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act of Congress acts of hostility allegiance arms army and navy authority belligerent rights bill of attainder blockade capture civil civil war claim clause commander-in-chief committed confiscation conquest constitution corruption of blood courts martial crime criminal danger declared deemed Department districts duty emancipation enemy's enforce established execution exercise existence foreign forfeiture habeas corpus imprisonment inhabitants institution insurrection interfere issued judge judicial jurisdiction jury Justice land law of nations lawfully laws of war legislation Leitensdorfer liable limits loyal citizens martial law means ment military arrests military government military power militia necessary necessity offence officer operations opinion party pass peace penalties persons port power of Congress President prisoners prisoners of war proceedings proclamation provides public enemy punishment question rebellion rebels recognized regulations rules Sect seized slavery slaves soldiers sovereign statutes suppress Supreme Court territory thereof tion traitors treason treaty tribunals Union United
Page 297 - Portsmouth and which excepted parts are for the present left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued and by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid i do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated states and parts of states are and henceforward shall be free and that the executive government of the united states including the military and naval authorities thereof will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons...
Page 251 - I repeat the declaration made a year ago, that " while I remain in my present position I shall not attempt to retract or modify the emancipation proclamation, nor shall I return to slavery any person who is free by the terms of that proclamation, or by any of the acts of Congress.
Page 255 - Executive. And it is suggested as not improper, that, in constructing a loyal State Government in any State, the name of the State, the boundary, the subdivisions, the Constitution, and the general code of laws, as before the rebellion, be maintained, subject only to the modifications made necessary by the conditions hereinbefore stated, and such others, if any, not contravening said conditions, and which may be deemed expedient by those framing the new State Government.
Page 142 - If a war be made by invasion of a foreign nation, the President is not only authorized but bound to resist force by force. He does not initiate the war, but is bound to accept the challenge without waiting for any special legislative authority.
Page 326 - But the genius and character of our institutions are peaceful, and the power to declare war was not conferred upon Congress for the purposes of aggression or aggrandizement, but to enable the general government to vindicate by arms, if it should become necessary, its own rights and the rights of its citizens.
Page 127 - State, and shall be returned as there shall be occasion for them, from such parts of the district from time to time as the Court shall direct, so as shall be most favorable to an impartial trial, and so as not to incur an unnecessary expense or unduly to burthen the Citizens of any part of the district with such services.
Page 254 - I, , do solemnly swear, in presence of Almighty God, that I will henceforth faithfully support, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States and the Union of the States thereunder; and that I will in like manner abide by and faithfully support all acts of Congress passed during the existing rebellion with reference to slaves, so long and so far as not repealed, modified, or held void by Congress or by decision of the Supreme Court...
Page 255 - And still further, that this Proclamation is intended to present the people of the States wherein the national authority has been suspended, and loyal State governments have been subverted, a mode in and by which the national authority and loyal State governments may be re-established within said States or in any of them, and while the mode presented is the best the Executive can suggest with his present impressions, it must not be understood that no other possible mode would be acceptable.
Page 301 - States, or who shall in any way give aid or comfort thereto, escaping from such persons and taking refuge within the lines of the army, and all slaves captured from such persons or deserted by them and coming under the control of the Government of the United States...