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19, (all Whigs but Calhoun, of S. C., and Yulee | Mr. Houston, of Delaware, voting in the majority of Florida); Nays, 26, (24 Dem., with Corwin as before: otherwise, members from the Free of Ohio, and Johnson of Louisiana.)
States in the affirmative; those from the Slave Mr.Westcott, of Fla., immediately inoved that States in the negative.] the bill do lie on the table, which prevailed : Aug. 3.—This bill reached the Senate, when Yeas, 26 ; Nays, 18 (a mixed vote, evidently Mr. Badger, of N. C., moved its indefinite postgoverned by various motives); but the nega- ponement: negatived, 47 to !, (Yulee). It was tives were all Democrats, but Corwin and John- then sent to the Committee on Territories. son aforesaid. This being the last day of the The Senate had had under consideration, session, it was evident that the bill, if opposed, from time to time through the Session, a bili as it was certain to be, could not get through, of its own, reported by Mr. Douglas, which was and it was, doubtless, in behalf of other press- finally referred to a select Committee-Mr. Clay. ing business that many Senators voted to lay ton, of Delaware, Chairman-and by said comthis aside. It was, of course, dead for the ses- mittee reported some days before the reception sion.
of the House bill. It was then dropped. Dec. 6, 1847.-The XXXth Congress assem- Aug. 5. -Mr. Douglas reported the House bled; Robert C. Winthrop (Whig) of Mass. was bill, with amendments, which were printed. chosen Speaker of the House. President Polk, Aug. 10. — After some days' debate, the in his Annual Message, regretted that Oregon Senate proceeded to vote. Mr. Foote, of Vise., had not already been organized, and arged the moved that the bill do lie on the table. De. necessity of action on the subject.
feated : Yeas, 15 (Southern); Nays, 36. Feb. 9.--Mr. Caleb B. Smith, of Indiana, re- On the question of agreeing to this amend ported to the House a bill to establish the terri- ment : torial government of Oregon; which, by a vote Inasmuch as the said Territory is north of thirty-six of two-thirds, was made a special order for deg thirty min., usually known as the [line of the] Mis
souri Conpromise. March 14th. It was postponed, however, to the 28tlı; when it was taken up and discussed, It was rejected: Yeas, 2 (Bright and Dou as on one or two subsequent days. May 29th, glas); Nays, 52. it was again made a special order next after the Mr. Douglas moved to amend the bill, by inAppropriation bills. The President that day serting after the word “enacted :" sent a special message, urging action on this That the line of thirty-six degrees and thirty subject. ` July 25th, it was taken up in earnest; promise line, as defined in the eighth section of an act
minutes of north latitude, known as the Missouri ConMr. Wentworth, of Illinois, moving that debate entitled, “ An Act to authoriz. the people of the Missouri on it in Committee cease at two o'clock this Territory to form a Constitutional and State Governday.
ment, and for the admissiun of such State into the Union.
on an equal footing with fire original States, and to pro. Mr. Geo. S. Houston, of Ala., endeavored to hibit Slavery in certain Territories, approved March 6th, put this motion on the table. Defeated: Yeas 1920,” be, and the same is hereby, declared to extend to 85; Nays 89, (nearly, but not fully, a sectional the Pacific Ocean; and the said eighth section, together
with the compromise therein etfected, is hereby revived, division). Mr. Geo. W. Jones, of Tenn., moved and declared to be in full force and binding, for the a reconsideration, which was carried : Yeas, future organization of the Territories of the United 100; Nays, 88; and the resolution laid on the States in the same sense, and with the saine understande
ing with which it was originally adopted ; and table: Yeas, 96; Nays, 90. The bill continued to be discussed, and which was carried : Yeas, 38; Nays, 21; as fol
lows: finally (Aug. 1) was got out of Committee; when Mr. C. B. Smith moved the Previous Yeas-For recognizing the Missouri line as Question thereon, which was ordered.
rightfully extending to the Pacific: Aug. 2.--The House came to a vote on an Messrs. Atchison,
Houston, amendment made in Committee, whereby the
Hunter, following provision of the original bill was Benton,
Johnson of Md., stricken out:
Johnson of La.,
Johnson of Ga.,
King, Hled to enjoy all and singular, the rights, privileges, and
Lewis, advantages granted and secured to the people of the
Mangum, Territory of the United States northwest of the river
Mason, Ohio, by the articles of compact contained in the ordi
Davis of Miss.,
Metcalf, nance for the government of said Territory, passed the
Pearce, 13th day of July, seventeen hundred and eignty-seven;
Sebastian, and shall be subject to all the conditions, and restric
Spruance, tions, and prohibitions in said articles of compact im.
Sturgeon, posed upon the people of said territory, and
Foute of Miss.,
Turney, The House refused to agree to this amend
Underwood -33. ment: Yeas, 88; Nays, 114.
Nays-Against recognizing said line: The Members from the Free States who voted Messrs. Allen,
Dodge, with the South to strike out, were
Hale, OH10.-William Kennon, jun., John K. Miller--2.
Hamlin, ILLINOIS. - Orlando B. Ficklin, John A. McClernand,
Miller, William A Richardson-3.
Corwin, INDIANS.-John L. Robinson, William W. Wick_2.
Davis of Mass.,
Walker, The bili was then passed: Yeas, 128 ; Nays,
The bill was then engrossed for a third read. [This vote was almost completely sectional. ing: Yeas, 33 ; Nays, 22 ; (nearly the same as
before--Westcott of Florida added to
Resowed, That, as the people in Territories have the Nays—and thus passed).
same inherent rights of self-government as the people in
the States, if in the exercise of such inheront rights the peoAug. 11.—The bill, thus amended, having ple in the newly-acquired Territories, by the Annexation been returned to the House, the amendment of Texas and the acquisition of California and New-Mexi. of Mr. Douglas, just recited, was rejected : co, south of the parallel of 36 degrees and 30 minutes of
north latitude, extending to the Pacific Ocean, shall estabYeas, 82; Nays, 121.
lish Negro Slavery in the formation of their state governYeas from Free States :
ments, it shall be deemed no objection to their admission New YORK.-Ausburn Birdsall-1.
as a State or States into the Union, in accordance with PENNSYLVANIA.--Charles Brown, Charles J. Ingersoll-2.
the Constitution of the United States. Total-3.
Jan. 21.-Gen. Taylor, in answer to a resoluOtherwise, from Slave States, all Yeas : from tion of inquiry, sent a message to the House, Free States, all Nays.
stating that he had urged the formation of Aug. 12.-The Senate, after voting down State Governments in California and Newvarious propositions to lay on the table, etc., Mexico. finally decided to recede from its amendments to Feb. 13, 1850.-Gen. Taylor communicated the Oregon bill, and pass it as it came from the to Congress the Constitution (free) of the State House : Yeas, 29; Nays, 25 (all from Slave of California. States).
Jan. 29, 1850.—Mr. Henry Clay, of Kentucky, So the bill became a law, and Oregon a Terri- submitted to the Senate the following protory, under the original Jefferson or Dane Pro- positions, with others, which were made a special viso against Slavery.
order and printed : THE COMPROMISE OF 1850.
1. Resolved, That California, with suitable boun
daries, ought, upon her application, to be admitted as The XXXIst Congress commenced its first one of the states of this Union, without the imposition by Session at Washington, Dec. 3, 1849 ; but the Congress of any restriction in respect to the exclusion or House was unable to organize—no person re
introduction of Slavery within those boundaries.
2. Resolved, That as Slavery does not exist by law, ceiving a majority of all the votes for Speaker and is not likely to be introduced into any of the terri-until the 22nd, when, the Plurality rule hav. tory acquired by the United States from the Republic of ing been adopted by a vote of 113 to 106, Mr. either for its introduction into, or exclusion from, any
Mexico, it is inexpedient for Congress to provide by law Howell Cobb, of Ga., was elected, having 102 part of the said Territory, and that appropriate terrivotes to 100 for Robert C. Winthrop of Mass., in all the said Territory, not assigned as within the boun
torial governments ought to be established by Congress, and 20 scattering. It was thereupon resolved daries of the proposed State of California, without the -Yeas, 149 ; Nays, 35—“That Howell Cobb be adoption of any restriction or condition on the subject of declared duly elected Speaker;" and on the Slavery. 24th President Zachary Taylor transmitted to in the District of Columbia, whilst that institution con
5. Resolved, That it is inexpedient to abolish Slavery both Houses his first Annual Message, in the tinues to exist in the State of Maryland, without the concourse of which he says:
sent of that State, without the consent of the people of No civil government having been provided by Con-owners of slaves within the District.
the District, and without just compensation to the gress for California, the people of that Territory, im
6. But Resolved, That it is expedient to prohibit, withpelled by the necessities of their political condition, in the District, the slave-trade in slaves brought into it recently met in Convention, for the purpose of forming from States or places beyond the limits of the District, a Constitution and State Government; which, the latest either to be sold therein as merchandise, or to be advices give me reason to suppose, has been accom- transported to other markets without the District of plished ; and it is believed they will shortly apply for the Columbia. admission of California into the Union, as a Sovereign Siate. Should such be the case, and should their consti- made by law, according to the requirement of the Con;
7. Resolved, That more effectual provision ought to be tution be conformable to the requisitions of the Consti- stitution, for the restitution and delivery of persons bound tution of the United States, I recommond their applica- to service or labor in any State, who may escape into any tion to the favorable consideration of Congress.
other State or Territory in the Union. And, The people of New Mexico will also, it is believed, at no very distant period, present themselves for admis- obstruct the trade in slaves between the slaveholding
8. Resolved, That Congress has no power to prohibit or sion into the Union. Preparatory to the admission of States, but that the admission or exclusion of slaves Catifornia and New Mexico, the people of each will have brought from one into another of them, depends excluinstituted for themselves a republican form of govern, sively upon their own particular laws. ment, laying its foundation in such principles, and organizing its power in such form, as to them shall seem Feb. 28.-Mr. John Bell, of Tennessee, submost likely to effect their safety and happiness.
By awaiting their action, all uneasiness may be mitted to the Senate the following proposiavoided and confidence and kind feeling preserved. tions : With a view of maintaining the harmony and tranquillity so dear to all, we should abstain from the introduction of
Whoreas, Considerations of the highest interest to the those exciting topics of a sectional character which have whole country demand that the existing and increasing hitherto produced painful apprehensions in the public dissensions between the North and tile South, on the mind; and I repeat the solemn warning of the first and subject of Slavery, should be speedily arrested, and that most illustrious of my predecessors, against furnishing the questions in controversy be adjusted upon some basis any ground for characterizing parties by geographical which shall tend to give present quiet, repress sectional discriminations.
animosities, ren ve, as far as possible, the causes of
future discord, and secure the uninterrupted enjoyment Jan. 4.-Gen. Sam. Houston, of Texas, sub- of those benefits and advantages which the Union was mitted to the Senate the following proposition : intended to confer in equal measure upon all its mem
Whereas, The Congress of the United States, possess- And, whereas, It is maniiest, under present circummg only a delegated authority, have no power over the stances, that no adjustment can be effected of the points 3ubject of Negro Slavery within the limits of the United of difference unhappily existing between the Northern States, either to prohibit or inter ere with it, in the States, and Southern sections of the Union, connected with the I'erritories, or District, where, by municipal law, it now subject of Slavery, which shall secure to either section all exists, or to establish it in any state or Territory where that is contended for, and that mutual concessions upon ii does not exist; but, as an assurance and guaranty to questions of mere policy, not involving the violation of promote harmony, quiet apprehension and remove sec- any constitutional right or principle, must be the basis of ional prejudice, which by possibility might impair or every project affording any assurance of a favorable acweaken love and devotion to the Union in any part ofceptance; the country, it is hereby
And, whereas, The joint resolution for annexing
Texas to the United States, approved March 1, 1845, con, instructed to report a bill in conformity with briew.. tains the following condtion and guaranty-that is to and principles of the foregoing resolutions. say: “New States of convenient size, not exceeding four
A debate of unusual duration, earnestness, in number, in addition to said State of Texas, and hav. ing sufficient population, may hereafter, by the consent and ability ensued, maid'y on Mr. Clay's Resoof said state, be formed out of the territory thereof, lutions. They were regarded by uncompromis. which shall be entitled to admission under the proviling champions, whether of Northern or of Southsions of the Federal Constitution; and such states as may be formed out of that po. tion of said Territory lying ern views, but especially of the latter, as consouth of thirty-six deg.ees thirty minutes north latitude, ceding substantially the matter in dispute to commonly known as the Missouri Compromise line, shall the other side. Thus, be adınitied into the Union with or without Slavery, as the people of each State, asking admission may desire;
January 29th.- Mr. Clay having read and and in such state or states as shall be formed out of briefly commented on his propositions, seriatim, said territory worth of said Missouri Compromise line, he desired that they should be held over with: Slavery, or involuntary servitude (except for crime), out debate, to give time for consideration, and shall be prohibited :" Therefore,
1. Resulved, That the obligation to comply with the made a special order for Monday or Tuesday condition and guaranty above recited in good faith be following. But this was not assented to. distinctly recoguized, and that, in part compliance with
Mr. Foote, of Mississippi, spoke against then the same, as soon as the people of Texas shall, by an act of their legislature, signify their assent by restricting the generally, saying: limits the eof, within the Territory lying east of the
If I understand the resolutions properly, they are obTrinity and south of the Red River, and when the people jectionable, as it seems to me, of the residue of the territory claimed by Texas adopt a
1. Because they only assert that it is not expedient constitution, republican in form, they be admitted into that Congress should abolish Slavery in the District of Uniɔn upon an equal footing in all respects with the ori- | Columbia; thus allowing the implication to arise that ginal States. 2. Resolved, That if Texas shall agree to cede, the Congress has power to legislate on the subject of Slavery
in the District, which may hereafter be exercised, if it United States will accept, il cession of all the unappro- should become expedient to do so; whereas, I hold that priated domain in all the Territory claimed by Texas, ly. Congress has, under the Constitution, no such power at ing west of the Colorado and extending north to the all, and that any attempt thus to legislate would be a forty-second parallel of north latitude, together with the jurisdiction and sovereiguty of all the territory claimed gross fraud upon all the States of the Union.
2. The Resolutions of the honorable Senator assert by Texas, north of the thirty-fourth parallel of north that Slavery does not now exist by law in the Territories latitude, and to pay therefor a sumn not exceeding
recently acquired from Mexico; whereas, I am of millions of dollars, to be applied in the first place to the opinion that the treaty with the Mexican republic carried extinguishment of any portion of the existing public the Constitution, with all its guaranties, to all the Terdebt of Texas, for the discharge of which the United ritory obtained by treaty, and secured the privilege to States are under any obligation, implied or otherwise, ' every Southern slaveholder to enter any part of it, atand the remainder as Texas shall require.
tended by his slave-property, and to enjoy the same 3. Resoived, That when the population of that portion the ein, free fiom all molestation or hindrance whatsoof the Territory claimed by Texas, lying south of the thirty-fourth parallel of north latitude and west of the
3. Whether Slavery is or is not likely to be introduced Colorado, shall be equal to the ratio of representation in into these Territories, or into any of them, is proposiCongress, under the last preceding apportionment, ac
tion two uncertain, in my judgment, to be at present cording to the provisions of the Constitution, and the positively affirmed; and I am unwilling to make a people of such l'erritory shall, with the assent of the new
solemn legislative declaration on the point. Let the state contemplated in the preceding resolution, have future provide the appropriate solution of this inteadopted a State Constitution, republican in form, they resting question. be admitted into the Union as a State, upon an equal
4. Considering, as I have several times heretofore for'ooting with the original States,
maily declared, the title of Texas to all the Territory Resolved, That all the Territory now claimed by Texas, embraced in her boundaries, as laid down in her law of lying north of tne thirty-fourth parallel of north latitude, 1836, full
, complete, and undeniable, I am unwilling to and which may be ceded to the United States by Texas, say anything, by resolution or otherwise, which may in be incorporated with the l'erritory of New Mexico, ex
the least degree draw that title into question, as I think cept such pait the.eof as lies east of the Rio Grande and is done in one of the resolutions of the honorable Senasouth of the thirty-fourth deg.ee of north latitude, and tor from Kentucky. that the Territory so composed form a State, to be ad- 6. As to the abolition of the slave-trade in the Districi mitted into the Union when the inhabitants thereof shall of Columbia, I see no particular objection to it, provided adopt a State Constitu.ion, republican in form, with the it is done in a delicate and judicious manner, and is not consent of Congress; but in the mean time, and until a concession to the menaces and demands of factionists Congress shall give such consent, provision be made for
and fanatios. If other questions can be adjusted, this the government of the inhabitants of said Territory suit
one will, perhaps, occasion but little difficulty. able to their condition, but without any restriction as to 7. The resolutions which provide for the restoration of Slavery.
fugitives from labor or service, and for the establishment 5. Resolved, That all the Territory, ceded to the of territorial governments, free from all restriction on United States, by the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo, the subject of slavery, have my hearty approval. Tbe lying west of said Territory of New Mexico, and east of last resolution-which asserts that Congress has no power the contemplated new State of California, for the present, to prohibit the trade in laves from State to State-I constitute one Territory, and for which some form of
equally approve. government suitable to the condition of the inhabitants
8. If all other questions connected with the subject of be provided, without any restriction as to Slavery.
Slavery can be satisfactorily adj' sted, I see no objec. 6. Resolved, That the Cunstitution recently formed tion to admitting all California, above the line of 36 by the people of the western portion of California, and degrees 30 ininutes, into the Union; provided another presented io Congress by the President, on the 13th day new Sluve Stute cun be laid off within the present of February, 1850, be accepted, and that they be admit- | limits of Tesous, so as to keep the present equiponder ted into the Union as a upon an equal footing in ance between the Slave and Free States of the Union : all respects with the original states.
and provided further, all this is done by way of condResolved. That, in future, the formation of State Con- promise, and in order to save the Union, (as dear to stitutions, l'y the inhabitants of the Territories of the me as to any man living.) Un ted states, be regulated by law; and that no such (!onst.tution be hereafter formed or adopted by the in
Mr. Mason, of Virginia, after expressing Labitants of any Territory belonging to the United his decp anxiety to · go with him wbo Biates, wit).out the consent and authority of Congress.
went furthest, but within the limits of strict 8. Resol red, That the inhabitants of any Territory c: the United States, when they shall be authorized by Con- duty, in adjusting these unhappy differences,” gress tc from a state Constitution, shall have the sole added : wad exclusive power to regulate and adjust all questions
Sir, so far as I have read these resolutions, there is of internal Staie policy, of whatever nature they may be, controlled only by the rest.ictions expressly imposed by and that is the resolutior which proposes to organize
but one proposition to which I can give a hearty zesent, the Constitution of the United States.
Territorial governments at once in these Territories, 0. Resolveu, That the Committee on Territories be
without a decla. ation 0e way or the order as to the
di mestic institutions. But there is another which I | of the Territory acquired by us from Mexico. He holde deeply regret to see introduced into this Senate, by a a directly contrary opinion to mine, as he has a perfect Senator from a slavehold ng State; it is that which right to do; and we will not quarrel about that differ assumes that Slave.y does not now exist by law in those ence of opinion. countries. I understand one of these propositions to
Mr. William R. King, of Alabama, was in declare that, by law, Slavery is now abolished in NewMexico and 'California. That was the very proposition clined to look with favor on Mr. Clay's proadvanced by the non-slaveholding States at the last positions, and assented to some of them; but session; combated and d.sproved, as I thought, by seni he objected to the mode in which California had tlemen from the slavehold ng States and which the formed what is called a State Constitution. He Compromise bill was framed to test. So far, I regarded the question of law as disposed of, and it was very preferred the good old way of tirst organizing clearly and satisfactorily showu to be against the spirit l'erritories, and so training up their people" for of the resolution of the Senator from Kentucky. If the contrary is true, I presume the Senator from Kentucky the exercise and enjoyment of our institutions." would declare that if a law is now valid in the Territories. Besides, he thought there was not that kind abolishing Slavery, that it could not be introduced there, of population there that justified the formation even if a law was passed creating the institution, or re- of a State Government.” On the question of pealing the statutes already existing; a doctrine never assented to, so far as I know, until now, by any Senator Slavery in the new Territories, he said: representing one of the slaveholding States. Sir, I hold the very opposite, and with such confidence, that at the
We ask no act of Congress-as has been properly intimalast session I was willing and did vote for a bill to test
ted by the Senator from Mississippi - to carry Slavery anythis question in the Sup.eme Court. Yet this resolution
where. Sir, I believe we have as much Constitutional power assumes the other doctrine to be true, and our assent is
to prohibit Slavery from going into the Territories of the challenged to it as a proposition of law.
United States, as we have to pass an act carrying Slavery
there. We have no right to do either the one or the other. Mr. Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, objected I would as soon vote for the Wilmot Proviso as I would specially to so much of Mr. Clay's propositions vote for any law which required that Slavery should go as relates to the boundary of Texas, to the
into any of the Territories. slave-trade in the Federal district, and to Mr.
Mr. Downs, of Louisiana, said: Clay's avowal in his speech that he did not
I must confess that, in the whole course of my life, may believe Slavery ever woud or could be estab astonishment has never been greater than it was when I
saw this (Mr. Clay's) proposition brought forward as a lished in any part of the Territories acquired compromise ; and I rise now, sir, not for the purpose of from Mexico. He continued :
discussing it at all, but to protest most solemnly against it.
I consider this compromise as no compromise at all. What, But, sir, we are called upon to receive this as a sir, does it grant to the South ? I can see nothing at all. measure of compromise! As a measure in which we of the minority are to receive nothing. A measure of com
Mr. Butler, of South Carolina, said: promise! I look upon it as but a inodest mode of taking that, the claim to which has been more boldly asserted proposition of compromise is nothing more than this: That
As I understand it, the Senator from Kentucky's wholo by others; and, that I may be understood upon this question, and that my position may go forth to the Constitution, and that Territorial Governments shall be
California is already disposed of, having formed a State country in the same columns that convey the sentiments organized for Deseret and New-Mexico, under which, by of the Senator from Kentucky, I here assert, that never will I take less than the Missouri Compromise line ex population could not carry with them, or own slaves there.
the operation of laws already existing, a slaveholding tended to the Pacific Ocean, with the specific recognition What is there in the nature of a compromise here, coupled, of the right to hold slaves in the Territory below that lint; and that, befo.e such 'Territories are admitted into
as it is, with the proposition that, by the existing laws in the Union as States, slaves may be taken there from any not, and have no right to, go there with their property ?
the Territories, it is almost certain that slaveholders canof the United States at the option of the owners.
I can never consent to give addit.onal power to a majority to willing, however, to run the risks, and am ready to give to
What is there in the nature of a compromise here? I am commit further agg.essions upon the minority in this
the Territories the governments they require. I shall Union; and will never consent to any proposition which always think that, under a Constitution giving equal rights will have such a tendency, without a full guaranty or
to all parties, the slavelolding people, as such, can go to aunteracting measure is connected with it.
these Territories, and retain their property there. But, if Mr. Clay, in reply, said :
we adopt this proposition of the Senator from Kentncky,
it is clearly on the basis that Slavery shall not go there. I am extremely sorry to hear the Senator from Mis. sissippi say that he requires, first, the extension of the The debate having engrossed the attention Missouri Compromise line to the Pacific; and also that of the Senate for nearly two months he is not satisfied with that, but requires, if I understood him correctly, a positive provision for the admission of
March 25.- Mr. Douglas, from the ComSlavery south of that line. And now, sir, coming from a mittee on Territories, reported the following Slave State, as I do, I owe it to inyself, I owe it to truth, bills : I owe it to ihe subject, to state that no earthly power could induce me to vote for a specific measure for the Senate, 169.-A bill for the admission of California into introduction of Slavery where it had not before existed, the Union. either south or north of that line. Coming as I do from
Senate, 170,- A bill to establish the Territorial Gov. a slave State, it is my solemn, deliberate, and well-ma- ernments of Utah and New-Mexico, and for other pur. tured determination that no power-,no earthly power-poses. shall compel me to vote for the positive introduction of Slavery either south or north of that line. Sir, while you
These bills were read, and passed to a second reproach, and justly, too, our British ancestors for the reading. introduction of this institution upon the Continent of April 11.—Mr. Douglas moved that Mr. Bell's ainerica, I am, for one, unwilling that the posterity of resolves do lie on the table Lost: Yeas, 26 ; the present inbabitants of California and New Mexico shall reproach us for doing just what we reproach Great
Nays, 28. Britain for doing to us. If the citizens of those Terri- April 15.—The discussion of Mr. Clay's recothem with such provisions in their constitutions, but tha: the previous orders be postponed, and that tories choose to establish Slavery, I am for admitting lutions still proceeding, Colonel Benton moved then, it will be their own work, and not ours, and their posterity will have to reproach them, and not us, for the Senate now proceed to consider the bill (S. forming Constituti ns allowing the institution of Slavery 169) for the admission of the State of Calito exist among them These are my views, sir, and I
fornia choose to express them; and I care not how extensively and universally they are known. The honorable Sena
Mr. Clay moved that this proposition do lie tor from Virginia has expressed his opinion that Slavery on the table. Carried : Yeas. 27 (for a Com. exists in these Territories, and I have no doubt that promise); Nays, 24 (for a settlement without opinion is sincerely and honestly entertained by him ; and I would say with equal sincer ty and honesty, that I
compromise). believe that Slavery nowhere exists within any portion The Senate now took up Mr. Bell's resolves,
aforesaid, when Mr. Benton moved that they shall make no law establishing or prohibiting lie on the table. Lost: Yeas, 24; Nays, 28. Slavery in the new Territories, instead of "in
Mr. Benton next moved that they be so respect to " it. Yeas, 27 ; Nays, 25.
But neither Slavery nor involuntary servitude shall be Various modifications of the generic idea j allowed in either of the Territories of New-Mexico or Utah, were severally voted down, generally by large except on legal conviction for crime. majorities.
Which was negatived; Yeas and Nays not Ön motion of Mr. Foote, of Miss., it was now
taken. Ordered, That the resolutions submitted by Mr. Bell on
July 17.--The Senate resumed the considera. the 28th February, together with the resolutions submitted tion of the “ Omnibus bill." on the 29th of January, by Mr. Clay, be referred to a se- Mr. Benton moved a change in the proposed lect Committee of thirteen ; Provided, that the Senate boundary between Texas and New-Mexico. Redoes not deem it necessary, and therefore declines, to express in advance any opinion, or to give any instruction, jected : Yeas, 18; Nays, 36. either general or specific, for the guidance of the said Mr. Foote moved that the 34th parallel of Committee.
north latitude be the northern boundary of April 19.-The Senate proceeded to elect by | Texas throughout. Lost : Yeas, 20; Nays, 34. ballot such Select Committee, which was com- July 19.-Mr. King moved that the parallel posed as follows:
of 35° 30' be the southern boundary of the Mr. Henry Clay, of Ky., Chairman.
State of California. Rejected : Yeas, 20); Nays, Messrs. Dickinson, of N. Y.
Cooper, of Pa.
Downs, of La.
King, of Ala.
Mr. Davis, of Mississippi, moved 36° 30'. Re-
Mangum, of N. C. jected: Yeas, 23; Nays, 32.
Mason, of Va.
July 23d.--Mr. Turney, of Tenn., moved that Berrien, of Ga.
Bright, of Ind.
the people of California be enabled to form a May 8.—Mr. Clay, from said Committee, re
new State Constitution. Lost: Yeas, 19; ported at length, the views and recommenda- Nars, 33. tions of the report being substantially as fol- Mr. Jeff. Davis, of Mississippi, moved to add : lows:
And that all laws and usages existing in said Territory, · 1. The admission of any new State or States formed out at the date of its acquisition by the United States, which of Texas to be postponed until they shall hereafter pre- deny or obstruct the right of any citizen of the United sent themselves to be received into the Union, when it will states to remove to, and reside in, said Territory, with any be the duty of Congress fairly and faithfully to execute species of property legally held in any of the States of the compact with Texas, by admitting such new State or this Union, be, and are hereby declared to be, null and Statos.
void. 2. The admission forthwith of California into the Union, with the boundaries which she has proposed.
This was rejected: Yeas, 22; Nays, 33. 3. The establishment of Territorial Governments, with- Yeas-For Davis's amendinent: out the Wilmot Proviso, for New-Mexico and Utah, embracing all the territory recently acquired by the United
Messrs. Atchison, Mo.
King, Ala. States from Mexico, not contained in the boundaries of
Barnwell, s. C.
Mangum, N, O. California.
Mason, Va. 4. The combination of these two last mentioned mea
Morton, Fla. aures in the same biil ;
Butler, S. C.
Pratt, Md. 5. The establishment of the western and northern bound
Rusk, Texas. aries of Texas, and the exclusion from her jurisdiction of
Sebastian, Ark. all New Mexico, with the grant to Texas of a pecuniary
Soulé, La. equivalent; and the section for that purpose to be incor
Turney, Tenn. porated in the bill admitting California and establishing
Underwood, Ky. Territorial Governments for Utah and New Mexico.
Yulee, Fla.-22. 6. More effectual enactments of law to secure the prompt Nays— Against Davis's amendment: delivery of persons bound to service or labor in one State, Messrs. Badger, N. C. under the laws thereof, wino escape into another State;
Foote, Miss. and,
Greene, R. I. 7. Abstaining from abolishing Slavery; but, under a
Hale, N. H. heavy penalty, prohibiting the slave-trade in the District
Hamlin, Me. of Columbia,
Miller, N. J.
Norris, N. H. day the provisions of the principal bill thus re
Clarke, R. I.
Clay, Ky. ported, commonly termed "the Omnibus."
Seward, N. Y. Cooper, Pa.
Shields, Ill. June 28.-Mr, Soulé, of Louisiana, moved Davis, Mass.
Smith, Conn. that all south of 360 30' be cut off from Cali.
Dayton, N. J.
Spruance, Del fornia, and formed into a Territory entitled
Dickinson, N. Y.
Wales, Del. “shall, when ready, able, and willing to become a State,
Walker, Wise. and deserving to be such, be admitted with or without
Whitcomb, Ind.-33. Slavery, as the people thereof shall desire, and make Aug. 10.-The California bill was now taken known through their Constitution."
up. Mr. Yulee, of Fla., moved a substitute, This was rejected: Yeas, 19 (all Southern); remanding California to a territorial condition, Nays, 36.
and limiting her southern boundary. Rejected : July 10.—The discussion was interrupted by Yeas, 12 (all Southern) ; Nays, 35. the death of President Taylor. Millard Fillmore Mr. Foote moved a like project, cutting off succeeded to the Presidency, and William R. so much of California as lies south of 36 deg. King, of Alabama, was chosen President of the 30 min., and erecting it into the Territory of Senate, pro tempore.
Colorado. Rejected : Yeas, 13 (ultra Southern); July 15.-The bill was reported to the Senate Nays, 29. and amended so as to substitute “ that Congress Aug. 12.-Still another proposition to limit