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The Senate then proceeded to vote on the On the 14th, Mr. Taylor, of New-York, moved residue of the House Restriction, as follows: a Select Committee on this subject, which was
And provided also, that the further introduction of granted; and the mover, with Messrs. LiverSlavery or involuntary servitude be prohibited, except more, of New-Hampshire, Barbour, (P. P.) of for the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall Virginia, Lowndes, of South-Carolina, Fuller, of have been duly convicted.
Massachusetts, Hardin, of Kentucky, and Cuth The vote on this clause was as follows: bert, of Georgia, were appointed such committee,
Yeas-For striking out the Restriction — 22. Nays A majority of this Committee being Pro-Slavery, -Against striking out -16.
Mr. Taylor could do nothing; and on the 28th The bill thus amended was ordered to be en- the Committee was, on motion, discharged from grossed, and was (March 2nd-last day but one the further consideration of the subject. of the Session) read a third time, and passed On the same day, Mr. Taylor moved : without a division. The bill was on that day returned to the House, and the amendments of report a bill prohibiting the further admission of slaves
That a Committee be appointed with instructions to the Senate read: whereupon, Mr. Tallmadge, of into the Territories of the United States West of the river New-York, moved that the bill be postponed
Mississippi. indefinitely. Yeas 69; Nays 74.
On motion of Mr. Smith, of Maryland, this [The record shows hardly a vote changed from Yea, on resolve was sent to the Committee of the Whole, the original passage of the Restriction, to Nay now, but and made a special order for January 10th ; many members who voted then were now absent or
but it was not taken up, and appears to have e'lent.] The vote was then taken on concurring in
slept the sleep of death.
In the Senate, the memorial of the Missouri the Senate's amendments, as aforesaid, and the Territorial Legislature, asking admission as a House refused to concur; Yeas 76; Nays 78.
State, was presented by Mr. Smith, of Souththan on the previous division, and less than when the Judiciary Committee, which consisted of
[Hardly a vote changed; but more members roting Carolina, December 29th, and referred to the Restriction was carried.]
Messrs. Smith,of South Carolina ; Leake, of Mississippi; The bill was now returned to the Senate, wiih Burrill, of Rhode Island ; Logan, of Kentucky ; Otis of
Massachusetts. a message of non-concurrence; when Mr. Tait moved that the Sena te adhere to its amendment,
DANIEL WEBSTER ON SLAVERY EXTENSION. which was carried without a division The bill being thus remanded to the House, Mr. Taylor,
The following is extracted from the “Memorof New-York, moved that the House adhere túial to the Congress of the United States, on the its disagreement, which prevailed. Yeas 78 ; subject of restraining the increase of Slavery in Nays 66. So the bill fell between the two New States to be admitted into the Union,” in Houses, and was lost.
pursuance of a vote of the inhabitants of Boston The Southern portion of the then Territory and its vicinity, assembled at the State House of Missouri (organized by separation from on the 3d of December, 1819, which was Louisiana in 1812) was excluded from the pro-drawn up by Daniel Webster, and signed by posed State of Missouri, and organized as a
himself, George Blake, Josiah Quincy, James separate Territory, entitled Arkansas.
T. Austin, etc. It is inserted here instead of The bill being under consideration, Mr. Tay- the resolves of the various New England Legislor, of New-York, moved that the foregoing re- latures, as a fuller and clearer statement of the striction be applied to it also; and the clause, views of the great body of the people of that proposing that slaves born therein after the section during the pendency of the Missouri passage of this act be free at twenty-five years question : of age, was carried (February 17th) by 75 Yeas to 73 Nays; but that providing against the To the Senate and House of Representatives of the further introduction of Slaves was lost; Yeas
United States, in Congress assembled : 70; Nays 71. The next day, the clause just adopted was stricken out, and the bill ultimately vicinity, beg leave most respectfully and humbly to repre
The undersigned, inhabitants of Boston and its pas-ed without any allusion to Slavery. Ar.
sent: That the question of the introduction of Slavery kansas of course became a Slave Territory, and into the new States to be formed on the west side of the ultimately (1836) a Slave State.
Mississippi River, appears to them to be a question of the last importance to the future welfare of the United
If the progress of this great evil is ever to be
arrested, it seems to the undersigned that this is the time A new Congress assembled on the 6th of to arrest it. A false step taken now, cannot be retraced;
and it appears to us that the happiness of unborn millions December, 1819. Mr. Clay was again chosen rests on the measure which Congress on this occasion Speaker. On the 8th, Mr. Scott, delegate from may adopt. Considering this as no local question, nor a Missouri, moved that the memorial of her Ter- question to be decided by a temporary expediency, but
as involving great interests of the whole United States, ritorial Legislature, as also of several citizens, and affecting deeply and essentially those objects of praying her admission into the Union as a State, common defense, general welfare, and the perpetuation be referred to a Select Committee; carried, sell was formed, we have presumed, in this way, to offer and Messrs. Scott, of Missouri, Robertson, of our sentiments and express our wishes to the National Kentucky, Terrell, of Georgia, Strother, of Vir. Legislature. And, as various reasons have been sug. ginia, and De Witt, of New York, (all but the gested against prohibiting Slavery in the new States, it last from the Slave region,) were appointed said both for believing that Congress possesses the Constitu
may perhaps be permitted to us to state our reasons, committee.
tional power to make such prohibition a condition, on Mr. Strong, of New-York, that day gave the admission of a new State into the Union, and that it
is just and proper that they should exercise that power. notice of a bill “ To prohibit the further exten
** And in the first place, as to the Constitutional au: sion of Slavery in the United States.”
thority of Congress. The Constitution of the United
THE SECOND MISSOURI STRUGGLE.
States has declared that “ Congress shall have power to any portion of the American Confederacy. The Missouri dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations re. Territory is a new country. Ir its extensive and fertilo specting the Territory or other property belonging to the field shall be opened as a market for slaves, the GovernUnited States: and nothing in this Constitution shall be ment will seem to become a party to a traffic which, in 80 construed us to prejudice the claims of the United 1 so many acts, through so many years, it has denounced as States or of any particular Sate.” It is very well known, impolitic, unchristian, inhumall. To enact laws to punthat the saving in this clause of the claims of any par. ish the traffic, and, at the salle time, to tempt cupidity ticular Siate, was desigued to apply to claims by the then and avarice by the allurements of au insatiable market, existing states, of territory which was also claimed by is inconsistent and irreuoncilable. Government, by such the United States as their own property. It has, there- a course, would only delat its own purposes, and render fore, no bearing on the present question. The power, bugatory its own nieasures. Nor call the laws derive then, of Congress over its own Territories, is, by the very support from the manners of the people, if the power of terms of the Constitution, unlimited. It may make all moral sentiment be weakened by enjoying, under the per“ needful rules and regulations," which of course include mission of Government, great facilities to commit of all such regulations as its own views of policy or expedi- fenses. The laws of the United States have denounced ency shall, from time to time, dictate. If, therefore, in heavy penalties against the traffic in slaves, because such its judgınent it be needful for the benefit of a Territory to traffic is deemed unjust and inhuman. We appeal to the enact à prohibition of Slavery, it would seem to be as spirit of these laws. We appeal to this justice and humanmuch within its power of Legislation as any other act of ity. We ask her whether they ought not to operate, on the local policy. Its sovereignty being complete and uni- present occasion, with all their force ? We have a strong versal as iu the Territory, it may exercise over it the feeling of the injustice of any toleration of Slavery. Cirmost ample jurisdiction in every respect. It possesses, cumstances have entailed it on a portion of our communiin this view, all the authority which any State Legisla ty, which cannot be imniediately relieved from it without ture possesses over its own Territory; and if any state consequences more injurious than the suffering of the evil. Legislature may, in its discretion, abolish or prohibit But to permit it in a new country, where yet no habits are Slavery within its own limits, in virtue of its general formed which render it indispensable, what is it, but to enLegislative authority, for the same reason Congress also courage that rapacity, and fraud and violence, against may exercise the like authority over its own Territories, which we have so long pointed the denunciations of our And that a state Legislature, unless restrained by some penal code? What is it, but to tarnish the proud fame of Constitutional provision, may so do, is unquestionable, the country? What is it, but to throw suspicion on its good and has been established by general practice.
faith, and to render questionable all its professions of re If the constitutional power of Congress to make the gard for the rights of humanity and the liberties of man. proposed prohibition be satisfactorily shown, the justice kind ? and policy of such prohibition seem to the undersigned As inhabitants of a free country-as citizens of a to be supported by plain and strong reasons. The per- great and rising Republic-as members of a Christian mission of Slavery in a new State, necessarily draws after community-as living in a liberal and enlightened ag, it an extension of that inequality of representation, and as feeling ourselves called upon by the dictates of rewhich already exists in regard to the original States ligion and humanity, we have presuined to offer our sentiIt cannot be expected that those of the original States, ments to Congress on this question, with a solicitude for the which do not hold slaves, can look on such an extension event far beyond what a common occasion could inspire." as being politically just. As between the original States the representation rests on compact and plighted faith;
Instead of reprinting the Speeches elicited by and your memorialists have no wish that that compact this fruitful theme, which must necessarily, to should be disturbed, or that plighted faith in the slightest degree violated.
But the subject assumes an entirely a great extent, be a mere reproduction of ideas different character, when a new State proposes to be admitted. With her there is no compact, and no faith expressed in the debate of the last session, plighted; and where is the reason that she could come already given, we here insert the Resolves of into the Union with more than an equal share of political importance and political power? Already the ratio of the Legislatures of New-York, New-Jersey, representation, esi ablished by the Constitution, has given Pennsylvania, Delaware and Kentucky—the first of Representatives more than they would have been en three being unanimous expressions in favor of titled to, except under the particular provision of the Constitution. In all probability, this number will be Slavery Restriction; the fourth, from a Slave doubled in thirty years. deem it not an unreasonable expectation that the inhabi- State, also in favor of such Restriction, though tants of Missouri should propose to come into the Union, probably not unanimously agreed to by the renouncing the right in question, and establishing a Constitution prohibiting it forever. Without dwelling on Legislature; the last against Restriction, and this topic, we have still thought it our duty to present it also (we presume) unanimous. to the consideration of Congress. We present it with a
The Legislatures deep and earnest feeling of its importance, and we re of the Free States were generally unanimous for spectfully solicit for it the full consideration of the National Legislature.
Restriction; those of the Slave States (DelaYour meinorialists were not without the hope that the time had at length arrived when the inconvenience and the
ware excepted) against it. It is not deemed danger of this description of population had become appa- necessary to print more than the following: rent in all parts of this country and in all parts of the civil. ized world. It might have been hoped that the new States
NEW-YORK. themselves would have had such a view of their own permanent interests and prosperity as would have led them
State of New York, in Assembly, Jan. 17, 1820 : to prohibit its extension and increase. The wonderful in
Whereas, The inhibiting the further extension of crease and prosperity of the States north of the Ohio is un Slavery in these United States is a subject of deep
concern questionably to be ascribed, in a great measure, to the con. Slavery as an evil much to be deplored; and that every
among the people of this State ; and whereas we consider sequences of the o: dinance of 1787; and few, indeed, are constitutional barrier should be interposed to prevent its the occasions, in the history of nations, in which so much further extension ; and that the Constitution of the United can be done, by a single act, for the benefit of future States clearly gives Congress the right to require of new generations as was done by that ordinance, and as may states, not comprised within the original boundaries of now be done by the Congress of the United States. appeal to the justice and to the wisdom of the National these United States, the prohibition of Slavery, as a condi Councils to prevent the further progress of a great and tion of its admission into the Union: Therefore, serious evil. We appeal to those
who look forward to the That our Senators be instructed, and our Representatives
Resolved (if the honorable the Senate concur herein), remote consequences of their measures, and who cannot in Congress be requested, to oppose the admission as a balance a temporary or iriding inconvenience, if there State into the Union, any territory not comprised as aforewere such, against a permanent, growing, and desolating evil. We cannot forbear to remind the two Houses of said, without making the prohibition of Slavery therein an by the American Government for the abolition of the the Senate and Assembly of this state, to transmit copies Congress that the early and decisive measures adopted indispensable condition of admission; therefore,
Resoloed, That measures be taken by the clerks of glave-trade, are among the proudest memorials of our nation's glory. That Slavery was ever tolerated in the of the preceding resolutions to each of our Senators and Republic is, as yet, to be attributed to the policy of an- Representatives in Congress. other Government. No imputation, thus far, rests on
(Unanimously concurred in by 'he Senate.)
the last Congress of the United States, and will probably HOUSE OF REPRKSENTATIVES,
be as earuestly urged during the existing session of that
body, which has a palpable tendency to impair the polithJanuary 240, 1820.
cal relations of the several States; which is calculated to Mr. Wilson, of N. J., communicated the fol- mar the social happiness of the present and future genslowing Resolutions of the Legislature of the rations; which, if adopted, would impede the narch of
humanity and Freedom through the world ; and would State of New-Jersey, which were read:
transfer from a misguided ancestry an odious stain and
fix it indelibly upon the present race-a measure, in brief, Whereas, A Bill is now depending in the Congress of
which proposes to spread the crimes and cruelties of Sla: the United States, on the application of the people in the Territory of M ssouri for the admission of that Territory Pacific. When a measure of this character is seriously
very from the banks of the Mississippi toll.eshores of the as a State into the Union, not containing provisions advocated in the republican Congress of America, in the against Slavery in such proposed State, and a question is nineteenth century, the several siates are invoked by the made upon the r.ght and expediency of such provision, The representatives of the people of New-Jersey, they entertain for the memory of the founders of the Re
duty which they owe to the Deity, by the veneration which in Legislative Council and General Assembly of the public, and by a tender regard for posterity, to protest said State, now in session, deem it a duty they owe to themselves, to their constituents, and posterity, to de- and to limit the range of an evil that alrea, y hangs in
against its adoption, to refuse to covenant with crime, clare and make known the opinions they hold upon this awful boding over so large a portion of the Union. momentous subject; and,
Nor can such a protest be entered by any State with 1. They do resolve and declare, That the further greater propriety than by Pennsylvania. This Commonadmission of Territories into the Union, without restric wealth has as sacredly respected the rights of other tion of Slavery, would, in their opinion, essentially im- States as it has been careful of its own; it has been the pair the right of this and other existing States to equal invariable aiın of the people of Pennsylvania to extend representation in Congress (a right at the foundation of to the universe, by their example, the unadulterated the political compact), inasmuch as such newly-admitted blessings of civil and religious freedom; and it is their slavehold.ng States would be represented on the basis of pride that they have been at a 1 times the practical adva their elave population; a concession made at the forma
cates of those improvements and charities among men tion of the Constitution in favor of the then existing which are so well calculated to enable them to answer the States, but never stipulated for new States, nor to be in- purposes of their Creator; and above all, they may boast ferred from any article or clause in that instrument.
That they were foremost in removing the pollution of Sla. 2. Resowed, That to admit the Territory of Missouri
very from among them. as a State into the Union, without prohibiting Slavery
If, indeed, the measure, against which Pennsylvania there, would, in the opinion of the representatives of the considers it her duty to raise her voice, were calculated people of New-Jersey aforesaid, be no less than to sanc
to abridge any of the rights guaranteed to the several tion this great political and moral evil, furnish the ready states; it, odious as Slavery is, it was proposed to hasten means of peopling a vast Territory with slaves, and per. its extinction by means injurious to the States upon which petuate all the dangers, crimes, and pernicious effects of it was unhappily entailed, Pennsylvania would be among domestic bondage.
the first to insist upon a sacred observance of the Consit3. Resolved, As the opinion of the Representatives tutional compact. But it cannot be pretended that the aforesaid, That inasmuch as no Territory has a right to rights of any of the States are at all to be affected by rebe admitied into the Union, but on the principles of the fusing to extend the mischiefs of human bondage over Federal Constitution, and only by a law of Congress, con- the boundless regions of the West, a Terriiory which senting thereto on the part of the existing Siates, Con- formed no part of the Union at the adoption of the Congress may rightfully, and ought to refuse such law, unless stitution; which has been but laiely purchased from upon ti e reasonable and just conditions, assented to on the European Puwer by the people of the Union at large; part of the people applying to become one of the States.
which may or may not be admitted as a State into the 4. Resolved, In the opinion of the Representatives Union at the discretion of Congress ; which ruust estab. aforesaid, that the article of the Constitution which relish a Republican form of Government, and no other ; strains Congress from prohibiting the migration or impor- and whose climate.afford: none of the pretexts urged for tation of slaves, until after the year 1808, does, hy neces- resorting to the labor of natives of the torrid zone; such sary implication, admit the general power of Congress a Territory has no right, inherent or acquired, such as over the suliject of Slavery, and concedes to them the
those States possessed which established the existing Cobright to regula.e and restrain such migration and impor- stirution. When that Constitution was framed in Septemtation after that time, into the ex sting, or any newly-la-ber, 1787, the concession that three-fifths of the slaves in be-created State.
the States then existing should be represented in Con5. Rosulved, As the opinion of the Representatives gress, could not have been intended to embrace regions of the people of New-Jersey aforesaid, That inasmuch as
at that time held by a foreign power.
On the contrary, Congress have a clear right to refuse the admission of a
so anxious were the Congress of that day to confine hu. Territory into the Union, by the terms of the Constitu
man bondage within its ancient home, that on the 18th tion, they ought, in the present case, to exercise that ab- of July, 1787, that body unanimously declared that Siasolute discretion in order to preserve the political rights very or involuntary servitude should not exist in the exof the several existing States, and prevent the great na- tensive Territories bounded by the Ohio, the Mississippi, tional disgrace and multiplied mischiefs, which must ensue Canada and the Lakes; and in the niuth article of the from conceiing it, as a matter of right, in the immense Constitution itself, the power of Congress to prohibit the Territories yet to claim admission into the Union beyond emigration of servile persons after 1808, is expressly rethe Mississippi, that they may tolerate Slavery.
cognized; nor is there to be found in the statute-book a 6. Resowed, (with the concurrence of Council,) That single instance of the admission of a Territory to the the Goveruor of ihis State be requested to transmit a copy rank of a State, in which Congress have not adhered to of the foregoing resolutions to each of the Senators and
the right, vested in them by the Constitution, to stipu. Representatives of this State in the Congress of the Uni. late with the Territory upon the conditions of the boon. teu States.
The Senate and House of Representatives of PennPENNSYLVANIA.
sylvania, therefore, cannot but deprecate any departure
from the humane and enlightened policy pursued not only HOUSE OF REPRÉSENTATIVE,
by the illustrious Congress which framed the Constitution, December 11th, 1819. but by their successors without excep ion. They are perA motion was made by Mr. Duane and Mr. suaded that, to open the fertile regions of the West io a Thackara, and read as follows:
servile race, wouli tend to increase their nunibers beyond
all past example, would open a new and steady market The Senate and House of Representatives of the Com- for the lawiess venders of human flesh, and would render monwealth of Pennsylvania, while they cherish the right all schemes for obliterating this most foul blot upon the of the individual States to express their opinion upon all American character, useless and unavailing. public measures proposed in the Congress of the Union, Under these convictions, and in the sul persuasion that are awarı that its usefulvess must in a great degree de upon this topic there is but one opinion in Pennsylvaniapend upon the discretion with which it is exercised ; they '" Resolved by the Sonate and Ilouse of Representubelieve that the right ought not to be resorted to upon tives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylunia, That the trivial subjects or unimportant occasions; but they are Senators of this state in the Congress of the United also persuaded that there are moments when the neglect States be, and they are hereby instructed, and that the to exercise it would be a dereliction of public duty. Representatives of this state in the Congress of the Unje
Such an occasion, as in their judgment demands the ted States be, and they are hereby requested, to vote frank expression of the sentiments of Pennsylvania, is against the admission of any Territory as a State into the Oow presented. A weasure was ardently supported in / Union, unless said Territory shall stipulate and agree
that “the further introduction of Slavery or involuntary port and maintain State rights, which it conceives necesservitude, except for the punishment of crimes whereof sary to be supported and maintained, to preserve the the party shall have been duly convicted, shall be pro- liberties of the free people of these 'United States, it hibited ; and that all children born within the said Ter avows its solemn conviction, that the States already ritory, after its admission into the Union as a stait, shall confederated under one common Constitution, have not be free, but may be held to service until the age of twenty a right to deprive new States of equal privileges with five years."
themselves. Therefore, Résoloed, That the Governor be, and he is hereby, re- Resoloed, by the General Assembly of the Commonquested to cause a copy of the foregoing preamble and wealth of Kentucky, That the Senators in Congress from resolution to be transmitted to each of the Senators and this State be instructed, and the Representatives be Representatives of tuis State in the Congress of the United requested, to use their efforts to procure the passage of a S.ates.
law to admit the people of Misso into the Union, as a Laid on the table.
State, whether those people will sanction Slavery by Tuursday, December 16, 1819. their Constitution or not. Agreeably to the order of the day, the House resumed Resowed, That the Executive of this Commonwealth the consideration of the resolutions postponed on the be requested to transmit this Resolution to the Senators 14th inst., relative to preventing the introduction of and Representatives of this state in Congress, that it Slavery into States hereafter to be admitted into the may be laid before that body for its consideration. Union. And on the question, “ Will the House agree to the resolution ?" the Yeas and Nays were required by
The bill authorizing Missouri to form a conMr. Kandall and Mr. Souder, and stood-Yeas 74—(54 stitution, etc.. came up in the House as a Democrats, 20 Federalists); Nays none. Among the special order, Jan. 24th. Mr. Taylor, of N: Y., Yeas were 'David R Porter, late Governor, Josiah Ran moved that it be postponed for one week : dall of Philadelphia, late Whig, now a leading Democrat, William Wilkins, late minister to Russia, since in the Lost: Yeas 87 ; Nays 88. Whereupon the State Senate, Dr. Daniel Sturgeon, late V. s. Senator, House adjourned. It was considered in com
William Duane, editor of The Aurora, then mittee the next day, as also on the 28th and he had prominently advocated the principle they 30th, and thence debated daily until the 19th asserted.
of February, when a bill came down from the The Senate unanimously concurred, and the Resolves Senate " to admit the State of Maine into the were signed by Gov. William Findlay.
Union," but with a rider authorizing the people DELAWARE.
of Missouri to form a State Constitution, etc., In Senate of the United States, early in 1820, without restriction on the subject of Slavery. Mr. Van Dyke communicated the following
The House, very early in the session, passed Resolutions of the Legislature of the State of a bill providing for the admission of Maine as a Delaware, which were read:
State. This bill came to the Senate, and was Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives sent to its Judiciary Committee aforesaid, which of the State of Delaware, in Gereral Assembly met: amended it by adding a provision for Missouri as That it is, in the opinion of this General Assembly, the above. After several days' debate in Senate, Mr. constitutional right of the United States, in Congress Roberts, of Pa., moved to recommit, so as to assembled, tions for the admission of a new State into the Union, a strike out all but the admission of Maine ; which provision which shall effectually prevent the further was defeated (Jan. 14th, 1820)—Yeas 18; Nayy introductiou of Slavery into such state; and that a due 25. Hereupon Mr. Thomas, of Ill., (who voted regard to the true interests of such State, as well as of the other States, require that the same should be done. with the majority, as uniformly against any
Resowed, That a copy of the above and foregoing restriction on Missouri) gave notice that he resolution be transmitted, by the Speaker of the should Senate, to each of the Senators and Representatives from this State in the Congress of the United States. “ask leave to bring a bill to prohibit the introduction
of Slavery into the Territortes of the United States KENTUCKY.
North and West of the contemplated State of Alix
souri ;" In Senate, January 24th, 1820, Mr. Logan —which he accordingly did on the 19th ; when communicated the following preamble and Re- it was read and ordered to a third reading. solutions of the Legislature of the State of Kentucky, which were read:
[Note.-Great confusion and misconception exists in
the public mind with regard to the “ Missouri RestricWhereas, The Constitution of the United States pro- tion," two totally different propositions being called by vides for the admission of new States into the Union, and that name. The original Restriction, which Mr. Clay it is just and proper that all such States should be estab- vehemently opposed, and Mr. Jefferson in a letter lished upon the footing of original States, with a view characterized as a “fire-bell in the night," contemplated to the preservation of Sta e Sovereignty, the prosperity the limitation of Slavery in its exclusion from the State of such new State, and the good of their citizens, and of Missouri. This was ultimately defeated, as we shall whereas, successful attempts have been heretofore see. The second proposed Restriction was that of Mr. made, and are now making, to prevent the People of the Thomas, just cited, which proposed the exclusion of Territory of Missouri from being admitted into the Union Slavery, not from the State of Missouri, but from the as a state, unless trammeled by rules and regulations Territories of the United States North and West of that which do not exist in the original States, particularly in State. This proposition did not emanate from the origirelation to the toleration of Slavery.
nal Missouri Restrictionists, but from their adversaries, Whereas, also, if Congress can thus trammel and was but reluctantly and partially accepted by the control the powers of a Territory in the formation of a former.] State government, that body may, on the same principle, reduce its powers to little more than those possessed
The Maine admission bill, with the proposed by the people of the District of Ciumbia, and whilst amendments, was discussed through several professing to make it a Sovereign State, may bind it in days, until, Feb. 16th, the question was taken perpetual vassalage, and reduce it to the condition of a province; such State must necessarily become the
on the Judiciary Committee's amendments dependent of Congress, asking such powers, and not the authorizing Missouri to form a State Constitu. independent State, demanding rights. And whereas, it tion, and saying nothing of Slavery), wbich is necessary, in preserving the state Sovereignties in their present rights, that no new State should be sub
were adopted by the following vote: jected to this restriction, any more than an old one, and Year-Against the Restriction on Missouri, 23. that there can be no reason or justice why it should not be entitled to the same privileges, when it is bound to
[20 from Slave States; 3 from Free States.) bear all the burdens and taxes laid upon it by Congress. Nays—For Restriction, 21.
In passing the following resolution, the General Assembly refrains from expressing any opinion either in
[19 from Free States; 2 from Delaware.] favor or against the priuciples of Slavery; but to sup- Mr. Thomas, of III, then proposed bis amend
me;it, wilich, on the following day, he withdrew | effect, though the more determined champions, and substituted the following:
whether of Slavery Extension or Slavery ReAnd be it further enacted, That in all that Territory striction, did not unite in it.] ceded by France to the United States under the name of The bill, thus amended, was ordered to be Louisiana which lies north of thirty-six degrees thirty minutes north latitude, excepting only such part thereor i engrossed for a third reading by the following as is included within the limits of the State contemplated vote : by this act, Slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise Yeas-For the Missouri Bill : than in the punishment of crime whereof the party shall
Lloyd of Md., have been duly convicied, shall be and is hereby forever Messrs. Barbour of Va.,
Brown of La.,
Logan of Ky., prohibited. Provided always, that any person escaping
Eaton of Tenn.,
Parrott of N H., into the same, from where labor or service is lawfully
Edwards of III., claimed in any State or Territory of the United States,
Pinkney of Md.,
Pleasants of Va., such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed
Gaillard of S. C., Stokes of N. 0. to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
Horsey of Del., Thomas of Ill.,
Hunter of R. I., Van Dyke of Del., Mr. Trimble, of Ohio, moved a substitute for
Johnson of Ky.,
Walker of Ala.,
Walker of Ga., this, somewhat altering the boundaries of the
King of Ala.,
Williams of Miss., regions shielded from Slavery, which
Leake of Miss.,
Williams of Tenn-24. rejected: Yeas 20 (Northern); Nays 24
Nays—against the Bill : (Southern).
Messrs. Burrill of R. I.,
Otis of Mass., The question then recurred on Mr. Thomas's Dana of Conn.,
Palmer of Vt., amendment, which was adopted, as follows:
Dickerson of N. J., Roberts of Pa.,
King of N. Y., Ruggles of Ohio, Yeas-For excluding Slavery from all the Lanman of Conn.,
Sanford of N. Y., Territory North and West of Missouri :
Lowrie of Pa.,
Smith of S. C.,
Macon of N. C.,
Taylor of Ind.,
Tichenor of Vt.,
Morrill of N, H., Trimble of Ohio.,
Noble of Ind.,
Wilson of N. J.-20.
The bill was thus passed (Feb. 18th) without
further division, and sent to the House for conHorsey of Del., Roberts of Pa., Hunter of R. I., Ruggles of Ohio,
currence. In the House, Mr. Thomas's amendJohnson of Ky., Sanford of N. Y., ment (as above) was at first rejected by both Johnson of La.. Stokes of N. C.,
parties, and defeated by the strong vote of 159 King (Wm. R.) of Ala., Thomas of Ill.,
to 18. The Yeas (to adopt) were,
Messrs. Baldwin of Pa.,
Meech, of Vt.,
Bayly of Md.,
Mercer of Va.,
Bloomfield of N. J., Quarles of Ky.,
Cocke of Tenn., Ringgold of Md.,
Crafts of Vt.,
Shaw of Mass.,
Culpepper of N. C., Sloan of Ohio
Smith of N, J.,
Lathrop of Mass.,
Smith of Md.,
Little of Md.,
Tarr of Pa---18.
Prior to this vote, the House disagreed to
Williams of Miss.-10. the log-rolling of Maine and Missouri, into one [ It will here be seen thất the Restriction ulti- bill by the strong vote of 93 to 72. [We do mately adopted—that excluding Slavery from not give the Yeas and Nays on this decision ; all territory then owned by the United States but the majority was composed of the repreNorth and West of the Southwest border of the sentatives of the Free States with only four exState of Missouri—was proposed by an early and ceptions; and Mr. Louis McLane of Delaware, steadfast opponent of the Restriction originally who was constrained by instructions from his proposed, relative to Slavery in the contem- legislature. His colleague, Mr. Willard Hall, plated State of Missouri, and was sustained by did not vote.] the votes of fourteen Senators from Slave States, The members from Free States who voted including the Senators from Delaware, Mary- with the South to keep Maine and Missouri land, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and united in one bill were, Louisiana, with one vote each from North | Messrs. H. Baldwin of Pa., Henry Meigs of N. Y., Carolina and Mississippi.
Bloomfield of N. J., Henry Shaw of Mass., The current assumption that this Restriction The House also disagreed to the remaining was proposed by Rufus King, of New-York, and amendments of the Senate (striking out the remainly sustained by the antagonists of Slavery striction on Slavery in Missouri) by the strong Extension, is wholly mistaken. The truth, vote of 102 Yeas to 68 Nays. doubtless, is, that it was suggested by the more [Nearly or quite every Representative of a moderate opponents of the proposed Restriction Free State voted in the majority on this division, on Missouri-and supported also by Senators with the following from Slave States : from Slave States—as a means of overcoming Louis McLane, Del., Nelson, Md., the resistance of the House to Slavery in Mis- Alney McLean, Ky. Trimble, Ky!) souri. It was, in effect, an offer from the So the House rejected all the Senate's inilder opponents of Slavery Restriction to the amendments, and returned the bill with a cormore moderate and flexible advocates of that responding message. Restriction—"Let us have Slavery in Missouri, The Senate took up the bill on the 24th, and and we will unite with you in excluding it from debated it till the 28th ; when, on a direct vote, all the uninhabited territories North and West it was decided not to recede from the attachof that State.” It was in substance an agreement of Missouri to the Maine bill: Yeas 21: ment between the North and the South to that |(19 from Free States and two from Delaw