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The Senate then proceeded to vote on the On the 14th, Mr. Taylor, of New-York, moved residue of the House Restriction, as follows: a Select Committee on this subject, which was

And provided also, that the further introduction of granted; and the mover, with Messrs. LiverSlavery or involuntary servitude be prohibited, except more, of New-Hampshire, Barbour, (P. P.) of for the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall Virginia, Lowndes, of South-Carolina, Fuller, of have been duly convicted.

Massachusetts, Hardin, of Kentucky, and Cuth The vote on this clause was as follows: bert, of Georgia, were appointed such committee,

Yeas-For striking out the Restriction 22. Nays A majority of this Committee being Pro-Slavery, - Against striking out -16.

Mr. Taylor could do nothing; and on the 28th The bill thus amended was ordered to be en- the Committee was, on motion, discharged from grossed, and was (March 2nd-last day but one the further consideration of the subject. of the Session) read a third time, and passed On the same day, Mr. Taylor moved : without a division. The bill was on that day returned to the House, and the amendments of report a bill prohibiting the further admission of slaves

That a Committee be appointed with instructions to the Senate read: whereupon, Mr. Tallmadge, of into the Territories of the United States West of the river New-York, moved that the bill be postponed

Mississippi. indefinitely. Yeas 69; Nays 74.

On motion of Mr. Smith, of Maryland, this [The record shows hardly a vote changed from Yea, on resolve was sent to the Committee of the Whole, the original passage of the Restriction, to Nay now, but and made a special order for January 10th ; many members who voted then were now absent or but it was not taken up, and appears to have e'lent.] The vote was then taken on concurring in

slept the sleep of death. the Senate's amendments, as aforesaid, and the Territorial Legislature, asking admission as a

In the Senate, the memorial of the Missouri House refused to concur; Yeas 76; Nays 78.

State, was presented by Mr. Smith, of South[Hardly a vote changed ; but more members roting Carolina, December 29th, and referred to the thån on the previous division, and less than when the Judiciary Committee, which consisted of Restriction was carried.)

Messis. Smith,of South Carolina ; Leake, of Mississippi ; The bill was now returned to the Senate, wi'h Burrill, of Rhode Island ; Logan, of Kentucky ; Otis of

Massachusetts. a message of non-concurrence; when Mr. Tait moved that the Senate adhere to its amendment, which was carried without a division The bill being thus remanded to the House, Mr. Taylor,

The following is extracted from the “Memorof New-York, moved that the House adhere t'ial to the Congress of the United States, on the its disagreement, which prevailed. Yeas 78 ; subject of restraining the increase of Slavery in Nars 66. So the bill fell between the two New States to be admitted into the Union," in Houses, and was lost.

pursuance of a vote of the inhabitants of Boston The Southern portion of the then Territory and its vicinity, assembled at the State House of Missouri (organized by separation from on the 3d of December, 1819, which was Louisiana in 1812) was excluded from the pro- drawn up by Daniel Webster, and signed by posed State of Missouri, and organized as a himself, George Blake, Josiah Quincy, James separate Territory, entitled Arkansas.

T. Austin, etc It is inserted here instead of The bill being under consideration, Mr. Tay- the resolves of the various New England Legislor, of New-York, moved that the foregoing re- latures, as a fuller and clearer statement of the striction be applied to it also ; and the clause, views of the great body of the people of that proposing that slaves born therein after the section during the pendency of the Missouri passage of this act be free at twenty-five years question : of age, was carried (February 17th) by 75 Yeas to 73 Nays; but that providing against the to the Senate and House of Representatives of the further introduction of Slaves was lost; Yeas

United States, in Congress assembled : 70; Nays 71. The next day, the clause just adopted was stricken out, and the bill ultimately vicinity, beg leave most respectfully and humbly to repre

The undersigned, inhabitants pas ed without any allusion to Slavery. Ar: sent: That the question of the introduction of Slavery kansas of course became a Slave Territory, and into the new States to be formed on the west side of the ultimately (1836) a Slave State.

Mississippi River, appears to them to be a question of the last importance to the future welfare of the United States. If the progress of this great evil is ever lo be

arrested, it seems to the undersigned that this is the time A new Congress assembled on the 6th of and it appears to us that the happiness of unborn millions

to arrest it. A false step taken now, cannot be retraced; Deceniber, 1819. Mr. Clay was again chosen rests on the measure which Congress on this occasion Speaker. On the 8th, Mr. Scott, delegate from may adopt. Considering this as no local question, nor a Missouri, moved that the memorial of her Ter- question to be decided by a temporary expediency, but

as involving great interests of the whole United States, ritorial Legislature, as also of several citizens, and affecting deeply and essentially those objects of praying her admission into the Union as a State, common defense, general welfare, and the perpetuation be referred to a Select Committee ; carried, self was formed, we have presumed, in this way, to offer

of the blessings of liberty, for which the Constitution itand Messrs. Scott, of Missouri, Robertson, of our sentiments and express our wishes to the National Kentucky, Terrell, of Georgia, Strother, of Vir. Legislature. And, as various reasons have been sugo ginia, and De Witt, of New York, (all but the gested against prohibiting Slavery in the new States, it

may perhaps be permitted to us to state our reasons, last from the Slave region,) were appointed said both for believing that Congress possesses the Constitucommittee.

tional power to make such prohibition a condition, on Mr. Strong, of New-York, that day gave the admission of a new State into the Union, and that it notice of a bill “ To prohibit the further exten

is just and proper that they should exercise that power.

“And in the first place, as to the Constitutional au: sion of Slavery in the United States."

thority of Congress.



of Boston and its


The Constitution of the United

States has declared that “ Congress shall have power to any portion of the American Confederacy. The Missouri dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations re- Territory is a new country. If its extensive and fertilo specting the Territory or other property belonging to the field shall be opened as a market for slaves, the GovernUnited States: and nothing in this Constitution shall be ment will seem to become a party to a traffic which, in 80 construed as to prejudice the claims of the United | so many acts, through so many years, it has denounced as State: or of any parricular Sate.” It is very well known, i impolitic, unchristian, inhumüll. To enact laws to punthat the saving in this clause of the claims of any parish the traffic, and, at the sa.lle time, to tempt cupidity ticular Siate, was designed to apply to claims by the then and avarice by the allurements of an insatiable market, existing States, of territo'y which was also clained by is inconsistent and irreuoncilable. Goverument, by such the United States as their own property. It has, there a course, would only deltat its own purposes, and render fore, no bearing on the present question. The power, bugatory its own measures. Nor call the laws derive then, of Congress over its own Territories, is, by the very support from the manners of the people, if the power of terms of the Constitution, unlimited. It may make all moral sentiment be weakened by enjoying, under the per“ needful rules and regulations," which of course include mission of Government, great facilities to commit of all such regulations as its own views of policy or expedi- fenses. The laws of the United States have denounced ency shall, from time to time, dictate. If, therefore, in heavy penalties against the traffic in slaves, because such its judginent it be needful for the benefit of a Territory to traffic is deemed unjust and inhuman, We appeal to the enact à prohibition of Slavery, it would seem to be as spirit of these laws. We appeal to this justice and humanmuch within its power of Legislation as any other act of ity. We ask her whether they ought not to operate, on the local policy. Its sovereignty being complete and uni- present occasion, with all their force ? We have a strong versal as in the Territory, it may exercise over it the feeling of the injustice of any toleration of Slavery. Cir. most ample jurisdiction in every respect. It possesses, cumstances have entailed it on a portion of our communiin this view, all the authority which any State Legisla. ty, which cannot be immediately relieved from it without ture possesses over its own Territory, and if any state consequences more injurious than the suffering of the evil. Legislature may, in its discretion, abolish or prohibit But to permit it in a new country, where yet no habits are Slavery within its own limits, in virtue of its general formed which render it indispensable, what is it, but to euLegislative authority, for the same reason Congress also courage that rapacity, and fraud and violence, against may exercise the like authority over its own Territories, which we have so long pointed the denunciations of our Ar that a siate Legislature, unless restrained by some penal code? What is it, but tarvish the proud fame of Constitutional provision, may so do, is unquestionable, the country? What is it, but to throw suspicion on its good and has been established by general practice.

faith, and to render questionable all its professions of reIf the constitutional power of Congress to make the gard for the rights of humanity and the liberties of menproposed prohibition be satisfactorily shown, the justice kind? and policy of such prohibition seem to the undersigned As inhabitants of a free country-as citizens of a to be supported by plain and strong reasons. The per- great and rising Republic-as members of a Christian mission of Slavery in a new State, necessarily draws after community-as living in a liberal and enlightened ag-,

, which already exists in regard to the original States ligion and humanity, we have presumed to offer our sentiIt cannot be expected that those of the original States, ments to Congress on this question, with a solicitude for the which do not hold slaves, can look on such an extension event far beyond what a common occasion could inspire." as being politically just. As between the original States the representation rests on compact and plighted faith;

Instead of reprinting the Speeches elicited by and your memorialists have no wish that that compact this fruitful theme, which must necessarily, to should be disturbed, or that plighted faith in the slightest degree violated.

But the subject assumes an entirely a great extent, be a mere reproduction of ideas different character, when a new State proposes to be admitted. With her there is no compact, and no faith expressed in the debate of the last session, plighted; and where is the reason that she could come already given, we here insert the Resolves of into the Union with more than an equal share of political importance and political power? Already the ratio of the Legislatures of New-York, New-Jersey, representation, established by the Constitution, has given Pennsylvania, Delaware and Kentucky—the first of Representatives more than they would have been en- three being unanimous expressions in favor of titled to, except under the particular provision of the Constitution. In all probability, this number will be Slavery Restriction; the fourth, from a Slave doubled in thirty years. Under these circumstances, we doem it not an unreasonable expectation that the inhabi State, also in favor of such Restriction, though tants of Missouri should propose to come into the Union, probably not unanimously agreed to by the renouncing the right in question, and establishing a Constitution prohibiting it forever. this topic, we have still thought it our duty to present it also (we presume) unanimous. The Legislatures

Without dwelling on Legislature ; the last against Restriction, and to the consideration of Congress. We present it with a deep and earnest feeling of its importance, and we re- of the Free States were generally unanimous for spect fully solicit for it the full consideration of the National Legislature.

Restriction ; those of the Slave States (DelaYour memorialists were not without the hope that the ware excepted) against it. It is not deemed time had at length arrived when the inconvenience and the danger of this description of population had become appa- necessary to print more than the following: rent in all parts of this country and in all parts of the civil. ized world. It might have been hoped that the new States

NEW-YORK. themselves would have had such a view of their own permanent interests and prosperity as would have led them

State of New York, in Assembly, Jan. 17, 1820 : to prohibit its extension and increase. The wonderful in

Whereas, The inhibiting the further extension of crease and prosperity of the Statey north of the Ohio is un

Slavery in these United States is a subject of deep concern questionably to be ascribed, in a great measure, to the con. Slavery as an evil much to be deplored; and that every

among the people of this State ; and whereas we consider sequences of the o dinance of 1787; and few, indeed, are constitutional barrier should be interposed to prevent its the occasions, in the history of nations, in which so much further extension ; and that the Constitution of the United can be done, by a single act, for the benefit of future States clearly gives Congress the right to require of new generations, as was done by that ordinance, and as may States, not comprised within the original boundaries of now be done by the Congress of the United States. appeal to the justice and to the wisdom of the National tion of its admission into the Union: Therefore,

these United States, the prohibition of Slavery, as a condi Councils to prevent the further progress of a great and serious evil. We appeal to those who look forward to the That our Senators be instructed, and our Representatives

Resolved (if the honorable the Senate concur herein), remote consequences of their measures, and who cannot in Congress be requested, to oppose the admission as a balance a temporary or triding inconvenience, if there were such, against a permanent, growing, and desolating State into the Union, any territory not comprised as aforeevil. We cannot forlear to reinind the two Houses of said, without making the prohibition of Slavery therein an by the American Government for the abolition of the the Senate and Assembly of this state, to transmit copies Congress that the early and decisive measures adopted indispensable condition of admission; therefore,

Resolved, That measures be taken by the clerks of Klave-trade, are amoug the proudest memorials of our nation's glory. That Slavery was ever tolerated in the of the preceding resolutions to each of our Senators and Republic is, as yet, to be attributed to the policy of an

Representatives in Congress. other Government. No imputation, thus far, rests op (Unanimously concurred in by 'he Senate.)

} .


the last Congress of the United States, and will probably HOUSE OF REPRKSENTATIVES,

be as earnestly urged during the existing session of that January 240, 1820.

cal relations of the several States; which is calculated to Mr. Wilson, of N. J., communicated the fol- mar the social happiness of the present and future genelowing Resolutions of the Legislature of the rations; which, if adopted, would impede the narch of

humanity and Freedom through the world ; and would State of New-Jersey, which were read:

transfer from a misguided ancestry an odious stain and Whereas, A Bill is now depending in the Congress of which proposes to spread the crimes and cruelties of Sla.

fix it indelibly upon the present racema measure, in brief, the United States, on the application of the people in the very from the banks of the Mississippi to 14e shores of the Territory of M ssouri for the admission of that Territory Pacific. as a State into the Union, not containing provisions advocated in the republican Congress of America, in the

When a measure of this character is seriously against Slavery in such proposed State, and a question is nineteenth century, the several Siates are invoked by the made upon the r.ght and expediency of such provision, The representatives of the people of New-Jersey,

duty which they owe to the Deity, by the veneration which in Legislative Council and General Assembly of the public, and by a tender regard for posterity, to protest

they entertain for the memory of the founders of the Resaid State, now in session, deem it a duty they owe to themselves, to their constituents, and posterity, to de- and to limit the range of an evil that alrea, y hangs in

against its adoption, to refuse to covenant with crime, clare and make known the opinions they hold upon this

awful boding over so large a portion of the Uuion. momentous subject; and, 1. They do resolve and declare, That the further greater propriety than by Pennsylvania. This Common

Nor can such a protest be entered by any State with admission of Territories into the Union, without restric- i wealth has as sacredly respected the rights of other tion of Slavery, would, in their opinion, essentially im: States as it has been careful of its own; it has been the pair the right of this and other existing States to equal invariable aim of the people of Pennsylvania to extend representation in Congress (a right at the foundation of

to the universe, by their example, the unadulterated the political compact), inasmuch as such newly-admitted blessings of civil and religious freedom; and it is their States would be represented on the basis of pride that they have been at a. 1 times the practical advotheir elave population; a concession made at the formation of the Constitution in favor of the then existing which are so well calculated to enable them to answer the

cates of those improvements and charities among men States, but never stipulated for new States, nor to be in

purposes of their Creator; and above all, they may boast ferred from any article or clause in that instrument.

ihat they were foremost in removing the pullution of Sla. 2. Resowed, That to admit the Territory of Missouri

very from among them. as a State into the Union, without prohibiting Slavery

If, indeed, the measure, against which Pennsylvania there, would, in the opinion of the representatives of the

considers it her duty to raise her voice, were calculated people of New-Jersey aforesaid, be no less than to sanc

to abridge any of the rights guaranteed to the several tion this great political and moral evil, furnish the ready States ; it, odious as Slavery is, it was proposed to hasten means of peopling a vast Territory with slaves, and per. its extinction by meaus injurious to the Siates upon which petuate all the dangers, crimes, and pernicious effects of it was unhappily evtailed, Peunsylvania would be among domestic bondage. 8. Resolved, As the opinion of the Representatives tutional compact.

the first to insist upon a sacred observance of the Constr.

But it cannot be pretended that the aforesaid, That inasmuch as no Territory has a right to rights of any of the States are at all to be affected by rebe admitied into the Union, but on the principles of the fusing to extend the wischiefs of human bondage over Federal Constitution, and only hy a law of Cong'ess, con- the boundless regions of the West, a Terriiory which senting thereto on the part of the existing Siates, Con- formed no part of the Union at the adoption of the Congress may rightfully, and ought to refuse such law, unless stitution; which has been but laitly purchased from a upon ti e reasonable and just conditions, assented to on the European Puwer by the people of the Union at large; part of the people applying to become one of the States.

which may or may not be admitted as a State into the 4. Resolved, In the opinion of the Representatives

Union at the discretion of Congress ; which must estab. aforesaid, That the article of the Constituiion which re

lish a Republican form of Government, and no other; strains Congress from prohibiting the migration or impor- and whose climate.afford: none of tie prelexts urged for tation of slaves, until after the year 1808, does, hy neces

resorting to the labor of natives of the torrid zone; such sary implication, adınit the general power of Congress

a Territory has no right, inherent or acquired, such as over the suliject of Slavery, and concedes to them the

those States possessed which established the existing Cob. right to regula e and restrain such migration and imporo stirution. When that Constitution was framed in Septemtation after that time, iu to the ex sting, or any newly-lober, 1787, the concession that three-fifths of the slaves in be-created State.

the States then existing should be represented in Con5. Resolved, As the opinion of the Representatives

gress, could not have been intended to embrace regions of the people of New Jersey aforesaid, That inasmuch as

at that time held by a foreign power. On the contrary, Congress have a clear right to refuse the admission of a

so anxious were the Congress of that day to confine hu. Territory into the Union, by the terms of the Constitu

man bondage within its ancient home, that on the 18th tion, they ought, in the present case, to exercise that ab- of July, 1787, that ody unanimously declared that Sia. solute discretion in order to preserve the political rights very or involuntary servitude should not exist in the ex. of the several existing States, and prevent the great na- tensive Territories bounded by the Ohio, the Mississippi, tional disgrace and inultiplied mischiefs, which must ensue Canada and the Lakes; and in the ninth article of the from conceiing it, as a matter of right, in the immense

Constitution itself, the power of Congress to prohibit the Territories yet to claim admission into the Union beyond emigration of servile persons after 1848, is expressly rethe Mississippi, that they may tolerate Slavery.

cognized ; nor is there to be found in the statute-book a 6. Resobed, (with the concurrence of Council,) That single instance of the admission of a Territory to the the Governor of imis State be requested to transmit a copy rank of a State, in which Congress have not adhered to of the foregoing resolutions to each of the Senators and the right, vested in them by the Constitution, to stipu. Representatives of this state in the Congress of the Unilate with the Territory upon the corditions of the boon. teu Stales.

The Senate and House of Representatives of PennPENNSYLVANIA.

sylvania, therefore, cannot but deprecate any departure

from the humane and enlightened policy pursued not only HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVE,

by the illustrious Congress which framed the Constitution, December 11th, 1819. but by their successors without excep ion. They are perA motion was made by Mr. Duane and Mr. suaded that, to open the fertile regions of the West to a Thackara, and read as follows:

servile race, woulu tend to increase their nunibers beyond

all past example, would open a new and steady market The Senate and House of Representatives of the Com- for the lawiess venders of human flesh, and would render monwealth of Pennsylvania, while they cherish the right all schemes for obliterating this most foul blot upon the of the individual States to express their opinion upon all American character, useless and unavailing. public measures proposed in the Congress of the Union, Under these convictions, and in the suliersuasion that are awar, that its usefulvess must in a great degree deo upon this topic there is but one opinion in Pennsylvania, pend upon the discretion with which it is exercised; they “ Resolved by the Sonate and Ilouse of Representi believe that the right ought not to be resorted to upon tives of tho Commonwealth of Pennsylunia, That the trivial subjects or unimportant occasions ; but they are Senators of this state in the Congress of the United also persuaded that there are moments when the neglect States be, and they are hereby instructed, and that the to exercise it would be a dereliction of public duty. Representatives of this state in the Congress of the Uni

Such an occasion, as in their judgment demands the ted States be, and they are hereby requested, to vote frank expression of the sentiments of Pennsylvania, is against the admission of any Territory as a State into the Dow presented. A weasure was ardently supported in I Union, unless said Territory shall stipulate and agree

that “ the further introduction of Slavery or involuntary | port and maintain State rights, which it conceives neces. servitude, except for the punishment of crimes whereof | sary to be supported and maintained, to preserve the the party shall have been duly convicted, shall be pro- | liberties of the free people of these United States, it hibited ; and that all children born within the said 'Teravows its solemn conviction, that the States already ritory, after its admission into the Union as a Stait, shall confederated under one common Constitution, have not be free, but may be held to service until the age of twenty- a right to deprive new States of equal privileges with five years."

themselves. Therefore, Resolad, That the Governor be, and he is hereby, re- Resolved, by the General Assembly of the Commonquested to cause a copy of the foregoing preamble and wealth of Kentucky, That the Senators in Congress from resolution to be transmitted to each of the Senators and this State be instructed, and the Representatives be Representatives of this State in the Congress of the United requested, to use their efforts to procure the passage of a S.ates.

law to admit the people of

into the Union, as a Laid on the table.

State, whether those people will sanction Slavery by Thursday, December 16, 1819. their Constitution or not. Agreeably to the order of the day, the House resumed

Resolved, that the Executive of this Commonwealth the consideration of the resolutions postponed on the be requested to transmit this Resolution to the Senators 14th inst., relative to preventing the introduction of and Representatives of this State in Congress, that it Slavery into States hereafter to be admitted into the may be laid before that body for its consideration. Union. And on the question, “Will the House agree to

The bill authorizing Missouri to form a conthe resolution ?" the Yeas and Nays were required by Mr. Randall and Mr. Souder, and stood-Yeas 74–(54 stitution, etc.. came up in the House as a Democrats, 20 Federalists); Nays none. Among the special order, Jan. 24th. Mr. Taylor, of N: Y., Yeas were David R Porter, late Governor, Josiah Ran moved that it be postponed for one week: dall of Philadelphia, late Whig, now a leading Democrat: Lost: Yeas 87; Nays 88. Whereupon the William Wilkins, late minister to Russia, since in the State Senate, Dr. Daniel Sturgeon, late U. S. Senator, House adjourned. It was considered in cometc., etc.

William Duane, editor of The Aurora, then mittee the next day, as also on the 28th and the Democratic organ, also voted for the resolutions, as he had prominently' advocated the principle they 30th, and thence debated daily until the 19th asserted,

of February, when a bill came down from the The Senate unanimously concurred, and the Resolves Senate " to admit the State of Maine into the were signed by Gov. William Findlay.

Union," but with a rider authorizing the people DELAWARE.

of Missouri to form a State Constitution, etc., In Senate of the United States, early in 1820, without restriction on the subject of Slavery. Mr. Van Dyke communicated the following

The House, very early in the session, passed Resolutions of the Legislature of the State of a bill providing for the admission of Maine as a Delaware, which were read:

State. This bill came to the Senate, and was Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives sent to its Judiciary Committee aforesaid, which of the State of Delaware, in Gereral Assembly met: amended it by adding a provision for Missouri as That it is, in the opinion of this General Assembly, the above. After several days' debate in Senate, Mr. constitutional right of the United States, in Congress Roberts, of Pa., moved to recommit, so as to assembled, to enact and establish, as one of the conditions for the admission of a new State into the Union, a strike out all but the admission of Maine ; which provision which shall effectually prevent the further was defeated (Jan. 14th, 1820)—Yeas 18; Nayy introductiou of Slavery into such State; and that a due 25. Hereupon Mr. Thomas, of III., (who voted regard to the true interests of such State, as well as of with the majority, as uniformly against any the other States, require that the same should be done.

Resolved, That a copy of the above and foregoing restriction on Missouri) gave notice that he resolution be transmitted, by the Speaker of the should Senate, to each of the Senators and Representatives from this State in the Congress of the United States. “ask leave to bring a bill to prohibit the introduction

of Slavery into the Territordes of the United States KENTUCKY.

North and West of the contemplated State of Mis

souri ;" In Senate, January 24th, 1820, Mr. Logan —which he accordingly did on the 19th ; when communicated the following preamble and Re- it was read and ordered to a third reading. solutions of the Legislature of the State of Kentucky, which were read:

[Notr.-Great confusion and misconception exists in

the public mind with regard to the “Missouri Restric. Whereus, The Constitution of the United States pro- tion,” two totally different propositions being called by vides for the admission of new States into the Union, and that name. The original Restriction, which Mr. Clay it is just and proper that all such States should be estab- vehemently opposed, and Mr. Jefferson in a letter lished upon the footing of original States, with a view characterized as a “fire-bell in the night," contemplated to the preservation of Sta e Sovereignty, the prosperity the limitation of Slavery in its exclusion from the State of such new State, and the good of their citizens; and of Missouri. This was ultimately defeated, as we shall whereas, successful attempts have been heretofore see. The second proposed Restriction was that of Mr. made, and are now making, to prevent the People of the Thomas, just cited, which proposed the exclusion of Territory of Missouri from being admitted into the Union Slavery, not from the State of Missouri, but from the as a State, unless trammeled by rules and regulations Territories of the United States North and West of that which do not exist in the original States, particularly in State. This proposition did not emanate from the origirelation to the toleration of Slavery.

nal Missouri Restrictionists, but from their adversaries, Whereas, also, if Congress can thus trammelor and was but reluctantly and partially accepted by the control the powers of a Territory in the formation of a former.] State government, that body may, on the same principle,

The Maine admission bill, with the proposed reduce its powers to little more than those possessed by the people of the District of Coiumbia, and whilst amendments, was discussed through several professing to make it a Sovereign State, may bind it in days, until, Feb. 16th, the question was taken perpetual vassalage, and reduce it to the condition of a province; such State must necessarily become the

on the Judiciary Committee's amendments dependent of Congress, asking such powers, and not the authorizing Missouri to form a State Constitu. independent State, demanding rights. And whereas, it tion, and saying nothing of Slavery), which is necessary, in preserving the State Sovereignties in their present rights, that no new State should be sub

were adopted by the following vote: jected to this restriction, any more than an old one, and Year-Against the Restriction on Missouri, 23. that there can be no reason or justice why it should not be entitled to the same privileges, when it is bound to

[20 from Slave States; 3 from Free States.] bear all the burdens and taxes laid upon it by Congress. Nays-For Restriction, 21.

In passing the following resolution, the General Assembly refrains from expressing any opinion either in

[19 from Free States; 2 from Delaware.] favor or against the principles of Slavery ; but to sup. Mr. Thomas, of III, then proposed bis aniendmeat, wirich, on the following day, he withdrew effect, though the more determined champions, and substituted the following:

whether of Slavery Extension or Slavery ReAnd be it further enacted, That in all that Territory striction, did not unite in it.] ceded by France to the United States under the name of The bill, thus amended, was ordered to be Louisiana which lies north of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes north latitude, excepting only such part thereof | engrossed for a third reading by the following as is included within the limits of the state contemplated vote : by this act, Slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise Yeas-For the Missouri Bill : than in the punishment of crime whereof the party shall

Messrs. Barbour of Va., Lloyd of Md. have been duly convicied, shall be and is hereby forever prohibited. Provided always, that any person escaping

Brown of La.,

Logan of Ky.,
Eaton of Tenn.,

Parrott of N H., into the same, from where labor or service is lawfully

Edwards of III., Pinkney of Md., claimed in any State or Territory of the United States,

Elliott of Ga.,

Pleasants of Va., such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed

Gaillard of S. C., Stokes of N. C. to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.

Horsey of Del., Thomas of Ill.,

Hunter of R. I., Van Dyke of Del., Mr. Trimble, of Ohio, moved a substitute for Johnson of Ky., Walker of Ala., this, somewhat altering the boundaries of the

Johnson of La., Walker of Ga.,
King of Ala.,

Williams of Miss., regions shielded from Slavery, which was

Leake of Miss.,

Williams of Tenn-24. rejected : Yeas 20 (Northern); Nays 24

Nays-against the Bill : (Southern).

Messrs. Burrill of R. I.,

Otis of Mass., The question then recurred on Mr. Thomas's

Dana of Conn.,

Palmer of Vt., amendment, which was adopted, as follows:

Dickerson of N. J., Roberts of Pa.,

King of N. Y., Ruggles of Ohio, Yeas--For excluding Slavery from all the Lanman of Conn., Sanford of N. Y., Territory North and West of Missouri :

Lowrie of Pa.,

Smith of S. C.,

Macon of N. C.,
Messrs. Brown of La.,
Mellen of Mass.,

Taylor of Ind.,
Mellen of Mass.,

Tichenor of Vt.,
Burrill of R. I., Morrill of N. H.,

Morrill of N. H., Trimble of Ohio.,
Dana of Conn.,
Otis of Mass.,

Noble of Ind.,

Wilson of N. J.-20.
Dickerson of N. J., Palmer of Vt.,
Eaton of Tenn.,
Parrott of N. H.,

The bill was thus passed (Feb. 18th) without
Edwards of Ill., Pinkney of Md.,

further division, and sent to the House for conHorsey of Del., Roberts of Pa., Hunter of R. I., Ruggles of Ohio,

currence. In the House, Mr. Thomas's amendJohnson of Ky., Sanford of N. Y., ment (as above) was at first rejected by both Johnson of La.. Stokes of N. C.,

parties, and defeated by the strong vote of 159 King (Wm. R.) of Ala., Thomas of Ill.,

to 18.

The Yeas (to adopt) were,
King (Rufus) of N. Y., Tichenor of Vt.,
Lanman of Conn., Trimble of Ohio,

Messrs. Baldwin of Pa.,

Meech, of Vt.,
Leake of Miss., Van Dyke of Del.,

Bayly of Md.,

Mercer of Va.,
Lowrie of Pa.,
Walker of Ala.,

Bloomfield of N. J., Quarles of Ky.,
Lloyd of Md.,
Williams of Tenn.,

Cocke of Tenn.,

Ringgold of Md.,
Logan of Ky.,
Wilson of N. J.-34.

Crafts of Vt.,

Shaw of Mass.,
Nays Against such Restriction:

Culpepper of N, C., Sloan of Ohio
Kinsey of N, J.,

Smith of N. J.,
Messrs. Barbour of Va., Pleasants of Va.,

Lathrop of Mass.,

Smith of Md.,
Elliott of Ga.,
Smith (Wm.) of S. C..

Little of Md.,

Tarr of Pa.-18.
Gaillard of S. C., Taylor of Ind.,
Macon of N. C.,
Walker of Ga.,

Prior to this vote, the House disagreed to
Noble of Ind.,

Williams of Miss.-10. the log-rolling of Maine and Missouri, into one (It will here be seen thất the Restriction ulti- bill by the strong vote of 93 to 72. [We do mately adopted-that excluding Slavery from not give the Yeas and Nays on this decision ; all territory then owned by the United States but the majority was composed of the repreNorth and West of the Southwest border of the sentatives of the Free States with only four exState of Missouri—was proposed by an early and ceptions; and Mr. Louis McLane of Delaware, steadfast opponent of the Restriction originally who was constrained by instructions from his proposed, relative to Slavery in the contem- legislature. His colleague, Mr. Willard Hall, plated State of Missouri, and was sustained by did not vote.] the votes of fourteen Senators from Slave States, The members from Free States who voted including the Senators from Delaware, Mary- with the South to keep Maine and Missouri land, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and united in one bill were, Louisiana, with one vote each from North | Messrs. H. Baldwin of Pa., Henry Meigs of N. Y., Carolina and Mississippi.

Bloomfield of N. J., Henry Shaw of Mass., The current assumption that this Restriction The House also disagreed to the remaining was proposed by Rufus King, of New-York, and amendments of the Senate (striking out the remainly sustained by the antagonists of Slavery striction on Slavery in Missouri) by the strong Extension, is wholly mistaken. The truth, vote of 102 Yeas to 68 Nays. doubtless, is, that it was suggested by the more [Nearly or quite every Representative of a moderate opponents of the proposed Restriction Free State voted in the majority on this division, on Missouri --and supported also by Senators with the following from Slave States : from Slave States—as a means of overcoming Louis McLane, Del., Nelson, Md., the resistance of the House to Slavery in Mis- Alney McLean, Ky. Trimble, Ky.] souri. It was, in effect, an offer from the So the House rejected all the Senate's milder opponents of Slavery Restriction to the amendments, and returned the bill with a cormore moderate and flexible advocates of that responding message. Restriction—“Let us have Slavery in Missouri, The Senate took up the bill on the 24th, and and we will unite with you in excluding it from debated it till the 28th ; when, on a direct vote, all the uninhabited territories North and West it was decided not to recede from the attachof that State.” It was in substance an agreement of Missouri to the Maine bill: Yeas 21 : inent between the North and the South to that |(19 from Free States and two from Delaw

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