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First settlements in New Jersey..
Duke of York cedes Jersey to Berkeley and
Agitation for popular government.
Insurrection under James Carteret.
Jersey divided into two sections..
Dispute between Andros and Carteret 312
New constitution for the Jerseys...
1. The Duke of York's Release to Ber-
2. Fundamental Constitutions of East
Affairs in New Hampshire
Massachusetts charter declared forfeited. 353-354
Temporary government established 354-355
New England Colonies acknowledge William
2. Charter of Rhode Island and Provi-
Course of the aristocratic classes ... 369-370
Grant of colony to Culpepper and Arlington. 372
The Protestant Revolution of 1689 380-381
Fundamentals ” Body of Liberties " 323–324
The United Colonies of New England 324-326
Williams obtains charter to Providence Plan-
Maine settlements annexed to Massachusetts 331
Mint established in Massachusetts..
Articles of the Confederatior of the
Early settlements in the Carolinas.. 381-382
Charter granted to Carolina
Settlements of Albemarle and Clarendon... 384
Second charter to Carolina
NEW ENGLAND UNDER CHARLES II. AND JAMES II,
Whalley and Goffe in New England.... 341-342
Colonies submit to the authority of the
Massachusetts refuses to submit
Commissioners sent to New England Colonies
King Philip's War
Early career of William Penn
Voyage of La Jeune, Brébeuf, Daniel, and
Labors of other Jesuit Priests
Trading Expedition of Raddison and Groseil-
Courcelles invades the Long House
Marquette, Allouez and others in the Far
Joliet and Marquette on the Mississippi. 425–426
La Salle's expedition down the Missis-
La Salle's attempt to establish a colony and
Father Hennepin's wanderings in the
Frontenac superseded by De La Barre 434
De La Barre's interview with the
Denonville's attempt to subjugate the
Comparative progress of French and English
Board of Trade and Plantations
Lord Bellomont becomes governor.
Dispute between Dudley and the Assem-
Queen Anne's War begins
Situation of the colonies..
Attacks on frontier villages
Massacre at Deerfield
Massacre at Haverhill
Attack on Port Royal
Abortive attempt to subdue Canada 459-460
Treaty of Utrecht..
Dispute over pa per money in Massachu-
Burnet's dispute with Assembly
Sebastian Rale in Maine
The New England Courant
Dispute between Massachusetts and New
Other intercolonial disputes
Outbreak of third intercolonial war
Capture of Louisburg
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
Attempt to impress seamen
In presenting this History portraying the origin, growth and development of the United States, a foreword seems necessary concerning the object and aim of the work.
Several questions naturally arise: Is there a need for such a work! Shall it be prepared for the student and scholar or for the general public! What shall be its scope? To the first question, answer may well be made in the affirmative. It is safe to say that few American homes contain a general history of the United States which tells the story in all its multitudinous ramifications. Undoubtedly the absence of such a work from the library shelf may be accounted for by the fact that up to the present time we have had no general work, covering our history from the beginning, which gives that history complete. Separate civil, political, constitutional, social, economic, industrial, religious, educational, literary and other histories have been written, as have numberless books on single colonies, States, or definite sections of the country, on certain phases of our life, or on specific events, but in no general work can all the above be found combined within comparatively small compass, suitable for the home. Our most widely known general histories cover but a short span of our country's existence and are of too profound and exhaustive a nature ever to attain wide popularity, being more suited to the student and historian. Of short narratives of necessity meagre in their information - the number is legion, but between this class and that first mentioned is
a wide gap.
For many years the need of a work to fill the gap has been plainly apparent, but historians have preferred to devote their time and energies to particular fields of research and to subjects of special or local interest, rather than to undertake the stupendous task of sifting the enormous amount of data unearthed by special investigators and preparing a general work on the United States as a whole. To bring this material together under its proper headings is a troublesome task, but it is still more difficult to state the results briefly and at the same time to give
narrative a lively and intense human interest, without which the work would lose much of its charm and usefulness.
Many histories are at fault in that they have stressed the deed and the event and have neglected the conditions out of which those things sprang, which has resulted in a partial and ofttimes misleading representation. To be complete, history must not only include events of a general, civil, political or constitutional nature, but must show also the influence of these events upon the development of the nation; it must consider the social life of the people — their manners, customs, amusements, institutions, etc.—; their literary, intellectual and religious life; their economic life — occupations, material welfare, industrial development, labor systems, sources of wealth, etc.— as affecting the welfare of the nation, for the economic and social elements are as significant as the political, and cannot be omitted in any serious treatment of national growth and development. If we would gain a true conception and knowledge of the nation's history, we must lend a sympathetic ear to the life struggles and work of her men and women, their ambitions, achievements, discouragements and failures; their experiences and counsels; their songs, poetry, and romance; their tragedies, sorrows, consolations, and joys - all that unites to make the infinite riches of our past sacred and precious, and that combines to inspire in succeeding generations the desire to be worthy of their glorious heritage. We have therefore incorporated a large number of special topics portraying these various phases of our national life, particular emphasis being laid upon modern events and problems. These topics have been written by scholars, eminently fitted for the work by long years of research and by familiarity with historic traditions, sentiments, facts, and conditions.
A large number of special documents, seldom found in works of this character, have also been included. We read of the charters of the various colonies, of the Articles of Confederation, the Ordinance of 1787, the Alien and Sedition Acts, the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, the Embargo, the Monroe Doctrine, the Nullification Ordinances, the Fugitive-Slave Act, the Ostend Manifesto, and similar documents, but for the text of these most important instruments we are compelled to visit the libraries and to search through scattered collections. They have never been incorporated in general histories because of their length, but we have considered that the documents themselves are of as much importance as a lengthy discussion of them, and have therefore included a number of the most noteworthy.
It has been the fault of many of our historical works that they are