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BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the 11th day of October, A. D. 1827, in the fiftysecond year of the Independence of the United States of America, Nathaniel H. Carter, of the said district, hath deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as author in the words following, to wit:

"Letters from Europe, comprising the Journal of a Tour through Ireland, England, Scotland, France, Italy, and Switzerland, in the years 1825, '26, and '27. By N. H. Carter."

In conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States, entitled, " An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the time therein mentioned;" and also, to an Act, entitled, " An Act, supplementary to an Act, entitled an Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of maps, charts, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned, and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other prints."


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LETTER XLV.-Route to Toulon-Sketch of the Town and Harbour -Navy Yard-Arsenal-Botanic Garden.


LETTER XLVI.—Route to Nice-Le Luc-Draguignan-Frejus-Cannes-Antibes-Arrival at Nice-Sketch of the Town.

LETTER XLVII.-Route from Nice to Genoa-Monaco-MentoneVentimiglia-San Remo-Albenga-Finale-Savone-Arrival at Genoa. LETTER XLVIII-Sketch of Genoa-Principal Streets-Aspect of the Town-Harbour-Moles and Defences-Royal Navy-Arrival of the King -Palaces-Paintings.

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LETTER XLIX.-Genoa continued-University-Hospitals-Churches -Cathedral-St. Mathew's-St. Stephen's-St. Maria-Annunziata-Ceremonies of Holy Week-King's Birth-Day-Public Amusements-Manufactures-Albaro-Birth-Place of Columbus.

LETTER L.-Route from Genoa to Pisa-Italian Coaches-ChiavariSestri-Mountain Scenery-Borghetto-Gulf of Spezia-Sarzana-Massa— Pietra Santa-Lucca-Ride to Pisa.

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LETTER LI-Sketch of Pisa-Banks of the Arno-Bridges-Leaning Tower-Ancient Port-Cathedral-Baptistry-Campo Santo-ChurchesSanta Maria Della Spina-Botanic Garden-University-Theatre-Excursion to Leghorn-Sketch of the Town and Harbour.

LETTER LII.-Vale of the Arno-Arrival at Florence-Sketch of the City-External Appearance-Bridges-Cathedral-Baptistry-Campanile. LETTER LIII.-Florence continued-Churches-Santa Croce-St. Lorenzo-Tombs of the Medici-Laurentian Library-Santa Maria NovellaAnnunziata-Museum-Botanic Garden-Pitti Palace-Boboli Garden







LETTER LIV.-Florence continued-Gallery-Sketch of Fiesole-Excursion to Vallombrosa. . . 120

LETTER LV.-Departure for Rome-Incisa-Arezzo-Birth-Place of Petrarch-Vale of Chiana-Lake Thrasymenus-Scene of the Battle between Flaminius and Hannibal-Perugia-First View of the Tiber-Vale and Fountain of the Clitumnus-Spoleto-Terni.

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Page. LETTER LVI.-Route to Rome-Vale of the Nar-Passage through the Mountains-Narni-Otricoli-Civita Castellana-Mount Soracte-Baccano -Campagna di Roma-Milvian Bridge-Porta del Popolo-Arrival at Rome.

LETTER LVII.-Sketch of Rome-View from the Capitoline Hill-Outlines of the City and Environs-Aspect of the Seven Hills-Ruins of the Forum-Triumphal Arches-Ancient Temples-Coliseum.

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LETTER LVIII.-Rome continued-Forum of Trajan-PantheonTomb of Raphael-Campus Martius-Mausoleum of Augustus-Banks of the Tiber-Bridges-Castle of St. Angelo-Island of Esculapius-Cloaca Maxima-Temple of Vesta-Port at Ripa Grande.

LETTER LIX.-Rome continued-Capitoline Hill-Tarpeian RockMamertine Prison-Temple of Jupiter Feretrius-Church of Aracoli-Statue of Aurelius-Senator's House-Museum.

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LETTER LX.-Rome continued-Ride round the Walls-Tomb of the Scipios Baths of Caracalla-Tomb of Cecilia Metella-Circus of Caracalla -Catacombs-Fountain of Egeria-Baths of Titus-Gardens of SallustExcursion to Tivoli-Villa of Adrian.

LETTER LXI.-Departure for Naples-Alban Mount-Aricia-Genzano -Velletri-Pontine Marshes-Terracina-Entrance of the Neapolitan Dominions-Fondi-Itri-Mausoleum of Cicero-Mola di Gaeta.

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LETTER LXII.-Route from Gaeta to Naples-Minturnæ-River Liris-Capua-Aversa-Arrival at Naples-Aspect of the City-Principal Streets-Sketch of the Bay, Islands, Shores, Harbour, and other outlinesRoyal Garden-Tombs of Virgil and Sannazaro.




. 213 LETTER LXIII.-Naples continued-Churches-Cathedral-Miracle of St. Januarius-Religious Festivals-St. Sincero-Museum-King's Palace. LETTER LXIV.-Naples continued-Capo di Monte-Albergo de' Poveri-Chinese College-Catacombs-Campo Santo-Theatres-Excursion to Capri.

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LETTER LXV.-Excursion to Baia-Pausilypo-Lake Agnano-Grotto del Cane-Gulf of Baiæ-Pozzuoli-Ancient Port--Baths of Nero-Lucrine Lake-Lake of Avernus-Grotto of the Sibyl-Cuma-Acheron-Ruins of Baie-Elysian Fields--Cape Miseno-Villa of Cicero-Solfatara.

LETTER LXVI.-Excursion to the Top of Vesuvius-Description of the Crater-Herculaneum.

LETTER LXVII.-Excursion to Pompeii-Description of the Ruins. LETTER LXVIII.-Excursion to Pæstum-Vale of the Sarno-NoceraLa Cava-Bay and Town of Salerno-Eboli-Sketch of the Ruins of Pæs


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LETTER LXIX.-Departure from Naples-Visit to Caserta-PalaceGarden Aqueduct-Return to Mont Albano.


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LETTER LXX.-Sketch of Monte Albano-Shores of the Alban LakeExcursion to Lake Nemi-Pompey's Prison-Museum of Antiquities-Grotto-Ferrata-Frascati-Ruins of Tusculum-Modern Palaces-Return to


LETTER LXXI.-Sketch of Rome resumed-Description of St. Peter's Church.

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LETTER LXXII.-Rome continued-Vatican-Sala Regia--Sistine Chapel-Last Judgment of Michael Angelo-Paoline Chapel-Galleries and Chambers of Raphael-Collection of Pictures.


LETTER LXXIII.-Rome continued-Vatican Museum-Library-Garden-Sketch of the present Pope.

LETTER LXXIV.-Rome continued-Pope's Cathedral-Public Festival-Baptistery-Scala Santa-Church of Santa Maria Maggiore-St. Mary of the Angels-Monte Testaccio-Tomb of Caius Cestius-Protestant Cemetery-Excursion to St. Paul's of the Three Fountains.

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LETTER LXXV.-Rome continued-Tomb of Tasso-Corsini PalaceMount Janiculum-Fourtain of Paul V.-Villa Doria Pamfili-Doria Palace -Scene upon the Corso-Palazzo Rospigliosi-Guido's Aurora-Gallery. LETTER LXXVI.-Rome continued-Nero's Tower-Villa Albani— Studio of Trentanove-Borghese Palace-Excursion to Mons Sacer-Canonization of a new Saint-Sunday in Rome-Spada and Farnese Palaces-Villa Borghese-Finale of the Pope's Saint.

LETTER LXXVII.-Rome continued-Barberini Palace-Studio of Canova-Thorwaldsen-Colonna Palace-Michael Angelo's Statue of MosesStudio of Camuccini-Sciarra Palace-Anniversary of St. John-Palazzo Farnesina-Jews at Rome-Villa Mattei-Church of St. Stephen-Studio of Landi and Cavaliere.

LETTER LXXVIII.--Rome concluded--Festival of St. Peter--illumination of his Church-Fireworks of St. Angelo-Monte Cavallo-Temple of the Sun -Massimi Palace-A Summer Day in Rome-Mal'aria-Ceremony of taking the Veil-Theatres-Academy of St. Luke-Skull of Raphael-Celebration of the Fourth of July-American Consul.

LETTER LXXIX.-Departure from Rome-Falls of the Velino-Return to Florence-Climate-Manners of the People-Public AmusementsCharacter of the Government.

LETTER LXXX.-Florence continued-Productive Industry of Tuscany -Manufacture of Silks-Straw Hats-Public Institutions-Education-Ascendency of the Priesthood-Religious Processions-A Living Saint-Theatres-Opera-The Goldoni-Academy of Fine Arts-Reading-Room-Italian Newspapers.

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LETTER LXXXI.-Excursion to the Baths of Lucca-Pistoia-Pescia -Vale of the Serchio-Arrival at the Baths-Scorpions-Sketch of Scenery -Hot Springs-Buonvisi-Count Demidoff-Theatre-Balls-Casino-Corso-Ponte Serraglio.


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