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Maine...... New Hampshire Massachusetts... Rhode Island Connecticat Vermont New York.... New Jersey Pennsylvania. Delaware.... Maryland... Virginia North Carolina.. South Carolina... Georgia... Kentucky Tennessee... Ohio ... Louisiana Mississippi... Indiana Illinois Alabama Missouri.... Arkansas. Michigan Florida Texas.. Iowa Wisconsin. California.. Minnesota Oregon

2,046 26,6931 6,368

441 25,881 2,112 22.331 34,372 5,939

*7,707 3,291 15,522 14,641 1,969 6,849 218


*62,801 12,776 16,765 *178,871

3,864 1,023 7,337 41,760 5,966 42,482 74,681 16,290 74,323 44,990 2,701 48,539

No popular vote. 42,886 11,590 51,889 66,058 25,651 53,143 69,274 11,350 64,709 12,194 187,232 11,405 20,204 7,625 22,681 25,040 3,283 40,797 5,306 115,509 12,295 4,913 160,215 2,404 27,875 13,651 48,831 58,372 58,801 31,317 20,094 5,227 28,732

405 65,057 805 5,437 367 8,543 *15,438

47,548 1,763 55,111

1,048 161 65,021 888 6,817 38,516 34,334

11,920 748 183 3,951 5,006

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72 1,866,452 590,631 1,375,157) 847,953



Lincoln over Douglas .....

Breckinridge ...

« Bell ..... Other candidates over Lincoln .....

491,295 1,018,499 1,275,821


• Fusion.


IMMEDIATELY thereupon, and clearly by concert of action previously arranged, various disunion Governors hastily took steps to procure the passage of ordinances of secession by Conventions of their States, artfully using the unsettled excitements of the Presidential canvass to that end.

These proceedings in brief were as follows:


November 6th, 1860. Legislature met to choose Presidential electors, who voted for Breckinridge and Lane for President and Vice President. Gov. WILLIAM H. GIST recommended in his message that in the event of ABRAHAM LINCOLN's election to the Presidency, a convention of the people of the State be immediately called to consider and determine for themselves the mode and measure of redress. He expressed the opinion that the only alternative left is the "secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union."

7th. United States officials resigned at Charleston.

10th. U. S. Senators JAMES H. HAMMOND and JAMES CHESNUT, Jr., resigned their seats in the Senate. Convention called to meet Dec. 17th. Delegates to be elected Dec. 6th. 13th. Collection of debts due to citizens of non-slaveholding States stayed. FRANCIS W. PICKENS elected Governor, who appointed a cabinet consisting of A. G. MAGRATH Secretary of State, DAVID F. JAMISON Secretary of War, C. G. MEMMINGER Secretary of Treasury, W. W. HARLLEE P. M. General, ALBERT C. GARLINGTON Secretary of Interior.

17th. Ordinance of Secession adopted unanimously.

21st. Commissioners appointed (BARNWELL, ADAMS, and ОRR) to proceed to Washington to treat for the possession of U. S. Government property within the limits of South Carolina. Commissioners appointed to the other Slaveholding States. Southern Congress proposed.

24th. Representatives in Congress withdrew.

Gov. PICKENS issued a proclamation "an

nouncing the repeal, Dec. 20th, 1860, by the good people of South Carolina," of the Ordinance of May 23d, 1788, and "the dissolution of the union between the State of South Carolina and other States under the name of the United States of America," and proclaiming to the world "that the State of South Carolina is, as she has a right to be, a separate, sovereign, free and independent State, and, as such, has a right to levy war, conclude peace, negotiate treaties, leagues, or covenants, and to do all acts whatsoever that rightfully appertain to a free and independent State.

"Done in the eighty-fifth year of the sovereignty and independence of South Carolina."

Jan. 3d, 1861. South Carolina Commissioners left Washington.

4th. Convention appointed T. J. Withers, L. M. Keitt, W.W. Boyce, Jas. Chesnut, Jr., R. B. Rhett, Jr., R. W. Barnwell, and C. G. Memminger, delegates to Southern Congress.

5th. Convention adjourned, subject to the call of the Governor.

14th. Legislature declared that any attempt to reinforce Fort Sumter would be considered an open act of hostility and a declaration of war. Approved the Governor's action in firing on the Star of the West. Accepted the services of the Catawba Indians.

27th. Received Judge Robertson, Commissioner from Virginia, but rejected the proposition for a conference and co-operative action.*

*The resolutions are:

Resolved unanimously, That the General Assembly of

South Carolina tenders to the Legislature of Virginia their acknowledgment of the friendly motives which inspired the mission entrusted to Hon. Judge Robertson, her Com


Resolved unanimously, That candor, which is due to the long-continued sympathy and respect which has subsisted between Virginia and South Carolina, induces the

Assembly to declare with frankness that they do not deem it advisable to initiate negotiations, when they have no

desire or intention to promote the ultimate object in view.

That object is declared, in the resolution of the Virginia Legislature, to be the procurement of amendments to, or new guarantees in, the Constitution of the United States.


March 26th. Convention met in Charleston.

April 3d. Ratified "Confederate" Constitution-yeas 114, nays 16. (See p. 398)


November 26th, 1860. Legislature met Nov. 26th, and adjourned Nov. 30th. Election for Convention fixed for Dec. 20th, Con8th. Transferred forts, etc. to "Confeder-vention to meet Jan. 7th. Convention bills and secession ate" government. resolutions passed unanimously. Commissioners appointed to other Slaveholding States to secure their co-operation in effecting measures for their common defence and safety."



November 8th, 1860. Legislature met pursuant to previous arrangement.

18th. Convention called. Legislature appropriated $1,000,000 to arm the State. Dec. 3d. Resolutions adopted in the Leg-84, islature proposing a Conference of the Southern States at Atlanta, Feb. 20th.

January 17th, 1861. Convention met. Received Commissioners from South Carolina

and Alabama.

18th. Resolutions declaring it the right and duty of Georgia to secede, adoptedyeas 165, nays 130.

Jan. 7th, 1861. Convention assembled. 9th. Ordinance of Secession passed—yeas nays 15.

In the ordinance the people of the State of Mississippi express their consent to form a federal union with such of the States as have seceded or may secede from the Union of the United States of America, upon the basis of the present Constitution of the United States, except such parts thereof as embrace other portions than such seceding

19th. Ordinance of Secession passed-States. yeas 208, nays 89.

21st. Senators and Representatives in Congress withdrew.

24th. Elected Delegates to Southern Congress at Montgomery, Alabama.

28th. Elected Commissioners to other Slaveholding States.

29th. Adopted an address "to the South and the world."

March 7th. Convention reassembled. 16th. Ratified the "Confederate" Constitution-yeas 96, nays 5.

20th. Ordinance passed authorizing the "Confederate" government to occupy, use and possess the forts, navy yards, arsenals, and custom houses within the limits of said State.

April 26th. Governor Brown issued a proclamation ordering the repudiation by the citizens of Georgia of all debts due Northern men.

Resolved unanimously, That the separation of South Carolina from the Federal Union is final, and she has no

further interest in the Constitution of the United States; and that the only appropriate negotiations between her and the Federal Government are as to their mutual re

lations as foreign States.

Resolved unanimously, That this Assembly further owes it to her friendly relations with the State of Virginia to declare that they have no confidence in the Federal Government of the United States; that the most solemn

pledges of that government have been disregarded; that under pretence of preserving property, hostile troops have been attempted to be introduced into one of the fortresses of this State, concealed in the hold of a vessel of commerce, with a view to subjugate the people of South Carolina, and that even since the authorities at Washington have been informed of the present mediation of Virginia, a vessel of war has been sent to the South, and troops and munitions of war concentrated on the soil of Virginia.

Resolved unanimously, That in these circumstances this Assembly, with renewed assurances of cordial respect and esteem for the people of Virginia, and high consideration for her Commissioner, decline entering into the negotiations proposed.

The Charleston Mercury of an earlier date thus alluded to Border State embassies:

"Hear them, if you please; treat them with civility; feed them, and drench them in champagne-and let them go! Let us act as if they had never come, as if they had not spoken, as if they did not exist; and let them seek to preserve their Treasury pap through some more supple agency than ours. The time has gone by when the voice of a Virginia politician, though he coo like a dove, should be heard in the land of a patriotic people."

10th. Commissioners from other States received. Resolutions adopted, recognizing South Carolina as sovereign and independent. Jan. 12th. Representatives in Congress.


19th. The committee on the Confederacy in the Legislature reported resolutions to provide for a Southern Confederacy, and to establish a provisional government for seceding States and States hereafter seceding. 21st. Senators in Congress withdrew. March 30th. Ratified "Confederate" Constitution-yeas 78, nays 7.

November 26th, 1860. Legislature met.
Governor M. S. Perry recommended imme-
diate secession.

Dec. 1st. Convention bill passed.
Jan. 3d, 1861. Convention met.

7th. Commissioners from South Carolina and Alabama received and heard.

10th. Ordinance of Secession passedyeas 62, nays 7. (See p. 399.)

18th. Delegates appointed to Southern Congress at Montgomery.

21st. Senators and Representatives in Congress withdrew.

Feb. 14th. Act passed by the Legislature declaring that after any actual collision between Federal troops and those in the employ of Florida, the act of holding office under the Federal government shall be de Clared treason, and the person convicted shall suffer death. Transferred control of government property captured, to the "Confederate" government.


December 10th, 1860. Legislature met. 11th. Convention called for Jan. 23d. Military bill passed.

12th. Commissioners from Mississippi received and heard. Governor instructed to communicate with Governors of other southern States.

The statement in the first edition that this action was

January 23d, 1861. Convention met and yeas 87, nays 6. Transferred control of forts. organized. Received and heard Commis-, arsenals, etc., to“ Confederate" Government sioners from South Carolina and Alabama. 25th. Ordinance of Secession passed

ARKANSAS. yeas 113, nays 17. Convention refused to January 16th, 1861. Legislature passed submit the ordinance to the people by a vote Convention Bill. Vote of the people on the of 84 to 45.

Convention was 27,412 for it, and 15,826

against it. 10-cousidered, apil the Ordinance submitted, is incorrect. February 18th. Delegates elected. It was not voted upon by tho people.

March 4th. Convention met. Feb. 5th. Senators withdrew from Con

18th. The Ordinance of Secession de gress, also the Representatives, except John feated-yeas 35, nays 39. The Convention E. Bouligny. State flag adopted. Pilots at effected a compromise by agreeing to submit the Balize prohibited from bringing over the the question of co-operation or secession to bar any United States vessels of war. the people on the 1st Monday in August. March 7th. Ordinance adopted in secret

May 6th. Passed Secession Ordinancesession transferring to “ Confederate” States yeas 69, nays 1. Authorized her delegates government $536,000, being the amount of to the Provisional Congress, to transfer the bullion in the U.S. mint and customs seized arsenal at Little Rock and hospital at Napoby the State. *

leon to the “ Confederate” Government. 16th. An ordinance voted down, submit

TEXAS. ting the “Confederate” Constitution to the January 21st, 1861. Legislature met. people-yeas 26, nays 74.

28th. People's State Convention met. 21st. Ratified the “Confederate" Consti

29th. Legislature passed a resolution detution-yeas 101, nays 7. Governor au-'claring that the Federal Government has no thorized to transfer the arms and property power to coerce a Sovereign State after she captured from the United States to the has pronounced her separation from the “ Confederate" Government.

Federal Union, 27th. Convention adjourned sine die. February 1st. Ordinance of Secession

passed in Convention-yeas 166, nays 7. ALABAMA.

Military Bill passed. January 7th, 1861. Convention met. 7th. Ordinance passed, forming the foun

8th. Received and heard the Commissioner dation of a Southern Confederacy. Dele. from South Carolina.

gates to the Southern Congress elected. 11th. Ordinance of Secession passed in Also an act passed submitting the Ordinance secret session-yeas 61, nays 39. Proposi- of Secession to a vote of the people. tion to submit ordinance to the people lost 23d. Secession Ordinance voted on by -yeas 47, nays 53.

the people; adopted by a vote of 34,794 in 14th. Legislature inet pursuant to previous favor, and 11,235 against it. action.

1 March 4th. Couvention declared the State 19th. Delegates elected to the Southern out of the Union. Gov. Houston issued a Congress.

proclamation to that effect. 21st. Representatives and Senators in Con- 16th. Convention by a vote of 127 to 4 gress withdrew.

deposed Gov. Houston, declaring his seat 26th. Commissioners appointed to treat vacant. Gov. Houston issued a proclamawith United States Government relative to tion to the people protesting against this the United States forts, arsenals, etc., within , action of the Convention. the State.

20th. Legislature confirmed the action of The Convention requested the people of the Convention in deposing Gov. Houston the States of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, by a vote of 53 to 11. Transferred forts, etc., North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida, to " Confederate Government. Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Ar- 23d. Ratified the “Confederate" Constikansas, Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri tution-yeas 68, nays 2. to meet the people of Alabama by their delegates in Convention, February 4th, 1861,

NORTH CAROLINA. at Montgomery, for the purpose of consult

November 20th, 1860. Legislature met. ing as to the most effectual mode of securing Gov. Ellis recommended that the Legislature concerted or harmonious action in whatever invite a conference of the Southern States, measures may be deemed most desirable or failing in that, send one or more delegates for their common peace and security.- to the neighboring States so as to secure Military Bill passed. Commissioners ap- concert of action. He recommended a pointed to other Slaveholding States. thorough reorganization of the militia, and

March 4th. Convention re-assembled. the enrolment of all persons between 18 and 13th. Ratified “Confederate” Constitution, 45 years, and the organization of a corps of

ten thousand men; also, a Convention, to as

semble immediately after the proposed con* March 14th, 1861. The "Confederate" Congress passed sultation with other Southern States shall a resolution accepting these funds, with "a high sepse of the patriotic liberality of the State of Louisiana,

have terminated.

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December 9th. Joint Committee on Federal | Passed the Senate, yeas 14, nays 6, absent Relations agreed to report a Convention Bill. 17th. Bill appropriating $300,000 to arm the State, debated.

18th. Senate passed above bill-yeas 41, nays 3.

20th. Commissioners from Alabama and Mississippi received and heard—the latter, J. Thompson, by letter.

22d. Senate Bill to arm the State failed to pass the House.

22d. Adjourned till January 7th.

January 8th, 1861. Senate Bill arming the State passed the House, yeas 73, nays 26. 30th. Passed Convention Bill-election to take place February 28th. No Secession Ordinance to be valid without being ratified by a majority of the qualified voters of the State. 31st. Elected Thos. L. Clingman United States Senator.

February 13th. Commissioners from Georgia publicly received.

20th. Mr. Hoke elected Adjutant General of the State. Military Bill passed.

28th. Election of Delegates to Convention took place.

28th. The vote for a Convention was 46,671; against 47,333-majority against a Convention 661.

May 1st. Extra session of the Legislature met at the call of Gov. Ellis. The same day they passed a Convention Bill, ordering the election of delegates on the 13th.

2d. Legislature adjourned.

13th. Election of delegates to the Convention took place.

20th. Convention met at Raleigh. 21st. Ordinance of Secession passed; also the Confederate" Constitution ratified.

June 5th. Ordinance passed, ceded the arsenal at Fayetteville, and transferred magazines, etc., to the "Confederate" Government.


January 6th, 1861. Legislature met. 12th. Passed Convention Bill. 30th. Commissioners to Washington appointed.

February 8th. People voted no Convention: 67,360 to 54,156.

May 1st. Legislature passed a joint resolution authorizing the Governor to appoint Commissioners to enter into a military league with the authorities of the erate" States.

and not voting 5; the House, yeas 42, nays 15, absent and not voting, 18.* Also a Declaration of Independence and Ordinance dissolving the Federal relations between Tennessee and the United States, and an ordinance adopting and ratifying the Confederate Constitution, these two latter to be voted on by the people on June 8th, were passed.

June 24th. Gov. Isham G. Harris declared Tennessee out of the Union, the vote for Separation being 104,019 against 47,238.


January 7th, 1861. Legislature convened. 8th. Anti-coercion resolution passed. 9th. Resolution passed, asking that the status quo be maintained.

10th. The Governor transmitted a despatch from the Mississippi Convention, announcing its unconditional secession from the Union, and desiring on the basis of the old Constitution to form a new union with the seceding States. The House adoptedyeas 77, nays 61,-an amendment submitting to a vote of the people the question of referring for their decision any action of the Convention dissolving Virginia's connection with the Union, or changing its organic law. The Richmond Enquirer denounced "the emasculation of the Convention Bill as imperilling all that Virginians hold most sacred and dear."

16th. Commissioners Hopkins and Gilmer of Alabama received in the Legislature.


17th. Resolutions passed proposing the Crittenden resolutions as a basis for adjustment, and requesting General Government to avoid collision with Southern States. Letcher communicated the Resolutions of the Legislature of New York, expressing the utmost disdain, and saying that "the threat conveyed can inspire no terror in freemen." The resolutions were directed to be returned to the Governor of New York. 18th. $1,000,000 appropriated for the defence of the State.

19th. Passed resolve that if all efforts to reconcile the differences of the country

The following is the vote in the Senate on the adoption of the league:

YEAS. Messrs. Allen, Horn, Hunter, Johnson, Lane,

Minnis, McClellan, McNeilley, Payne, Peters, Stanton, "Confed-Thompson, Wood, and Speaker Stovall. NAYS-Messrs. Boyd, Bradford, Hildreth, Nash, Richardson and Stokes. Absent and not voting -Messrs. Bumpass, Mickley, Newman, Stokely, and Trimble.

7th. Legislature in secret session ratified the league entered into by A. O. W. Totten, Gustavus A. Henry, Washington Barrow, Commissioners for Tennessee, and Henry W. Hilliard, Commissioner for "Confederate" States, stipulating that Tennessee until she became a member of the Confederacy placed the whole military force of the State under the control of the President of the "Confederate" States, and turned over to the "Confederate" States all the public property, naval stores and munitions of war.

The following is the vote in the House:

YEAS.-Messrs. Baker of Perry, Baker of Weakley,

Bayless, Bicknell, Bledsoe, Cheatham, Cowden, Davidson, Gantt, Guy, Havron, Hart, Ingram, Jones, Kenner, Davis, Dudley, Ewing, Farley, Farrelly, Ford, Frazie, McCabe, Morphies, Nall, Hickett, Porter, Richardson, Roberts, Shield, Smith, Sewel, Trevitt, Vaughn, Whit more, Woods, and Speaker Whitthorne. NAYS.-Messrs. Armstrong, Brazelton, Butler, Caldwell, Gorman, Greene, Morris, Norman, Russell, Senter, Strewsbury, White of Absent and not voting-Messrs. Barksdale, Beaty, BenDavidson, Williams of Knox, Wisener, and Woodard. nett, Britton, Critz, Doak, East, Gillespie, Harris, Hebb, rewhitt, White of Dickson, Williams of Franklin, WilJohnson, Kincaid of Anderson, Kincaid of Claiborne, Iams of Hickman, and Williamson.

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