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less than 142,000,000 pounds did in 1824. dle states co-operate through their delegations, These facts shew the fluctuations and uncer- the objects recommended will all be effected. tainty of the foreign demand, and that the de- Some of the members from Pennsylvania, and mand may be now, and often is exceeded by no doubt some of those from Kentucky, voted the supply. What will follow when Greece against the Woollen's bill last winter, because and the Archipelago engage in the produc-it did not embrace some of the other subjects tion of cotton? It is believed that the Amer-noticed by the convention. We should be ican factories will shortly consume 40,600 pleased to see all these interests united in one bales of American cotton, of which 12,000 fate, and triumph together; but if all cannot bales will be manufactured for foreign mar-enlist, in their favor, the support of a majorikets. Even now, large quantities of Ameri-ty-GIVE US A PART. We are deeply incan coarse cotton goods are exported, and sold terested in each branch, although our interest profitably. Stop the American cotton facto- is more direct and immediate in some than in ries, and the price of raw cotton must fall, others. And if we can only sustain one now, nearly, if not quite 20 per cent., and cotton that success will enable us, by its effects, the goods must rise in more than a correspondent sooner and more certainly to gain all the othratio and thus make a double loss to the er objects which they have solicited. But if American people, and a double gain to for- all fail, we have the consolation to believe that eigners." it will not be our fault. We have endeavored To Kentucky, exhausted by incessant to do our duty, and in this endeavor we have drains of her specie to the East, to buy dry been animated by no other motive than an goods, and to the West, and North, and South, honest zeal for the welfare of our state and our to buy land, and cut off from a profitable nation. There are many honest men who do foreign market, the proposed measures of re- not concur with us in opinion on this subject. lief cannot be otherwise than most salutary. If our opponents are in the majority, we shall They will have a tendency to revive our quietly yield and patiently wait for the curdrooping agriculture, and give life and ani- rent of events to operate on the reason of the mation to our villages. They will stimulate, people. But if, as we believe, the convention and enable us to improve our roads and our are engaged in the cause of the people, we only rivers, and draw frrom our earth its abundant ask, from our adversaries, the same temper of resources. On the rocks of the Schuylkill, patient resignation. Our cause is the cause of five years since uninhabited, manufactures our country, and must prevail. We only ask have reared a flourishing village, (Manayunk) for ourselves the charity which we are willing containing upwards of 1500 manufacturers, to manifest for those who oppose us. We moral, industrious, useful and happy people. know that the subject is a delicate one, and Similar results have been effected by similar well calculated to produce diversity of opinmeans, at Lowell, in Massachusetts, and at ion among speculative men. Theory has been Weare and Somersworth, and many other long tried. We invite attention to the pracplaces. Such improvements are always the tical lessons which are pressed on our attennecessary cause or effect of canals or turnpike tion by our own history." roads-for cheap, sure and speedy transportation and travel.

All except the few who deny the power to protect manufactures by legislation, profess to The foregoing are a few (and only a few) of be in favor of a "judicious tariff." What is the considerations which prompted the recom- judicious at one time may be injudicious at mendation of the Harrisburgh Convention. another. What may suit one country may not We have neither the leisure nor the inclina- be adapted to the circumstances of another. tion to enter into elaborate argument in favor But the time has, in our opinion, arrived, when of this recommendation, nor a minute analysis hemp and flax, and their manufacturesof the facts which would sustain it. By or- Grain-Iron, and Wool and Woollens, deder of the convention, an address to the people mand further protection in the United States; of the United States is in preparation, and will and we have united with others in urging their shortly appear. This will be full, and, we just claims to public consideration. This is hope, satisfactory. We will endeavor to lay what we call, at this time, and in this counit before you as soon as it shall be published. try, a "judicious tariff"-and if there is an orWe had hoped that its earlier appearance ganized party, which is determined to oppose would have rendered this hasty and imperfect this domestic system as thus presented, and address unnecessary. But as we have been internal improvement, its handmaid, we trust disappointed in this, we feel it out duty to that this party will learn that this is the submit to you this immethodical statement of "American System," well approved by the some of the statistical facts, which, with oth- American people. ers, influenced our opinions, and which, we trust, will not be without their effect on yours, when you examine them carefully and make right deductions from them.

The recommendation is liberal and national. We have reason to expect that the Eastern members of Congress will generally favor the whole system, and if the western and mid




On the 18th of November, 1822, Mr. Robertson, then a member of the Kentucky Legislature, after having resigned his seat in Congress, offered to the members of the Assembly, convened in the Representative chamber, at his instance chiefly, resolutions recommending Henry Clay for President of the United States, and urged their adoption by a speech which has not been preserved. They were unanimously adopted, and a committee was appointed to correspond with other states on the subject. His colleagues, of the committee, having imposed on him the duty of preparing an address to the members of the Legislature of Ohio, he wrote the following letter, which they all signed, and copies of which were sent to the leading members of that body, and were responded to by the vote of Ohio for Mr. Clay. This was the first time he was supported for the Presidency. He was then in the 46th year of his age; and the day of his said nomination was the 32d anniversary of Mr. Robertson's birth.

The letter to Mr. CLAY, which succeeds that to the citizens of Ohio, is now published in this volume, because it contains some evidence of personal knowledge on a subject which malice had made unjustly annoying to Mr. CLAY and his friends: and the address by the people of Garrard follows for a like reason.

The salutatory and valedictory addresses which follow, are deemed worthy of a place in the same volume, as slightly illustrative of the character and fame of Mr. CLAY. The first was delivered on the 9th of June, 1842, on the occasion of a magnificent festive assemblage of more than 10,000 of his fellow-citizens, male and female, on the ground now used as the Fair Ground, near Lexington, convened to meet Mr. CLAY on his return home, after resigning his seat in the Senate. And the last was delivered on the 9th of July, 1852, on the arrival of his dead body in Lexington, and the delivery of it to the committee of reception, by the Senate's committee, who attended it from the National Capitol.

And it was thought best to disregard chronological order, and group all these little addresses together. As connected with the last address, that of the Chairman of the Senatorial Committee, with an extract from the Observer & Reporter of the 14th of June, are also here re-published.


FRANKFORT, Ky., November 20, 1822. preceded them in the declaration of their At a joint meeting of the members of the wishes. But as the session of the legislature two Houses of the General Assembly of Ken- here will terrainate probably before or about tucky, informally convened at this place on the commencement of yours, it was not the 18th instant, Henry Clay was unanimous- supposed probable that, if you should choose ly recommended to the people of the United to make any expression of your opinions, States, as a proper person to succeed James it could reach here prior to our adjournMonroe as President thereof, by a resolution, ment; and therefore it was not deemed proper. an enclosed copy of which we take the liberty longer to delay the adoption of the enclosed to submit to you. A committee of correspon-resolution. dence was also at the same time appointed, It will be extremely gratifying to us, if the composed of the undersigned, and we beg state of Ohio should coincide and co-operate leave now to address you on this occasion, in with that of Kentucky on this interesting subdischarge of the duty thus imposed. ject. The weight and influence to which your It is perhaps a source of deep and general state is justly entitled from her position in the regret, that there is not any mode, perfectly Union, her patriotism and her population, unexceptionable, of collecting and proclaim- must and should give to any public manifestaing public sentiment on the very important tion of her opinions and wishes on any subquestion of Presidential succession. Congres-ject, but more especially on that of the next sional caucuses, which have been generally Presidential election, a most controlling and used as the organs of popular opinion, are lia-extensive effect.


ble, certainly, to many and serious objections. Whilst we frankly admit the possibility of The substitution of the state legislatures, al- a bias on our part, towards a fellow-citizen though not entirely free from all objection, is whom we have long and intimately known in not so obnoxious to public reprehension as private as well as public relations, unless we any other mode which has been adopted or are very much deceived, the many pledges he has given his countrymen of a capacity and Some one or more of the gentlemen in the disposition to promote the general welfare, are executive department at Washington, seem to as notorious, as numerous and as strong, as be considered ex-officio candidates for the any which have been furnished by either of Presidency. In regard, therefore, to an indi- the distinguished individuals towards whom vidual in the private walks of life, as he does public attention is now directed. It is not our not challenge public attention by the glare or purpose, nor is it necessary to pronounce an patronage of office, if it be thought proper to eulogium, nor to dilate upon, or even enumepresent him to the Union as a fit person for rate the many and signal services which he the chief magistracy, there seems to be a pecu-has rendered to our common country. They liar propriety in bringing him forward under speak for themselves in a most emphatic lanthe auspices of respectable portions of the guage, and are identified with the most imcommunity at large. Difference of opinion portant transactions of the Union during the may, and probably does exist, as to the most last fifteen years. We might recall your reproper time when this should be done; but the collection to the impartial, dignified, and unimembers of the general assembly of Ken-versally satisfactory manner in which he pretucky were impressed with the belief, that if, sided, for a series of years, in the House of Reon the one hand, it was unadvisable to exhib-presentatives of the United States, during the it a premature anxiety, on the other, it was important that there should not be a culpable procrastination, indicating a careless indifference about the object.

It was believed, moreover, that if they permitted the present occasion to pass without any expression of their wishes, it would be too late, hereafter, to have any effect on the formation of the general sentiment.

hottest contentions of party; to the efficient and distinguished part which he bore in the declaration and prosecution of the late war; to his agency in the negotiation of peace, and in the convention of London, the basis of all our subsequent foreign connexions. We might remind you also of the zeal with which he ever espoused the cause of internal improvement, and that which he successfully displayed in Indulging the hope that there may be a con- the extension and completion of the Cumbercurrence of opinion between Ohio and Ken-land road. We might point you further to the tucky on this subject, it was the sincere desire of the members of the general assembly of the latter, that those of the former should have

deep solicitude he exhibited in the support of home manufactures, so essential to the prosperity of the United States; nor can the friends

The western states are distant from the seat of the general government, and from the mass of the population of the Eastern states. If they display an indifference on this interesting subject-if they fail to manifest their wishes by an unequivocal declaration of them, their sentiments may be unknown or misunderstood, and their weight unfelt. But when our opinions shall be known, if united, we have every reason, from our attachment, invariably displayed toward the Union, to anticipate, from the justice and magnanimity of the other parts of the confederacy, a kind and favorable hearing and a just decision.

of liberty ever forget the ardent and intrepid ble countenance nothing can be achieved? perseverance which he evinced in the cause of There can, we would hope, be but one answer Spanish America, so dear to every Western to these questions in the West. If there be a bosom. Even on the memorable occasion of coincidence of opinion between us on this the proposed restriction on Missouri, although subject, and also as to the person who should we know that you differed from us, we are per- be selected, should we not endeavor, by all suaded that you will be ready to do justice to fair and honorable means, to effect the common the motives by which (if mistaken) he was object? animated, of preserving the constitution from what he believed would be a violation, of maintaing the general tranquility, and of upholding the rights of the several states to judge separately, and for themselves, on that delicate and difficult question. We apprehend that no mistake could be greater than that which would impute to him the wish to extend the acknowledged evils of slavery; for we are persuaded that no one entertains a stronger sense of its mischiefs than he does, or a more ardent desire, by all prudent and constitutional means, to extirpate it from our land. We believe that it is his deliberate opinion, that in any state, in which, from the relative proportion of the slave to the free population, the experimet may be safely made-a gradual emancipation ought to be encouraged and effected. And some of us happen to know that, more than twenty years ago, when the present constitution of Kentucky was adopted, conceiving that such a comparative proportion then existed here, he exerted himself in favor of a as most proper to effect the object, by animatgradual abolition of slavery.

For the purpose of drawing the attention of Ohio to this subject immediately, and of soliciting her serious examination of the considerations which we have herein ventured to offer, we have thought proper to address you, not in your official, but private character, hoping and requesting that you will make such use of this letter as your good sense may recommend

has made a similar recommendation. If Ohio
can be induced to act in unison with Ken-
tucky, you cannot fail to see the great impor-
tance of her doing it without delay. Hoping
that you will receive this communication in
the spirit in which it is made, and that you will
use it advantageously, we beg leave to sub-
scribe onrselves your

Friends and Fellow-citizens,

ing Ohio, if possible, to an immediate co-operWhile Mr. Clay has employed, in the nation-ation with Kentucky and Missouri, which al councils, his best exertions to advance the general weal, he has not been an inefficient or careless advocate of our peculiar interests in the West. His exertions to obtain relief to the purchasers of the public lands, in consequence of the extraordinary and unforseen embarrassment of the times, are well known. Many years ago, in the Senate, he yielded his best support to a measure, having for its object the removal of the obstruction, at the falls, to the navigation of the Ohio river; and lately, at his instance, an appropriation of public money was made to explore, by skillful engineers, that river and the Mississippi, with the view to the improvement of their navigation. When abroad, far distant from us all, we have much reason to believe that he made every effort in his power to liberate the Mississippi from an odious and arrogant pretension, and to prevent the exertion of a pernicious foreign in







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fluence on the Indian tribes, by an interdict of INVITATION OF MR. CLAY TO A GARBritish traders from among them. He has, as far as we have understood, uniformly supported every measure in Congress, calculated to At a Barbecue, near Lancaster, on the 4th of increase among us the expenditure of public July, 1827, the following resolutions were money on legitimate national objects, and unanimously adopted, by a large company asthereby to diminish the evil of an inremitted sembled from different neighborhoods, in the drain eastwardly, of the circulating medium. county of Garrard: Is it desirable to have a Western President, Resolved, That as a testimony of the confiwho, while he will not be unmindful of his dence of the people of Garrard, in the patriotduty to the whole, is well acquainted with ism, talents, and integrity of their distinour peculiar interests, and is capable of an ad-guished countryman, Henry Clay, he be invantageous exhibition of them? Is it desira-vited to a public dinner, to be given him at ble that the West should fairly participate in Lancaster, at such time as may be most conthe executive government of the Union-that venient to him.

initiatory department, without whose favora.

Resolved, That George Robertson, John

Yantis, Elijah Hyatt, Robert M'Connell, Wm. thus far, in a manner which could not be disB. Parrow, Thomas Kennedy, Thomas Millan, paraged by a comparison with any preceding Simeon H. Anderson, John Rout, Daniel administration-who is national and liberal in O'Bannon, John Faulkner and John B. Jen- his principles, impartial in his favors, honnings, be appointed a committee to commu-est and patriotic in all his purposes-who was nicate to Mr. Clay, the desire of the people of the choice of a large majority of the people of Garrard to welcome him to their simple hospitality, in thier own county.


LANCASTER, 5th July, 1827.

the United States, as a fair induction of acknowledged facts will demonstrate the choice of General Jackson himself (next to himself)-the choice of your own districtand, as I have never doubted, the choice (in I am instructed by the committee, ap- preference to the "Hero") of the people of pointed in the 2d of the enclosed resolutions, Kentucky. Your knowledge of the disparity to invite you to a Public Dinner, proposed to of the rival candidates, in fitness for so high be given you by the county of Garrard, at a station-your devotion to the cause of interwhatever time shall be most convenient to nal improvement and domestic manufactures yourself during your sojourn in Kentucky; and your regard for the welfare and the constiI am also instructed by the committre to as-tution of your country, left you no safe, or consure you of their individual respect and undi-sistent, or honorable alternative. Even your minished confidence, notwithstanding the cal-enemies cannot deny, that they had no right to umnies of factious and disappointed men.

Allow me to add that, in making this com- and your opinions, that you would vote for expect, from a knowledge of your principles munication, it is peculiarly gratifying to me, Gen. Jackson; and many of them candidly adat this eventful conjuncture of our affairs, local mit that you could not have done so consistas well as national, to be the organ of the good ently. And if you had suffered yourself to be wishes for your welfare, and for the success of your cause, which are felt and have been most parricidal act, it would be quite easy to tempted or provoked to such a suicidal and signally manifested by my county-a county show that you could not have made him which, if distinguished for nothing else, has President. I have personal reasons, too, for some acknowledged claims to a good name, knowing, if any man living can know, that in for the constancy and disinterestedness, and voting for Adams, and accepting the station (I will say) consequently, the general rectitude of its political opinions; and my gratifi- you now hold in his Cabinet, your motives cation is in no small degree increased, by the selfish aim or expectation. were pure and patriotic, uninfluenced by any fitness of the opportunity which this occasion offers me, to bear my humble testimony in your behalf, against the calumnious charges of Gen. Jackson, and some of his disappointed friends.

did. I never doubted that the vote of KenI never doubted that you would act as you tucky would not be given to Gen. Jackson, under any circumstances: or that the votes of Illinois and Missouri would not be given to him, Associated with you for years in a public whatever your course might have been. And for service, then full of peril and difficulty, I the people of Kentucky, I will say, that I do have ever found, in your political conduct, not believe they ever were in favor of electing unquestioned purity of motive, elevation of Gen. Jackson President of the United Statessentiment, undisguised frankness, and invin- although, in his famous Harrodsburg letter, he cible intrepidity. But these claims (strong and undeniable as they are) to the approbation and gratitude of your country, are multiplied and enhanced by the incidents connected with the last three years of your life.

intimates that you and Mr. Adams are corrupt, and are engaged in a crusade against the people, and that He is their great Atlas.

Go on as you have done "be just and fear not"-and that Government which is the best, The late Presidential election placed you in and that administration which is the cheapest a situation singularly delicate and responsi- in the world, will continue to prosper more ble. Unawed by threats, and unseduced by and more, until their complete triumph. In. promises or hopes, you obeyed the dictates of ordinary times, it would not be proper, or con-a sound mind and a pure conscience, and fear- sistent with my self-respect, to address you lessly contributed, by your vote, to the elec- in a style so unusual, and which, by some tion of an individual eminently qualified in might be deemed adulatory. But I felt it due every way for the high trust one who had to truth, and to a just magnanimity, recollectserved his country at home and abroad, for ing, as I do, that our public intercourse and forty years, faithfully and successfully-one personal acquaintance commenced under cirwho enjoyed the confidence and friendship of cumstances not the most propitious to the inWashington, Jefferson, Madison and Monroe terchange cf kind feelings or favorable opin-one who concurs with you in the policy ions. Believing that the same intimate best adapted to promote the prosperity and en- knowledge which I have acquired of your sure the union and harmony of these states- character, by long and scrutinizing observa who cherishes and advocates, and will encour- tion, will produce the same effects on others age to the limit of constitutional power, the that I am happy to avow it has had on me, I American system of roads and canals, of do- cherish the expectation that, ere long, many of mestic industry, and of a diffusive education-those who, from prejudice or delusion, are one who has administered the government, counted your enemies, will be numbered

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