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the Nation, and who, in endeavoring to carry out their no-social, civil, and religious societies of all nations, (under a farious schemes, have deluged the land with blood and never before enjoyed measure of Heavenly favor,) and permultiplied widows and orphans in all our borders, should fected, in a never before known greatness-here, where, stand upon the page of history as a warning to conspirators through the help of God with a strong arm, thus wrested froin against the rights of men in all future ages. the grasp of Despotism, consecrated with their own blood, In common with our fellow citizens we feel the burdens one of the best human governments that ever existed, and of this terrible struggle for national existence and the with it a country that should become a place of secure retrights of humanity. We enjoy no immunity from the uge for all the oppressed of the earth; but where Satan, perils it involves. Some of the preachers of our denomi- the arch enemy of God and man, planted the upas of nation have bravely led their men upon the field of battle, Slavery and man-brutalization, this excrescence of hell and and have nobly fallen in the sanguinary strife. Our bro- sum total of all meanness and villainy, and through the thers and our sons are still at the post of danger, or have poisonous curse to subvert this heritage of free men, to be laid down their lives for our beloved country. Should the made the stage of unheard-of abominations and sufferings, war continue, we are liable to be called upon to follow the burying-place of pure religion, liberty, and civilization, their example. As Christians and as men we deprecate and, indeed the hopes of the world; and where further this great effusion of blood, and we devoutly and unitedly men who at the price of all higher motives and designs, pray for the return of peace. But we would have a peace driven by avarice and lust of power, for more than thirty that promises to be permanent in its character and benefi- years, worked according to a well laid plan for the subvercial in its results: Therefore sion of the Constitution, the dissolution of the Union, and the overthrow of the Government, until at last, on the 12th day of April, 1861, by the first fire on the banner of the stars and stripes on Fort Sumter, made known that they were ready to carry out their treasonable design.

Resolved, That as much as we deprecate the suffering caused by the civil war now raging in our land, we have no desire to have it stop until the rebellion is thoroughly subdued and Slavery, its guilty cause, is completely and forever extinguished in all our borders.

Resolved, That while we keep ourselves aloof from all party strife, we do most cordially sustain the Government in its efforts to subdue the rebellion, and especially in the emancipation policy; and we trust it will go on in the same direction until all their rights as men are restored to the colored race.

In view of these facts, be it, by us, the delegates of the several annual conferences of the Evangelical Association, in General Conference assembled, on the 19th day of October, A. D., 1863, solemnly

Resolved, 1. That notwithstanding our conviction that war and bloodshed is a terrible evil, and the extremely de plorable consequence of sin, in opposition to the spirit of Christianity, and its existence to be deeply deplored in our so-called Christian land; but inasmuch as the present terrible war raging in our land, was caused by the insurrection of a band of traitors and rebels, against the life and existence of the nation itself, whose chief object is the declass over the larger-the laboring class, which constitutes Resolved, That we render devout thanksgiving to God the germ of the nation; the dishonoring of labor itself, for the recent victories he has given our armies, and we and the extension and perpetuation of slavery;-in conwill devoutly pray the Lord of Hosts to continue His in-sideration of these undeniable facts it is the imperative terpositions in behalf of our nation, and give success to our duty of our Government, to use the sword eutrusted to it arms, and restore peace and prosperity to our land, and of God, in defense of our rights, the execution of the laws, establish our free institutions on the firm foundation of the protection of our free institutions, the maintenance of universal righteousness and justice. our forever indissoluble and inseparable Union, in accordance with the Constitution upon which it rests, and finally to punish the rebels against our Government, and it is the holiest duty of every citizen, faithfully to support the Government in the important duties devolving upon the

Resolved, That, while we do not believe in any unnecessary intermeddling with the political opinions of individuals, yet we do not see how any who sympathize with slaveholding and with the slave-holders' rebellion can consistently belong to the Free Methodist Church, or, indeed, to any religious body professing to be governed by the princi-struction of liberty, the exaltation of a comparatively small ples of the New Testament.

Chairman of Committee.




October 1-The body met in Buffalo.


2. Resolved, That we cannot conceal the fact, that only the prevalent deep moral and religious corruption, in all the walks of life, made it possible to inaugurate its bloody struggle; therefore we acknowledge the same as a well

October 19-The Committee on the State of merited chastisement of God, and rebuking admonition to the Country made two reports, as follows:


Your Committee has the honor to lay the following report on the State of the Country before the Conference for consideration:

repentance and reformation, which applies particularly to the too worldly-minded church, and upon the heeding of which admonition depends the salvation of our country.

3. Resolved, That a republican form of Government can only exist where the principles of the Christian religion are deeply rooted in common life, and constitute the predominant element, where it is the mission, especially of the Christian ministry, to watch over the Christian religion, that it may not become the handmaid of unscrupulous demagogues or that the free discussion of such questions as relate to the temporal welfare of the people may not be prejudiced, but on the contrary, that the life of the whole

The great truth that God governs the world, and in his providence presides over the destinies of man, is not only founded on his Being and attributes, but it also stands legibly enstamped on every page of the History of the Human Race, and it cannot be misrepresented that the Supreme Ruler has, in all the alternations, in the struggle raging be-nation be pervaded by the spirit and essence of Christianity. tween the powers of light and darkness, ever since the Fall, so directed the course of events, that each of them brought man nearer the great end of his destination, viz: the emancipation from the dominion of evil, and the investiture of all with an equal title to the enjoyment of life, liberty and happiness.

with increased liberties.

4. Resolved, That we consider the fact, that the peacea ble occupations in the Northern States have made undis turbed progress, and rejoice in an extraordinary advance, that the national prosperity and strength of our Govern ment has attained a degree, which it did not reach in the long years of peace, as unmistakable evidences that it is The present inexcusable and unholy rebellion, that is God's gracious design and good will that our nation should now raging in our land, is nothing less than the expression come forth tried and purified, and that this Union of states, and the outward appearance of the great world-wide strug-established on the principles of the Bible, shall be continued, gle between the forever inalienable rights of mankind, on the one hand, and the unrighteousness of falsehood and ty ranny on the other; in the status into which this world struggle, under the immediate righteous government of God, and the special elements of our national existence, has entered, and where both antagonistic powers are more fuily expressed, and stand opposed to each other in a more rugged form, than has been the case heretofore of the theatre of history;-here, where for more than two hundred years, Liberty has found an asylum in the wilderness against the despotic oppression and papal persecutions of Europe where the God-confiding Pilgrim Fathers, a company of persecuted Protestant Christians, laid the cornerstone of this republic, and its glorious institutions of "Lib-ent administration to inaugurate measures for its ultimate erty and Equality," according to the principles of the Holy Scriptures, for futurity--here, where in later years, the brave sons of these worthy ancestors, have laid this divinely selected foundation stone, reared on it the ideal of

5. Resolved, That in the midst of our national concus sion, we behold the indubitable proofs of the favor of God in the fact, that He has given us rulers who, by their able statesmanship, have given their official acknowledgment of the higher Government of God over them, and by their well-tried probity and distinguished administration of the Government, have shown themselves worthy of the undivided confidence of the nation.

6. Resolved, That, as slavery is a social, moral, and civil evil, and the great cause of the present rebellion, we deem its continuance as incompatible with the exalted mission of our nation; and hence look upon the efforts of the presextinction, as righteous and patriotic; and therefore recog nize also the so-called Emancipation Proclamation of the President, in his capacity of Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, as well as the sus

pension of the Writ of Habeas Corpus, as constitutional | and assure then of our prayers, while the patriotic dead and in the highest degree proper measures for the sup- shall ever live fresh in our memories. pression of the present insurrection.

7. Resolved, That we will not omit, as becoming our office and work, as preachers of the Gospel, to support the Government in every proper measure, which it may employ for the suppression of the rebellion, and the restoration of perce, and that we earnestly exhort all our members, according to the doctrine of the Bible, and profession of religion, to manifest toward the Government reverence, fidelity, and obedience, and not to neglect to pray for the sume and the welfare of our country.

8. Resolved, That we consider the political partisanism, where the interests of the country and religion are made of less importance than party interests, and are sacrificed inconsiderately-as entirely unworthy of a Christian citizen: and therefore urgently admonish our preachers and members to abstain from all such folly.

9. Resolved, That we appreciate the patriotism and bravery of our fellow-citizens, who have sacrificed the comforts of domestic life, and took up arms in defense of their country, and heartily sympathize with them and their families, and remember the sufferings and sacrifices which they have endured for the deliverance of the Union and preservation of the Republic, or may yet endure, that we will support them with word and deed, and will ever remember them in our prayers.

10. Resolved, That we will not omit to call upon God, to pour out His Spirit in an abundant measure upon the Church of our laud, and upon the nation in general, that He will redeem our nation from its sin, eradicate its guilt, and speedily grant us a just and permanent peace.








S. G. RHOADS, Committee.


Whereas the majority report of the Committee on the state of the country contains expressions which we cannot conscientiously endorse; therefore we submit the followWhereas a wicked and causeless rebellion is still raging over a great part of our country, threatening our civil and religious liberties, imperiling the glorious Union of these states, and aiming, as we believe, at the overthrow of our glorious Republic; and

Whereas the Government of the United States, in its efforts to put down this wicked and gigantic insurrection, should have the undivided support of every citizen, who loves his country, and the heaven-born institutions of freedom, bequeathed unto us by our fathers; and

Whereas Slavery is a great moral, social, and political evil, one of the primary causes of this unreasonable rebellion; therefore,

Resolved, That we disapprove of the entire system of Slavery, and fully endorse the sentiments expressed in our Church Discipline. Whereas much injury has been done in Christian communities by undue participation in political party strife; therefore,

Resolved, That we deeply regret that some permit themselves to be carried away by such party strife, and indulge in contemptuous epithets, and thereby ferment discord, and alienate brotherly feeling to such a degree that the interests of religion and the country become secondary matters and we hereby disapprove of such conduct as highly culpable and unworthy a Christian and especially a minister. Whereas in God alone is our help and safety; therefore, Resolved, That we call upon all Christians, everywhere, to unite with us in giving thanks to our great Bebefactor for the many tokens of Good, which He in the midst of our calamities manifests unto us, at the same time confessing before God our many national sins, deprecating His wrathi, and with us call upon God to give wisdom to our Rulers, and their legal advisers, discretion to our officers, and courage to our soldiers; that He may turn the hearts of the rebels from the errors of their ways; and upon the whole, to direct the course of events that victory may perch upon our banner, the tide of treason may flow backward, rebellion be crushed, and the balmy days of peace and prosperity may soon return and smile upon us again, and the Star Spangled Banner wave over the entire land of the free and home of the brave.



FOR THE MAJORITY REPORT-Messrs. J. J. Esher, R. Dubs, H. Huelster, M. Lauer, J. Stull, A. Stahly, J. Fuchs, S. G. Rhoads, S. Neitz, J. Yeakel, J. P. Leib, J. Schell, J. Koehl, G. T. Haines, L. Snyder, Fr. Hoffman, F. Krecker, H. Stetzel, E. Kobr, J. M. Young, C. F. Deininger, L. May, C. Lindeman, A. Niebel, J. Rank, J. G. Pfeuffer, J. L. W Seibert, S. B. Kring, L. Jacoby, J. D. Jenui, M. Lehn, S. Weber, F. Herlan, G. F. Spreng, J. G. Zinser, John Dreisbach, C. M. Reinhold, John Walz, D. Strohman, G. Haley, L. Sheuerman, C. A. Munk, F. Frech, C. Cupp, S. A. Tobias, C. Hummel, C. Shæfle, Chr. Augenstein, E. Musselman, R. Rolland, Jos. Schneider, J. G. Esher, L. Buehler, C. A. Schuake, S. Dickover, I. Kuter, J. Keiper, M W. Steffey, Joseph Weber, A. B. Shaefer, G. G. Platz, and M.

Hoehn. 62.

FOR THE MINORITY REPORT-J. Young, P. Wagner, S. W. Seibert, and M. J. Carothers. 4.


I have not been able to ascertain that any council or body of the Church has made a declaration on the subject. Several of the Bishops have, on sundry occasions. Bishop Hughes undertook a mission to Europe in the interest of the Government. His successor, Bishop McCloskey, at the late thanksgiving for victories, ordered a general observance of the day in his diocese, with appropriate services in the churches. Bishop Wood, of Philadelphia,

Whereas we recognize the hand of God, in the destinies of all the nations of the earth; therefore, Resolved, That while we deeply deplore the existence of this fratricidal strife, and the necessity of bloodshed in the maintenance of the Union, nevertheless we believe it to be the duty of the Government to use every legitimate and constitutional means to suppress the abominable spirit of treason, exterminate rebellion, and, by the blessing of God, restore peace and union to our now distracted country. Resolved, That we conceive it to be the duty of all, especially of every Christian, to sustain the Government in this hour of peril, by prayer, obedience, and every proper means, in its efforts to suppress this cruel rebellion, and to pray that God may grant wisdom to our rulers, and effi-issued this paper:

ciency to our arms.

To the Clergy and Faithful of the Diocese of Philadelphia: Greeting:

Resolved, That while we acknowledge God as the Supreme Ruler of the universe, and the Dispenser of the great events of nations, we, at the same time, acknowledge We cheerfully call your attention to the invitation of his these calamities to be a just chastisement for our national Excellency, the President of the United States, who, in ansins, such as ingratitude, Sabbath-desecration, pride, revel-nouncing the recent successes of the Union arms, desires ry, profanity, infidelity, slavery, &c., and the present con- that all should unite in thanksgiving, supplications and flict, a struggle between the spirit of liberty and despot-prayers to the Great Ruler of the destinies of nations. ism; therefore we humbly bow to the chastening rod of the Almighty, confess our sins as a nation, praying that He may in His wrath remember mercy, mitigate the infliction of deserved punishment, and overrule this commotion, that the nation may come forth purified, His name glorified, and His purposes accomplished.

Whereas this terrible struggle has been, and still is fraught, with the loss of property, friends, health, life and limb, bringing distress, sorrow, and mourning into many families, while thousands of our brave fellow-citizens are still undergoing the privations of soldier's life, therefore,

Resolved, That we deeply sympathize with them in their losses and privations, especially with the sick and wounded,

Let us, therefore, send up our thanksgivings to God for the merciful dispositions of His Divine Providence in our regard, and pour forth our earnest supplications that His Divine blessing may descend upon us, and procure for us the inestimable fruit of national harmony and fraternal


We request the Reverend Pastors to recite for this intention at the last Mass on Sunday, the Litany of the Saints, and to add such devotions as they may deem appropriate to the occasion.

Pax Domini sit semper vobiscum.
Given at Philadelphia this 9th day of September, A. D.
Bishop of Philadelphia.


Archbishop Kenrick, of Baltimore, September | "powers" which the Apostle commands us to obey, and

2, 1861, issued an address to the clergy of the diocese of Baltimore, directing the use "on all Sundays at the parochial Mass," of a prayer for the President of the United States, and for the authorities generally, being that framed by John Carroll and prescribed in 1791.

Archbishop John B. Purcell, of Cincinnati, published this Address on a like occasion:

The President of the United States and the Governor of the State of Ohio having, in conformity with a most proper and a time-honored practice, appointed the fourth Thursday of November as a day of devout thanksgiving to the Almighty God for His mercies; of humiliation for our sins; and of supplication for peace; we hereby ordain that the Catholic congregations of this diocese be earnestly exhorted by their pastors to meet in their respective churches on the day above specified, and assist in becoming sentiments of gratitude, penitence and prayer at the great Eucharistic, explatory and impetratory Sacrifice of the New Law.

We, Catholics, have largely shared in the blessings of health, abundant harvests and exemption from the ravages of war which God has granted to the people of the North. Our sins have as largely morited the chastisement which has overtaken our erring brethren of the South, and which has cost the life-blood of so many thousands of our own brave soldiers who left their pleasant homes to check the advance of the foe and confine the deadly strife to the battle fields on which it madly originated. Our hopes of future happiness on earth are vain if the peace, the prosperity, the progress in arts, sciences and religion which have distinguished us among all the nations of the earth for fourscore and eight years, and which, under the Divine blessing, are mainly attributable to our Constitution and Union, be not continued by the maintenance of that Union and the elimination of those defects which Christian civilization and our own experience have shown us the Constitution contained. It therefore becomes our solemn duty to observe with no ordinary fervor the National holiday; and as we cannot enjoy, and should not desire, peace, happiness and independence except in the society of our fellow-citizens, we should pray for and promote, by every means in our power, their welfare as well as our own.

We confess that it has greatly pained us to hear that certain rash, irreverent and thoughtless men of our communion have denounced and abused the Government, the Administration, and their abettors. Now, God commands us to bless and curse not. And when bad men cursed the supporters of the Government, did they not reflect that they cursed the more than hundreds of thousands of Catholic voters, and Catholic soldiers of our army who defend that Government in the field? Did they not reflect that its downfall would be hailed with acclammation by our own hereditary oppressors, across the ocean? Did they reflect that if political salvation is ever to reach a far distant and beloved island, it must come to it from these United States which they would sever?

There is no justifying cause or reason to curse the Government or the Administration. They did not commence this war. They could scarcely bring themselves to believe that it was seriously commenced, even when forts had fallen and the blood of our people was shed by the hands of the South. And when force had to be repelled by force, when armies had to be raised and, therefore, troops to be drafted to raise the blockade of our rivers and stem the tide of aggression, what more did our Government do than was done in the South? Where in the North was the draft, the conscription, enforced as ruthlessly and as indiscriminately as in the South? Where was the citizens' property confiscated without compensation for the alleged uses of the Government, as it was in the South? We have conversed with Irish Catholic refugees from Georgia, from Arkansas, from Alabama and other Southern States, and we know how they were stripped of their money and their clothes, and cast into prison when they refused to go into the ranks of the Confederate army. Many an Irish laborer told us in the hospitals here and elsewhere, that when the war broke out in the South and the public works were suspended, they were either violently conscripted, or had to enlist or starve.

We do not adduce these facts to excite unkind feelings against the South, but to put to shame the journalists of the North, especially the Freeman's Journal and the Metropolitan Record, of New York, who instigated our too confiding people to evil words and deeds, and the people themselves who patronized such journalists and were duped and deceived by their malignity.

It is time, therefore, now that the election is past, that all should return to their sober second thought, and that we should rally round the constituted authorities, the

thus presenting an undivided front to the enemy, re-estab lish the Union, without which there can be no panacea, present or prospective, for the ills they suffer. The South beholding us thus of one mind, will, we devoutly trust, hasten to make peace, and we, on our side, will show them that we are ready and willing to make greater sacrifices for peace and union with them than ever we made for war. The Reverend Clergy will please recite the Litany of the

Saints, in union with their beloved flock, before Mass, re

peating three times the two prayers for peace, and the
prayer: O God, who by sin art offended, and by repentance
pacified, &c.
Archbishop of Cincinnati.

CINCINNATI, 13th Nov., 1864.



This Address was adopted:

To the President, Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America:

At the yearly meeting of Friends, held in Philadelphia, for Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and the Eastern Shore of Maryland, by adjournment from the twelfth day of the fifth month to the sixteenth of the same, inclusive, Anno Domini one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two, The following minute was read, united with, directed to be signed by the clerks, and forwarded:

This meeting has been introduced into a deep concern relative to the present condition of our country. Our minds have been directed to those who preside over our National Government, and gratitude has been felt to the Great Ruler of Nations that he has so far moved the hearts of these that they have decreed the District of Columbia free from slavery. We earnestly desire that the Chief Magistrate of the Nation and our Congress may, in this season of deep trial, humbly seek Divine guidance, that under this influence they may act for the cause of justice and mercy, in that wisdom which is pure, peaceable and profitable to direct, and that the effusion of blood may be stayed.

Signed by direction and on behalf of the meeting afore


Clerk of the Women's Meeting. WILLIAM GRISCOM,

Clerk of the Men's Meeting.


The body adopted this address :

To the President, Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States:

This Memorial of the Representative Committee, or Meet-
ing for Sufferings of the Religious Society of Friends,
of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and adjacent
parts of Maryland, respectfully showeth, that
We respect, honor and love this Government, which we
believe Divine Wisdom has placed over us, and because of
this, we desire that it may, in no particular, be found striv-
ing against God, or persecuting His children, however hum-
ble in position or numbers they may be.

Under the present law of Congress, every able-bodied citizen within certain ages, in time of war, is liable to be called upon by the Government to bear arms in its defence. We represent a people who cannot comply with this law without disobeying the command of God to them.

Neither can they furnish a substitute or pay any equivalent or fine imposed for exemption from military service, because in so doing, they feel that they would implicate themselves in a violation of their conscientious scruples in this respect.

We hold, that the doctrine that human governments are ordained of God, does not imply the infallibility of those who administer them, and gives them no right to require us to violate our allegiance to the Almighty, who is sovereign Lord of conscience, and whose right it is to rule and reign in the hearts of His children.

For more than two hundred years our Society has held the doctrine, that all wars and fightings were forbidden to them, as followers of Christ-differing in this respect from nearly all other associations of men claiming the Christian name.

For asserting and maintaining this, and other testimonies of the "Truth as it is in Jesus," they were brought under cruel persecution, enduring the despoiling of their estates, incarceration in prisons and loathsome dungeons, and death.

Through this long season of darkness, their dependenes was upon Divine Power, under which, their patient suffer

Ing and earnest remonstrance obtained in some degree the favor of those in authority.

For the free enjoyment of civil and religious liberty, they came to this land, to seek amongst the so-called savages of the wilderness, immunities and privileges denied them at the hands of a professed Christian nation. Here William Penn and his friends planted their infant colony, and proved the efficace of the principle of Peace. The conflict of arms was unknown, and history bears no record of strife between

the Indian and the Friend.

We their descendants, now approach you, not alone with a view to shield ourselves from suffering, but under a sense of duty to God, to assert the sacred rights of conscience, to raise the standard of the Prince of Peace before the nation, and in His name to ask you to so modify the law, that it shall not require those who administer it, to bring under persecution innocent men for obeying His commands "Ye are my friends if ye do whatsoever I command you." "Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye."

ment or condemnation of those who differ from us.


In thus defining our position, we enter not into judgappreciate the difficulties that surround those upon whom rests the responsibility of guiding the nation through the awful perils of civil war.

We appeal to you under a sense of suffering-afflictions and mourning surround us, and sorrow hath filled our hearts.

Many of our young men, overcome by the spirit of war, have rushed into the conflict, where some of them have found an early death; some have purchased their release from the draft by the payment of money; others have remained steadfast to their faith in the hour of trial, thereby subjecting themselves to the penalty for desertion. Trusting in the mercy of our Heavenly Father, we desire that He may so touch your hearts and understandings with His wisdom, that you may grant our petition. Signed by the direction, and on behalf of the Committee. SAMUEL PARRY, Clerk. PHILADELPHIA, 1st mo. 22d, 1864.

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June-The body met at Toledo, Ohio, and
adopted the following resolutions :

Whereas our allegiance to the kingdom of God requires of
us loyalty to every righteous authority on earth; there-
Resolved, That we give to the President of the United
States, and to all who are charged with the guidance and
defence of our nation in its present terrible struggle for
the preservation of liberty, public order, and Christian
civilization, against the powerful wickedness of treason
and rebellion, the assurance of our cordial sympathy and
steady support, and that we will cheerfully continue to
share any and all needful burdens and sacrifices in the
holy cause of our country.

2. That we hail with gratitude and hope the rapidly growing conviction among the loyal masses of our countrymen that the existence of human slavery is inconsistent with the national safety and honor, as it is inconsistent with natural right and justice, and that we ask the Government a thorough and vigorous enforcement of the policy of emancipation, as necessary alike to military success, to lasting peace, and to the just supremacy of the Constitution over all the land.

santly and uncompromisingly advocated the cause of Union and Freedom throughout the Republic. One of their ministers-Rev. William Heury Channing-is Chaplain of the present House of Representatives, 38th Congress. For the subjoined interesting facts I am indebted to Rev. A. Woodbury, of Providence, R. I.:

One minister of the Unitarian Church has been a colonel of a colored regiment; one a lieutenant colonel of the same; one a captain aide-de-camp; two lieutenants in the line, one of whom was killed in battle; one a corporal and two privates. The Church has furnished forty (40) chaplains, two of whom have been killed in action, and one died in the service. One minister is a secretary in the office of the New England Educational Commission. Three have been engaged in teaching the freedmen of South Carolina and Mississippi, one of whom contracted a fatal disease in the course of his labors. The Presidents of the United States

Sanitary Commission and the Western Sanitary Commis sion are ministers of the Unitarian church. One is associate secretary of the United States Sanitary Commission; another is secretary of the Western Sanitary Commission, and sanitary labors at different times during the progress and a considerable number have been engaged in missionary of the war.

have been published, entitled as follows: The Soldier's Since the commencement of the struggle nineteen tracts Companion (a book of songs and tunes;) The Man and the Soldier; The Soldier of the Good Cross; The Home to Camp and the Field; The Home to the Hospital; a Letter the Camp; Liberty and Law, a poem for the hour; The to a Sick Soldier; An Enemy Within the Lines; Wounded Change of Base; On Picket; The Rebel; To the Color; and in the Hands of the Enemy; Traitors in Camp; A The Recruit; A Few Words with the Convalescent; The

Reconnoissance, and The Reveille. Twelve of these were written by Rev. J. F. W. Ware, and the residue by Rev. Dr. Geo. Putnam, Rev. Messrs. Woodbury, Collyer and Winkley, and Messrs. Charles E. Norton and Elbridge J. Cutler. Of these no less than 496,000 copies had been distributed up to July, 1864, at an expense of about $8,000. The Associ ation has also sent out one missionary to the Army of the Potomac, who was taken prisoner in the performance of his duty, and, after two months' confinement, was released on hospitals at different times, and have done a faithful mishis parole. Other ministers have visited the camps and the sionary work as opportunity and strength were given them. Arrangements have recently been made for the more extensive distribution of Unitarian publications among the armies of the Republic. To the amount of work performed by the ministers of the Unitarian Church are to be added the toils and sacrifices of the laymen. The members of the Church are to be found in all grades of the army, from the drummer-boy to the major general, and among the officers and sailors of the navy of the United States.



PENNSYLVANIA CONFERENCE OF UNITED BRETHREN IN CHRIST, 1863. March-The body adopted these resolutions: Whereas our beloved and prosperous country, by the hellish intrigues of designing aspirants after power and gain, is now deluged by one of the most unholy and diabolical rebellions that ever cursed our world, thereby endan gering the great, good principles of the Government, and threatening to overthrow our free institutions, and the de liberties; struction of our blood-purchased and heaven-sanctified

And whereas there appears no honorable or righteous element of power in our hands to put in force to subdue treason and crush rebellion but a resort to arms; and whereas an enlightened and christianized people may employ physical force, even to the destroying of human life, for the protection and preservation of its subjects and the ing quotation from the Scripture of Truth: "For there is perpetuation of its own existence, as we have in the followno power but of God; the powers that be are ordained of God.

These resolutions are in harmony with the tone of Sermons, Addresses, and Discussions, at all the Annual and Semi-annual meetings of the Unitarians, since the war began. The central body-the "American Unitarian Association," by rule and established practice, abstain from organized ecclesiastical action. The general position of the denomination, however, is well known. With marked unanimity, its leading societies and ministers have given their earnest support to the policy of the ordinance of God, and they that resist shall receive unto National Government respecting Union, Eman- themselves damnation. For rulers are not a terror to good cipation, and Permanent Peace. The accred-works but to the evil."***"For he is the minister of ited organs of the denomination-the Christian Examiner, a bi-monthly, the Monthly Journal, the Religious Miscellany, the Christian Register, and the Christian Inquirer-have inces-named "Southern Confederacy," from first to last, as a Resolved, 1. That we look upou the action of the so

"Whosoever, therefore, resisteth the powers resisteth tho

God to those for good. But if thou do that which is evil be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain, for he is the minister of GoD, a revenger to execute vengeance upon him that doeth evil." Therefore,

record of the most hellish inhumanity, unrighteousness and barbarity ever known in the records of the nations.

2. That we look upon the efforts of Northern Copperheads to aid Southern miscreants in their nefarious work to overthrow our Government, as beings unworthy the protection of the Stars and Stripes, or the sympathy of any true, loyal


3. That we do most determinedly condemn the assertions of unholy, disloyal, foul-mouthed and designing politicians, that ministers of the Gospel are the cause of the present rebellion.

4. That our devout sympathies are with the thousands of our fellow-citizens who are enduring the privations, sufferings and dangers of the army, and also for their families and friends at home, and that we will continue our earnest petitions to God in their behalf.

5. That we believe God, in his divine providence, has put Abraham Lincoln, the proper man in the right place, the Presidential chair, and that we endorse his every effort to rid the country of the most heaven daring of all evils and sins-human slavery.

6. That we continue to offer to God our sincere prayers for our President, that he may be sustained in his great and arduous duties by divine power, and that every loyal heart may beat with warmest sympathies for him, and that heaven may mercifully hold his heart in his almighty


7. That we believe that the deep-seated, unnatural, inhuman, unchristian, and causeless hatred to the colored race, should and must cease to render our nation acceptable to God.

8. That we will endeavor to make judicious and Christian efforts in our different fields of labor, publicly and privately, to collect funds to send missionaries and teachers among the now free, and yet to be freed, colored people.

9. That we approve heartily the course of Governor Curtin in his exertions to aid the General Government in sub

duing the present cursed rebellion, and in his efforts to save our State from the fierce, fiery tread of traitorous oppressors and cut-throats; and that we hurl back with contempt the assailing of his actions by Northern rebels in the press or private conversation.

10. That a copy of the foregoing preamble and resolutions be taken to President Lincoln, by Bishop Markwood, assuring him that there is unwavering and deeply-rooted loyalty glowing in the hearts of the members of this Conference, and the people whom they represent.


GENERAL CONVENTION OF UNIVERSALISTS, 1861. September 17-The body met in New York. September 19-The Report of the Committee on the State of the Country-Revs. L. C. Browne, A. St. John Chambre, and Mr. Dean Clapp after being amended to read as follows, was unanimously adopted:

Whereas, Our country is now unfortunately involved in a war occasioned by an unwarrantable and atrocious rebellion against its government constitutionally chosen, and the success of which would jeopardize the cause of civil and religious freedom throughout the world; therefore, Resolved, That we hereby express our earnest sympathy with our rulers in this their hour of trial; with our countrymen in arms for the defence of our institutions, and with the ministers of our own and other Christian orders who are called, in the Providence of God, to administer Christian admonition and consolation in the camp and on

the field.

2. That we, as a denomination, pledge our earnest labors, our pecuniary means, and our heartfelt prayers for the success of the Federal arms, the defeat of this unnatural rebellion, and the speedy return of an honorable peace, and the prosperity that has crowned us as a United Nation in the past.

September 17-Mr. Dennis reported the following preamble and resolutions:

Whereas our country is still afflicted by the bloody strife that has been precipitated upon us; and whereas we esteem it the duty of every loyal citizen, especially those representing the moral and Christian sentiment of the land, to declare fealty to the Government, in this hour of its peril, and to uphold the hands of those in authority over as; therefore,

Resolved, That while in our judgment, we must accept the existing strite as the natural and inevitable penalty of our national infidelity to our republican principles, and of our attempt to reconcile freedom and slavery (which are essentially irreconcilable,) wo renewedly express our faith in the justice of our cause and in the certainty of our final triumph; and renewedly tender to the President and his Constitutional advisers, the assurance of our sympathies amidst the great responsibilities of their position; and of our hearty support in all proper and efficient efforts to suppress this atrocious rebellion.

Resolved, That we gratefully record our appreciation of the patriotism of our people, and of the valor and heroism of our soldiers; and that while we honor those who have relinquished the charms of home, and offered life as a sacrifice for our country, we invoke God's blessing upon them, amidst the exposures of war, and ask His comforting grace for the homes that have thus been darkened, and for the hearts that the casualties of battle have bereaved.

Resolved, That we have occasion, amidst the events through which we are passing, to be deeply impressed with the reality of God's moral rule, and to learn anew the les son, that neither nations nor individuals can safely defy His law, nor hope to escape from the inexorable ordinance, that sinners must eat of the fruit of their doings.

Afternoon Session-Rev. T. T. Goodrich, of New York, moved to strike out the words, “and of our attempt to reconcile freedom and slavery, (which are essentially irreconcilable);"— which was lost.

On motion of Mr. L. J. Fletcher, the report was re-committed-yeas 17, nays 16. September 18-Rev. C. W. Biddle, of New Jersey, offered the following:

Whereas our beloved country is still afflicted with a bloody civil war, and a determined foe is striving to usurp the authority of the Central Government in portion of the land; and whereas, it is the duty of all loyal citizens and organizations to acknowledge the blessings of good Government, and to support the rulers of the nation; and whereas we are deeply interested in the present contest between our country and its foes; therefore,

Resolved, That we re-affirm our devotion to the cause of

the nation, in this hour of its pain and peril; that we re

gard as second only to the cross of Christ the glorious banner of the country; that we look on it, in this strife, as the emblem of constitutional government and the symbol of our national unity and life.

Resolved, In the words of Washington, "That the unity of government that constitutes us one people, is the main pillar of our political independence and that the union of these States under one Constitution and Government, and the maintenance of our republic, is the hope of the oppressed of all nations;" that we find in dissolution, the seeds of future and indefinite conflict; and that the arm of the nation must be stretched forth till the rebellion is put down.

Resolved, That we tender to the President of the United States our sympathy in his efforts to maintain the integrity of the Government, and pray that by a vigorous exercise of all the energies of the nation, victory may perch upon our banner and peace be speedily restored to the land.

Resolved, That we implore the blessing of Almighty God on our Army and Navy, that they may be preserved in time of battle and triumph in every contest; and that we humbly A resolution offered by Rev. G. L. Demarest pray, we may learn from these heavy chastisements under of Ohio-but not published in the Minutes-which we are passing, that there is a God that judgeth in was discussed and tabled, and re-discussed the earth, and that only righteousness can exalt a nation. and re-tabled.

Rev. J. T. Goodrich moved its adoption. Rev. L. J. Fletcher moved as an amendment the adoption of the preamble and first reso

September 16-The body met at Chicago.-lution.
Rev. J. S. Dennis of Iowa, Rev. C. W. Biddle of
New Jersey, and Rev. A. W. Bruce of Massa-
chusetts, were appointed a Committee on Busi-


Hon. G. I. Parsons of Michigan moved to lay the report on the table; which was lostyeas 9, nays 14. He then moved the substitution of the preamble and resolutions of yes

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