Page images
PDF
EPUB

LEGISLATION, ORDERS, PROCLAMATIONS,

AND

PROPOSITIONS RELATIVE TO THE WAR AND TO "PEACE."

The Enrollment Acts.

ACT OF MARCH 3, 1863.-p. 115. Third Session, Thirty-Seventh Congress. The bill passed the Senate without a call of the yeas and nays.

IN HOUSE.

February 25-Mr. Cox moved to insert the word "white" so as to limit the enrolment to "white" able-bodied males.

Mr. LOVEJOY called the yeas and nays, but they were not ordered. And the amendment was disagreed to-yeas 53, nays 85.

[blocks in formation]

YEAS-Messrs. Aldrich, Arnold, Ashley, Babbitt, Baily, Baker, Baxter, Biddle, Bingham, Jacob B. Blair, William G. Brown, Buflinton, Culvert, Campbell, Casey, Chamberlain, Clark, Frederick A. Conkling, Crisfield, Cutler, Delano, Dunn, Edgerton, Edwards, Ely, English, Fenton, Samuel C. Fessenden, Thomas A. D. Fessenden, Fisher, Flanders, Frank, Gooch, Goodwin, Gurley, Hahn, Harrison, Hickman, Hooper, Horton, Kelley, Killinger, Lansing, Lazear, Leary, Lehman, Loomis, Lovejoy, Low, McIndoe, McKean, McKnight, Marston, Maynard, Moorhead, Anson P. Morrill, Nixon, Olin, Patton, Timothy G. Phelps, Pike, Pomeroy,

Mr. WICKLIFFE, of Kentucky, moved to add Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Sargent, Sedgwick, Segar, the following to the thirteenth section:

Provided, That the men thus called into the service shall be by the Governor of the State organized into companies and regiments, and officers to command them shall be appointed and commissioned by authority of the State according to the provisions of the constitution and laws thereof, and in obedience to the Constitution of the United States.

Which was negatived-yeas 55, nays 104. The YEAS were:

YEAB-Messrs. William Allen, William J. Allen, Ancora, Bai y, Biddle, Clements, Conway, Corning, Cox, Cravens, Crittenden, English, Fisher, Foue, Granger, Grider, Hale, Hall, Harding, Holman, Johnson, Kerrigan, Killinger, Knapp, Law, Lazear, Mallory. May, Menzies, Moris, Noble. Norton. Nugen, Pendleton, Perry, Price, Robinson, James & Rollins, Shiel, Smith, John B. Steele, William G. Steele, Stiles, Vallandigham, Voorhees, Wadsworth, Ward, Webster, Whaley, Chilton A. White, Wickliffe, Wood, Woodruff, Wright, Yeaman-55.

THE $300 COMMUTATION CLAUSE. *

Mr. HOLMAN moved to strike out the thirteenth section, which provides for a commutation, not exceeding $300, where parties are drafted; which was disagreed to-yeas 67, nays 87, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. William Allen, William J. Allen, Alley, Ancona, Beaman, Samuel S. Blair, Blake, Clements, Colfax, Roscoe Conkling, Conway, Corning, Cox, Cravens, Davis, Dawes, Delaplaine, Diven, Eliot, Fouke, Franchot, Granger, Hail, Holman, Hutchins, Johnson, Julian, Francis W. Kellogg, William Kellogg, Kerrigan, Knapp, Law, McPherson,

Pending the engineer bill in Senate, March 2-Mr. TRUMBULL offered a section repealing the commutation clause; which was rejected-yeas 10, nays 25, as follows:

YEAR Messrs. Grimes, Harlan, Howe, Lane of Indiana, Powell, Saulsbury, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wilkinson, Wilson of Missouri-10.

NAYS-Messrs. Arnold, Chandler, Clark, Coilamer, Cowan, Davis. Dixon, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Harris, Henderson, Hicks, Howard, Kennedy, King, Lane of Kansas, Morrill, Nesmith, Pomeroy, Sherman, Sumner, Turpie, Willey, buson of Massachusetts-25.

Sheffield, Shellabarger, Sloan, Smith, Spaulding, Stratton, Trowbridge, Van Horn, Verree, Walker, Wallace, Walton, Benjamin F. Thomas, Francis Thomas, Train, Trimble, Webster, Wheeler, Woodruff, Wright-87.

Mr. HOLMAN moved a substitute, the leading features of which are embodied in these sections:

That such militia of the several States shall be enrolled under the authority of the respective States, and when any number thereof shall be called out by the President of the United States as authorized by law, the same shall be organized into companies and regiments by the Governor of such State, subject to the regulations established by the President of the United States in pursuance with existing law, and the company, field, and staff officers of the forces so organized shall be commissioned by such Governor as now provided by law for commissioning officers for the volcalled out for a period of more than one year: And prounteer forces: Provided, That such militia shall not be vided further, That the President of the United States in calling out the militia shall apportion the number from number of volunteers or militia already furnished by the each State according to population, having regard to the States respectively.

That the pay of the privates in the regular army and volunteers and militia in the service of the United States shall be

$15 per month, from and after the 1st day of March, 1863, until otherwise provided by law.

Which was negatived-yeas 44, nays 108. The YEAS were:

YEAS-Messrs. William Allen, Ancona, Biddle, Conway, Corning, Cox, Cravens, Crittenden, Delaplaine, English, Fouke, Granger, Hall, Harding, Holman, Johnsm, Kerrigan, Killinger, Knapp, Law, Mallory, May, Menzies, Morris, Noble, Norton, Nugen, Pendleton, Price, James S. Rollins, Shiel, Smith, John B. Steele, William G. Steele, Stiles, Voor hees, Wadsworth, Ward, Whaley, Chilton A. White, Wood, Woodruff, Wright, Yeaman-44.

The bill then passed-yeas 115, nays 49, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Aldrich, Alley, Arnold, Ashley, Babbitt, Baily, Baker, Baxter, Beaman, Bingham, Jacob B. Blair, Samuel S Blair, Blake, William G. Brown, Buffinton Calvert, Campbell, Casey, Chamberlain, Clark, Colfax, Frederick A Conkling Roscoe Conklir Crisfield Cutler.

And in lieu thereof insert:

Davis, Dawes, Delano, Diven, Dunn, Edgerton, Edwards,
Eliot, Ely, Fenton, Samuel C. Fessenden, Thomas A. D.
Gooch,
Fessenden, Fisher, Flanders, Franchot, Frank,
Goodwin, Granger, Gurley, Hahn, Haight, Hale, Harrison,
Hickman, Hooper, Horton, Hutchins, Julian, Kelley, Fran-
cis W. Kellogg, William Kellogg, Killinger, Lansing, Leary,
Lehman, Loomis, Lovejoy, Low, McIndoe, McKean, Mc-
Knight, McPherson, Marston, Maynard, Mitchell, Moor-
head, Anson P. Morrill, Justin S. Morrill, Nixon, Olin, Pat-
ton, Timothy G. Phelps, Pike, Pomeroy, Porter, Alexander
H. Rice, John II. Rice, Riddle, Edward H. Rollins, Sar-
gent, Sedgwick, Segar, Shanks, Sheffield, Shellabarger,
Sherman, Sloan, Spaulding, Stevens, Stratton, Benjamin
F. Thomas, Francis Thomas, Train, Trimble, Trowbridge,
Vandever, Van Horn, Verree, Walker, Wall, Wallace,
Walton, Washburne, Webster, Wheeler, Albert S. White,
Wilson, Windom, Worcester-115.
NAYS-Messrs. William Allen, William J. Allen, Ancona,
Biddle, Clements, Conway, Corning, Cox, Cravens, Critten-
den, Delaplaine, Dunlap, English, Fouke, Grider, Hall, Har-
ding, Holman, Johnson, Kerrigan, Knapp, Law, Lazear,
Mallory, May, Menzies, Morris, Noble, Norton, Nugen, Pen-
dleton, Perry, Price, Robinson, James S. Rollins, Shiel, John
B. Steele, William G. Steele, Stiles, Vallandigham, Voorhees,
Wadsworth, Ward, Whaley, Chillon A. White, Wickliffe,
Wood, Woodruff, Yeaman-49.

IN SENATE.

February 28-The Senate resumed the consideration of the amendments made by the House, as recommended by the Military Committee, when, after debate,

Mr. BAYARD moved to postpone the bill indefinitely, which was negatived-yeas 11, nays 35, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Bayard, Carlile, Davis, Kennedy, Latham, Powell, Rice, Richardson, Saulsbury, Wall, Wilson of Mis

these was the following substitute for the 27th section, as reported:

ENROLLMENT OF COLORED PERSONS.

SEC. 27. That nothing contained in this act shall be so construed as to prevent or prohibit the enlistment of men in the States in rebellion under the orders of the War Department.

All able-bodied male persons of African descent, between the ages of twenty and forty-five years of age, whether citizens or not, resident in the United States, shall be en rolled according to the provisions of the act to which this is a supplement, and form part of the national forces; and when a slave of a loyal citizen shall be drafted and mustered into the service of the United States his master shall have a certificate thereof. The bounty of $100, now payable by law for each drafted man, shall be paid to the person to whom such drafted person owes service or labor at the time of his muster into the service of the United States, on freeing the person. The Secretary of War shall appoint a com‐ mission in each of the slave States represented in Congress charged to award a just compensation, not exceeding $300, to each loyal person to whom the colored volunteer may owe service, who may volunteer into the service of the United States, payable out of the commutation money upon the master freeing the slave.

Which was agreed to-yeas 84, nays 71, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Anderson, Arnold, Ashley, John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Peaman, Jacob B. Blair, Bout well, Boyd, Brandegee, Broomall, William G. Brown, Colib, Creswell, Henry Winter Davis, Thomas T. Davis, Dawes, Deming, Dixon, Driggs, Eckley, Eliot, Frank, Garfield, Gooch, Grinnell, Hale, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hub bard, John H. Hubbard, Hulburd, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Francis W. Kellogg, Orlando Kellogg, Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McBride, McClurg, McIndoe, Samuel F. Miller, Moorhead, Morrill, Daniel Morris, Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Norton, Charles O'Neill, Orth, Patterson, Perham, NAYS-Messrs. Anthony, Arnold, Chandler, Clark, Colla- Pike, Pomeroy, Alexander II. Rice, John H. Rice, Edward mer, Cowan, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, H. Rollins, Schenck, Scofield, Shannon, Sloan, Smith, Grimes, Harding, Harlan, Harris, Henderson, Hicks, How Smithers, Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Thayer, Thomas, Tracy, ard, Howe, King, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, McDou-Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Elihu B. Washburne, William gall, Morrill, Nesmith, Pomeroy, Sherman, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, Willey, Wilmot, Wilson of Massachusetts-35.

Bouri-11.

The amendments of the House were then concurred in, and the bill was declared passed.

THE SUPPLEMENT TO THE ENROLLMENT ACT,
FEBRUARY 24, 1864-p. 116.

First Session, Thirty-Eighth Congress. 1864, January 18-The bill passed the Senate-yeas 30, nays 10, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Clark, Collamer, Conness, Cowan, Davis, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Hale, Harding. Harlan, Harris, Howard, Johnson, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Morrill, Nesmith, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sprague, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Van Winkle, Wade, Willey, Wilson-30. NAYS-Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Grimes, Hendricks, Howe, Lane of Indiana, Powell, Saulsbury, Wilkinson, Wright-10.

The bill contained a provision that colored troops enlisted and mustered into the service of the United States in any State shall not be credited upon the quota of any other State; which was adopted-yeas 27, nays 11, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Brown, Buckalew, Conness, Cowan, Davis, Doolittle, Foot, Grimes, Hale, Harding, Harlan, Henderson, Hendricks, Howe, Johnson, Lane of Indiana, Lane of KanBas, Morgan, Morrill, Nesmith, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Saulsbury, Sherman, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wright-27.

NAYS-Messrs. Anthony, Clark, Dixon, Fessenden, Foster, Harris, Howard, Sprague, Sumner, Wilkinson, Wilson-11.

February 1-The House considered, in Committee of the Whole, the substitute for the Senate bill reported by the House Committee on Military Affairs.

February 12-The House agreed to the amendments made by the Committee of the Whole, reserving a few for special vote; among

B. Washburn, Webster, Whaley, Williams, Wilder, Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge-84.

NAYS-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen. Ancona, Baily, Augustus C. Baldwin, Bliss, Brooks, James S. Brown, Chanler, Coffroth, Cole, Cor, Cravens, Dawson, Denison, Eden, Edgerton, Eldridge, Finck, Ganson, Grider, Griswold, Hall, Harding, Harrington, Benjamin G. Harris, Herrick, Higby, Holman, Hutchins, William Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kernan, King, Knapp, Law, Lazear, LeBland, Long, Mallory, Marcy, McDowell, McKinney, James R. Morris, Morrison, Nelson, Noble, Odell, John O'Neill, Pendleton, Radford, Samuel J. Randall, William H. Randall, Robinson, Rogers, James S. Rollins, Ross, Scott, John B. Steele, Wm. G. Steele, Stiles, Strouse, Stuart, Sweat, Voorhees, Wadsworth, Wheeler, Chilton A. White, Joseph W. White, Winfield, Fernando Wood-71.

The bill passed-yeas 94, nays 65, as follows: YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Anderson, Arnold, Ashley, Baily, John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Jacob B. Blair, Boutwell, Boyd, Brandegee, Broomall, William G. Brown, Cobb, Cole, Creswell, Henry Winter Davis, Thomas T. Davis, Dawes, Deming, Dixon, Driggs, Eckley, Ehot, Farnsworth, Frank, Garfield, Gooch, Grinnell, Griswold, Hale, Higby, Hooper, Hotchkiss, Asahel W. Hubbard, John H. Hubbard, Hulburd, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Kel ley, Francis W. Kellogg, Orlando Kellogg, Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McAllister, McBride, McClurg, McIndoe, Samuel F. Miller, Moorhead, Morril, Daniel Morris, Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Norton, Odell, Charles O'Neil, Orth, Patterson, Perham, Pike, Pomeroy, William H. Randall, Alex. ander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Edward H. Rollins, Schenck, Scofield, Shannon, Sloan, Smith, Smithers, Spalding, Starr, Stevens, Thayer, Thomas, Tracy, Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Elihu B. Washburne, William B. Washburn, Webster, Whaley, Wheeler, Williams, Wilder, Wilson, Windom, Woodbridge-94.

NAYS-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen. Ancona, Augustus C. Baldwin, Bliss, Brooks, James S. Brown, Chanter, Coffroth, Cor, Cravens, Dawson, Denison, Elen, Edgerton, Eldridge. Finck, Ganson, Grider, Hall, Harding, Harrington, Benjamin G. Harris, Herrick, Hulman, Hutch ins, William Johnson, Kalbfleisch, Kernan, King, Knapp Law, Lazear, Le Blond, Long, Mallory, Marcy, McDonnell, McKinney, Wm. H. Miller, Jas. R. Morris, Morrison, Nelson, Noble, John O'Neill, Pend etom. Radford, Samuel J. Randall, Robinson, Rogers, J. S. Rollins, Ross, Scott, John B. Steele, W. G. Steele, Stiles, Strouse, Stuart, Sweat, Voorhees, Wais

worth, C. A. While, Joseph W. White, Winfield, Fernando | proved March 3, 1863, and the acts amendatory thereof, as Wood-65.

February 15-The Senate non-concurred in the amendments of the House.

February 16-The House insisted on its amendments, and asked a Committee of Confer

ence.

February 19-The Senate concurred in the report of the Committee of Conference-being the law as it now is-yeas 26, nays 16, as follows:

authorizes the discharge of any drafted person from liability to military service by reason of the payment of $300 for the procuration of a substitute, or otherwise, be, and the same is hereby, repealed: Provided, That nothing contained in this act shall be construed to alter the provisions of exist ing laws relative to persons actually furnishing substitutes. SEC. 2. That nothing in the act approved February 24, 1864, amending the act approved March 3, 1863, for enrolling and calling out the national forces, shall be construed to repeal that part of the said act approved March 3, 1863, which requires that the board of enrollment, in making drafts, shall make a draft of the required number and fifty per centum in addition."

SEC. 3. That section twelve of the act for enrolling and YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Clark, Dixon, Doolittle, Fessen- calling out the national forces, and for other purposes, apden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harding, Harris, Hender-proved March 3, 1863, be, and is hereby, so amended that son, Johnson, Lane of Kansas, Morgau, Morrill, Nesmith, the notice to be served on drafted men may be served within Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, fen Eyck, Van Wiu- ten days after such draft or at any time within six months kle, Wade, Willey, Wilson-26. therefrom.

NATS-Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Chandler, Conness, Daris, Harian, Hendricks, Howard, Howe, Lane of Indiana, Powell, Riddle, Saulsbury, Trumbull, Wilkinson, Wright,

-16.

February 19-The House concurred in the report of the Committee of Conference-yeas 71, nays 23, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Alley, Allison, Anderson, Arnold, John D. Baldwin, Baxter, Beaman, Francis P. Blair, Blow, Boutwell, Brandegee, Broomall, Ambrose W. Clark, Cobb, Cole, Heury Winter Davis, Dawes, Deming, Dixon, Dumont, Eckley, Eliot, Farnsworth, Fenton, Frank, Gooch, Grinnell, Hale, Higby, Hooper, Asaliel W. Hubbard, Jenckes, Julian, Kasson, Kelley, Orlando Kellogg, Loan, Longyear, Marvin, McBride, McClurg, Samuel F. Miller, Moorhead, Amos Myers, Leonard Myers, Odell, Charles O'Neil, Orth, Pattergon, Perham, Pike, Pomeroy, Price, William H. Randall, Alexander H. Rice, John H. Rice, Edward H. Rollins, Schenck, Scofield Shannon, Smithers, Spalding, Starr, Steb bins, Upson, Van Valkenburgh, Ellibu B. Washburne, Williams, Wilder, Wilson, Windom-71.

NAYS-Messrs. Augustus C. Baldwin, Brooks, Chanler, Coz, Dawson, Edgerton, Eldridge, Benjamin G. Harris, Le Blond, Long, McDowell, McKinney, James R. Morris, Morrison, Noble, John O'Neill, Pendleton, Samuel J. Randall, James S. Rollins, Ross, Ward, Chilton A. White, Jo. seph W. White-23.

SUPPLEMENT OF JULY 4, 1864*-p 117.
IN SENATE.

1864, June 8-The Senate took up this bill reported from the Military Committee:

That so much of the act entitled "An act for enrolling and calling out the national forces, and for other purposes," ap*Additional legislation is asked by the President, Secretary of War, and Provost Marshal General, whose communications are appended:

To the Senate and

House of Representatives:

I have tho honor to submit for the consideration of Congress a letter and inclosure from the Secretary of War, with my concurrence in the recommendation therein made. ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

WASHINGTON, D. C., June 8, 1864.

WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON CITY, June 7, 1864. SIR: I beg leave to submit to you a report made to me by the Provost Marshal General, showing the result of the raft now going on to fill the deficiency in the quotas of ertain States, and recommending a repeal of the clause in 10 enrollment act commonly known as the $300 clause. le recommendation of the Provost Marshal General is approved by this Department, and I trust that it will be recommended by you to Congress.

The recent successes that have attended our arms lead to the hope that by maintaining our military strength and giving it such an increase as the extended field of operations may require, an early termination of the war may be attained. But to accomplish this it is absolutely necessary that efficient moans be taken, with vigor and promptness, to keep the Army up to its strength and supply deficiencies occasioned by the losses sustained by casualties in the field. To that end resort must be had to a draft, but ample experience has now shown that the pecuniary exemption from service frustrates the object of the enrollment law by furnishing money instead of men.

June 9-Mr. COLLAMER moved the following additional sections:

That all calls for drafts hereafter made under the act en

titled "An act for enrolling and calling out the national forces, and for other purposes," approved March 3, 1863, and of any act in addition to or amendment thereof, shall be for a term not exceeding one year.

That this act shall not extend to or include drafts to be made in any district or subdivision thereof, to fill its quota on calls already made, but the same shall be completed under the laws in force before the passage hereof.

That no person drafted on future calls shall be liable to be again drafted until the present enrollment shall be exhausted.

That the number of men furnished from any district for the service of the United States beyond and above its quota on calls heretobefore made, and the term of service of such men, shall be considered and allowed to said district in calls hereafter made.

The first section of the amendments was
agreed to-yeas 22, nays 17, as follows:
YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Buckalew, Clark, Collamer,
it is contemplated to make the draft for a comparatively
short term. The burden of military service will therefore
be lightened, but its certainty of furnishing troops is an
absolute essential to success.

I have the honor to be, your obedient servant,
EDWIN M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.

To the PRESIDENT.

WAR DEPARTMENT,

PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL'S OFFICE, WASHINGTON, D. C., June 6, 1864. SIR: In accordance with the amended enrollment act ap

proved February 24, 1864, and your orders on the subject, I
am now conducting a draft in various sub-districts for their
respective deficiencies on quotas of troops heretofore as-
signed. The results of this draft, so far as shown by reports
of this date, are worthy of attention. They are, briefly, as
follows:

Number of drafted men examined ...................................... 14,741
Number exempted for physical disability....... 4,374
Number exempted for all other causes
2,632

[blocks in formation]

These reports come from sub-districts in eight different States. I invite your attention to the small proportion of soldiers being obta ned under the existing law. I see no reason to believe that the army can be materially strengthened by draft so long as the $500 clause is in force, nor do I think it safe to assume that the commutation paid by a drafted man will enable the Government to procure a volunteer or substitute in his place. I do not think that large bounties by the United States should be again resorted to for raising troops. I recommend that the $300 clause, as it is known, be repealed.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
JAMES B. FRY,
Provost Marshal General.

An additional reason for repealing the $300 clause is that Hon. E. M. STANTON, Secretary of War.

McDougall, Morrill, Powell, Richardson, Riddle, Saulsbury,
Van Winkle, Willey, Wilson-21.

Davis, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Harris, Howard, | an, Davis, Dixon, Foot, Foster, Harris, Hendricks, Johnson, Howe, Lane of Kansas, Morrill, Powell, Richardson, Sumner, Van Winkle, Wade, Wilkinson, Willey, Wilson-22. NAYS-Messrs. Brown, Carlile, Chandler, Conness, Grimes, Harlan, Henderson, Johnson, McDougall, Morgan, Nesmith, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Ten Eyck, Trumbull-17.

The remaining sections were agreed to.

ENLISTMENT OF INDIANS.

June 20-Mr. BROWN moved this new section:

That in any draft which may hereafter take place, all Indian tribes with whom treaties have been made by the Uni

ted States and who are receiving annuities from the Goverument shall be required to furnish their respective quota cf men; and that the duties of enrollment, or ascertaining the approximate numbers of said tribes, shall, whenever the same is necessary, be performed by the Indian agents as part of their appropriate duty, without further compensation, under instructions from the Provost Marshal General. And in the event that any tribe receiving annuities as aforesaid shall refuse or fail to furnish its required quota, then and in that event the whole or such part of their said annuities as the Secretary of the Interior shall deem adequate to provide substitutes shall be withheld from the annual payment, and shall be placed in the Treasury along with the commutation fund heretofore paid for a like purpose: And provided further, That the force thus raised may be employed by the Government for the purpose of maintaining peace and protecting from hostile incursion the Indian and other Territories, and of relieving such troops as are now engaged in that duty.

Mr. DOOLITTLE moved this substitute for the above:

That the Secretary of War is authorized to receive into the military service of the United States Indians of tribes

NAYS-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Conness, Fessenden, Grimes, Harlan, Howe, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Nesmith, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull-18.

Pending other propositions, the bill was recommitted to the Committee on Military Affairs, and all the amendments fell by the recommit

ment.

June 23-The Senate considered the bill, which was reported back in the shape in which it was originally reported.

Mr. MORGAN moved to amend by adding this section:

That in the calls for drafts hereafter made under the ac "for enrolling and calling out the national forces," and the acts in addition to or amendatory thereof, the same may be made for such term of time as the President shall direct, not exceeding one year.

Mr. WILSON moved to amend the amendment by making it read "shall be made for one year;" which was rejected-yeas 12, nays 18, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Clark, Collamer, Davis, Dixon, Foot, Har ris, Hendricks, Howe, Johnson, Sumner, Willey, Wilson-12 NAYS-Messrs. Brown, Chandler, Foster, Grimes, Harlan, Howard, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Pomeroy, Powell, Ram sey, Riddle, Saulsbury, Sherman, Sprague, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade-18.

Mr. CHANDLER moved to amend the amend

in treaty with the United States, to be employed as a partment by striking out "not exceeding one year," of the military force of the United States for the purpose of maintaining peace and protecting from hostile incursion the Indian Territory and other Territories where the hostile or invading force is in whole or in part composed of hostile

Indians.

Which was agreed to-yeas 24, nays 12, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Conness, Dixon, Doolittle, Foot, Foster, Harlan, Harris, Howard, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, McDougall, Morgan, Pomeroy, Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Van Winkle, Wade, Willey, Wilson-24.

NAYS-Messrs. Brown, Buckalew, Carlile, Davis, Grimes, Hendricks, Johnson, Powell, Ramsey, Richardson, Saulsbury, Wilkinson-12.

and inserting "not less than one nor more than three years;" which was rejected-yeas 16, nays 23, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Conness, Grimes, Harlan, Howard, Howe, Lane of Kansas, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wilkinson-16.

NAYS-Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Clark, Collamer, Davis, Dixon, Doolittle, Foot, Foster, Hale, Harris, Hendricks, Johnson, Morgan, Morrill, Powell, Riddle, Saulsbury, Sum ner, Van Winkle, Wade, Willey, Wilson-23.

The amendment offered by Mr. MORGAN was then agreed to-yeas 25, nays 14, as follows: YEAS-Messrs. Buckalew, Clark, Collamer, Cowan, Davis, The amendment, as amended, was then reject-Johnson, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Morrill, Pomeroy, Pou Dixon, Doolittle, Foot, Halo, Harris, Hendricks, Howe, ed-yeas 10, nays 29, as follows:

YEAS Messrs. Brown, Doolittle, Grimes, Harlan, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kausas, McDougall, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sprague-10.

NAYS-Messrs. Anthony, Buckalew, Carlile, Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Cowan, Davis, Dixon, Foot, Foster, Harris, Hendricks, Howard, Johnson, Morgan, Powell, Richardson, Riddle, Saulsbury, Sherman, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trum bull, Van Winkle, Wade, Wilkinson, Willey, Wilson-29.

NO SUBSTITUTION.

ell, Richardson, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Van Winkle, Wade,
Willey, Wilson-25.

Grimes, Howard, Me Dougall, Ramsey, Riddle, Sherman,
NAYS-Messrs. Brown, Carlile, Chandler, Conness, Foster,
Sprague, Trumbull, Wilkinson-14.

Mr. COLLAMER moved to strike out the first section and insert this:

That the thirteenth section of the act entitled "An act for enrolling and calling out the national forces, and for other purposes," approved March 3, 1563, is hereby so Government for the procuration of a substitute shall not exceed $500, instead of $300.

Mr. MCDOUGALL moved to insert this provi- amended that the sum to be paid by a drafted man to the

sion:

And from and after ten days from the passage of this act substitutes shall not be allowed in place of persons subject to draft and regularly drafted into the service of the United States.

Which was rejected-yeas 6, nays 35, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Chandler, Doolittle, Grimes, McDougall, Ramsey, Wilkinson-6.

NAYS-Messrs. Brown, Buckalew, Carlile, Clark, Collamer,
Conness, Cowan, Davis, Dixon, Foot, Foster, Harlan. Harris,

Hendricks, Howard, Howe, Johnson, Lane of Indiana, Lane
of Kansas, Morgan, Morrill, Nesmith, Pomeroy, Powell,
Richardson, Riddle, Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten Eyck,
Trumbull, Van Winkle, Wade, Willey, Wilson-35.

Mr. HENDRICKS moved to strike out the first section; which was agreed to-yeas 21, nays 18, as follows:

Which was rejected without a division. Mr GRIMES moved a new section, which was agreed to:

That the number of men furnished from any district for the service of the United States beyond and above its quota on calls heretofore made, and the term of service of such men, shall be considered and allowed to said district in calle hereafter made.

Mr. WILSON offered this new section, which he afterwards withdrew, decided opposition to it being manifested:

That any persons resident in the States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mis sissippi, Louisiana, Texas, or Arkansas, who may voluntarily enlist in the military service of the United States for the term of three years or during the war, shall be entitled to the benefits and privileges of existing laws, and such perYEAS-Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Clark, Collamer, Cow-sons shall be mustered into the regiments or other organi

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

zations of whatsoever State they may elect, or, in the case of colored troops, shall be assigned as now provided by law. And the States or subdivisions of States procuring such enlistments shall receive credit for such persons, in accordance with the laws in other cases; but such enlistments as are authorized in any State, under the provisions of this act, shall only continue until such State shall have been made subject to a call for troops.

Mr GRIMES offered the following new section, which was agreed to:

That no person drafted on future calls or who shall vol

unteer to fill the same shall be liable to be again drafted, until the existing enrollment shall be exhausted.

The bill, as amended, passed-yeas 24, nays 7, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, Doolittle, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Harlan, Howard, Howe, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sherman, Sprague, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Van Winkle, Wade, Wilkinson, Wil ley, Wilson-24.

NAYS-Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, McDougall, Powell, Richardson, Riddle, Saulsbury-7.

[ocr errors]

senden, Foot, Foster, Hale, Lane of Kansas. Morgan, Morrill,
Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sumner, Van Winkle, Wade, Wilkinson,
Wilson-18.
NAYS-Messrs. Buckalew, Carlile, Davis, Doolittle, Harlan,
Harris, Henderson, Hendricks, Howe, Labe of Indiana, Mc-
Dougall, Powell, Riddle, Saulsbury, Sherman, Trumbull,
Willey-17.
IN HOUSE.

1864, June 13--Mr. SCHENCK introduced this bill amendatory of the conscription act:

SEC. 1. That so much of the act entitled "An act for enrolling and calling out the national forces, and for other sixty-three, and of the several acts amendatory thereof, as purposes," approved March three, eighteen hundred and provides for a commutation in money, to be paid by persons enrolled or drafted for military service, in lieu of actually rendering such military service, be, and the same is hereby, repealed; and hereafter no payment of money shall be accepted or received by the Government to release any enrolled or drafted man from obligation to perform military duty.

June 29--The House having returned a new bill, it was considered in the Senate and amended by substituting the former Senate bill, with

an additional section or two.

SEC. 2. That hereafter no person shall be received or accepted to serve in the army of the United States, as a substitute for any other person liable to military duty and who may have been enrolled or drafted for that purpose, unless such substitute be the father, brother, or son of the person

so enrolled or drafted, and for whom he proposes to become such substitute.

SEC. 3. That the President of the United States may, at his discretion, at any time hereafter, order a draft under the en-provisions of the "Act for enrolling and calling out the na tional forces, and for other purposes," approved March third, eighteen hundred and sixty-three, and of the several acts amendatory thereto, for soldiers to serve for a less pe riod than three years: Provided, however, That no such draft shall be for a less term of service than one year.

Mr. SHERMAN offered this new section : That for the purpose of paying the bounties and of forcing the draft provided for in this act, there be levied and collected in addition to the duties imposed by law, a special duty of five per cent. on all incomes exceeding $600, accruing during the year 1864, which duty shall be assessed and collected in the mode and according to the provisions, penalties, and restrictions provided in the act approved titled "An act to provide internal revenue to support the Government, to pay interest on the public debt, and for other purposes." And this duty shall be payable on the 1st day of October next, and the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to prescribe such rules and regulations as to the time and mode of assessment as will secure the collection of this special tax.

---en

Which was agreed to-yeas 25, nays 7, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler, Clark, Conness, Doolittle, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, Ilowe, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Pomeroy, RamBey, Sherman, Sprague, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Wade, Wilkinson, Willey, Wilson-25.

NAYS-Messrs. Buckalew, Davis, Harris, Hendricks, McDougall, Powell, Riddle-7.

Mr. POWELL offered this, which was agreed to: That no officers or persons engaged in the military service of the United States shall enlist, recruit, or muster into the military service of the United States any person in any State of the United States to fill the quota of any State in which the person so enlisted, recruited, or mustered into the service of the United States does not reside. Any recruiting or military officer who shall violate this section shall be dismissed the service of the United States with forfeiture of all pay aud allowances, and shall be subject to such further punishment as a court-martial may direct.

The bill then passed the Senate.

June 30-The Senate, after receiving the message from the House stated in House proceedings of this date, reconsidered their action, and struck out the tax section.

The bill went to a Committee of Conference, whose report being the law as passed (page 116) the Senate, June 2, first rejected yeas 16, Days 18, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Clark, Foot, Foster, Hale, Johnson, Lane of Indiana, Lane of Kansas, Morgan, Morrill, Pomeroy, Ramsey, Sumner, Wade, Wilkinson, Wilson-16. NAYS-MOSSTS. Buckalew, Carlile, Conness, Cowan, Davis, Henderson, Hendricks, Hicks, McDougall, Powell, Riddle, Saulsbury, Sherman, Sprague, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Van Winkle, Willey-18.

SEC. 4. That the President shall accompany any order for a draft of men for military service with a notice that he will accept volunteers in lieu of such drafted men prior to the day appointed for the draft, to fill the quota or any part thereof of any town, township, precinct, or election district; and every person so volunteering, in lieu of a man to be drafted, shall be credited to such town, township, precinct, or election district; and if he volunteers and is accepted and mustered into the service for a term of one year, unless sooner discharged, shall receive and be paid by the United States a bounty of one hundred dollars, and if for a term of two years, unless sooner discharged, a bounty of two hundred dollars, and if for a term of three years, unless sooner discharged, a bounty of three hundred dollars, one half of which said bounty shall be paid to the soldier at the time of his being mustered into the service, one fourth at the expiration of one half his term of service, and one fourth at the end of his term of service; and the President in any call or order for a draft shall specify the exact time of service for which such draft is to be made, and the volunteers accepted in lieu of the whole or any part of the quotas to be provided under that draft shall be for not less than the term of service for which that draft is ordered.

SEC. 5. That section three of an act entitled "An act to amend an act entitled an act for enrolling and calling out the national forcee, and for other purposes," approved February 24th, 1864, be, and the same is hereby, amended so as to authorize and direct district provost marshals, under the direction of the Provost Marshal General, to make a draft for fifty per centum in addition to the number required to fill the quota of any district, as provided by said section.

SEC. 6. That, instead of travelling pay, all drafted persons reporting at the place of rendezvous shall be allowed transcharged at the place of rendezvous shall be allowed transportation from their places of residence; and persons disportation to their places of residence.

Mr. SCHENCK demanded the previous question; but the House refused to second it-yeas 45, nays 60. The bill was laid over.

June 21-The subject was resumed. On a motion to reject the bill, the yeas were 75, nays 75-the SPEAKER Voting nay.

VOTE ON SECTION REPEALING THE $300 COM

MUTATION CLAUSE.

The first section was then stricken out-yeas 100, nays 50, as follows:

YEAS-Messrs. James C. Allen, William J. Allen, Alley, Ames, Ancona, Baily, Augustus O. Baldwin, John D. Bald

Afterward the vote was reconsidered, and the report adopted-yeas 18, nays 17, as follows: win, Blaine, Bliss, Boutwell, Brooks, Broomall, James S. Brown, William G. Brown, Chanler, Freeman Clarke, CofYEAS-Messrs. Anthony, Chandler, Clark, Conness, Fes-froth, Cruvens, Thomas T. Davis, Dawes, Dawson, Deming,

« PreviousContinue »