« PreviousContinue »
Perry, S. C.; James B. Steadman, Ohio; W. H. Carrol, Tenn.; S. A. Hall, Ind.; W. J. Allen, Ill.; John M. Krum, Mo.; Benj. Follet, Mich.; D. O. Finch, Iowa; P. H. Smith, Wis.; H. H. Sibley, Minn.; J. H. Beverly, Del.; Isaac J. Stevens, Oregon; G. H. Morrow, Ken tucky; D. S. Gregory, Cal.
ritories of the United States, and to hold therein, unmo- | Md.; E. W. Hubbard, Va.; R. R. Bridges, N. C.; B. F. lested by any legislation whatever, their slave and other property; and that this Convention recognizes the opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States in the Dred Scott case, as a true exposition of the Constitution in regard to the rights of the citizens of the several States and Territories of the United States, upon all subjects concerning which it treats; and that the members of this Convention pledge themselves, and require all others who may be authorized as delegates to make the same pledge, to support the Democratic candidates, fairly and in good faith, nominated by this Convention according to the usages of the National Democratic Party.
Mr. Randall then took the floor and opposed the amendment of Mr. Church, and favored that of Mr. Gilmor. The amendment of the gentleman from New York imposes a condition upon the returning members of the several States that seceded at Charleston. I deny the power of the Convention to impose any such condition. The right of their constituents is unqualified and beyond the power of this Convention, to send their representatives to this body without condition and without limitation. (Applause and hisses). It is an interference with the right of the constituents of seven seceding States to impose any qualification upon their representatives in this body. I deny its equity or its justice. We who sit here-the honorable gentleman who moved the amendment, the President, the Vice-Presidents of this body-all who sit here, are unfettered by any such limitation or condition. (Applause.) What justice in imposing upon others the condition that they shall come in here as slaves, with the bands and the iron fetters about them, with no right to exercise their judgment or their patriotism, except as the majority of this body may choose to indicate? I deny the power or the right. The proposition has been put in the least offensive shape.
It is said in the amendment that it is "understood." Understood! an apology for the broad declaration of a naked invasion of the rights of freemen. Not that the members of this body thus admitted have denied the right, but it is understood that they are pledged to do what other members are not pledged to do-to conform to the decision of the majority. Mr. President and gentlemen, I invoke you to look at the injustice of every such qualification-a qualification which no honorable man, except under very peculiar circumstances, could ever submit to; qualification which it is known that the representatives of these seven seceding States will never submit to. (Applause and hisses.) But, Mr. President and brethren of the great Democratic family, who are now contending for the success of the Democratic cause, I ask you to halt, not simply upon the ground of right and justice, but of policy. Not a member of this body but knows that the representatives of those States will not give any such pledge (applause and hisses); that it is tantamount to a declaration of secession from the body. (Applause and hisses.)
The debate was continued by Messrs. Richardson, of Ill., Cochrane, of N. Y., Montgomery, of Pa., Merrick, of Ill., King, of Mo., and West of Ct., against Mr. Gilmor's amendment, and by Messrs. Russell, of Va., Ewing, of Tenn, Loring, of Mass., Hunter, of Mo., Avery, of N. C., and Atkins, of Tenn., in favor. At last, Mr. Atkins moved the previous question, which was sustained, 233 to 18, and the Convention adjourned till Tuesday morning.
On the reassembling of the Convention, Mr. Church asked and obtained unanimous consent to make a proposition which he thought would produce harmony. He said:
A paper was presented from Mr. O'Fallon, of Missouri, who had acted at Charleston in the place of one of the regularly appointed delegates from that State, but had been refused a ticket in Baltimore, asking admission.His case was referred to the Committee on Credentials.
The memorial of the contesting delegates from Arkansas was also presented, and was handed to the Committee on Credentials. And the Committee took a recess till 5 P.M., at which time it reassembled, but, the Committee on Credentials not being ready to report, the Convention, without transacting any business, adjourned to 10 o'clock the following day, 20th.
The Convention met at the usual hour, on Wednesday, the 20th, but, in consequence of the delay of the Committee on Credentials in reporting, no business was transacted.
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS.
Credentials presented their report, or rather reOn Thursday, the 21st, the Committee on ports, for there were three; the majority report being presented by Mr. Krum, of Missouri, as follows:
1st. Resolved, That George H. Gordon, E. Barksdale, W. F. Barry, H. C. Chambers, Jos. R. Davis, Beverly Matthew, Charles Clarke, W. L. Featherston, P. F. Slidell, C. G. Armistead, W. F. Avaunt, and T. J. Hucston, are entitled to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Mississippi.
2d. Resolved, That Pierre Soulé, F. Cotterman, R. C. Wickliffe, Michael Ryan, Maunsell White, Charles Bienvenala, Gustav Lenroy, J. C. Morse, A. S. Heron, N. D. Colburn, J. N. T. Richardson and J. L. Walker are entitled to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Louisiana.
8d. Resolved, That R. W. Johnson, T. C. Hindman, J. P. Johnson, Henry Carroll, J. Gould, and John A. Jordan, be entitled to seats as Delegates from the State of Arkansas, with power to cast two votes, and that Thomas H. Bradley, M. Hooper, and D. C. Cross be also admitted to seats as delegates from the same State, with power to cast one vote; and, in case either portion of said delegates shall refuse or neglect to take their said seats and to cast their said votes, the other portion of said delegates taking seats in this Convention shall be entitled to cast the entire three votes of said State.
4th. Resolved, That J. M. Bryan, F. R. Lubbock, F. S. Stockdale, E. Green, H. R. Runnels, Wm. B. Ochiltree, M. W. Carey, Wm. H. Parrows, R. Ward, J. F. Crosby, B. Burrows, and V. H. Manning are entitled to seats from Texas.
5th. Resolved, That James A. Bayard and William G. Whiteley are entitled to seats from the county of NewCastle, Del.
6th. Resolved, That K. S. Chaffee, who was duly admitted at Charleston as a delegate from the fifth congressional district of Massachusetts, is still entitled to said seat in this Convention, and that B. F. Hallett, who has assumed said seat, is not entitled thereto.
7th. Resolved, That John O'Fallon, who was duly admitted at Charleston as a delegate from the eighth electoral district of Missouri, is still entitled to said seat in this Convention, and that Johnson B. Gardy, who has assumed said seat, is not entitled thereto.
Upon consultation with the gentleman (Mr. Gilmor, who moved that amendment to my amendment, we have agreed, if it meets the approbation of this Convention, for the purpose of harmonizing the action of this Convention, to an arrangement alike honorable to both sides, and which, if carried out, will terminate the controversy as to pending questions. The proposition which has been made and accepted is simply this: The gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr. Gilmor) is to withdraw his amendment to my amendment, and then I am to withdraw the latter part of my resolutions, leaving only a simple resolution of reference to the Committee on Cre-State of Alabama. dentials. (Applause).
This proposition was accepted, and the resolution, as this amended, was adopted without a division. Vacancies in the Committee on Credentials were filled, and the committee, as now constituted, consisted of the following gentlemen:
Sth. Resolved, That R. A. Baker, D. C. Humphrey, John Forsyth, Wm. Jewett, I. I. Seibles, S. C. Posey, L. E. Parsons, Joseph C. Bradley, Thomas B. Cooper, James Williams, C. H. Brynan, Daniel W. Weakley, L. M. B. Martyr, John W. Howard, W. R. R. Wyatt, B. Hanson, Thos. M. Matthews, and Norbert M. Lord are entitled to seats in the Convention as delegates from the
9th, Resolved, That the delegation from the State of Georgia, of which H. L. Benning is chairman, be admitted to seats in the Convention, with power to cast onehalf of the vote of said State, and that the delegation from said State, of which Col. Gardner is chairman, be also admitted to the Convention, with power to cast oneC. D. Jameson, Me.; A. P. Hughes, N. H.; Stephen half of the vote of said State; and if either of said deleThomas, Vt.; Oliver Stevens, Mass.; George H. Brown, gations refuse or neglect to cast the vote as above indiR. I.; James Gallagher, Conn.; Delos De Wolfe, N. Y.;cated, that in said case the delegates present in the ConA. R. Spear, N. J.; II. M. Forth, Pa.; W. 8. Gittings,vention be authorized to cast the full vote of said State.
Mr. Stevens, of Oregon.-I rise, Mr. President, to pre-sylvania, 17; Delaware, 2; Maryland, 5; Virginia, 14; sent the repot of a minority of the Committee on cre- North Carolina, 9; Arkansas, ; Missouri, 5; Tennessee, dentials, and I will proceed to read it; 10; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 1; California, 4; Oregon, 3-1004.
To the President of the Democratic National Convention:
Sir: We, the undersigned. members of the Committee on Credent als, feel constrained to dissent from many of the views and a large portion of the action of the majority of the Committee in respect to the rights of delegates to seats refered to them by the Convention, and to respectfully recommend the adoption of the following resolutions:
1. Resolved, That B. F. Hallett is entitled to a seat in this Convention, as a delegate from the 5th Congressional district of the State of Massachusetts.
2. Resolved, That Johnson B. Gardy is entitled to a seat in this Convention as a delegate from the Sth Congressional district of the State of Missouri.
8. Resolved, That James A. Bayard and William G. Whiteley are entited to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Delaware.
4. Resolved, That the delegation headed by R. W. Johnson are entitled to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Arkansas.
NAYS-Maine, 54; New Hampshire, 4; Vermont, 3}; Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 3; New-York, 35; New-Jersey, 8; Pennsylvania, 10; Maryland, 2; Virginia, 1; North Carolina, 1; Arkansas, 1; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 1; Kentucky, 2; Ohio, 28; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 2-150.
Maryland, vote not voted; Tennessee, 1 vote not cast. The question then recurred on adopting the majority report. A division being called for, the vote was taken on the first resolution, admitting the original delegates from Mississipi, which was adopted almost unanimously, 250 to 24.
The vote was then taken on the second resolution, admitting the Soule (Douglas) Delegates from Louisiana, which resulted-Ays, 153; Nays, 98- as follows:
YEAS-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 44; Vermont, 4}; Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 8; New-York, 35; New Jersey, 2; Pennsylvania, 10; Maryland, 24; Virginia, 1; North Carolina, 2; Arkansas, ; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 2; Kentucky, 2; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa,
5. Resolved, That the delegation of which George W.4; Minnesota, 24-153. Bryan is chairman are entitled to seats in this Convention from the State of Texas.
6. Resolved, That the delegation of which John Tarleton is chairman are entitled to seats in this convention as delegates from the State of Louisiana.
7. Resolved, That the delegation of which L. P. Walker is chairman are entitled to seats in this Convention as delegates from the State of Alabama.
NAYS-Maine, 24; New-Hampshire, ; Vermont, ; Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 24; New-Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 17; Delaware, 2; Maryland, 5; Virginia, 13; North Carolina, 8; Arkansas,; Missouri, 5; Tennessee, 10; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 1; California, 4; Oregon, 3-98.
So the second resolution was adopted.
The question was then taken on the third resolution, ad
8. That the delegation of which Henry L. Benning is chairman are entitled to seats in this Convention as dele-mitting Col. Hindman and his colleagues (the original delegates from the State of Georgia.
his colleagues (the contestants) with power to cast one gates) with power to cast two votes, and Mr. Hooper and in-vote; and providing that, if either set of delegates refuse to take seats, the other shall be entitled to cast the whole vote of the State, (Arkansas).
9. Resolved, That the delegation from the State of Florida accredited to the Charleston Convention are vited to take seats in this Convention and cast the vote of the State of Florida.
The Committee presented an elaborately argued report to sustain their resolutions, which was signed by
I. I. STEVENS, Oregon, E. W. HUBBARD, Va.,
A division of the question being called for, the President
decided that the resolution was divisible.
The question was taken on the three several propositions, viz.-1st. The admission of the Hindman delegates, which was adopted, 182 to 69. 2d. The admission of the Hooper delegates, which was adopted, 150 to 1004. 3d. On the
giving power to one set to cast the whole vote if the other set withdrew, which was adopted without a division. majority report, admitting the original delegation from
A vote was then taken on the fourth resolution of the
the State of Texas, which was adopted almost unaniBayard and Whiteley from Delaware. Adopted without diA vote was next taken on the fifth resolution, admitting vision.
In the points of difference between the ma-mously. jority and minority reports of the Committee on Credentials, I concur in the conclusions of the minority report in the cases of Georgia, Alabama, Missouri and Massachusetts.
AARON V. HUGHES, New-Hampshire. Mr. Gittings, of Maryland, presented still another report, concluding with the following resolutions:
Resolved, That so much of the majority report of the Committee on Credentials as relates to Massachusetts, Missouri, Delaware, Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana and Texas, be adopted.
Resolved, That the delegation of which L. P. Walker is chairman, be, and they are hereby, declared the only regularly authorized representatives of the State of Alabama, and as such are entitled to seats in the
National Democratic Convention.
Mr. Stevens demanded the previous question, which was sustained by the Convention, and the main question was ordered, but, without taking the vote, the Convention adjourned.
When the Convention assembled on the 22d, Mr. Gittings withdrew his report, which brought the minority report proper-that of Mr. Stevens, of Oregon--first in order, and the question being put on the substitution of the whole minority report for the report of the majority, the motion was lost, 100 to 150, as follows:
YEAS-Maine, 21; New-Hampshire, ; Vermont, 14; Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 24; New-Jersey, 4; Penn
The sixth resolution, giving R. L. Chaffee the seat in the Massachusetts delegation contested by Mr. Hallett, was then adopted-yeas, 138, nays, 1.
Mr. Stuart, of Michigan, at this point, made motions to reconsider each vote taken, and to lay the same on the ta
ble, it being understood that the motions were not to be put till votes on all the propositions had been taken.
The seventh resolution, declaring J. O'Fallon entitled to the seat in the Missouri delegation claimed by John B. Gardy, was then adopted-yeas, 138, nays, 112.
The eighth resolution, admitting the contesting delegates from Alabama, was next adopted. Yeas, 148; Nays, 1014.
The question then being on the ninth and last resolution of the majority report, admitting both delegations from Georgia, and dividing the vote of the State between them, with the provision that, if either refused to take seats, the remaining delegates cast the vote of the State.
Before the vote was taken, Mr. Seward, of Georgia, pre
sented a communication from Col. Gardner, Chairman of the contesting delegates from Georgia, withdrawing from the contest, and the resolution was lost-106 to 145. The original (seceding) delegation from Georgia, headed by H. L. Benning, was subsequently admitted.
The President stated the next question to be upon laying upon the table the motion to reconsider the vote by which the Convention refused to substitute the resolutions reported by the minority of the Committee on Credentials for those reported by the majority of said Com
The question being then taken by States, the motion to lay on the table was not agreed to-yeas, 1134; Nays, 128 -as follows:
YEAS-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 8; Vermont, 4}; Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 34; New
Jersey, 8; Pennsylvania, 10; Maryland, 2; North Caro-
When New-York was called, her delegates asked time to consult, but finally gave her thirty-five votes against the motion to lay upon the table, which, had it prevailed, would have precluded all further reconsideration of the subject.
The question recurred upon the motion to reconsider the vote rejecting the minority resolutions.
Mr. Cessna, of Pa., moved the previous question, which was sustained, and the question being taken by States, the motion to reconsider was rejected-103 to 149-as follows:
YEAS-Maine, 2; New-Hampshire, 2; Vermont, 1; Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 2; New-Jersey, 4; Pennsylvania, 17; Delaware, 2; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 9; Arkansas,; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 10; Kentucky, 10; Minnesota, 1; California, 4; Oregon, 3NAYS-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 3; Vermont, 4; Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 34; NewYork, 35; New-Jersey, 2; Pennsylvania, 10; Maryland, 2; North Carolina, 1; Arkansas,; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 2; Kentucky, 2; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 2
The several motions to lay on the table the question of reconsidering the votes by which each of the resolutions of the majority had been adopted, were then put and carried in the affirmative, and the several delegates who had been voted in were then admitted to seats.
Mr. Russell, of Virginia.-If it be the pleasure of your self, Mr. President and the Convention, I will now make the brief announcement of which I made mention this morning.
I will detain the Convention but a very brief time. I understand that the action of this Convention upon the various questions arising out of the reports from the Committee on Credentials has become final, complete and irrevocable. And it has become my duty now, by direction of a large majority of the delegation from Virginia, respectfully to inform this body that it is inconsistent with their convictions of duty to participate longer in its deliberations. (Loud applause in the Convention and in the galleries, with loud cries from the galleries.)
maintained and supported the Northern Democracy for the reason that they are willing to attribute to us in the South equality in the Union. The vote to-day has satisfied the majority of the North Carolina delegates that, that being refused by our brethren of the Northern Democracy, North Carolina-Rip Van Winkle, as you may call her can no longer remain in this Convention. The rights of sovereign States and of gentlemen of the South have been denied by a majority of this body. We cannot act, as we conceive, in view of this wrong. I use the word "wrong" with no intention to reflect upon those gentlemen of the North Carolina delegation who differ with me or with the majority of the delegation. For these reasons, without assigning any more, as I have no idea of inflicting a speech upon this Convention, who are in no state of preparation to receive it, I announce that eight out of ten of the votes of North Carolina ask to retire.
WITHDRAWAL OF TENNESSEE.
Mr. Ewing, of Tennessee.-Mr. President, in behalf of the delegation from Tennessee, I beg leave to address this Convention upon this occasion, so important, and, to us, so solemn in its consequences. The delegation from Tennessee have exhibited, so far as they knew how, every disposition to harmonize this Convention, and to bring its labors to a happy result. They were the first, when the majority platform was not adopted, to seek for some proposition for compromise-something that would enable us to armonize. They have a candidate who was dear to them. They cast away his prospect for the sake of harmony. They have yielded all that they can. They have endeavored, with all their power, to accomplish the result they came here for; but they fear that the result is not to be accomplished in a manner that can render a just and proper account to their constituents. We have consulted together, and, after anxious and long deliberation, without knowing exactly what phase this matter might finally present, we have not adopted any decisive rule for our action; but a large majority of our delegates-some twenty to four -have decided that, upon the result now obtained, we shall ask leave of this Convention to retire, that we may consult and announce our final action. We shall take no further part in the deliberations of this Convention, unless our minds should change; and of that I can offer you no reasonable hope.
A PORTION OF MARYLAND WITHDRAWS. Mr. Johnson, of Maryland.-Mr. President, I am authorized by my colleagues to report the state of facts in regard to a portion of the Maryland delegation. Representing, in part, a district in Maryland upon which the first blood of the irrepressible conflict was shed, a district which sent fifteen men in midwinter to the rescue of Philadelphia and New-Jersey, we are obliged now to take a step which dissolves our connection with you, and to bid you a final The disorder continued for some minutes, after which adieu. We have made all sacrifices for the grand old Mr. Russell resumed-The delegates from Virginia, Democratic party, whose mission it has been to preserve who participate in this movement, have come to the con- the Constitution and to care for the Republic for more clusion which I have announced, after long, mature and than sixty years, until it now seems as if you were going anxious deliberation, and after, in their judgment, hav- to substitute a man in the place of principle. (Calls to ing exhausted all honorable efforts to obviate this neces-order.) I desire to be respectful. I desire to say that the sity. In addition to the facts which appear upon your action of the majority of the late Convention-a majority record, I desire the attention of this body long enough created by the operation of a technical unit rule imposed only to state that it is ascertained that the delegations upon the Convention contrary to Democratic precedent to which you, sir, under the order of this Convention, and usage-States have been disfranchised, and districts have just directed tickets to be issued-some of them at deprived of their rights, until, in our opinion, it is no longer least and all of them whom we regard as the representa- consistent with our honor or our rights, or the rights of tives of the Democracy of their States-will decline to our constituents, to remain here. Cherishing deeply and join here in the deliberations of this body. For the rest, warmly the remembrance of the many gallant deeds you the reasons which impel us to take this important step have done for us in times past, hoping that hereafter no will be rendered to those to whom only we are responsi- occasion may ever occur to weaken this feeling, I now, on ble, the Democracy of the Old Dominion. To you, sir, behalf of the representatives of Maryland, tell you that and to the body over which you preside, I have only to in all future time, and in all future contests, our lot is cast say in addition that we bid you a respectful adieu. with the people of the South. Their God shall be our God, and their country our country. (Applause.)
The portion of the delegation from Virginia which retired then left their seats and proceeded out of the Hall, shaking hands with members of various delegations as they passed along.
Mr. Moffatt, of Virginia-made a speech in defense of his course, and that of his colleagues
who remained in the Convention.
WITHDRAWAL OF NORTH CAROLINA.
Mr. Lander, of North Carolina.-Mr. President, painful as the duty is, it is, nevertheless, my duty to announce here, as a representative of the delegates from North Carolina, that a very large majority of them are compelled to retire permanently from this Convention on account of the unjust action, as we conceive, that has this day been perpetrated upon some of our sovereign States and fellow citizens of the South. We of the South have heretofore
Mr. Glass, of Virginia, declined any further participation in the proceedings of the Convention, but did not indorse the action of his colleagues in withdrawing
Mr. Watterson, of Tennessee, declined to withdraw.
CALIFORNIA WITHDRAWS-AN EXCITEMENT. Mr. Smith, of California, said: While I cannot say with the gentleman from Tennessee (Mr. Jones) that my Democracy dates back to that time of which I have no re collection, yet I can say that it is unspotted as the vault of heaven. California is here with melancholy faceCalifornia is here with a lacerated heart, bleeding and weeping over the downfall and the destruction of the De
mocratic party. (Applause and laughter.) Yes, sir, the destruction of the Democratic party, consummated by assassins now grinning upon this floor. (Loud cries of "order," "order," "put him out," and great confusion.) DELAWARE WITHDRAWS.
Mr. Saulsbury did not desire to occupy the attention of the Convention but for a moment. The delegates from his State had done all in their power to promote the harmony and unity of this Convention, and it was their purpose to continue to do so. I am, however, instructed by the delegation to announce that they desire to be excused from voting on any further ballots or votes, unless circumstances should alter this determination. It is our desire to be left free to act or not act, their desire being to leave the question open for the consideration of their constituents after their return home.
Mr. Steele, of North Carolina, briefly addressed the Convention, stating that he, for the present, at least, should not retire.
After explanations and debate, the motion "Shall the main question be now put," (to go into nomination of candidates for President and Vice-President) was carried, and the Convention adjourned.
KENTUCKY WITHDRAWS IN PART.
Mr. Clark, of Missouri, announced as the reOn Saturday (234), Mr. Caldwell, of Kentucky, in be-sult of a consultation of a portion of the Mishalf of the delegation from that State, said:
The circumstances in which we (the Kentucky Delegation) are placed are exceedingly embarrassing, and we have not therefore been enabled to come to an entirely harmonious conclusion. The result is, however, that nine of the delegates of Kentucky remain in the Convention. (applause.) There are ten delegates who withdraw from
The exact character of their withdrawal is set forth in a single paragraph, with their names appended, which I desire the Secretary to read before I sit down. There are five others-completing the delegation-who desire for the present to suspend their connection with the action of this Convention. I will add here, that there may be no misunderstanding, that I myself am one of those five, and we have also signed a short paper, which I shall also
ask the Secretary to read to the Convention.
I am requested by those who withdraw from the Convention, and by those who suspend their action for the present with the Convention, to say that it is their wish
that their seats in this Convention shall not be filled or occupied by any others; and that no one shall claim the right to cast their votes. The right of those remaining in the Convention to cast their individual vote, is not by us questioned in any degree. But we enter our protest against any one casting our vote. I will ask the Secretary to read the papers I have indipated, and also one which a gentleman of our delegation has handed me, which he desires to be read. I ask that the three papers be read.
The first paper read was signed James G. Leach, the writer of which animadverted in rather strong terms upon the action of the Convention, in the matter of the admission and rejection of delegates from certain States. The communication was regarded as disrespectful to the Convention, and, on motion of Mr. Payne, of Ohio, it was returned to the writer. The Secretary then read the other two communications from the Kentucky delegation as follows: To the Hon. Caleb Cushing, President of the National Democratic Convention, assembled in the city of Baltimore:
The Democratic Convention for the State of Kentucky, held in the city of Frankfort, on the 9th day of January, 186", among others, adopted the following resolution: Resolved, That we pledge the Democracy of Kentucky to an honest and industrious support of the nominee of the Charleston Convention.
Since the adoption of this resolution, and the assembling of this Convention, events have transpired not then contemplated, notwithstanding which we have labored diligently to preserve the harmony and unity of said Convention; but discord and disintegration have prevailed to such an extent that we feel that our efforts cannot accomplish this end.
souri delegation, that two of that delegation had decided to withdraw from the Convention.
Mr. Hill, of N. C., who had refused to retire with his colleagues on the previous day, now announced his intention of withdrawing.
Mr. Cessna, of Pennsylvania, called for the vote upon his resolution to proceed to nominate candidates for President and Vice-President.
As the present presiding officer of this Convention by common consent of my brother Vice-Presidents, with When I announce great diffidence I assume the chair. to you that for thirty-four years I have stood up in that district so long misrepresented by Joshua R. Giddings, with the Democratic banner in my hand (applause), know that I shall receive the good wishes of this Convention, at least, for the discharge of the duties of the chair. If there are no privileged questions intervening, the Secretary will proceed with the call of the States.
MASSACHUSETTS DESIRES A HEARING.
Mr. Butler, of Mass., addressed the chair, and desired to present a protest Objection was made by Mr. Cavanaugh, of Minnesota, and the States were called on the question of proceeding to a vote for President. When Massachusetts was called, Mr. Butler said: Mr. President, I have the instruction of a majority of the delegation from Massachusetts to present a written protest. I will send it to the Chair to have it read. (Calls to order.) And further, with your leave, I desire to say what I think will be pleasant to this Convention. First, that, while a majority of the delegation from Massachusetts do not purpose further to participate in the doings of this Convention, we desire to part, if we may, to meet you as friends and Democrats again. We desire to pat in the same spirit of manly courtesy with which we came together. Therefore, if you will allow me, instead of reading to you a long document, I will state, within parliamentary usage, exactly the reasons why we take the step we do.
Thanking the Convention for their courtesy, allow me to say that though we have protested against the action of this body excluding the delegates, although we are not satisfied with that action
We have not discussed the question, Mr. President, whether the action of the Convention, in excluding certain delegates, could be any reason for withdrawal. We Therefore, without intending to vacate our seats, or to now put our withdrawal before you, upon the simple Join or participate in any other Convention or organiza- ground, among others, that there has been a withdrawal tion in this city, and with the intention of again co-in part of a majority of the States, and further (and that, operating with this Convention, should its unity and perhaps, more persona! to myself), upon the ground that harmony be restored by any future event, we now de- I will not sit in a Convention where the African slave
trade-which is piracy by the laws of my country-is approvingly advocated. (Great sensation.)
A portion of the Massachusetts delegation here retired. Mr. Stevens, of Massachusetts, sa.d-1 am not ready at this moment to cast the vote of Massachusetts, the delegation being in consultation as to their rights.
tion of the Cincinnati Platform. that, during the existence
The call proceeded, the chairman of each Convention making a speech on delivering the vote of his state; and Mr. Stevens finally stated that, although a portion of the Massachusetts delegation, tion had withdrawn, he was instructed by his remaining colleagues to cast the entire vote of the State.
Mr. Russell, of New York, withdrew the name of Horatio Seymour as a candidate. The following is the result of the ballongs for Presi
Mr. Payne, of Ohio, moved the previous quesand this resolution was adopted, with only two dissenting votes.
THE SECEDERS' CONVENTION.
The delegates who had withdrawn from the Convention at the Front-Street Theater, together with the delegations from Louisiana and Alabama, who were refused admission to that Convention, met at the Maryland Institute on Saturday the 28th of June. Twenty-one States were represented either by full or partial delegations. The States not represented at all were Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Michigan, New-Hampshire, New Jersey, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Wisconsin.
The Hon. Caleb Cushing, of Massachusetts, was chosen to preside, assisted by vice-presidents and secretaries.
The Convention adopted a rule requiring a vote of two-thirds of all the delegates present to nominate candidates for President and VicePresident; also that each delegate cast the vote to which he is entitled, and that each State cast only the number of votes to which it is entitled by its actual representation in the Convention.
The delegates from South Carolina and Florida accredited to the Richmond Convention, were invited to take seats in this."
A committee of five, of which Mr. Caleb Cushing was chairman, was appointed to address the Democracy of the Union upon the principles which have governed the Convention in making the nominations, and in vindication of the principles of the party. The Convention also decided that Democratic the next National Convention be held at Philadelphia. Mr. Avery, of N. C., chairman of Committee on Resolutions, reported, with the unanimous sanction of the Committee, the Platform reported by the majority of the Platform Committee at Charleston, and rejected by the Conthe State of Illinois, having now received two-thirus of all the votes given in this Convention, is hereby declared, in ac-vention, (see page 30) which was unanimously cordance with the rules governing this body, and in accord
and Horatio Seymour 1 vote from Pennsylvania.
Resolved unanimously, That Stephen A. Douglas, of
ance with the uniform customs and rules of former Democratic National Conventions, the regular nominee of the Democratic party of the United States, for the office of
President of the United States.
Mr. Jones, of Pennsylvania, raised the point of order, that the resolution proposed practically to rescind a rule of the Convention (requiring two-thirds of a full Convention, 202 votes, to nominate), and could not, under the rules, be adopted without one day's notice.
The Chair ruled that the resolution was in order, and after a lengthy and animated debate it was withdrawn till after another ballot should be taken. When the result of the second ballot had been announced, Mr. Church's resolution was called up again and passed.
Benj. Fitzpatrick, of Alabama, was nominated for Vice-President, receiving 1984 votes, and Mr. William C. Alexander, of N. J., 1. [Mr. Fitzpatrick declined the nomination two days afterward, and the National Committee supplied the vacancy, by the nomination of Herschel V. Johnson, of Georgia].
Gov. Wickliffe, of Louisiana, offered the following resolu tion as an addition to the Platform adopted at Charleston Resolved, That in its accordance with the interpreta