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“Soon rested they who fought; but thou,
Who minglest in the harder strife, For truths which men receive not now,
Thy warfare only ends with life.
“A friendless warfare, lingering long
Through weary day and weary year; A wild and many-weapon'd throng
Hangs on thy front and flank and rear.
“Yet nerve thy spirit to the proof,
And blench not at thy chosen lot: The timid good may stand aloof,
The sage may frown,-but faint thou not.
“Nor heed the shaft too surely cast,
The foul and blasting bolt of scorn; For with thy side shall dwell, at last,
The victory of endurance born.
“Truth crush'd to earth shall rise again;
The eternal years of God are hers; But Error, wounded, writhes in pain,
And dies among her worshippers.
“Yea, though thou liest upon the dust,
When they who help'd thee flee in fear, Die full of hope and manly trust,
Like those who fell in battle here !
“ Another hand thy sword shall wield,
Another hand the standard wave, Till from the trumpet's mouth is peal'd
The blast of triumph o'er thy grave!"
The Memento to Secretary Chase.
In every stage of human progress and trial, either in an upward or downward direction, the Almighty prescience and wisdom have called forth some power or persons to master the situation, and to direct and control the means by which the event and circumstance of the period or its crisis has been advanced and perfected.
In the affairs of the Revolution our forefathers were blessed with a man and a genius by whose direction and example order was brought out of chaos, and the military elements of the struggle so combined and employed that, though baffled and delayed for a time in their operations, success eventually crowned and rewarded them.
As George Washington was the bright particular star of the struggle whose triumph gave to the world a government which is the shield and staff of all the weak and the weary of the nations of the earth, who seek its shelter and support, so Robert Morris was the polar star by whose directing influence the financial affairs of the Revolution (though storm-tossed and buffeted by the waves of adverse seas) were brought to shelter and safe harborage. The star of Washington's popular reward culminated and blazed in the meridian of his own times, and will continue to shine as long as the sacred fires shall burn on the altar of the temple of Fame.
The services of Morris, though of no less value intrinsically than those of the nation's general, were not of a character as appreciable to the masses. The eye which can see the result of a military campaign may not discern and comprehend the subtle ramifications of financial diplomacy:
therefore the people who could as a body appreciate the services of Washington when victory crowned them with success, might not, and it is to be feared were not able to, distinguish and appreciate the genius and the means by which the brave and suffering soldiers were fed and clothed, even as poorly and as scantily as it was often their sad fate to be.
Although the full measure of fame and justice was not awarded to Robert Morris in his lifetime, yet his services and sacrifices are so incorporated with the history of the Revolution, that so long as that record stands he cannot be forgotten. Future historians will regild the bright letters in which his services were first recorded,—the just tribute paid to his merits by those who knew and felt that to the genius and labors of the great financier of 1776 the nation was as largely indebted for its independence and glory as it was to the devoted bravery of its gallant defenders in the field.
History, it is said, reproduces itself. The great rebellion followed the great revolution. The financial struggle of the one is the history of the other. Old landmarks were swept away, and a new line marked out and followed. A man and a policy were developed in one crisis; a man and a policy arose in the other. The treasury ship was stranded by the pirates who deserted her in 1860, but the wreckers did not board her before a new commander came to her rescue; energy and skill soon floated and manned her; and now, in 1864, she is steadily sailing before the favoring gales of credit and success, riding the waves of that perilous ocean in safety, in whose fogs and on whose shoals and rocks she was threatened with shipwreck.
Salmon P. Chase has not only accomplished the herculean task of averting all the threatened and existing dangers by which the finances of the nation were surrounded, but he has turned peril into security. The elements of weakness in our system of banking and currency have become, under the influence of his foresight and genius, a basis of strength. Not only have the finances of the country been so managed as fully to supply the gigantic wants of the national policy (forced into operation by the insurgents and their aiders and abettors at home and abroad), but also to provide for its future requisitions, whether for the purposes of commerce or of war, no matter what the situation of affairs may be when the rebellion is crushed, or what may arise from the maintenance of the “Monroe doctrine" in the future. To the bold, though consistent, experiments and plans of our patriotic and energetic Secretary of the Treasury do we owe “the sinews of war," by which the Government has been enabled to protect and defend itself against one of the most wicked and powerful conspiracies ever planned to destroy a nation.
Mr. Chase may be truly said to possess that inestimable jewel, embodied in the following ancient aphorism “The greatest honor a citizen can achieve is to deserve well of the republic.” Actuated by a sincere desire to stimulate the public appreciation of such services, I have prepared a 'paper-weight” of the wood of the “ treaty elm” and of the Alliance; to which I have added a specimen of gold quartz procured by me from a mine in California in 1853. This memento is to be presented to Mr. Chase in the same spirit, and in behalf of the same public benefactions, as those which represent the gift to the President.
The wood of the treaty elm” may serve to represent the peaceable character of American institutions. The wood of the old frigate will serve to symbolize the material of the nation's defences and the boundless capacity and power of the people's commerce; for the old Alliance was
first a war-ship, and afterwards a merchantman. The gold quartz represents the mineral resources of the republic. The combination of these materials in the "paper-weight," and the uses to which it is adapted, may not inaptly typify the strength and wealth of the national power and resources, and illustrate their ability when applied as a "weight" to secure the national currency from the winds of factious party at home, or from the gales of envy and detraction blowing from abroad.
These “relics” will be of additional value to the recipients, as they have been the means of calling forth a generous endorsement from the lovers of the Union, in the form of subscriptions to the funds of the several institutions devoted to the soldier's wants.
At the close of the Philadelphia Sanitary Fair, the directors of that institution will forward the “ weights” to Washington, and cause them to be appropriately presented to the distinguished gentlemen for whom they are designed.
Items concerning tye Treaty Elm. The following interesting facts, compiled from the best authorities, will serve to refresh our historic recollections without going into extensive reviews.
In the summer of 1682, a small vessel, called the “Welcome,” sailed from England with William Penn and a company of Quakers for the shores of Delaware Bay and river,-on the borders of which lay a broad domain granted to Penn by Charles the Second.
Penn arrived, proceeded up the river to Shackamaxon,