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TABLE OF CONTENTS.

ORIGINAL PROSE ARTICLES.

ORIGINAL POETRY.

PAGE

PAGB 1. Introduction to the History of the Colony and

.597 Ancient Dominion of Virginia By Charles

11. Birth of the Rainbow. By C ... Campbell

. Chap. XXXII and XXXIII........577 12. TO J. E. B........ 2. The Student of Providence. By S. S. Brad. ford...

.597

13. The Death of Arnold Winkelreid By P. P. 3. The Fortunes of Estber, the Jewess. A Tale.

Cooke

.610 By Alfred Duke......

...601 4. The Legal Profession. Lawyers and Lawyers'

14. Smoke. By Blanche.......

.619 Fees in the * Old Dominion." By the Editor..611 15. The Infanticide. Translated from the Germaa 5. Poety and Religion. No. VI. By W. C. S....619 6. The Magic Mirror; or Lady of the Crystal

of Schiller...... Spring. By R. R. W...

.623 16. Bertrand du Guesclin. A Historical Ballad. By 7. 'The Price of Excellence. By E. L. M. 630 8. The Late R. H. Wilde. By T.

Mary E. Lee......

.636 9. Nouces of New Works......

17. To the Evening Star. By the Rev. Richard T. { 10. To the Public. The Southern Literary Messenger....

.640

Brown

637 638

PAYMENTS TO THE LITERARY MESSENGER AND REVIEW.

Bradley, H. H..... Virginia..... ......vol13 ) Johnson, Hon. D....IEJ....S. Carolina....... vol 12-13 Butler, Col. Thos..JEJ..S. Carolina...Pd. to June 1847. Keen, G. A....... Maryland.... vo! 11-12-13

Caldwell, Col. P. C..IEJ..S. Carolina.Pd. to June 1817. Long, J. M. & D.F.. North Carolina...Pd. to Sept. 1817. { Calhoun, J. C...IEJ...... South Carolina.... vol 12-13 Macnjurdo, C. J., Jr..... Virginia.......Pd. to July 1847. Deberry, A. B....HML.... Tennessee. vol 13 Matthews, S. H.. Tennessee

sol 12-13 Ewing, John O... Virginia..

..vol 13 Macdonald, Dr. A....HML...Alabama.. ...vol 13 Edmunds, J. T..AML... Tennessee....vol 9-10-11-12-13 Meade, Mrs. Ann M.

Virginia....vol 11.12-13 Euphradian Society, IEJ......S. Carolina ......vo! 13) Mickle, J. T...IEJ...South Carolina... .. vol 12-13 Erwin, J. J.....EJ. North Carolina.... vol 13 McNutt, R. A...JEJ.... South Carolina.....vol 13 Fowkes, Dr. J.... HML... . Tennessee....vol 13 Parker, Dawson C... Virginia....... vol 11-12-13 Floyd, B. R. ... Virginia... ...Pd. to Jan. 1818. Price, Thomas R.... Virginia...

vol 13 Filts, 0. D.

IEJ. North Carolina.....vol 13 Payne, R. G.......HML. .Tenessee..... vol 9 10 Gamewell, T, W ....HML.... Tennessee......vol 12.13 Petrie, Rev. G. W ......IEJ.... Georgia.. rol 12-13 Grubbs, Peter W

Virginia..... vol 10-11-12-13 Smith, G, W. HML... Tennessee....11-12-13 Goodlett, W. M...JEJ... South Carolina....vol 12-13 State Library ..Maryland...-....Vol 9-10-11-12-13 Gage, Miss Mary J..IEJ..S. Carolina..vol 9-10-11-12-13 Summer, Henry...JEJ.... South Caroloa.....rol 12-13 Goudalock, D...JEJ....S. Carolina... vol 12-13 Shanklin, J. V...IEJ.... South Carolina......vol 12-13 Gartrill, LJ....JEJ. ..Georgia.... vol 11.12-13 Taylor, Gen. James.....Kentucky..

..voi 13 Herbermyer, G....CWJ. Indiana..... - vol 13 Tuil, Lewis C....HML.... Alabama.. .......voi 12-13 Harrison, Ed. C. Virginia.......Pd. $7 50 in full. Trezevani, John F....HML.... Tennessee.. vol 12-13 Harris, Nat....HML.

Alabama... vol 13 Toomlis, Robert....IEJ. Georgia.. ..voi 12-13 Herndon, B. Z....IEJ. South Carolina.....vol 13 Wilkinson & Howard.....HML... Tennessee..pol 12-13 Harrison, J. W...IEJ.... South Carolina....vol 12-13 Wilson, John H...IEJ.....S. Carolina...... rol 12-13 Trby, Col. James H....IEJ... South Carolina..vol 12-13 Walker, Hon. J. B....CWJ....Ohio..Pd. to April 1848. Jeffries, Mrs. Mary E....HML.... Alabama...vol 10-11 Wright, Hon, J. A....CWJ.... Indiana.... ....vol 13 Judge, Thos. J.....HML.... Alabama... vol 11 | Wooton, Dr. H. V... HML.... Alabama.. ......tol 13

WM. MACFARLANE & JOHN W. FERGUSSON, BOOK AND JOB PRINTERS,

Nos. 14 & 15, Law Building: Up Stairs.

TIIE SOUTHERN AND WESTERN

LITERARY MESSENGER AND REVIEW.

OOTOBER, 1847.

INTRODUCTION TO THE

HISTORY OF THE COLONY AND ANCIENT DOMINION OF VIRGINIA.

In the meantime, however, at the age of tile experiment turned out more unfortunate eighteen be had married a Miss Shelton, the than the first and left him a bankrupt. Yet daughter of a poor but honest farmer in the these disappointments, aggravated by an neighborhood. Young Henry now by the joint early marriage, did not visibly depress his assistance of his father and his father-in-law, spirit. In the winter of 1760, Thomas Jeffurnished with a small farin and one or two ferson then in his seventeenth year, on his slaves, undertook to support himself by ag- way to the college of William and Mary, riculture. Yet although he tilled the ground spent the Christmas holydays at the seat of with his own hands, whether owing to his Col. Dandridge in Hanover. Patrick Henry, negligent and unsystematic habits, or to the Jr., now 24 years of age, being a near neighsterility of the soil, after an experiment of bor, young Jefferson now met with him for two years he failed in this enterprise as ut- the first time and observed that his manners terly as in the former. Selling his scanty had something of coarseness in them; his property at a sacrifice for cash, he turned passion was music, dancing and pleasantry. again to merchandize. Still displaying the In the last he excelled and it attached every same incorrigible indifference to business, body to him. He displayed no uncommon he now resumed his violin, his flute, his calibre of intellect or extent of information; books, his curious inspection of human na- but his misfortunes were not to be traced in ture, and occasionally shut up his store to his countenance or in his conduct. Selfindulge in his favorite sports. He now stu- possessed repose is the characteristic of nadied geography and became a proficient in it; tive power. Consciousness of superior gehe examined the charters and history of the nius and a reliance upon a benignant Provicolony and pored over the translated annals dence, buoyed him up in the fluctuations of of Greece and Rome. Livy became his fa- an adverse fortune. Young Henry embraced vorite, and in his early life he read it at least the study of the law and after a short course once in every year. His second mercan- of reading, was admitted to the bar in the

spring of 1760. For three years he remained incline to suspect that his alleged aversion to books in obscurity. In the “ Parsons' Cause” he in after life has been exaggerated and that he somewhat af. fected it in compliance with the rulgar prejudice against

first emerged from the horizon and thenceforth became star of the ascendant.

book-learning.

Vol. XIII-73

war.

had contracted an enormous debt. The CHAPTER XXXII.

British officers entertained with a liberal hos

pitality in America, carried back to England 1763–1774.

exaggerated reports of the wealth of the

colonies. The colonial governors and the Disputes between the Colonies and the Mother Country;

British ministry had often been thwarted and The Stamp Act ; Virginia opposes it ; Henry's Reso. annoyed by the republican and independent lutions ; His Eloquence ; Congress meets at New York; and sometimes turbulent spirit of the coloStamp Act repealed; Speaker Robinson; Fauquier suc. nies, and longed to see it curbed. In fine, ceeded by Blair ; Baptists in Virginia; Acilo levy duties the British administration was in the hands in America resisted ; Botetourt Governor; Affairs during of a corrupt and grasping oligarchy, and the his Administration ; Succeeded by President Nelson; minister determined to lessen the burdens Great Fresh in 1771; Duninore Governor; Resistance at home by levying a direct tax from the colto duty on Tea; Proceedings in Virginia; Congress meets

onies. The loyalty of the Americans had at Philadelphia ; Dunmore's Indian War; The Battle of

never been warmer than at the close of the Point Pleasant ; Logan.

They had expended their treasure and The successful termination of the war of their blood freely and the recollection of mu1755 paved the way for American indepen- tual sufferings and a common glory strengthdence. Hitherto from the first settlement of ened their attachment to the mother counthe colonies, Great Britain without seeking try. These loyal sentiments were destined a direct revenue from them, had been satis- to wither soon. The colonies too had infied with a monopoly of their trade. And volved themselves in a heavy debt. Within now when they had grown more capable of three years, from 1756 to 1759, parliament resisting impositions, the mother country had granted them a large amount of money rose in her demands. * Thus (1764,] dis- to encourage their efforts ; yet exclusive of putes commenced between Great Britain and that amount and of the extraordinary supthe colonies, and lasting about twelve years, plies appropriated by the colonial assemended in a disruption of the empire. This blies, a very heavy debt still remained unresult, inevitable in the natural course of liquidated. When, therefore, parliament, in events, was precipitated by the impolitic a few years after, undertook to extort money and arbitrary measures of the British gov- by a direct tax, from provinces to which she ernment. In the general loyalty of the had lately granted incomparably larger sums, colonies, new commercial restrictions, al- it was conceived that the object of the minthough involving a heavy indirect taxa- ister was not simply to raise the inconsidertion, would have been submitted to. But able amount of the tax, but to establish a the novel scheme of direct taxation-with- new and absolute system of “taxation without their consent was reprobated as contra- out representation.” It was easy to forery to their natural and chartered rights and see that it might and would be made the ina flame of discontent finally overspread the strument of unlimited extortions and would whole country. The recent war had inspi- extinguish the practical legislative indepenred the provincial troops with more confi- dence of America. dence in themselves and had rendered the After war had raged for nearly eight years, British regulars less formidable in their eyes. a general peace was concluded, by which The success of the allied arms had put an France ceded Canada, and Spain the Floriend to the dependency of the colonies upon das to Great Britain. These conquests and the mother country for protection against the culminating power and the arrogant prethe French. In several of the provinces, tensions of that proud island, excited the Germans, Dutch, Swedes and Frenchmen jealousy and the fears of Europe. In Engwere found commingled with the Anglican land a corrupt and arbitrary administration population. Great Britain by long wars ably had engendered a formidable opposition at conducted, had acquired glory and an ex-home. [1763.] The national debt had actension of empire ; but in the meantime she cumulated to an enormous amount; for which

an annual interest of twenty-two millions of * Ramsay's Hist. of the U, S.

dollars was paid, The minister proposed to

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