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In August, 1819, after an absence of nineteen months, Mr. Cornelius arrived at Andover. On the 28th of September following, he was married to Miss Mary Hooker, eldest daughter of the Rev. Asahel Hooker, formerly of Goshen, Conn.
From that period till July, 1820, he remained in Andover, with the exception of the time spent in a brief agency for the American Board. Having been employed nearly two years in duties of an active and exhausting nature, he determined to seize the opportunity which was now offered, for increasing his knowledge of theology. He accordingly devoted a number of months to an attendance upon several courses of lectures in the theological seminary, to the perusal of important works in divinity, and to the composition of sermons. On the Sabbath, he generally preached for some neighboring
Choctaw Dictionary and Grammar. He has collected and arranged more than 10,000 Choctaw words, with their significations in Eng. lish ; and to more than 15,000 selected English words, has affixed their significations in Choctaw. Six gentlemen and their families employed in teaching, and in the secular concerns of the mission, have received an honorable dismission from the service of the Board. Arkansas Choctaws.—Two stations, church members about 180. Schools will soon be established. The whole number of copies of books printed in the Choctaw language, is 13,000, containing 1,666,000 pages. Probably from 10,000 to 14,000 Choctaws are settled in their new country. Their territory is bounded on the east by the Arkansas territory, on the north by the Arkansas river, on the south by the Red river, and on the west by lands occupied by other tribes of Indians. Creeks.--Some efforts have been made of a missionary character among the Creeks who have removed. The whole tribe, consisting of 20,000, will soon be established between the Arkansas and Verdigris rivers. Osages.-Four stations, 30 church members. The number of Indians, speaking the Osage dialect, is between 15,000 and 20,000. The language has never been reduced to writing, except so far as the missionaries have prepared vocabularies for their own use. Very little has been accomplished during the 12 years since this mission was commenced in subduing the savage character of the people. Stockbridge Indians.
minister, particularly for Dr. Morse of Charlestown, Dr. Worcester of Salem, and Mr. Kirby of Newbury. The agency to which we have just alluded was undertaken at the urgent request of the friends of missions, for the purpose of raising a permanent fund for the support of the corresponding secretary of the Board of Missions. It was judged to be important for several reasons that that officer should not be left to depend on the common funds of the Board for a support. Prejudices were cherished by a portion of the community in respect to the employing of the money given for general missionary objects, in paying the salaries of executive agents. We think that this was a mere prejudice, and entirely unworthy of a high-minded Christian community. How far it is right at any time to fall in with such misconceptions, we pretend not to determine. True Christian
This tribe now settled at Green Bay, are about to remove to the east side of lake Winnebago. The church consists of 64 members, 61 of whom are Indians. All are members of the temperance society. In the whole settlement, embracing 250 or 260 persons, there are not more than two or three persons, who are not accustomed to attend religious meetings, more or less. Nearly the whole population can read their own language and the English. This tribe has been under Christian influence more than 100 years. Mackinaw.—This station was designed originally for the accommodation of a large boarding-school, to be composed of pupils from various Indian settlements to the west and northwest. The plan has, however, been found to involve many difficulties, and has been lately reduced. The number of scholars is 40 or 50. Ojibways. — Stations are established at four points between lake Superior and the Mississippi. Maumee.—This station is for the benefit of the Ottawas in Ohio. It will probably be soon abandoned. New York Indians.-Four stations, four churches, 253 members, 100 scholars. The Seneca language is spoken by about 6,000 persons. The missions seem to be in a prosperous condition.
The American Methodists, Baptists, the United Brethren, and the British Church Missionary Society, have established missions among various tribes of aborigines, east and west of the Mississippi.
MEMOIR OF CORNELIUS.
delicacy will, at all times, shrink from furnishing any occasion for the most distant suspicion of sinister and avaricious motives. As human nature is constituted, an agent will generally proceed more cheerfully to his work if he is conscious that he is not in any sense providing for his own support. At the same time “the laborer is worthy of his hire.” The agent and the secretary of a benevolent society are as really engaged in the service of the church, and are as fully entitled to a competent support, as the settled pastor, or the foreign missionary.
Though Mr. Cornelius prosecuted the agency in question, at several different periods in his subsequent life, yet for the sake of convenience we will now complete our record concerning it.
The original method adopted was that of collecting funds by triennial subscriptions. In this way four or five hundred dollars were secured. In the autumn of 1818, when Mr. Cornelius was appointed to the work, the plan of a permanent foundation was considered to be eligible. He conferred with a number of philanthropic gentlemen in Massachusetts and Connecticut, and procured subscriptions amounting to eleven hundred dollars. Some time afterwards two missionaries, with a very enlightened liberality, consecrated their entire property to this purpose, amounting to eleven hundred and fifty dollars. In the course of 1820, Mr. Cornelius, while performing a general agency in behalf of the Board, secured in addition between four and five thousand dollars for the support of the secretary. A large portion of this sum was also the donation of several missionaries, and was not immediately available. Mr. Cornelius accomplished considerable good at the same time, in respect to the subsequent augmentation of the fund, by the removal of prejudices, and by diffusing information in various ways.
SETTLEMENT IN SALEM OVER THE TABERNACLE CHURCH
On the 22d of July, 1819, Mr. Cornelius was installed as associate pastor with the Rev. Dr. Worcester, over the Tabernacle church and society in Salem, Massachusetts. About the same time, he received an invitation from the Congregational society in Charlestown, in the same State, to become the successor of the Rev. Dr. Morse in the pastoral office. In coming to a decision on the important question, there was a developement of the same elevated religious principle, which actuated him during his whole religious life. The means which he employed in guiding his deliberations were the advice of judicious men, consultation of the Scriptures, and prayer.
To the gentlemen, whose counsel he asked, he thus wrote, “I do not seek to know in what situation I can find most of private or domestic enjoyment, but where, according to the means which God has given me, be most useful. And although I feel assured the precaution is entirely unnecessary, it will nevertheless satisfy my feelings to request, that in giving your advice, no considerations whatever of a private nature, be suffered to have the least influence, except so far as they are deemed essential to my greater usefulness. The grand, the only point to which I wish your attention to be directed, is the
question of my duty. View the subject as disconnected from every thing else, and then say, without any personal regard to places, or to men, what appears to you to be my duty to the great Head of the church. I wish to be considered for the present in a state of entire suspense, ready to obey the will of a great Master, let that will be what it may.”
We were never more impressed with the disinterested spirit of the Christian religion, in connection with an unusual degree of natural magnanimity, than in reading the correspondence by which the precise arrangements with Dr. Worcester, were settled. We hardly know which was most conspicuous, filial confidence or paternal love. It was the father providing for the son, and the son anticipating every wish of the father's heart. At the same time they took that course which must commend itself to the experience of every wise man. They made a distinct and minute arrangement of their respective duties, and reduced it to writing antecedently to the consummation of the connection. “I have to ask,” says Mr. Cornelius to Dr. Worcester, “ that you will never imagine, that I have been excited to write on a subject of some delicacy, from the least want of confidence in your friendship or judgment. If I could be made even to suspect that this delightful confidence would be weakened, I would not hesitate a single moment to decide against the connection in question. It is because I am anxious that this confidence may be preserved inviolate, that I feel desirous of having a clear knowledge of my duties, and of taking precautionary steps, to the neglect of which, no doubt, are to be ascribed many of the evils hitherto attendant on similar connections. It is a fact, which I delight to acknowledge, that few men in this world have awakened my friendship, my confidence, and my respect, to a higher degree than yourself. In proportion to my love and esteem, would be