, Ohio, the 'Clay Guards' of Cincinnati, and a deputation of seventy-six young men from Louisville, together with several military companies from the latter place arrived at the railroad depot in this city, in charge of the remains. The Hon. JOSEPH R. Mr. Chairman, and gentlemen of the LexUNDERWOOD, in behalf of the Senate's commit-ington Committee, I have but one remaining tee, there addressed the committee sent from this place to receive the remains, in a few feel ing and appropriate remarks, formally surrendering their precious charge to the care of the Lexington committee. His address was replied to by the Hon. GEORGE ROBERTSON, in an eloquent and touching manner. We are gratified to have it in our power to lay before our readers the remarks of both gentlemen, as fol
JUDGE UNDERWOOD'S ADDRESS.
duty to perform, and that is-to deliver to you, the neighbors and friends of Mr. CLAY, when living, his dead body for interment. From my acquaintance with your characters, and especially with your Chairman, who was my schoolmate in boyhood, my associate in the Legislature in early manhood, and afterwards a co-laborer for many years on the bench of the Appellate Court, I know that you will do all that duty and propriety require, in burying him whose last great services to his country were performed from Christian mo
Mr. Chairman, and Gentlemen of the Lexington tives, without hopes of office or earthly reCommittee:
JUDGE ROBERTSON'S REPLY.
Mr. OLAY desired to be buried in the Cemetery of your city. I made known this wish to the Senate after he was dead. That body, Senator Underwood, Chairman, and Associate in consideration of the respect entertained for Senators of the Committee of Conveyance: him, and his long and eminent public ser- Here, your long and mournful cortege at vices, appointed a committee of six Senators last ends-your melancholy mission is now to attend his remains to this place. My rela-fulfilled—and, this solemn moment, you distions to Mr. CLAY as his colleague, and as the solve your connexion with your late distinmover of the resolution, induced the President guished colleague of Kentucky. of the Senate to appoint me the Chairman of the Committee. The other gentlemen comprising the Committee are distinguished, all of them for eminent civil services, each having been the Executive Head of a State or Territory, and some of them no less distinguished for brilliant military achievements. I cannot permit this occasion to pass without an expression of my gratitude to each member of the Senate's Committee. They have, to testify their personal respect and appreciation of the character, private and public, of Mr. CLAY, left their seats in the Senate for a time, and honored his remains by conducting them to their last resting place. I am sure that you, gentlemen of the Lexington Committee, and the people of Kentucky, will ever bear my associates in grateful remembrance.
Our journey since we left Washington has been a continued procession. Everywhere, the people have pressed forward to manifest their
With mingled emotions of sorrow and of gratitude, we receive from your hands, into the arms of his devoted State and the bosom of his beloved city, all that now remains on earth of HENRY CLAY. Having attained, with signal honor, the patriarchal age of '76, and hallowed his setting sun by the crowning act of his eventful drama, a wise and benevolent PROVIDENCE has seen fit to close his pilgrimage, and to allow him to act-as we trust he was prepared to act-a still nobler and better part, in a purer world, where life is deathless. This was, doubtless, best for him, and, in the inscrutable dispensations of a benignant Almighty, best for his country.Still it is but natural that his countrymen, and his neighbors especially, should feel and exhibit sorrow at the loss of a citizen so useful, so eminent, and so loved.
And not as his associates only, but as Kentuckians and Americans, we, of Lexing
In this sacred and august presence of the
ton and Fayette, feel grateful for the unexampled manifestations of respect for his memory illustrious dead, were an eulogistic speech beto which you have so eloquently alluded as fitting the occasion, it could not be made by having, everywhere, graced the more than tri- me. I could not thus speak over the dead umphal procession of his dead body homeward body of HENRY CLAY. Kentucky expects from the National Capitol, where, in the pub- not me nor any other of her sons to speak his lic service, he fell with his armor on and un- eulogy now, if ever. She would leave that tarnished. We feel, Mr. Chairman, especially grateful task to other States and to other grateful to yourself and your colleagues here times. His name needs not our panegyric. The present for the honor of your kind accompa- earver of his own fortune-the founder of his nyment of your precious deposite to its last own name-with his own hands he has built home. Equally divided in your party names, his own monument, and with his own tongue equally the personal friends of the deceased, and his own pen he has stereotyped his autoequally sympathising with a whole nation in biography. With hopeful trust his maternal the Providential bereavement, and all distin- Commonwealth consigns his fame to the jusguished for your public services and the confidence of constituents,-you were peculiarly suited to the sacred trust of escorting his remains to the spot chosen by himself for their repose. Having performed that solemn serservice in a manner creditable to yourselves and honorable to his memory, Kentucky thanks you for your patriotic magnanimity. And allow me, as her organ, on this valedictory occasion, to express for her,as well as for myself and committee, the hope that your last days may be far distant, and that, come when they may, as they certainly must come, sooner or later, to all of you, the death of each of you may deserve to be honored by the grateful outpourings of national respect which signalise the death of our universally lamented CLAY.
Unlike Burke, he "never gave up to party what was meant for mankind." His intrepid nationality, his lofty patriotism, and his comprehensive philanthropy, illustrated by his country's annals for half a century, magnified him among Statesmen, and endeared him to all classes, and ages, and sexes of his countrymen. And, therefore, his name, like WASHINGTON'S, will belong to no party, or section, or time.
tice of history and to the judgment of ages to come. His ashes he bequeathed to her, and they will rest in her bosom until the judgment day; his fame will descend-as the common heritage of his country-to every citizen of that Union of which he was thrice the triumphant champion, and whose genius and value are so beautifully illustrated by his model life.
But, though we feel assured that his renown will survive the ruins of the Capitol he sc long and so admirably graced, yet Kentucky will rear to his memory a magnificent mausoleuma votive monument-to mark the spot where his relics shall sleep, and to testify to succeeding generations that our Republic, however unjust it may too often be to living merit, will ever cherish a grateful remembrance of the dead Patriot, who dedicated his life to his country and with rare ability, heroic firmness, and self-sacrificing constancy, devoted his talents and his time to the cause of Patriotism, of Liberty, and of Truth.
The remains were then placed in a hearse, and followed by the various committees, and a large concourse of citizens, were taken to Ashland-the home of the deceased patriot for Your kind allusion, Mr. Chairman, to rem fifty years, and now the spot whither many a niscences of our personal association, is cordi- pilgrimage will be made by the admirers of ally reciprocated-the longer we have known, true genius, public virtue and unselfish pathe more we have respected each other. Be triotism. The body was there placed in state, assured that the duty you have devolved on and a vigil kept over it during the night by a our Committee shall be faithfully performed. committee of young gentlemen selected for the The body you commit to us shall be properly purpose. interred in a spot of its mother earth, which, as "the grave of CLAY," will be more and more consecrated by time to the affections of mankind.
How different, however, would have been the feelings of us all, if, instead of the pulseless, speechless, breathless Clay, now in cold and solemn silence before us, you had brought with you to his family and neighbors the living man, in all the majesty of his transcendant moral power, as we once knew and often saw and heard him? But, with becoming resignation, we bow to a dispensation which was doubtless as wise and benificent as it was melancholy and inevitable.
The morning of Saturday rose clear and brilliant as the fame of him upon whose eye its light fell all unheeded; and the stately pines, planted by his own great hand, looked less like mourners, than green remembrancers of his immortal glory.
At an early hour the city was astir. Before sun-rise thousands of vehicles had arrived, and continuous and unbroken streams of carriages, equestrians and pedestrians, poured through every avenue to the city up to the hour fixed for the funeral. The streets-the windows--the house-tops-every place where the human foot could stand and the human eye could see, seemed to be taken hold of. To the accompanying committees from New And yet, it was all gloom and sadness. The York, Dayton and Cincinnati, we tender our mournful music--the muffled drum-the veiled profound acknowledgments for their voluntary colors of the soldiery-all conspired to render sacrifice of time and comfort to honor the ob-more solemn the imposing rites. sequies of our illustrious countryman.
At 9 o'clock, the Committee of the Senate;
the various Committees from other States; the The funeral services were then performed Committee of Arrangements; the Committee of by the Rev. Edw F. Berkley, Rector of Christ Escort sent to receive the body; a Committee (Episcopal) Church in this city, of which Mr. from the Masonic Fraternity and the all- CLAY was a member. The solemnity of this Bearers, repaired to Ashland to receive the ceremony, so imposing on even the most orbody. On a platform covered with black, in dinary occasions, was infinitely heightened front of the main entrance to the mansion at by the occasion of its present solemnization. Ashland, the body was placed. Over it were The funeral discourse of Mr. Berkley was elstrewn flowers of the choicest description. oquent and feeling in the highest degree. He Upon the centre of the burial case was placed spoke of the character of the great deceasedthe wreath, fashioned by the hand of one of his talents-his public virtue-his justicethe most gifted and distinguished of our and his matchless career. That portion of his countrywomen-Mrs. Ann S. Stephens-from address in which he alluded to the sacrifice of a rare flower-the "Immortelle." The wreath life by Mr. CLAY, in his efforts to procure the presented by the Clay Festival Association of passage of the measures of Adjustment, New York ornamented the top of the case; and thrilled every heart; and the effect of the enin rich profusion around it were placed bou-tire discourse upon his audience fully attested quets from Washington and Baltimore, and a the powers of the speaker.
laurel wreath from Philadelphia.
Address on behalf of the Deinologian Society, of Centre College, delivered at Danville on the 4th of July, 1834.
CENTRE COLLEGE, July 4, 1854.
Permit us, in our own name, and that of the Society which we represent, to expresss the high satisfaction that we have enjoyed this day, in listening to your excellent address, and earnestly to request that you will comply with the solicitation of the Society, contained in the following resolution, viz:
Resolved, That the thanks of this Society be presented to the Hon. George Robertson for his able and interesting address, delivered this day, and that he be solicited to grant us a copy for publication.
Very respectfully, your friends,
ROBERT M'KEOWN,) Committee of the
WILLIAM W. HILL,
ciety of C. C.
DANVILLE, July 4, 1834.
Although, as you must know, the address, a copy of which you have requested for publication, was prepared in very great haste, and, as I assure you, without any expectation that it would ever have any other publicity than its delivery this day gave it; yet I cannot refuse a cheerful compliance with your request. With all its imperfections it is now yours-do as you please with it.
Respectfully, your friend,