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consider calmly with our sister Southern States, in rela- | tories, by inaction, unfriendly legislation or otherwise, should tion to the proper course to be pursued. We have calmly endanger the tenure of such property, or discriminate against and with deliberation considered the matter, and we be it by withholding that protection given to other species of prolieve it to be an imperative duty.which we owe to the perty in the Territories, it is the duty of the General Govern
ment to interpose, by the active exertion of its constitutional South, and we are ready to take our course.
power, to secure the rights of the slaveholder. Now, sir, I desire to appeal to Virginia, the mother of States, and the mother of Democracy, and to ask them
The principles enunciated in the foregoing resolution whether the principle contained in the majority report of are guaranteed to us by the Constitution of the United this Convention, signed by seventeen States, is right or is States, and their unequivocal recognition by the Peniuwrong? Did you indorse it, or did you not?
cracy of the Union we regard as essential, not only to the that the gentleman had no right to make sectional appeals in both of the series of resolutions presented to the CouMr. Smith, of Wisconsin, raised the question of order, integrity of the party, but to the safety of the States whose
interests are directly involved. They have been embodied in this Convention.
Mr. Johnson.—I desire to do no such thing. I do not vention by a majority of the States of the Union, and have understand the principles of the majority report to be been rejected by a numerical vote of the delegates.. sectional. I understand them to be national. But, Mr.
The Convention has, by this vote, refused to recognize gates, to say that we came here with a view to stand by in obedience to a high sense of duty, to withdraw from President, I only desire, in behalf of a portion of the 'dele- the fundamental principles of the Democracy of the State
we have the honor to represent, and we feel constrained, the principles of our people and of the Union, and when we have found the Convention acting in violation of those its deliberations, and unanimously to enter our solemn principles, we feel ourselves compelled to retire from the protest against its action. Hall. I will only remark in conclusion, that the Vice-Pre- the minutes of the Convention, and beg leave to express
We ask that the communication may be spread upon sident from my State has been charged with presenting our appreciation of the justice and dignity which have a protest on the part of a portion of our declaration.
characterized Mr. Terry, of Arkansas, then read the following paper
your action as its presiding officer. to the Convention :
[Signed,] A. ΜουΤΟΝ,
E. LAWRENCE, To the Hon. CALEB CUSHING, President:
A. TALBOT, The undersigned, Delegates from Arkansas, ask permis- RICHARD TAYLOR,
B. W. PEARCE, sion to make the following statement: We have, thus far, EMILE LASERE,
R. A. HUNTER, abstained from taking any active part in the measures F. H. Hatcu,
D. D. WITHERS. which were consummated on yesterday, in this Convention, by the withdrawal, in whole or in part, of several leave to annex the following statement, viz. :
The undersigned, in explanation of their position, beg Southern States. We have counseled our Southern friends
Whilst we took the same view with our colleagues, that to patience and forbearance; and, while we were con. the platform of principles, as adopted by this Convention, scious of causes sufficient to induce them to this step, yet was not what was expected by Louisiana, and desired by we still hoped some more auspicious event would transpire ourselves, as sufficient to guard the rights of that State, that would avert its necessity. Nothing has occurred to and of the whole South, under the Constitution, are noi palliate these causes. Hence we cannot hesitate in our unwilling precipitately to retire from the Convention, course, and therefore ask permission to withdraw and sur- until all hope of accommodation shall have been exrender to our State the high trust reposed in us. To you, hausted, and until the last moment had arrived, at sir, who have with so much ability presided over our which, in justice to our own honor, and the interest and deliberations, and meted out justice with an even hand, we dignity of our own State,we would be forced to retire. We, part with sorrow. Hoping that the cloud which now hangs therefore, were opposed to the retirement of the delegaover our beloved country may be dispelled, and her coun- tion at the time it was made ; but believing that the sels directed by some statesman like yourself-able, honest, other members of the delegation were actuated by the just and true.
same high motives which governed our own opinions, and FRANCIS TERRY, Vice-President.
desiring our State to present a firm, undivided front, we J. P. JOHNSON, Ch'n of Delegation.
being in the minority of the delegation, were willing to F. W. HOADLEY, Secretary.
yield, and did yield, our opinions to the judgment of the CAARLESTON, May 18t, 1860.
majority. The Tennessee Delegation asked and obtained
J. A. McHATTON,
CHARLES JONES, leave to retire for consultation.
CHARLESTON, S. C,, Day 1, 1860. The Delegation from Virginia, and portions
A VOICE FROM GEORGIA. of the Delegations from Kentucky, North Carolina and Maryland, had leave to retire for con- Mr. Gaulden, of Georgia, addressed the Con. sultation.
vention, giving his reasons for not retiring with Mr. Flournoy, of Arkansas.—May I be indulged in one
his colleagues, as follows: remark? My voice is “Never give up the ship”-ap
MR. PRESIDENT, AND Fellow DEMOCRATS : As I stated to plause)—though the fearful storm rages around us you a few moments ago, I have been confined to my though she may have lost some spars and masts--though room by severe indisposition, but, learning of the comshe may have some cracked ribs. Sir, for myself, I will motion and the intense excitement which were existing be one of that gallant crew who, though the storm rages, upon the questions before this body, I felt it to be my though the spars and masts are gone, though ribs be broken duty, feeble as I was, to drag myself out to the meeting -I will, until the noble vessel be swallowed up by the de- of my delegation, and when there I was surprised to vouring waves, continue to unite with them in the reite find
a large majority of that delegation voting to secede rated cry of “Live, live the Republic !” (Great applause.) at once from this body. I disagree with those gentle
Mr. President, I am a Southern man. Yes, sir, I havé been reared amidst the institution. All I have is the pro- South upon any of the great questions which interest
men. I regret to disagree with my brethren from the duct of slave labor. I believe the institution a patriarchal our common country. I am a Southern States' Rights one, and beneficial alike to master and slave. The bread man; I am an African Slave-trader. I am one of which supports my own wife and tender babe is the pro-those Southern men who believe that Slavery is right, duct of slave labor. I trust, then, that, like Cæsar's wife, morally, religiously, socially, and politically. (Applause.) I am “above suspicion."
I believe that the institution of Slavery has done more
for this country, more for civilization, than all other LOUISIANA WITHDRAWS.
interests put together. I believe if it were in the power To the Hon. CALEB CUSHING,
of this country to strike down the institution of Slavery, President of the Democratic Convention : it would put civilization back 200 years. Holding, then, Sir: The undersigned delegates from the State of this position, that Slavery is right in the point of view I Louisiana, in withdrawing froin the
Convention, beg leave ment our whole rights in this regard. I believe that the
have stated, I would demand of the General Govern. to make the following statement of facts :
On the 5th day of March, 1360, the Democracy of General Government by the Constitution never had any Louisiana assembled in State Convention at Baton Rouge, right to legislate upon this subject. I believe that our and unanimously adopted the following declaration of Government was a confederation of States for certain their principles :
specified objects with limited powers; that the domestic
relations of each State are to be and should be left to Resolverl, That the Territories of the United States belong to themselves; that this eternal Slavery question has been the several States as their common property, and not to indi- the bone of contention between the North and South, vidual citizens thereof, that the Federal Constitution recognizes property in slaves ; and as such, the owner thereof is entitled to which if kept in the halls of Congress must break up this carry his slaves into any Territory in the United States ; to hold Government I am cne of those who believe in non. Wem there as property; and in case the people of the Terri. I intervention, either in the States or the Territories. (Applause.) I am not in favor of breaking up this Gov-| buy better negroes for $50 apiece. (Great laughter.) eroment upon an impracticable issue, upon a mere Now, unquestionably, it is to the interest of Virginia to theory. I believe that this doctrine of protection to break down the African slave-trade when she can sell Slavery in the Territories is a mere theory, a mere ab- her negroes at $2,000. She knows that the African slavestraction. (Applause.) Practically, it can be of no con. trade would break up her monopoly, and hence her obsequence to the South, for the reason that the infant has | jection to it. If any of you Northern Democrats-for I been strangled before it was born. (Laughter.) You have more faith in you than I have in the Carpet-Knight have cut off the supply of Slaves; you have crippled the Democracy of this south-will go home with me to my institution of Slave:y in the States by your unjust laws, i plantation in Georgia, but a little way from here, I will and it is mere folly and madness now to ask for protec- show you some darkies that I bought in Maryland, some tion for a nonentity, for a thing which is not there. We that I bought in Virginia, some in Delaware, some in have no slaves to carry to these Territories. We can Florida, some in North Carolina, and I will also show never make another Slave State with our present supply you the pure African, the noblest Roman of them all. of slaves. But if we could, it would not be wise, for the (Great laughter.) Now, Fellow-Democrats, my feeble reason, that if you make another Slave State from our health and failing voice, admonish me to bring the few new Territories with the present supply of slaves, you remarks I have to make to a close. (Cries of " Go On, will be obliged to give up another State, either Maryland, go on.") I am only sorry that I am not in a better con Delaware, or Virginia, to Free Soil upon the North. dition than I am to vindicate before you to-day the Now, I would deal with this question, fellow-Democrats, words of truth, of honesty, and of light, and to show as a practical one. When I can see no possible practical you the gross inconsistencies of the South in this regard. good to result to the country from demanding legislation I came from the First Congressional District of the State upon this theory, I am not prepared to disintegrate and of Georgia. I represent the African Slave-trade interaismember the great Democratic party of this Union. I ests of that section. (Applause.) I am proud of the believe that the hopes of this country depend upon the position I occupy in that respect. I believe that the maintenance of the great Democratic party North. It African slave-trader is a true missionary, and a true is no trouble for a man to be a saint in Heaven.
Christian (applause), and I have pleaded with my dele" When the devil was sick,
gation from Georgia to put this issue squarely to the The devil a monk would be:
Northern Democracy, and say to them, Are you preThe devil got well,
pared to go back to first principles, and take off your But devil a monk was he." (Great laughter.) unconstitutional restrictions, and leave this question to
be settled by each State? Now do this, fellow-citizens, We, the Democracy of the South, are mere carpet- and you will have peace in the country. But so long as knights. It is no trouble for us to be Democrats. (Ap- your Federal Legislature takes jurisdiction of this quesplause and laughter.) When I look to the Northern tion, so long will there be war, so long will there be illo Democrats, I see them standing up there and breasting blood, so long will there be strife, until this glorious the tide of fanaticism, oppression, wrong, and slander, Union of ours shall be disrupted and go out in blood with which they have to contend. I view in these men and night forever. 1 advocate the repeal of the laws types of the old ancient Romans ; I view in them all that prohibiting the African Slave-trade, because I believe it is patriotic and noble; and, for one, I am not willing to to be the true Union movement. I do not believe that cut loose from them. (Great cheering.) I say, then, sections whose interests are so different as the Southern that I will hold on to my Democratic friends of the and Northern States can ever stand the shocks of fanati. North to the last day of the week-late in the evening. cism, unless they be equally balanced. I believe by re(Great, laughter.) I am not willing to present to them a opening this trade, and giving us negroes to populate the half issue of this sort. I am not willing to disintegrate, Territories, that the equilibrium of the two sections will dismember, and turn them over to the ruthless hands of be maintained. But if the South lies supinely by, and the thieving Black Republicans of the North. I would allows the people of the North to people all the Terriask my friends of the South to come up in a proper tories, until we come to be a bopeless fraction in the spirit, ask our Northern friends to give us all our rights, Government, then that gallant band of Democrats North and take off the ruthless restrictions which cut off the may in vain attempt to stay the torrent that will roll supply of slaves from foreign lands. As a matter of down upon us. It will not be in your power to do it. It right and justice to the South, I would ask the Democracy should be the object of the South now to say to the North: of the North to grant us this thing, and I believe they Let us have all our rights in this matter; let us take off have the patriotism and honesty to do it, because it is these restrictions against the African Slave-trade, and right in itself. I tell you, fellow-Democrats, that the leave it to each State to settle for itself. Then we would African Slave-trader is the true Union man. (Cheers and want no protection, and then I would be willing to let laughter.) I tell you that the Slave-trading of Virginia you have as much Squatter Sovereignty as you wish. is more immoral, more unchristian in every possible Give us an equal chance, and I tell you the institution point of view, than that African Slave-trade which goes of Slavery will take care of itself. We will give you all to Africa and brings a heathen and worthless man here, the Squatter Sovereignty that the North can desire, Mr. makes him a useful man, Christianizes him, and sends Douglas, or anybody else, if you will take off the uncon. him and his posterity down the stream of time to join in stitutional restrictions on the Slave-trade and let the the blessings of civilization, (Cheers and laughter.) negroes come. Then, gentlemen, we should proceed Now, fellow-Democrats, so far as any public expression harmoniously, go on to prosper and prospering, until of the State of Virginia—the great slave-trading State the last trump of God should sound; until time was of Virginia-has been given, they are all opposed to the merged in the ocean of eternity. (Applause.) I say, African Slavet-rade.
Fellow-Democrats, that I remained here because I have Dr. Reed of Indiana.—I am from Indiana, and I am in great faith in the Northern Democracy. If I am forced favor of it.
to part with you, it will be with a bleeding heart. I Mr. Gaulden-Now, gentlemen, we are told, upon know not exactly what position I occupy here (laughhigh authority, that there is a certain class of men who ter), for the majority of my delegation have voted to strain at a gnat and swallow a camek
. Now, Virginia, secede. We came here instructed to vote as a unit. which authorizes the buying of Christian men, separat. Whether the minority are bound to go out with the ing them from their wives and children, from all the re- majority is a question which I have not yet fully deter: lations and associations amid whom they have lived for mined in my own mind, but at any rate, I told them this years, rolls up her eyes in holy horror when I would go to morning, and I tell them now, I will not go out yet; ! Africa, buy a savage, and introduce him to the blessings intend to stay here; I intend to hold on to the great of civilization and Christianity. (Cheers and laughter.) Democratic Party of the Union so long as I can consist
Mr. Rynders of N, Y.-You can get one or two re- ently with honor and propriety, for I believe that if we cruits from New York to join with you.
break up in a row here, and the Democratic Party of The President.-The time of the gentleman has ex- the country is destroyed, this Union falls as certainly as pired. (Cries of " Go on! Go on!")
the sun rises and sets. 'I warn you, seceders, if your The President-stated that if it was the unanimous action here to-day should have the effect of dismemberwish of the Convention, the gentleman could proceed. ing and destroying the great Democratic Party of the
Mr. Gaulden.- Now, Fellow-Democrats, the slave- North, that you destroy this Government beyond all trade in Virginia forms a mighty and pow 3rful reason question (applause); and the Union falls, and falls forfor its opposition to the African slave-trad., and in this ever! Now, I am not a disunionist. I love this Union rernark I do not intend any disrespect to my friends for the memories of the past and for the hopes of the from Virginia. Virginia, the Mother of States and of future. (Applause.) The blood of my ancestors was statesmen, the Mother of Presidents, I apprehend may poured out around this city and throughout the South to err as well as other mortals. I am afraid that her error rear aloft the proud banner of our glorious Union. I, as in this regard lies in the promptings of the almighty dol. an humble descendant of theirs, feel bound to maintain lar. It has been my fortune to go into that noble old this Union and the Constitution so long, and no longer ftate to buy a few darkies, and I have had to pay from than I can do it honorably and justly to myself and niy $1,000 to $2,00) a head, when I cald go to Africa and country. But I do not yet despair of the Republic. EuNoviglas.
tertaining, as I do, such profound respect, nay, almost On the 3d of May, and the 10th day of the veneration for the justice of the Democracy of the session, Mr. Russell, of Virginia, offered the North, I will yet stand by you for a time. I will do all that in me lies to heal these differences. I trust that the following: result of our deliberations will be the nomination of
Resoloed, That when this Convention adjourns to-day such a man as will give peace to the country and suc.
it adjourn to re-assemble at Baltimore, Md., on Monday cess to the great Democratic National Party of the
the 13th day of June, and that it be respectfully recomUuion. (Great applause.)
mended to the Democratic party of the several states te The Convention having decided to proceed to make provision for supplying all vacancies in their reballot for President, at 4 PM, Wm. Howard, spective delegations to this Convention when it shall re
assemble. (Applause.) of Tennessee, moved that two-thirds (202) of a full Convention (303) be required to nominate. After the failure of attempts to change the which, after much discussion and confusion, was place of meeting to New-York, Philadelpbia, adopted—141 to 112-as follows:
etc., and also to change the time to a later peY&AS:-M ine, 3 ; Massachusetts, 81 ; Connecticut, 21; riod, the resolve was adopted—195 to 55—as New-York, 35; New-Jersey 51; Pennsylvania, 17}; Dela- follows: ware, 2; Maryland, 6; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 10; South Carolina, 1; Missouri, 4j; Tennessee, 11; Ken
Yeas:-Maine, 5; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; tucky, 11; Minnesota, 13; California, 4; Oregon, 3–141. Massachusetts, 10; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; New.
Nays :-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; York, 85; New.Jersey, 2; Pennsylvania, 237; Maryland, Massachuse is. 4£; Khode Island, 4; Connecticut, 34; 5; Virginia, 141; Arkansas, 1; Missouri, 6; Tennessee, New-Jersey, 14; Pennsylvania, 9}; Maryland, 2 ; Ar 17; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11 ; Michigan, 6; Wiskansas, 1; Mssouri, 41; Tennessee, 1; Kentucky, 1; consin, 5 ; Iowa 4, Minnesota, 4; California 3—195. Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wis- Nays:-Maine, 3; Connecticut, 3; New-Jersey, 5; consin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 21-112.
Pennsylvania, 3; Maryland, 3; Virginia, f; North-Caro. Candidates were put in nomination, and the lina, 14, Missouri, 3; Tennessee, 5; Kentucky, 2—55. Convention proceeded to ballot, as follows: Gen. Cushing. the President, made a brief
speech, and the Convention adjourned to meet again in Baltimore, on the 18th of June succeeding.
SECEDERS. 1st Ballot 1154 85 42
The retiring delegates met at St. Andrew's 2 147 361 411 61 12 6
Hall, and were waited on with manifestations of 1487 42 36
1 4 119 374 411 5 12
sympathy by a portion of the Wood Delegation, 5 149 374 41 12
from New York, who, however, were not in6 1491 897 41 12
vited or admitted to seats. The seceders or7.
ganized by the appointthent of Senator James 9. 15! 41 894 1
11 A. Bayard, of Delaware, as Chairman, and, after 393 39 4 12
much animated discussion, adopted the follow150
39:38 4 12 6+
Resowed, That the Platform adopted by the Demo14 150 41 27 + 12 211 1
cratic party at Cincinnati be affirmned, with the following 15. 150 414 261 $ 12
explanatory Resolutions: 16 150 42 26 $ 12 201 1
First, That the Government of a Territory organized 17 15 ) 42 26 + 12 20+ 1
by an act of Congress, is provisional and temporary; 15. 151) 411 26 1 12 204 1
and, during its existence, all citizens of the United States 19 15 ) 41} 26 1 12 2+ 1
have an equal right to settle with their property in the 20. 15 42 26 12 2 + 1
Territory without their rights, either of person or pro21 15:11 411 26
perty, being destroyed or impaired by Congressional or 41 26 4 12 20 1
Territorial Legislation. 411 25 12 19 1
Second, That it is the duty of the Federal Government, 24, 1511 44 25 11 12
in all its departinents, to protect when necessary the 25.
rights of persons and property in the Territories, aud 26 1511 414 25 12 12
wherever else its Constitutional authority extends. 42 25 12 12 8
Third, That when the settlers in a Territory having 42 25 12 12 8
an adequate population form a State Constitution in 29
pursuance of law, the right of sovereignty commences, 31
and, being consummated by admission into the Union, 31
they stand on an equal footing with the people of other 82
States; and the State thus organized ought to be admit38 152 474 22 3 11 14+ 1
ted into the Federal Union, whether its Constitution pro31. 1521 474 221 5 11 12+ 1
hibits or recognizes the institution of Slavery. 35 152 471 22 4 12 13 1
Fourth, That the Democratic party are in favor of the 86. 1511 48 22 4+ 12 13 1
acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terms as shall 37
be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain, at the 38 1514 66 16 54
earliest practicable moment. 39
Fifth, That the enactments of State Legislatures to 40..
defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law, 41.
are hostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, 42.
and revolutionary in their effect. 43 1514 653 16
Sixth, That the Democracy of the United States re. 41 65 16 5
cognize it as the imperative duty of this Government to 45 654 16 5
protect the naturalized citizen in all his rights, whether 46
at home or in foreign lands, to the same extent as its 47. 6:31 16 5
native-born citizens. 48.
Whereas, one of the greatest necessities of the age, in 49.
a Political, Commercial, Postal and Military point of 50.
view, is a speedy communication between the Pacific and 51,
Atlantic coasts. Therefore, be it 52
Resoloed, That the Democratic party do hereby pledge 53 653 16 4
themselves to use every means in their power to secure 64 1514 61 201 2
the passage of some bill to the extent of the Constitutional 65.
authority of Congress for the construction of a Pacific 66. 151} 654 16 4
Railroad from the Mississipoi River to the Pacific Ocean, 57 6.5 16
at the earliest practicable u... nd it.
After talking for four days, the Seceders' Con- business, as they now come up for consideration before vention adjourned to meet in Richmond, Vir- your
Prior to the adjournment of the Convention, two princi. ginia, on the second Monday in June. Dele- pal subjects of action were before it. One, the adoption gates were present from the following States : of the doctrinal resolutions constituting the platform of Alabama, Texas, Arkansas, Missouri, Louisiana, the Conventior; the other, voting upon the question of
the nomination of a candidate for the Presidency. Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina,
In the course of the discussion on the adoption of a Virginia, Delaware.
platform, the Convention adopted a vote, the effect of which was to amend the report of the majority of the
Committee on Platform by substituting the report of the THE SECEDERS AT RICHMOND.
minority of that Committee; and after the adoption of
that motion, and the substitution of the minority for the According to adjournment, the Seceding several resolutions constituting that platform, being five
majority report, a division was called for upon the delegates met at Richmond, Va., on the 11th in number. The 1st, 3d, 4th and 5th of those resolutions June. Delegates were present from Alabama, were adopted by the Convention, and the 21 was rejected. Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, of those resolutions, a motion was made in each case 10
After the vote on the adoption of the 1st, 3d, 4th and 5t!. South Carolina, Florida, 2d Congressional Dis- reconsider the vote, and to lay that motion of reconsidtrict of Tennessee, and the 7th Electoral District eration upon the table. But neither of those motions to of Virginia. The Hon. John Erwin, of Alabama, reconsider or to lay on the table was put, the putting of
those motions having been prevented by the intervention was chosen President, with several Vice-Presi- of questions of privilege, and the ultimate
vote competent dents and Secretaries. The Convention adopted in such case, to wit, on the adoption of the report of the the following resolutions, and on the 12th, at majority as amended by the report of the minority, had
not been acted upon by the Convention. So that at the 12 o'clock, adjourned :
time when the Convention adjourned there remained Resolved, That as the delegation from States repre: the resolutions constituting the platform, and the ulterior
pending before it these motions, to wit; To reconsidersented in this Convention are assembled upon the basis question of adopting the majority as amended by the of the platform recommended by a majority of the States substitution of the minority report. Those questions, and at Charleston, which we indorse, we deem it unnecessary those only, as the Chair understood the motions before to take any further action on the subject at the present the Convention, were not acted upon prior to the adjours • time.
Resolved, That when this Convention adjourn it adjourn to meet in this city on Thursday, the 21st inst.;
After the disposition of the intervening questions of provided that the President of this Convention may call privilege, a motion was made by Mr. McCook, of Ohio, to it together at an earlier or a later day, if it be deemed proceed to vote for candidates for President and Vice
President. Upon that motion, the Convention instructed necessary.
the Chair (not, as has been erroneously supposed, in the The Convention reassembled on the 21st ; recess of the Convention, the Chair determining for the but, without doing any business, adjourned to make no declaration of a nomination except upon a vote
Convention, but the Convention instructing the Chair) to the following day, and so continued to meet and equivalent to two-thirds in the Electoral College of the adjourn, awaiting the action of the Convention United States, and upon that balloting, no such vote beat Baltimore, till after the nomination of Breck-ing given, that order was, upon the motion of the gentle.
man froin Virginia (Mr. Russell), laid on the table, for the inridge and Lane; when such of the Delegates purpose of enabling him to propose a motion, which lie as had not joined the Seceders in Baltimore, subsequently did, that the Convention adjourn from the adopted the candidates and platform of the city of Charleston to the city of Baltimore, and with a
provision concerning the filling of vacancies embraced in Breckinridge party, and adjourned sine die. the same resolution, which resolution the Secretary will
The Secretary read the resolution as follows:
“Resolved, That when this Convention adjourns to-day, it THE NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVEN- adjourn to reassemble at Baltimore, Mdl., on Monday, the 18th TION AT BALTIMORE.
day of June, and that it be respectfully recommended to the
Democratic party of the several States, to make provision for In accordance with the adjournment al Convention wheu it shall reassemble.'
supplying all vacancies in their respective delegates to this Charleston, the National Democratic Convention The President.—The Convention will thus perceive that reassembled at Baltimore, on Monday the 18th the order adopted by it provided, among other things, June, and held their sessions in the Front street that it is respectfully recommended to the Democratic
party of the several States to make provisions for supo theatre.
plying all vacancies in their respectives delegation to this
Convention when it shall reassemble. What is the conAt eleven o'clock, President Cushing, who appeared on struction of that resolution ?-what is the scope of its apthe platform, but did not take the chair, directed the Se. plication ?-is a question not for the Chair to determine cretary to call the roll of States in order to ascertain if the delegates were present.
or to suggest to the Convention, but for the Convention
itself to determine. On the calling of the roll, the following States were found to be l'ully represented : Maine, New Hampshire, for the present assembling of this Convention, there were
However that may be, in the preparatory arrangements Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New-York, New-l addressed to the Chair the credentials of members elected, Jersey, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Missouri, or purporting to be elected, affirmed and confirmed by Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Min the original Conventious and accredited to this Convennesota, California, Oregon. Connecticut was represented in part, there being some dentials were authentic and complete, presenting no
tion. In three of those cases, or perhaps four, the cremisunderstanding as to the hour of meeting, which had question of controverting delegates. In four others, to been fixed at 10 o'clock. Two delegates were present from Delaware.
wit—the States of Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana and Dele
ware-there were contesting applications. Upon those When the State of South Carolina was called, the Chair applications the Chair was called to determine whether directed that only those States be called which were it possessed any power to determine prima facie mem, present at the adjournment of the Convention at Charles bership of this Convention. That question was presented ton, consequently South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, in its most absolute and complete form in the case of Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas and Texas, Mississippi, where there was no contest either through were not called.
irregularity of form or of competing delegations, and su In consequence of a misapprehension as to the time, the also in the cases of Florida, Texas and Arkansas. In President delayed calling the Convention to order till 12 those four States, there being an apparent authenticity o'clock, when he took the chair and said : GENTLEMEN OF THE CONVENTION : Permit me, in the first the naked, abstract question whether he had power, per:
of commission, the Chair was called upon to determine place, to congratulate you upon your being reassembled emptorily and preliminarily, to determine the prima facie here for the discharge of your important duties in the membership of alleged members of this Convention. The interests of the Democratic party of the United States ; Chair would gladly have satisfied himself that he had this and I beg leave, in the second place, to communicate to power, but upon examining the source of his power, to the Convention the state of the various branches of its
wit-the rules of the House of Representatives he was Mr. Richardson, of Ill., doubted the announcement, unable to discern that he had any authority, even and asked that the vote be taken by States, which was prima facie, to scrutinize and canvass credentials, ordered. although they were such as, upon their face, were free Mr. Brodhead, of Pa., stated that Mr. Church was from contest or controversy either of form or of substance, willing to withdraw his call for the previous question. and therefore he deemed it his duty to reserve the deter- The Chair decided that it was too late. mination of that question to be submitted to the Conven- Mr. Saulsbury, of Delaware, moved a recess to 4 P.M. tion. And in due time the Chair will present that ques- Lost: 731 to 1781. tion as one of privilege to this body.
Mr. Howard, of Tennessee.--I hold in my hand a respect. Gentlemen, the Convention is now in order for the ful communication from one of the States of this Union, transaction of business.
Mississippi, not now represented upon this floor, addressed.
to the President of this Convention. I desire that it be The Address of the President was delivered read for the information of the Convention. in a clear, loud voice, with much emphasis, and The President.--It can only be done by common consent, was listened to with close attention. The state
as the seconding the demand for the previous question is
now pending. ment of the position in which the business was Cries of " object,” “object," from various quarters. left at the time of the adjournment at Charles- The President--Objection being made to reading this ton, created an evident sensation, inasmuch as it communication, the Secretary will proceed to call the roll indicated that, according to the opinion of the ou estates upon the seconding the demand for the previous
question. Chair, the platform question, as well as the re- The question being then taken by States upon second. solution declaring that a voté equal to two-thirds ing the demand for the previous question, it was not of the full electoral college to be necessary
agreed to. to
YEAS. ---Maine, 6; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 41; the nomination of a candidate for the Presi- Massachusetts, 4; Connecticut, 31; New-Jersey, 21; Penn dency, were each in a position to be again sylvania, 91; Maryland, 2; Missouri, 2); Tennessee, 3; brought up for the action of the Convention.
Kentucky, 14; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michi.
gan, 6; Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4 ; Minnesota, 27-1084. ADMISSION OF DELEGATES.
NAYS.---Maine, 2; Vermont, t; Massachusetts, 81;
Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 2-one absent ; New-York, Mr. Howard, of Tennessee, offered the following 35; New Jersey, 44; Pennsylvania, 16}; Delaware, 2; resolution:
Maryland, 6; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 10 ; Arkansas, Resolved, that the President of this Convention direct 1; Nissouri, 64; Tennessee, 8; Kentucky, 104; Minnethe Sergeant-at-Arnes to issue tickets of admission to the sota, 1t; California, 4; Oregon, 3–1404. delegates of the Convention as originally constituted and On calling the roll, the New-York delegation asked perorganized at Charleston,
mission to retire for consultation, and during the interim Mr. Cavanaugh, of Minnesota, moved to lay the reso- there was an entire cessation of business. The vote of the lution on the table, and upon that motion called for a State as a unit was finally rendered against the call for the vote by States; but by request withdrew his motion to previous question. permit Mr. Sanford E. Church, of N. Y., to offer the fol- The question was then stated to be upon the amendment lowing, which was read for the information f the Con to the amendment. vention and created much excitement :
Mr. Gilmor, of Pennsylvania, offered the following Resolved, That the credentials of all persons claiming amendment to Mr. Church's resolution: seats in this Convention made vacant by the secession Resowed, That the President of the Convention be diof delegates at Charleston be referred to the Committee rected to issue tickets of admission to seats in the Convenon Credentials, and said Committee is hereby instructed, tion, to the delegates from the States of Texas, Florida, as soon as practicable, to examine the same and report Mississippi, and Arkansas, in which States there are no the names of persons entitled to such seats, with the contesting delegations. district-understanding, however, that every person ac- Without taking a vote on Mr. Gilmor's resolution, the cepting a seat in this Convention is bound in honor and Convention, on motion of Mr. Randall, of Pa., took a regood faith to abide by the action of this Convention and cess till 5 P.M. support its nominations.
When the Convention reassembled, the President said: After a running debate on questions of order, amendment moved by Mr. Gilmor, of Pennsylvania.
Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania, has the floor upon an in which Messrs. Cochrane, of N. Y., Saulsbury, Before proceeding in the debate, the Chair begs leave to of Del., Clark, of Mo., Montgomery, of Pa., 1 state to the Convention that he has had placed in his hands Cavanaugh, of Min., and the Chair participated. tion, from the States of Delaware, Georgia, Alabama, Flo
the credentials of gentlemen claiming seats in the ConvenMr. Church moved his resolution as an amendment to rida, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, and Arkansas, includthat offered by Mr. Howard, and upon that he called for ing in that enumeration the letter pre ated to the Con. the previous question.
vention, in his place, by Mr. Howard, of Tennessee, in beMessrs. Gilmor and Randall rose to debate the ques. half of the gentlemen claiming seats from the State of tion, but the Chair ruled debate not in order.
Mississippi, and in addition to that, there has been ad. Mr. Avery, of North Carolina.--I call for a division of dressed to the Chair, a communication from Mr. Chaffee, the question, so that the first question shall be upon claiming a seat from the State of Massachusetts. The Chair referring those credentials to the Committee, and the deems it his duty to communicate the fact to the Convensecond question upon the proposition to initiate test- tion that those several documents have been placed in his oaths in the Democratic Convention. [Applause.] hands, to be presented at the proper time to the considera
The Chair could not entertain such a proposition at tion of the Convention. that time, as the previous question had been demanded. Mr. Gilmor, of Pennsylvania.-I have made a small adThe question was—Would the Convention second the dition to the amendment I offered this morning to the demand for the previous question ?
amendment of the gentleman from New York (Mr. Church), Mr. Russell, of Va.-I ask that this Convention will for the purpose of covering the cases mentioned by the allow me to make a friendly, candid and sincere appeal Chair just now. to the gentleman who made the call for the previous The amendment, as modified, was read as follows: question (Mr. Church, of New-York) to withdraw his Resolved, That the President of the Convention be aucall.
thorized to issue tickets of admission to seats in this conThe President.—The Chair has no authority over that vention, to the delegates from the States of Arkansas, question.
Texas, Florida, and Mississippi, in which States there are Mr. Russell.-I ask the Chair to appeal to the gentle- no contesting delegations, and that in those States, to wit: man to allow fair play in this Convention.
Delaware, Georgia, Alabama, and Louisiana, where there Mr. Stuart, of Mich.-I insist that the Chair preserve are contesting delegations, à Committee on Credentials order.
shall be appointed, by the several delegations, to report The President. The gentleman from Virginia (Mr. upon said States. Russell) is not in order.
After discussing points of order, Mr. Clark, of Missouri, Mr. Russell.- If we are to be constrained to silence, I offered a substitute for Mr. G:mor's amendment, which beg gentlemen to consider the silence of Virginia as was read for the information of the Convention, as fol somewhat ominous. (Applause and hisses.)
lows: The question was stated to be upon seconding the Strike out the proviso in the amendment of Mr. Church, demand for the previous question. Being taken vioa of New-York, and add the following: roce,
Resolved, That the citizens of the several States of the The President stated that the noes appeared to have it. | Union have an equal right to settle and remain in the Ter.