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men, women and children, was 36, of whom 24 were Missouri. On the day of the election, a large number of votersyet the poll-lists in this District show that 245 citizens of Platte County, but chiefly from Weston and votes were cast at this election. For reasons stated Platte City, came in small parties, in wagons and on hereafter in regard to the election on the 30th of March, horseback, to the polls. Among them were several leadyour Committee were unable to procure the attendance ing citizens of that town, and the names of many of them of witnesses from this District. From the records, it are given by the witnesses. They generally insisted clearly appears that the votes cast could not have been upon their right to vote, on the ground that every man by lawful resident voters. The best test, in the absence having a claim in the Territory could vote, no matter of direct proof, by which to ascertain the number of where he lived. All voted who chose. No man was legal votes cast, is by a comparison of the census-roll challenged or sworn. Some of the residents did not vote. with the poll-book-by which it appears that but ? The purpose of the strangers in voting was declared to be resident settlers voted, and 238 votes were illegally and to make Kansas a Slave State. We find by the poll-books fraudulently cast.
that 306 votes were cast-of these we find but 87 are on The election in the XIVth District was held at the house the census-rolls as legal voters in February following. of Benjamin Harding, a few miles from the town of St. Your Committee is satisfied from the testimony that not Joseph, Missouri. Before the polls were opened, a large over 100 of those who voted had any right so to do, leave number of citigens of Buchanan County, Missouri, and ing at least 2' 6 illegal votes cast. among them many of the leading citizens of St. Joseph, The election in the XVIth District was held at Leavenwere at the place of voting, and made a majority of the worth. It was then a small village of three or four company present. At the time appointed by the Gov. houses, located on the Delaware Reservation. There ernor for opening the polls, two of the Judges were not were but comparatively few settlers then in the district, there, and it became the duty of the legal voters present but the number rapidly increased afterward. On the to select other judges, The judge who was present* | day before and on the day of the election, a great many suggested the name of Mr. Waterson as one of the Judges citizens of Platte, Clay and Ray counties crossed tiie -but the crowd voted down the proposition. Sorne dis-river-most of them camping in tents and wagons about cussion then arose as to the right of non-residents to vote the town,“ like a camp-meeting.” They were in compafor judges, during which Mr. Bryant was nominated and pies or messes of ten to fifteen in each, and numbered in elected by the crowd. Some one nominated Col, John all several hundred. The ybrought their own provision Scott as the other judge, who was then and is now a and cooked it thernselves, and were generally armed. resident of St. Joseph. At that time, he was the City At- Many of them were known by the witnesses, and their torney at that place, and so continued until this spring, names given, and their names are found upon the pollbut he claimed that the night before he had come to the books. Among them were several persons of influence house of Mr. Bryant, and had engaged boarding for a where they resided in Missouri, who held, or had held, month, and considered himself a resident of Kansas on higli official positions in that State. They claimed to be that ground. The judges appointed by the Governor re- residents of the Territory, from the fact that they were fused to put the nomination of Col. Scott to vote, because then present, and insisted upon the right to vote, and did he was not a resident. After some discussion, Judge vote. Their avowed purpose in doing so was to make Leonard, a citizen of Missouri, stepped forward and put Kapsas a Slave State. These strangers crowded around the vote himself; and Mr. Scott was declared by him as the polls, and it was with great difficulty that the settlers elected by the crowd, and served as a judge of election couli get to the polls. One resident attempted to get to that day. After the election was over, he returned to St. the polls in the afternoon, but was crowded and pulled Joseph, and never since has resided in the Territory. It back. He then went outside of the crowd and hurrahed is manifest that this election of a non-resident lawyer as for Gen. Whitfield, and some of those wito did not know a judge was imposed upon the settlers by the citizens of him said, " that's a good Pro-Slavery man,” and listed the State. When the board of judges was thu completed, him over their heads so that he crawled on their heads the voting proceeded; but the effect of the rule adopted by and put in his vote. A person who saw from the color of the judges allowed many, if not a majority of the non- his ticket that it was not for Gen. Whitfield, cried out, residents, to vote. They claimed that their presence ou " He is a damned Abolitionist- let him down ;' and they the ground, especially when they had a claim in the dropped him. Others were passed to the polls in tlie Territory, gave them a right to vote-under that con- same way, and others crowded up in the best way they struction of the law, they readily, when required, swore could. After this mockery of an election was over, the they were "residents," and then voted. By this evasion, , non-residents returned to their homes in Missouri. or as nearly as your Committee can ascertain from the testi- the 312 votes cast, not over 150 were by legal voters. mony, as many as 50 illegal votes were cast in this Dis- The following abstract exhibits the whole number of trict out of 153, the whole number polled.
votes at this election, for each candidate; the number of The election in the XVth District was held at Pense- legal and illegal votes cast in each district; and the num. man's, on Stranger Creek, a few miles from Weston, I ber of legal votes in each district in February following:
Thus your Committee find that in this, the first election | by Colonel Young and others, calling for volunteers to go in the Territory, a very large majority of the votes were to other districts where there were not Missourians enough cast by citizens of the State of Missouri, in violation of the to, control the election, as there were more at Lawrence organic law of the Territory. Of the legal votes cast, than were needed there. Many volunteered to go, and Gen. Whitfield received a plurality. The settlers took the morning of the election several companies, from 150 to but little interest in the election, not one-half of them vot- 200 men each, went off to Tecumseh, Hickory Point, ing. This may be accounted for, from the fact that the Bloomington, and other places. On the morning of the settlements were scattered over a great extent~that the election, the Missourians came over to the place of voting term of the Delegate to be elected was short-and that from their camp, in bodies of one hundred at a time. Mr. the question of Free and Slave institutions was not gene- Blanton not appearing, another judge was appointed in rally regarded by them as distinctly at issue. Under his place-Colonel Young claiming that, as the people of these circumstances, a systematic invasion from an the Territory had two judges, it was nothing more than adjoining State, by which large numbers of illegal votes right that the Missourians should have the other one, to were cast in remote and sparse settlements for the look after their interests; and Robert E. Cummins was avowed purpose of extending Slavery into the Territory, elected in Blanton's stead, because he considered that even though it did not change the result of the election, every man had a right to vote if he had been in the Terriwas a crime of great magnitude. Its immediate effect tory but an hour. The Missourians brought their tickets was to further excite the people of the Northern States, with them; but, not having enough, they had three hun. induce acts of retaliation, and exasperate the actual set- dred more printed in Lawrence on the evening before and tlers against their neighbors in Missouri,
the day of election. They had white ribbons in their butIn January and February, A.D. 1855, the Governor ton-holes to distinguish themselves from the settlers. caused an enumeration to be taken of the inhabitants and When the voting commenced, the question of the legality qualified voters in the Territory, au abstract of which is of the vote of a Mr. Page was raised. Before it was dehere given:
cided, Colonel Samuel Young stepped up to the window Total population..
where the votes were received, and said he would settle Total voters
2905 the matter. The vote of Mr. Page was withdrawn, and Natives of the United States..
Colonel Young offered to vote. He refused to take the Of foreign birth.
oath prescribed by the Governor, but swore he was a resiSlaves
242 dent of the Territory, upon which his vote was received. Free negroes
He told Mr. Abbott, one of th judges, when asked if he On the same day the census was completed, the Governor intended to make Kansas his future home, that it was, issued his proclamation for an election to be held on the 30th none of his business; that if he were a resident then he of March, A.D. 1855, for members of the Legislative Assem- should ask no more. After his vote was received, Colonel bly of the Territory. It prescribed the boundaries of dis- Young got up in the window-sill and announced to the tricts, the places for polls, the names of judges, the appoint- crowd that he had been permitted to vote, and they could ment of members, and recited the qualification of voters. If all come up and vote. He told the judges that there was it had been observed, a just and fair election would have re- no use in swearing the others, as they would all swear as flected the will of the people of the Territory. Before the he had done. After the other judges concluded to receive election, false and inflammatory rumors were busily circula- Colonel Young's vote, Mr. Abbott resigned as judge of ted among the
people of Western Missouri. The number and election, and Mr. Benjamin was elected in his place. character of the emigration then passing into the Territory The polls were so much crowded until late in the evening, were grossly exaggerated and misrepresented. Through the that, for a time, when the men had voted, they were obliged active exertions of many of its leading citizens, aided by to get out by being hoisted up on the roof of the building the secret societies before referred to, the passions, and where the election was being held, and pass out over the prejudices of the people of that State were greatly excited. house. Afterward, a passage-way through the crowd was Several residents there have testified to the character of made, by two lines of men being formed, through which the reports circulated among and credited by the people. the voters could get up to the polls. Colonel Young asked These efforts were successful. By an organized move- that the old men be allowed to go up first and vote, as ment, which extended from Andrew County in the north they were tired with the traveling, and wanted to get back to Jasper County in the south, and as far eastward as
to camp. Boone and Cole counties, companies of men were arranged The Missourians sometimes came up to the polls in proin regular parties and sent into every council district in cession, two by two, and voted. the Territory, and into every representative district During the day, the Missourians drove off the ground but one. The numbers were so distributed as to control some of the citizens, Mr. Ştevens, Mr. Bond, and Mr. Willis, the election in each district. They went to vote, and with They threatened to shoot Mr. Bond, and a crowd rushed the avowed design to make Kansas a Slave State. They , after him, threatening him; and, as he ran from them, were generally armed and equipped, carried with them some shots were fired at him as he jumped off the bank of their own provisions and tents, and so marched into the the river and made his escape. The citizens of the town Territory. The details of this invasion from the mass of went over in a body, late in the afternoon, when the polls the testimony taken by your committee are so voluminous had become comparatively clear, and voted. that we can here state but the leading facts elicited. The whole number of names appearing upon the poll
lists is 1,034. After full examination, we are satisfied Ist DISTRICT-MARCH 30, 1855.-LAWRENCE. that not over 232 of these were legal voters, and 802 The company of persons who marched into this district were non-resident and illegal voters. This District is collected in Ray, Howard, Carroll, Boone, La Fayette, strongly in favor of making Kansas a Free State, and Randolph, Saline, and Cass counties, in the State of Mis- there is no doubt that the Free State candidates for the souri. Their expenses were paid—those who could not legislature would have been elected by large majorities, come contributing provisions, wagons, etc. Provisions were if none but the actual settlers had voted. At the preceddeposited for those who were expected to come to Lawrence, ing election in November, 1854, where none but legal in the house of William Lykins, and were distributed among voters were polled, General Whitfield, who received the the Missourians after they arrived there. The evening full strength of the Pro-Slavery party, got but 46 votes. before and the morning of the day of election, about 1000 men from the above counties arrived at Lawrence, and
IID DISTRICT-BLOOMINGTON. encamped in a ravine a' short distance from town, near On the morning of election, the judges appointed by the place of voting. They came in wagons-of which there the Governor appeared and opened the polls.
Their were over one hundred-and on horseback, under the names were Harrison Burson, Nathaniel Ramsay, and command of Colonel Samuel Young, of Boone County, Mis. Mr. Ellison. The Missourians began to come in early in souri, and Claiborne F. Jackson, of Missouri. They were the morning, some 500 or 600 of them, in wagons and car. armed with guns, rifles, pistols, and bowie-knives, and had riages, and on horseback, under the lead of Samuel J. tents, music, and flags with them. They brought with Jones, then Postmaster of 'Westport, Missouri, Claiborne them two pieces of artillery, loaded with musket-balls. F. Jackson, and Mr. Steely, of Independence, Missouri. On their way to Lawrence, some of them met Mr. N. B. They were armed with double-barreled guns, rifles, Blanton, who had been appointed one of the judges of bowie-knives, and pistols, and had flags hoisted. They election by Governor Reeder; and, after learning from held a sort of informal election, off at one side, at first him that he considered it his duty to demand an oath from for Governor of Kansas, and shortly afterward announced them as to their place of residence, first attempted to Thomas Johnson, of Shawnee Mission, elected Governor. bribe, and then threatened him with hanging, in order to The polls had been opened but a short time, when Mr. induce him to dispense with that oath. In consequence Jones marched with the crowd up to the window, and of these threats, he did not appear at the polls the next demanded that they should be allowed to vote without morning to act as judge.
swearing as to their residence. After some noisy and The evening before the election, while in camp, the threatening talk, Claiborne F. Jackson addressed the Missourians were called together at the tent of Captain crowd, saying they had coine there to vote, that they had Claiborne F. Jackson, and speeches were made to them a right to vote if they had been there but five minutes,
and he was not willing to go home without voting; this returns of the election made to the Governor were lost was received with cheers. Jackson then called upon by the Committee of Elections of the Legislature at Pawthem to form into little bands of fifteen or twenty, which nee. Thé duplicate returns left in the hallot-box were they did, and went to an ox-wagon filled with guns, taken by F. E. Laley, one of the judges elected by the which were distributed among them, and proceeded to Missourians, and were either lost or destroyed in hs load some of them on the ground. In pursuance of house, so that your Committee have been unable to Jackson's request, they tied white tape or ribbons in institute a comparison between the poll-lists and census their buttonholes, so as to distinguish them from the returns of this district. The testimony, however, is uni"Abolitionists." They again demanded that the Judges form, that not even thirty of those who voted there that should resign, and upon their refusing to do so, smashed day were entitled to vote, leaving 311 illegal votes. in the window, sash and all, and presented their pistols are satisfied from the testimony that, had the actual setand guns to them, threatening to shoot them. Some one tlers alone voted, the Free State candidates would have on the outside cried out to them not to shoot, as there been elected by a handsome majority, were Pro-Slavery men in the room with the judges.
IIID DISTRICT-TECUMSEH. They then put a pry under the corner of the house, which was a log house, and lifted it up a few inches and let it For some days prior to the election, companies of men fall again, but desisted upon being told there were Piso were organized in Jackson, Cass, and Clay counties, Mo., Slavery men in the house. During this time, the crowd for the purpose of coming to the Territory and voting in repeatedly demanded to be allowed to vote without being this Vth district. The day previous to the election, some sworn, and Mr. Ellison, one of the judges, expressed him- 400 or 500 Missourians, armed with guns, pistols, and self willing, but the other two judges refused; thereupon knives, came into the Territory and camped, some at a body of men, headed by "Sheriff Jones," rushed into Bull Creek, and others at Potawatamie Creek. Their the judges' room with cocked pistols and drawn bowie- camps were about sixteen miles apart. On the evening knives in their hands, and approached Burson and Ram- before the election, Judge Hamilton of the Cass County say. Jones pulled out his watch, and said he would give Court, Mo., came from the Potawatamie C.eek camp to them five minutes to resign in, or die. When the five Bull Creek for sixty more Missourians, as they had minutes had expired and the judges did not resign, Jones not enough there to render the election certain, and said he would give them another minute, and no more about that number went down there with him. On the Ellison told his associates that if they did not resign, there evening before the election, Dr. B. C. Westfall was electwould be one hundred shots fired in the room in less than ed to act as one of the Judges of Election in the Bun fifteen minutes; and then, snatching up the ballot-box, Creek precinct, in place of one of the judges appointed ran out into the crowd, holding up the ballot-box.and by the Governor, who, it was said, would not be there the hurrahing for Missouri. About that time Burson, and next day. Dr. Westfall was at that time a citizen of Ramsay were called out by their friends, and not suffered Jackson County, Mo. On the morning of the election, to return. As Mr. Burson went out, he put the ballot the polls for Bull Creek precinct were opened, and, withpoll-books in his pocket, and took them with him; and as out swearing the judges, they proceeded to receive the he was going out, Jones snatched some papers away from votes of all who offered to vote. For the sake of appearhim, and shortly afterward came out himself holding ance, they would get some one to come to the window them up, crying • Hurrah for iviissuuri !". After he discov- and offer to vote, and when asked to be sworn he would ered they were not the poll-books; he took a party of men pretend to grow angry at the judges and would go away, with him and started off to take the poll-books from Bur- and his name would be put down as having offered to Mr. Burson saw them coming, and he gave the vote, but "rejected, refusing to be sworn.
This books to. Mr. Umberger, and told him to start off in arrangement was made previously and perfectly underanother direction, so as to mislead Jones and his party. stood by the judges. But few of the residents of the Jones and his party caught Mr. Umberger, took the poll. district were present at the election, and only thirteen books away from him, and Jones took him up behind him voted. The number of votes cast in the precinct was 393. on a horse, and carried him back a prisoner. After Jones One Missourian voted for himself and then voted for and his party had taken Umberger back, they went to the his little son, but 10 or 11 years old. Col. Coffer, Henry house of Mr. Ramsay and took Judge John A. Wakefield Younger and Mr. Lykins, who were voted for and electprisoner, and carried him to the place of election, and ed to the Legislature, were residents of Missouri at the made him get up on a wagon and make them a speech ; time. Col. Coffer subsequently married in the Territory. after which they put a white ribbon in his button-hole After the polls were closed, the returns were made, and and let him go. They then chose two new judges, and a man, claiming to be a magistrate, certified on them proceeded with the election.
that he had sworn the judges of election before opening They also threatened to kill the judges if they did not the polls. In the Potawatamie precinct, the Missourians receive their votes without swearing them, or else resign. attended the election, and after threatening Mr. Ches. They said no 'man should vote who would submit to be nut, the only judge present appointed by the Governor, sworn-that they would kill any one that would offer to to induce him to resign, they proceeded to elect two do so—"shoot him," "cut his guts out," etc. They said other judges-one a Missourian and the other a resident no man should vote this day unless he voted an open of another precinct of that district. The polls were then ticket, and was all right on the goose," and that if they opened, and all the Missourians were allowed to vote could not vote by fair means, they would by foul means. without being sworn. They said they had as much right to vote, if they had After the polls were closed, and the returns made out been in the Territory two minutes, as if they had been for the signature of the judges, Mr. Chesnut refused to there for two years, and they would vote. Some of the sign them, as he did not consider them correct returns citizens who were about the window, but had not voted of legal voters. when the crowd of Missourians marched up there, upon Col. Cotfer, a resident of Missouri, but elected to the attempting to vote, were driven back by the mob, or Kansas Legislature from that district at that election, endriven otr. One of them, Mr. J. M. Macey, was asked if deavored with others to induce Mr. Chesnut by threats he would take the oath, and upon his replying that he to sign the returns, which he refused to do, and left the would if the judges required it, he was dragged through house. On his way home, he was fired at by some Misthe crowd away from the polls, amid cries of " Kill the sourians, though not injured. There were three illegal d-d nigger-thief," " Cut his throat," " Tear his heart, to one legal vote given there that day. At the Big Layer out," etc. After they had got him to the outside of the precinct, the judges appointed by the Governor met crowd, they stood around him with cocked revolvers and at the time appointed, and proceeded to open the polis, drawn bowie-knives, one man putting a knife to his after being duly sworn. After a few votes had been reheart
. so that it touched him, another holding a cocked ceived, a party of M33sourians came into the yard of pistol to his ear, while another struck at him with a club. the house where the election was held, and, unloading a The Missourians said they had a right to vote if they had wagon filled with arms, stacked their guns in the ya.d, been in the Territory but five minutes. Some said they and came up to the window and demanded to be admithad been hired to come there and vote, and get a dollar ted to vote. Two of the judges decided to receive the r a day, and, by G-d, they would vote or die there. votes, whereupon the third judge, Mr. J. M. Arthur, re
They said the 30th day of March was an important day, signed, and another was chosen in his place. Col. as Kansas would be made a Slave State on that day. Young, a citizen of Missouri, but a candidate for, and They began to leave in the direction of Missouri in the elected to, the Territorial Legislative Council, was pic: afternoon, after they had voted, leaving some thirty or sent and voted in the precinct. He claimed that all forty around the house where the election was held, to Missourians who were present on the day of election guard the polls until after the election was over. The wore entitled to vote. But thirty or forty of the citizens citizens of the Territory were not around, except those of the precinct were present, and many of them did not who took part in the mob, and a large portion of them vote. At the Little Sugar precinct, the election seemed did not vote: 341 votes were polled there that day, to have been conducted fairly, and there a Free State of which but some thirty were citizens. A protest majority was polled. From the testiinony, the whole against the election was made to the Governor. The district appears to have been la gely, Free State, and, had none but actual settlers voted, the Free-State candi- the Council and a Representative, and its vote was condates would have been elected by a large majority. trolled by the illegal vote cast there. The census shows from a careful examination of the testimony and the 39 votes in it-37 votes were cast, of whom a majority records, we find that from 200 to 225 legal votes were | voted the Free-State ticket. polled out of 885, the total number given in the precincts
IXTH DISTRICT. of the Vth District, of the legal votes cast, the FreeState candidates received 152.
Fort Riley and Pawnee are in this District. The lat
ter place was selected by the Governor as the tempoVITA DISTRICT—FORT SCOTT.
rary capital, and he designed there to expend the sums A company of citizens from Missouri, mostly from appropriated by Congress in the construction of suitable Bates County, came into this District the day before the houses for the Legislature. A good deal of building was election, some can ng and others putting up
then being done at the fort near by. For these reasons, public-house. They numbered from 100 to 200, and came
a number of mechanics, mostly from Pennsylvania, came in wagons and on horseback, carrying their provisions into this district in March, 1865, to seek employment. and tents with them, and were generally armed with pis. Some of these voted at the election. The construction tols They declared their purpose to vote, and claimed of the capital was first postponed, then abandoned, and the right to do so. They went to the polls generally in finally the site of the town was declared by the Secresmall bodies, with tickets in their hands, and many, if tary of War to be within the military reservation of not all, voted. In some cases, they declared that they states, and some went to other parts of the Territory. had voted, and gave their reasons for so doing. Anderson, a Pro-slavery candidate for the Legislature, Your Committee find that they came as settlers, intend. endeavored to dissuade the non-residents froin voting, ing to remain as such, and were entitled to vote. because he did not wish the election contested. This
Xru DISTRICT. person, however, insisted upon voting, and upon his right to vote, and did so. No one was challenged or
In this district, ten persons belonging to the Wyandot sworn, and all voted who desired to. Out of 350 votes tribe of Indians voted. They were of that class who cast, not over 100 were legal, and but 61 of these under the law were entitled to vote ; but their residence named in the census taken one month before by Mr. was in Wyandot Village, at the mouth of Kansas River, Barber, the candidate for Council, voted. Many of the and they had no right to vote in this district. They Free-State men did not vote, but your Committee is sat- voted the Pro-Slavery ticket. Eleven men recently from işfied that, of the legal votes cast, the Pro-Slavery candi- Pennsylvania voted the Free-State Ticket. From the dates received a majority. Mr. Anderson, one of these testimony, they had not; at the time of the election, so candidates, was an unmarried man, who came into the established their residence as to have entitled them to District from Missouri a few days before the election, vote... In both these classes of cases, the judges examand boarded at the public-house until the day after the ined the voters under oath and allowed them to vote. election. He then took with him the poll-lists, and did and in all respects the election seems to have been connot return to Fort Scott until the occasion of a barbacue ducted fairly. The rejection of both would not have the week before the election of October 1, 1855. He changed the result. This and the VIIIth Election District voted at that election, and after it left, and has not since formed one representative district, and was the only one • been in the District. 8. A. Williams, the other Pro- to which the invasion from Missouri did not extend. Slavery candidate, at the time of the election had a
XITH DISTRICT, claim in the Territory, but his legal residence was not there until after the election.
The IXth, Xth, XIth and XIIth Election Districts,
being all sparsely settled, were attached together as a VIITH DISTRICT.
Council District, and the Xlth and XIIth as a RepreFrom two to three hundred men, from the State of sentative District. This Election District is 60 miles north Missouri, came in wagons or on horseback, to the elec- from Pawnee, and 150 miles from Kansas City. It is the tion ground at Switzer's Creek, in the VIlth District, and when the census was taken, but 36 inhabitants, of whom
northwest settlement in the Territory, and contained, encamped near the polls, on the day preceding the
24 were voters. election. They were armed with pistols and other wea
There was on the day of election no pons, and declared their purpose to vote, in order to se: for 40 miles, except that Marshall and Bishop kept a
white settlement about Marysville, the place of voting, cure the election of Pro-Slavery members. They said they were disappointed in not finding more Yankees store and ferry at the crossing of the Big BỊue and the
California rad. Your Committee were unable to prothere, and that they had brvught more men than were
cure witnesses from this district. Persons who were prenecessary to counterbalance their vote. A number of them wore badges of blue ribbon, with a motto, and the sent at the election were duly summoned by an officer, company were under the direction of leaders. They de- and among them was F. J. Marshall, the member of the clared their intention to conduct themselves peacefully, arrested and detained, and persons bearing the names
On his return, the officer was unless the residents of the Territory attempted to stop of some of the witnesses summoned were stopped near them from voting. Two of the judges of election ap- Lecompton, and did not appear before the Commitee. pointed by Governor Reeder refused to serve, whereapon two others were appointed in their stead by the The returns show that, in defiance of the Governor's crowd of Missourians who surrounded the polls. The proclamation, the voting was viva voce, instead of by newly-appointed judges refused to take the oath, pre- and by comparing these names with those on the census
ballot. 328 names appear upon the poll-books as voting, scribed by Governor Reeder, but made one to suit themselves. Andrew Johnson requested each voter to swear rolls, we find that but seven of the latter voted. The if he had a claim in the Territory, and if he had voted in person voted for as Representative, F. J. Marshall, was another district.
chief owner of the store at Marysville, and was there The judges did not take the oath pre- sometimes, but his family lived in Weston, John Don scribed, but were sworn to receive all legal votes. Missourians voted without being sworn.
aldson, the candidate voted for the Council, then lived
They sup. in Jackson County, Missouri. ported H. J. Stickler for Council, and M. W. McGee for Representative. They left the evening of the election. 30 mon from Weston, Mo., was on the way from Marys
On the day after the election, Mr. Marshall, with 25 or Some of them started on horseback for Lawrence, as
ville to the State. they said they could be there before night, and all went had formerly resided at Weston, that they were up at
Some of the party told a witness who the way they came. The census-list shows 53 legal voters in the District. 253 votes were cast; of these 25 were Marysville and carried the day for Missouri, and that
Mr. Marshall paid the residents, 17 of whom were in the District when the cen- they had voted about 150 votes. sus was taken.
Some of the residents present at the bill at that point for the party. polls did not vote, declaring it useless. Candidates de into that district in March, 1855, after the census was
There does not appear to have been any emigration clined to run on the Free-State ticket because they were unwilling to run the risk of so unequal a contest-it be taken, and, judging from the best test in the power of ing known that a great many were coming up from M.s- your Committee, there were but seven legal votes cast in souri to vote. Nearly all the settlers were Free-State
the district, and 321 illegal. men, and 23 of the 25 legal votes given were cast for the
XIITH DISTRICT. only Free-State candidate running. Mobiller McGee, The election in this district was conducted fairly. No who was declared elected Representative, had a claim-a complaint was made that illegal votes were cast. baw-mill and a house in the Territory-and he was there part of the time. But his legal resideuce is now, and was
XIIITH DISTRICT. then, near Westport, in Missouri, where he owns and Previous to the day of election, several hundreds of conducts a valuable farm, and where his family resides. Missourians from Platte, Clay, Boone, Clinton, and How
ard counties, came into the district in wagons and on VIIITH DISTRICT.
horseback, and camped there. They were armed with This was attached to the VIIth District for member of guns, revolvers, and bowie-knives and had badges of
homp in their button-holes and elsewhere about their to vote without being sworn-some of them voting as persons. They claimed to have a right to vote, from the many as eight or nine times ; changing their hats and fact that they were there on the ground, and had, or coats, and giving in different names each time. After intended to make, claims in the Territory, although their they had voted, they returned to Missouri. The Freefamilies were in Missouri.
State men generally did not vote, though constituting a The judges appointed by the Governor opened the majority in the precinct. Upon counting the ballots in polls, and some persons offered to vote, and when their the box and the names on the poll-lists, it was found votes were rejected on the ground that they were not that there were too many ballots, and one of the judges residents of the district, the crowd threatened to tear the of election took out ballots enough to make the two num. house down if the judges did not leave. The judges then bers correspond. withdrew, taking the poll-books with them. The crowd
WOLF RIVER PRECINCT. then proceeded to select other persons to act as judges, and the election went on. Those persons voting who The number of voters in the district by the census was were sworn were asked if they considered themselves 334 --of these 124 voted. The testimony shows that quite residents of the district, and if they said they did, they a number of persons whose legal residence was in the were allowed to vote. But few of the residents were populous county of Buchanan, Mo., on the opposite side present and voted, and the Free State men, as a general of the river, had claims in the Territory. Some ranged thing, did not vote. After the Missourians got through cattle, and others marked out their claim and built a voting, they returned home. A formal return was made cabin, and sold this incipient title where they could. by the judges of election setting out the facts, but it was They were not residents of the Territory in any just or not verified. The number of legal voters in this district legal sense. A number of settlers moved into the district was 96, of whom a majority were Free State men. Of in the month of March. Your Committee are satisfied, these voted. The total number of votes cast was 296. after a careful analysis of the records and testimony, XIVTH DISTRICT.
that the number of legal votes cast did not exceed 2004
out of 727. It was generally rumored in this district, for some days
XVTH DISTRICT. before the election, that the Missourians were coming over to vote. Previous to the election, men from Mis
The election in this district was held in the house of a souri came into the district, and electioneered for the Mr. Hayes. On the day of election, a crowd of from 400 Pro-Slavery candidates. Gen. David R. Atchison and a to 500 men collected around the polls, of which the great party controlled the nominations in one of the primary body were citizens of Missouri. One of the judges of elections.
election, in his testimony, states that the strangers comBURR OAK PRECINCT.
menced crowding around the polls, and that then the Several hundred Missourians from Buchanan, Platte, residents left
. Threats were made before and during the and Andrew counties, Mo., including a great many of the election day that there should be no Free-State can prominent citizens of St. Joseph, came into this precinct didates, although there were nearly or quite as many the day before, and on the day of election, in wagons
Free-State as Pro-Slavery men resident in the district. and on horses, and encamped there. Arrangements were
Most of the crowd were drinking and carousing, cursing made for them to cross the ferry at St. Joseph free of
the Abolitionists and threatening the only Free-State expense to themselves. They were armed with bowie-judge of election. A majority of those who voted word knives and pistols, guns and rifles. On the morning of hemp in their button-holes, and their password was, the election, the Free-State candidates resigned in a
"all right on the hemp.” Many of the Missourians were body, on account of the presence of the large number of
known and are named by the witnesses. Severa arined Missourians, at which the crowd "cheered and speeches were made by them at the polls, and among hurrahed. Gen. B. F. Stringfellow was present, and was
those who spoke were Major Oliver, one of your Com. prominent in promoting the election of the Pro-Slavery mittee, Col. Burns, and Lalan Williams, of Platte County. ticket, as was also the Hon. Willard
, and others Major Oliver urged upon all present to use no harsb of the most prominent citizens of St. Joseph, Mo.
But words, and expressed the hope that nothing would be one of the judges of election, appointed by the Governor, said or done to harm the feelings of the most sensitive on served on that day, and the crowd chose two others to
the other side. He gave some grounds, based on the supply the vacancies.
Missouri Compromise, in regard to the right of voting, The Missourians said they came there to vote for, and
and was understood to excuse the Missourians for voting. secure the election of, Major Wm. P. Richardson. Major Your Committee are satisfied that he did not vote. Col. Richardson, elected to the Council, had a farm in
Burns recommended all to vote, and he hoped none Missouri, where his wife and daughter lived with his son
would go home without voting. Some of the Proin-law, Willard P. Hall, he himself generally going home Slavery residents were much dissatisfied at the interto Missouri every Saturday night. The farm was gene- ference with their rights by the Missourians, and for that rally known as the Richardson farm. He had a claim in reason-because reflection convinced them that it would the Territory, upon which was a saw-mill, and where he be better to have Kansas a Free-State—they “fell over generally remained during the week.
the fence." The judges requested the voters to take an Some of the Missourians gave as their reason for voting oath that they were actual residents. They objected at that they had heard that eastern emigrants were to be at first, some saying they had a claim, or I am here." that election, though no eastern emigrants were there. But the Free State judge insisted upon the oath, and his Others said they were going to vote for the purpose of associates, who at first were disposed to waive it, coinmaking Kansas a Slave State,
cided with him, and the voters all took it after soine Some claimed that they had a right to vote, under the grumbling. One said he cut him some poles and laid them provisions of the Kansas-Nebraska bill, from the fact that in the shape of a square, and that made him a claim; and they were present on the ground on the day of election.
another said that he had cut him a few sticks of wood, The Free State men generally did not vote, and and that made him a claim. The Free State men did not those who did vote, voted generally for John H. White- vote, although they believed their numbers to be equal head, Pro-Slavery, for Council, against Major Wm. P. I to the Pro-Slavery settlers, and some claimed that they Richardson, and did not vote 'at all for members of the had the majority. They were deterred by threats Lower House.
throughout by the Missourians, before and on the day of The parties were pretty nearly equally divided in the election, from putting up candidates, and no candidates district, some being of opinion that the Free-State were run, for this reason—that there was a credited party had a small majority, and others that the Pro- rumor previously that the Missourians would control the Slavery party had a small majority. After the election election. The Free State judge was threatened with exwas over and the polls were closed, the Missourians re- pulsion from the polls, and a young man thrust a pistol turned home. During the day, they had provisions and
into the window through which the votes were received. liquor served out, free of expense, to all.
The whole number of votes cast was 417; of the names
on the poll-book, but 62 are in the census-rolls, and the DONIPHAN PRECINCT.
testimony shows that a small portion, estimated by one The evening before the election, some 200 or more
witness at one-quarter of the legal voters, voted. Your Missourians from Platte, Buchanan, Saline, and Clay Committee estimate the number of legal voters at 80. counties, Missouri, came into this precinct, with tents, that the election was fairly conducted. It was not con
One of the judges referred to, certified to the Governor music, wagons, and provisions, and armed with rifles, pistols, and bowie-knives, and encamped about tested, because no one would take the responsibility of two miles from the place of voting They said they came
doing it, as it was not considered safe, and that if to vote, to make Kansas a Slave State, and intended to another election was held, the residents would fare no return to Missouri after they had voted.
better. On the morning of the election, the Judges appointed
XVITH DISTRICT. by the Governor would not serve, and others were For some time previous to the election, meetings wero appointed by the crowd. The Missourians were allowed held and arrangeinents made in Missourl to get up come