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with a general re-afirmar.ce of the Cincinnati platform as to spects subject to criticism, we should not have felt ourBuch issues, and also indorse said platform as to Slawery, selves in duty bound to withhold our acquiescence. together with the following resolutions :
But it has been the pleasure of this Convention, by an 2. Resolred further, That we re-affirm so much of the first resolution of the platform adopted in the Convention by the almost exclusive sectional vote, not representing a ma. Democracy of this State, on the 8th of January, 1836, as jority of the Democratic electoral vote, to adopt a platrelates to the subject of Slavery, to-wit : "The unqualified form which does not, in our opinion, nor in the opinion right of the people of the Slaveholding States to the protection of those who urge it, embody in substance the principles of their properly in the States, in the Territories, and in the of the Alabama resolutions. That Platform is as follows : wilderness, in which Territorial Governments are as yet unorganized."
[Here follow Mr. Samuels' resolutions as adop3. Resolved further, That in order to meet and clear away.
ted. obstacles to a full enjoyment of this right in the Territories,
See Platform.] we re-aflirm the principle of the 9th resolution of the Plat
The points of difference between the Northern and form adopted in Convention by the Democracy of this state Southern Democracy are ; on the 14th of February, 1818, to wit: “That it is the duty of the General Government, by all proper legislation, to secure
1st. As regards the status of Slavery as a political inan entry into those Territories to all ihe citizens of the United stitution in the Territories whilst they remain Territories, States, iogether with their property of every description, and and the power of the people of a Territory to exclude it that the same should be protected by the United Statos while by unfriendly legislation; and the Territories are under its authority.”
2d. As regards the duty of the Federal Government to 4. Resolved further, That the Constitution of the United States is a compact between sovereign and co-equal States, united protect the owner of slaves in the enjoyment of his proupon the basis of perfect equality of rights and privileges. perly in the Territories so long as they remain such.
6. Resolved further, That the Territories of the United States This Convention has refused, by the Platform adopted, are common property, in which the States have equal rights, to settle either of these propositions in favor of the South, and to which the citizens of every State may rightfully emi. We deny to the people of a Territory any power to legis, grate, with their slaves or other property recognized as such j late against the institution of Slavery; and we assert in any of the States of the Union, or by the Constitution of the that it is the duty of the Federal Government, in all its United States.
6. Resolved further, That the Congress of the United States departments, to protect the owner of slaves in the enjoy. has no power to abolish Slavery in the Territories, or to pro- ment of his property in the Territories. T'hese princi. bibit its introduction into any of them.
ples, as we state them, are embodied in the Alabama 7. Resolved further, That ihe Territorial Legislatures, creat Platform. ed by the legislation of Congress, have no power to abolish Slavery, or to prohibit the introduction of the same, or to im. this Convention and the constituency which we have the
Here, then, is a plain, explicit and direct issue belveen pair by unfriendly legislation the security and full enjoyment of the same within the Territories; and such constitutional honor to represent in this body. power certainly does not belong to the people of the Territo- Instructed as we are, not to waive this issue, the conries in any capacity, before, in the exercise of a lawful authori. tingency, therefore, has arisen, when, in our opinion, it ty, they form a Constitution preparatory to admission as a becomes our duty to withdraw from this Convention. State into the Union ; and their acuon, in the exercise of such We beg, sir, to communicate this fact through you, and lawful authority, certainly cannot operate or take effect before to assure the Convention that we do so in no 'spirit of their actual admission as a State into the Union.
8. Resolved further, That the principles enunciated by Chief anger, but under a sense of imperative obligation, proJustice Taney, in his opinion in the Dred Scott case, deny to perly appreciating its responsibilities and cheerfully subthe Territorial Legislature the power to destroy or impair, by mitting to its consequences. any legislation whatever, the right of property in slaves, and L. P. WALKER, Chairman. 0. 0. HARPER, maintain it to be the duty of the Federal Government, in all
J. S. LYON,
LEWIS H. Cato, of its departments, to protect the rights of the owner of such
JOHN A. WINSTON,
Jno. W. PORTIS, property in the Territories; and the principles so declared are hereby asserted to be the rights of the South, and the South
ROBERT G, Scott,
F. G. NORMAN, should maintain them.
A. B. MEEK,
W. C. GUILD, 9. Resolved further, That we hold all of the foregoing propo- J. R. BREARE,
Julius C. B. MITCHELL, sitions to contain cardinal principles-true in themselves-and H. D. SMITH,
W. C. Sherrol), just and proper, and necessary for the safety of all that is
G. G. GRIFFIN, dear to us; and we do hereby instruct our delegates to the
W. L. YANCEY,
J. T. BRADFORD, Sharleston Convention to present them for the calm consider
D. W. Bunic.
T. J. BURNETT, ation and approval of that body-from whose justice and patriotism we anticipate their adoption.
N. H. R. Dawsox,
A. G. HENRY, 10. Resolved further, That our delegates to the Charleston R. M. Patrox,
Wr. M. BROOKS, Convention are hereby expressly instructed to insist that said W. C. McIVER,
R. CHAPMAN. Convention shall adopt a platform of principles, recognizing distinctly the rights of the South, as asserted in the foregoing
Mr. Walker also presented a resolution to the resolutions; and if the said National Convention shall refuse to adopt, in substance, the propositions embraced in the pre- effect that no other person than the retiring dele. ceding resolutions, prior to nominating candidates, our delegates to said Convention are hereby positively instructed to gates had any authority to represent Alabama withdraw therefrom.
in the Convention.' 11. Resodded further, That our delegates to the Charleston Convention shall cast the vote of Alabama as a unit, and a
The Alabama delegation then withdrew from majority of our delegates shall determine how the vote of this the hall. State shall be given. 12. Resolved further, That an Executive Committee, to con
MISSISSIPPI WITHDRAWS. sist of one from each Congressional District, be appointed, whose duty it shall be, in the event that our delegates with Mr. Barry, of Mississippi.-I am instructed by the draw from the Charleston Convention, in obedience to the 10th Mississippi delegation to state that they retire from the resolution, to call a Convention of the Democracy of Alabama. Convention with the delegation from Alabama. (Cheers.) to meet at an early day to consider what is best to be done.
They have prepared a protest, which they desire to subUnder these resolutions, the undersigned received their mit, but by accident it is not now here. I desire also to appointment, and participated in the action of this Con- state that they have adopted unanimously a resolution vention,
that they are the only delegates—which is uncontestedBy the resolution of instruction, the tenth in the series, and that no one is or shall be authorized to represent we were directed to insist that the platform adopted by them in their absence upon the floor of the Convention. tids Convention should embody, “ in whole,”
the proposi- | (Cheers.) tions embraced in the preceding resolutions, prior to
Mr. Mouton, of Louisiana.-Mr. President, I have but nominating candidates.
a short communication to make to the Convention. I do Anxious, if possible, to continue our relations with this
not do it as an individual. I am authorized to say by Convention, and thus to maintain the nationality of the the delegates representing Louisiana in this Convention, Democratic party, we agreed to accept, as the substance that they will not participate any longer in the proceedof the Alabama platform, either of the two reports suhings of ihis Convention. (Cheers.). Heretofore we have mitted to this Convention by the majority of the Commit- been in the habit of saying that the Democracy of the tee on Resolutions—this majority representing not only country was harmonious. (Laughter.) Can we say so a majority of the States of the Union, but also the only to-day with any truth? Are we not divided, and divided States at all likely to be carried by the Democratic party in such a manner that we can never be reconciled, bein the Presidential election. We beg to make these re
cause we are divided upon principle? Can we agree to ports a part of this communication.
the Platform adopted by the majority of the Convention, [See heretofore the two sets of resolutions re- and then go home to our constituents and put one con:
struction on it, while Northern Democrats put another? ported by Mr. Avery.]
No, Mr. President, I think I speak the sentiment of my These reports received the indorsement in the Com- State when I say that she will never play such a part. mittee on Resolutions of every Southern State, and, had (Cheers.) If we are to fight the Black Republicans to either of them been adopted as the platform of principles gether, let us do it with a bold front; let us use the sami of the Democratic party, although possibly in some re- arms; let us sustain the same principles. I was willing
this morning, in order to do away with the necessity of lives before they will acknowledge the principle whicb wo all these votes, and to ascertain if there was a majority contend for. here ready to impose upon us such a platform-I was Gentlemen, in such a situation of things in the Convenwilling, myself, that the majority of the Convention should tion of our great party, it is right that we should part. retire and prepare such a Platform as suited them, and Go your way, and we will go ours. The South leaves you to take a vote upon it, and if that Platform did not give -not like Hagar, driven into the wilderness, friendless üs those guarantees which we are entitled to under the and alone-but I tell Southern men here, and for then, I Constitution, then we would have been ready to do what tell the North, that, in less than sixty days, you prill find we are now doing. The Platforin which the majority of a united South standing side by side with us. (Prolonged this Convention has adopt-d does not give us those guar- and enthusiastic cheering.) antees w. ich we are entitled to for the protection of our
We stand firm and immovable, and while we respect property in the Territories. We wish to wear no two faces you, we must respect ourselves. And, gentlemen, let me in this contest. We wish to meet the Black Republicans say to you of the North now, that the time may come with their abominable doctrines boldly; and if our friends, when you will need us more than we need you. I speak the Democrats from the Free States, cannot join us and to those who represent “the green hills of New England ;" fight with us, we must fight our own battle. We are ready
I speak to the imperial center" of the Union. There to meet the issue made by the Black Republicans like slumbers in your midst a latent spark-not of political men, but we shall battle for what we conceive to be the sectionalisın, but of social discord-which may yet retruth, and not for profit. For these reasons, I am autho- quire the conservative principles of the South to save rized' by my delegation to announce that they withdraw your region of country from anarchy and confusion. from the Convention. At the same time, I should state We need not your prot:ction. The power of the Black
We are safe in our own the fact that two of the delegation do not join us in this Republicans is nothing to us. Inovement. (Loud cheers.) At the same time, I should strength and security, so long as we inaintain our rights. state that those who sent us here instructed us to vote as Gentlemen, I have detained you too long. I ask, in a unit, and we contend, therefore, that we are entitled to conclusion, that the few words which are here writtengive the whole vote of the State, and that no one else is words of courtesy, but words of truth so far as my glorie entitled to give it or to divide it.
ous State is concerned-may be read in your hearing. Mr. Mouton made some additional remarks, Mr. Mathews, of Mississippi, then read the but owing to the confusion which prevailed in following document. the hall, the reporter was unable to hear them. To the President of the Democratic Convention :
Mr. Glenn, of Mississippi.-Mr. President and gentlemen of this Convention : For the first time, for the only honor to represent the State of Mississippi upon this
SIR: As Chairman of the delegation, which has the time, for the last time, in the name of the State that I floor, I desire to be heard by you and by the Convention. have the honor in part to represent here, I desire to say but a few words to this Convention. I hold in my hand sentatives of sister States, to resolve the principles of a
In common consultation we have met here, the reprethe solemn act of her delegation upon this floor, and I say to you, gentlemen, that it is not a hasty action; that great party. While maintaining principles, we profess
no spirit save that of harmony, conciliation, the success it is not one conceived in passion, or carried out in caprice of our party, and the safety of our organization. But to or disappointment. It is the firm resolve of the great the former the latter must yield—for no organization is body of the people whom we represent, which was ex- valuable without it, and no success is honorable which pressed in the Convention that sent us here, and that re: does not crown it. solve, that people, and we, their representatives, will
We came here simply asking a recognition of the equal maintain at all cost and at all hazards. (Loud cheers.). rights of our State under the laws and Constitution of our We came here not to dictate to the representatives of
common Government; that our right to property should other sovereign States. Since we have been here, our in-be asserted, and the protection of that property, when tercourse has been courteous so far as personalities are necessary, should be yielded by the Government which concerned.
We have all sought, and I believe have all claims our allegiance. We had regarded government been able, to conduct ourselves as gentlemen. But we did and protection as correlative ideas, and that so long as not come here to exercise the courtesies of life alone. the one was maintained the other still endured. We came to settle the principles upon which our party
After a deliberation of many days, it has been an. must rest and must stand. We came here, gentlemen of nounced to us by a controlling majority of Representathe North, not to ask you to adopt a principle which you tives of nearly one-half the States of this Union, and that could say was opposed to your consciences and to your too, in the most solemn and impressive manner, that our principles. We did not believe it to be so. We came as demand cannot be met and our rights cannot be recog. equal members of a common confederacy, simply to ask nized. While it is granted that the capacity of the you to acknowledge our equal rights within that confede Federal Government is ample to protect all other proracy. (Cheers.) Sir, at Cincinnati we adopted a Plat-perty within its jurisdiction, it is claimed to be impotent form on which we all agreed. Now answer me, ye men when called upon to act in favor of a species of property of the North, of the East, of the South, and of the West, recognized in fifteen sovereign States. Within those what was the construction placed upon that Platform in States, even Black Republicans admit it to be guaranteed different sections of the Union ? You at the West said it by the Constitution, and to be only assailed by a Higher meant one thing, we of the South said it meant another. Law; without them, they claim the power to prohibit or Either we were right or you were right; we were wrong destroy it. The controling majority of Northern repreor you were wrong. We came here to ask you which was
sentatives on this floor, while they deny all power to right and which was wrong. You have maintained your destroy, equally deny all power to protect; and this, they position. You say that you cannot give us an acknow- assure us, is, and must, and shall be the condition of our ledgment of that right, which I tell you here now, in coöperation in the next Presidential election. coming time will be your only safety in your contests In this state of affairs, our duty is plain and obvious. with the Black Republicans of Ohio and of the North. The State which sert us here, announced to us her prin(Cheers.)
cipes. In common with seventeen of her sister States, Why, sir, turn back to the history of your own leading she has asked a recognition of her Constitutional rights.
There sits a distinguished gentleman, (Hon. Charles These have been plainly and explicitly denied to her. F. Stuart, of Michigan,) once a representative of one of
We have offered to yield everything except an abandonthe sovereign States of the Union in the Senate, who ment of her rights—everything except her honor-and then voted that Congress had the constitutional power to it has availed us nothing. pass the Wilmot Proviso, and to exclude Slavery from the As the Representatives of Mississippi, knowing her Territories; and now, when the Supreme Court has said wishes-as honorable men, regarding her commands—we that it has not that power, he comes forward and tells withdraw from the Convention, and, as far as our action Mississippians that that same Congress is impotent to is concerned, absolve her from all connection with this protect that same species of property. There sits my body, and all responsibility for its action, distingui ed friend, the Senator from Ohio, (Mr. Pugh,) To you, sir, as presiding officer of the Convention while who, but a few nights since, told us from that stand that it has existed in its integrity, we desire, collectively as a if a Territorial Guvernment totally misused their power delegation, and individually as men, to tender the highest or abused them, Congress could wipe out that Territorial assurances of our profound respect and consideration. Government altogether. And yet, when we come here Signed : D. C. Glen, Chairman of the Mississippi deleand ask him to give us protection in case that Territorial gation; George H. Gordon, James Drone, Beverly Government robs us of our property and strikes the star Mathews, J. T. Simms, Joseph R. Davis, w. . Wilson, which answers to the name of Mississippi from the flag of Isaac Enloe, Charles Edward Hocker, W. H. H. Tison, the Union, so far as the Constitution gives her protection, Ethelbert Barksdale, W. s. Barry, J. M. Thomson. he tells us, with his hand upon his heart-as Gov. Payne, of Ohio, had before done that they will part with their
Mr. Mathews then announced that a meeting
of all those who synipathized with them in this received amongst you, and which we have returned with movement would be held at 8 o'clock this even without any unkind feeling. We respect you as gentle
the kindest feelings of our hearts. We part from you ing, in St. Andrew's Hall.
but differing, as we do, upon principles vital to our The Mississippi delegation then withdrew from most sacred interests, in the same spirit of wisdom and
affection which caused Abraham and Lot to pass on, ono the Convention.
in one direction and the other in a different one, we bid
you a most respectful adieu. (Loud cheers.) One iroro SOOTH CAROLINA WITHDRAWS.
remark, and I have done. The delegation from the State The Hon. James Simons, of South Carolina -Mr. Pre- of Florida has unanimously passed a resolution that he sident, I am directed by the delegation from South Caro- one is authorized, when we shall retire, to represent lina respectfully to present the folloping document.
Florida in this Convention. I confess, in all frankness,
that I deem the resolution wholly unnecessary, because To The Hon. CALEB CUSHING,
I believe there is too high a sense of honor amongst gen. President of the Charleston Convention :
tlemen here from the North, and the East, and the West, We, the undersigned Delegates appointed by the Demo- to permit any man to skulk in here to represent Florida. cratic State Convention of South Carolina, beg leave re- Mr. Eppes, of Florida, then read the following protesta. spectfully to state that, according to the principles enunci- tion : ated in their Platform at Columbia, the power, either of the Federal Government or of its' agent, the Territo-To the Hon. CALEB CUSHING, rial Government, to abolish or legislate against property
President of the Democratic National Conoention : in slaves, by either direct or indirect legislation, is especi. The undersigned, Democratic delegates from the State ally denied; and as the Platform adopted by the Conven- of Florida, enter this their solemn protest against the tion palpably and intentionally prevents any expression action of the Convention in voting down the Platform of affirming the incapacity of the Territorial Government so the majority. to legislate, that they would not be acting in good faith to Florida, with her Southern sisters, is entitled to a clear their principles, or in accordance with the wishes of their and unainbiguous recognition of her rights in the Terriconstituents, to longer remain in this Convention, and tories, and this being refused by the rejection of the they hereby respectfully announce their withdrawal there majority report, we protest against receiving the Cincin. from.
nati Platform with the interpretation that it favors the JAMES SIMONS,
Thos. Y. SIMONS,
doctrine of Squatter Sovereignty in the Territories-S. McGowan,
which doctrine, in the name of the people represented by B. H. WILSON,
B. H. BROWN,
us, we repudiate. R. B. BOYLSTON,
J. A. METTS,
T. J. Eppes, B. F. Wardlaw, John Milton, J. B. Owens, Jas. H. WITHERSPOON,
JOHN S. PRESTON,
O. F. Dyke, delegates from Florida. E. W. CHARLES,
The delegates from Florida, before retiring, have G. N. REYNOLDS, Jr.
unanimously adopted the following Resolution :
Resoloed, That no person, not a regularly appointed The reading of this paper was greeted with delegate, has a right to cast the vote of the State of frequent bursts of most enthusiastic cheering Florida in this Convention. on the floor and in the galleries.
JOHN MILTON, Chairman of Delegation. I am further instructed to say, that the communication
TEXAS WITHDRAWS is signed by all the delegation but three members. The South Carolina delegation then withdrew said : Mr. President and gentlemen of the Convention
Mr. Bryan, of Texas, who was received with loud cheers, from the Convention amidst loud cheering. Texas, through her delegates on this floor, on the land of
Calhoun, where "truth, justice and the Constitution" FLORIDA RETIRES.
was proclaimed to the South, says to the South-this day Mr. Milton, of Florida.-Mr. President: Representing the necessity which calls for our parting with the dele
you stand erect. (Loud cheers.) Whilst we deprecate the Staie of Florida, it is with feelings of sadness that I gates from the other States of this Confederacy, yet it is present myself before you to bid adieu to the men of
an event that we, personally, have long looked to. Edutalent and inen of high and noble feelings from the North cated in a Northern College, I there first learned that and West, who have met us here upon this occasion,
there was a North and a South; there were two literary But differences have arisen between us which, as honor. Societies, one Northern and the other Southern. In the able men, we cannot adjust. It has been asked, time and Churches, the Methodist Church, the Baptist Church, the again, why we should invite gentlemen from the North Presbyterian Church, are North and South. Gentlemen west, the North and the East, to come and occupy higher of the North and Northwest, God grant that there may ground than we did when we stood together and be but one Democratic party! It depends upon your. triumphed on the Cincinnati Platform? Since that time, action, when you leave here, whether it shall be so. Give gentlemen, according to your own report, a mighty not aid and comfort to the Black Republican hosts ; but power has arisen in your midst, deriving much of its strength and support from the Democrats of the North. say to the South,“ You are our equals in this Confederacy,
and I allude to the Black Republican party—a party which those of the Northern States, are protected by the Con
your lives, your persons and property, equally with promulgates to the country that they have a higher law, stitution of the Federal Union.” What is it that we, the à law known only to themselves—I hope not known to Southern Democrats, are asking you to acknowledge ? you—but superior to the Constitution. And, gentlemen, Analyze it and see the meaning; and it is this—that we let me tell you that we came here expecting to be met
will not ask quite as much of you as the Black Republi. hand in hand, and heart in heart, and to have formed a line shoulder to shoulder with you to drive back this them. We blame you not if you really hold these opinions,
cans, and if you only grant what we ask, we can fight swelling tide of fanaticism. But, gentlemen, how have but declare them openly, and let us separate, as did we been met by you? I am proud to say that we have Abraham and Lot. I have been requested to read this heen met with high-toned generosity by Oregon and Cali protest on the part of the delegates from Texas, and to fornia. (Cheers.) I am proud to say that supporters of ask the courtesy of the Convention that it be spread upon our claim for equal rights have boldly presented them the minutes of its proceedings. selves from the good old State of Pennsylvania. (Cheers.) While we have entertained great respect for your talent Hon. CALEB CUSHING, and integrity, yet we bid adieu to you of the Northwest without so niuch ferling of regret, as you have hardened
President of the Democratic National Conoention : your hearts and stiffened your necks against the rights of The undersigned, delegates from the State of Texas, the South. (Cheers and laughter.) But, we say to you, would respectfully protest against the late action of this gentlemen from Oregon and California, and Pennsylvania Convention, in refusing to adopt the report of the majority and other States, who have come forward with the hand of the Committee on Resolutions, which operates as the of fellow-hip, that we part from you with feelings of virtual adoption of principles affirming doctrines in oppoheartfelt sorrow.
sition to the decision of the Supreme Court in the Dred Mr. Randall, of Pennsylvania.-And New-Jersey. Scott case, and in conflict with the Federal Constitution,
Mr. Milton.--I did not forget New-Jersey, nor could I and especially opposed to the platform of the Democratic forget Massachusetts. My remark was general. Where- party of Texas, which declares : ever and whenever a gentlemen from the North, the 1st. That the Democratic party of the State of Texas East or the West, has had the manliness to rise up and reaffirm and concur in the principles contained in the vindicate our rights, our hearts have been at his com- platform of the National Democratic Convention, held at mand. (Cheers.)
Cincinnati in June, 1856, as a true expression of politicai We thank you, gentlemen, for the courtesies we have faith and opinion, and herewith reassert and set forth the
principles therein contained, as embracing the only doc-sentatives of the Democracy of Arkansas be instructed to trine which can preserve the integrity of the Union and retire from said Convention, and refuse to aid in the selection
of any candidate whomsoever by said Convention. the equal rights of the States, "expressly rejecting any
41h. That the unity of the Democratic party and the safety interpretation thereof favoring the doctrine known as
of the South demands the adoption of the two-thirds rule by Squatter Sovereignty," and that we will continue to ad- the Charleston Convention of the Democracy of the United bere to and abide by the principles and doctrines of the States, and that our delegates to said Convention be required Virginia and Kentucky resolutions of 1793 and 1799 and to insist upon and maintain the adoption thereof as an indisMr. Madison's report relative thereto.
pensable necessity. 2d. That it is the right of every citizen to take his In accordance with the instructions contained in resoluproperty, of any kind, including slaves, into the common tion 3d above, one of the undersigned had the honor, on territory belonging equally to all the States of the Con the second day of the session of this Convention, to offer federacy, and to have it protected there under the Federal to the consideration of this Convention the following resa Constitution. Neither Congress nor a Territorial Legisla- lution, viz. : tare, nor any human power, has any authority, either Resolved, That the Convention will not proceed to nomi. directly or indirectly, to impair these sacred rights; and pate a candidate for the Presidency until the Platform shall they having been affirmed by the decision of the Supreme have been made"Court in the Dred Scott case, we declare that it is the Which said resolution was passed by the Convention with duty of the Federal Government, the common agent of all great unanimity. Subsequently, the Committee on Resothe States, to establish such government, and enact such lutions and Platform, appointed by the Convention, in aclaws for the Territories, and so change the same, from cordance with the usages and customs of the Democratic time to time, as may be necessary to insure the protection party of the United States, agreed upon and reported to and preservation of these rights, and prevent every in- this Convention a platform of principles, recognizing the fringement of the same. The affirmation of this principle principle contained in the resolutions of the Democracy of of the duty of Congress to simply protect the rights of pro- Arkansas, above recited, and fully asserting the equal perty, is nowise in conflict with the heretofore established rights of the Southern States in the common Territories of and well-organized principles of the Democratic party, the United States, and the duty of the Federal Govern. that Congress does not possess the power to legislate ment to protect those rights when necessary, according to Slavery into the Territories, or to exclude it therefrom. the usages and customs of the Democracy of the United
Recognizing these declarations of principles as instruc- States, as developed by the practice of said Democracy astions to us for our government in the National Convention, sembled in Convention on former occasions, and in strict and believing that a repudiation of them by all the accordance, as is believed by the undersigned, with the Northern States, except the noble States of Oregon and compact and agreement made by and between the California, the whole vote of which is more than doubtful Democrats of the several States, upon which the Conin the ensuing Presidential election, demand from us our ventions of the Democracy of the United States were unqualified disapproval.
agreed first to be founded, and assented to by the The undersigned do not deem this the place or time to several Southern States. The report and determination discuss the practical illustration that has been given of the of the Committee on Platform became and was henceforirrepressible conflict between the Northern and Southern ward the platform of the Democracy of the United States, that has prevailed in this Convention for the last States, and this Convention had no duty to perform in reweek.
lation thereto but to receive, confirm and publish the It is sufficient to say that, if the principles of the same, and cause it to be carried into effect wherever in Northern Democracy are properly represented by the i the respective States the Democracy were able to enforce opinion and action of the majority of the delegates from their decrees at the ballot box. that section on this floor, we do not hesitate to declare The undersigned are confirmed in this opinion by that their principles are not only not ours, but, if adhered reference not only to the history of the past, which to and enforced by them, will destroy this Union.
shows that in all instances the sovereignty of the States, In consideration of the foregoing facts, we cannot and not the electoral votes of the States, has uniformly remain in the Convention. We consequently respectfully been represented in the Committee on Platforms, and withdraw, leaving no one authorized to cast the vote of the that the report of the Committee has invariably been State of Texas.
registered as the supreme law of the Democratic party by Guy M. Bryan, Chairman; F. R. Lubbock, F. S. Stock- unanimous consent of the entire Convention, without dale, E. Greer, H. R. Runnells, Wm. B. Ochiltree, M. W. changing or in any manner altering any part or portion Covey, Wm. H. Parsons, R. Ward, J. F. Crosby.
thereof. It is asserted, as a part of our traditional policy,
and confidently believed, that the Democracy of tho ARKANSAS RETIRES.
United States, by a peculiar system of checks and Mr. Burrow, of Arkansas, read the following balances, formed after the fashion of the Federal Govern.
ment, were contracted and bound themselves to fully protest.
recognize the sovereignty of the States in making the Hon. CALEB CUSHING,
platform, and the population or masses of the States in
naming the candidate to be placed on the platform. That President of Charleston Convention :
many States have been uniformly allowed to vote the full The undersigned, delegates accredited by the Demo- strength of their electoral college in these Conventions cracy of Arkansas to represent said Democracy in the when it was well known that said States never heretofore, Convention of the Democracy of the United States, assem- and probably would never hereafter give a single elecbled on the 230 April, 1860, beg leave to submit the follow- toral vote at the polls to the candidate which they had so ing protest, against certain actions of this Convention, large a share in nominating, cannot be accounted for on and statement of the causes which, in their opinion, require any other principle than that it was intended only as a them to retire from this Convention:
recognition of the sovereignty and equality of said States. 1st. The Convention of the Democracy of the State of Would it be right at this time for the numerical majoArkansas, convened at Little Rock on the 2d day of April, rity to deprive all the Black Republican States repre1860, passed among other things, the following resolutions, sented on this floor of their representation, which by viz, :
custom they have so long enjoyed, simply because it is Ist. Resolved, We the Democracy of Arkansas, through our
now evident that they are or will be unable to vote the representatives in Convention assembled, proclaim our confi
Democratic ticket in the next Presidential election ? dence in the virtue and intelligence of the people, and un- By common consent we say that a reckless numerical abated faith in the principles of the Democracy.
majority should not be thus allowed to tread under foot 2d. We re-affirm the political principles enunciated in the
the vested rights of those States and well established Cincinnati platform by the Democracy of the United States in June, 1836, and assert
as illustrative thereof, that neither usages and customs of the party. Congress nor a Territorial Legislature, whether by direct
If thus it be wrong for the numerical majority to legislation or by legislation of an indirect and unfriendly char: deprive the Black Republican States of this long vested acter, possesses the power to annul or impair the constitutional right, how much more unjust is it for the numerical rights of any citizen of the United States to take his slave pro- majority to deprive all the States of their vested right perty into the common Territories, and there hold and enjoy to make and declare the platform in the usual and the same, and that if experience should at any time prove the Judiciary and executive power do not possess the means to in customary manner ? and when we call to mind that the sure protection to constitutional rights in a Territory-and if numerical majority resides chiefly in the Black Republithe Territorial Government should fail or refuse to provide oan States, to whom the South has uniformly accorded the necessary reme lies for that purpose, it will be the duty of so large a privilege, in naming candidates who were Congress to supply the deficiency.
alone to be elected by Southern votes, we have much 3d. That the representatives of the Democracy of Arkansas reason to believe that he to whom you gave an incha in the Charleston Convention be instructed to insist upon the recognition by said Convention of the purpose hereinbefore
seems emboldened thereby to demand an ell. declared, prior to balloting for any candidate for the Presi.
The undersigned beg leave to state that many patriotic dency; and if said Convention refuse to recognize the rights States' Right Democrats in the South, have long conof the South in the Territories of the United States, the repro- I tended that these Conventions of the Democracy, representing in fact the whole consolidated strength of the by the Democratic party as a unit. (Cheers.) He wished Union, acting through party sympathy upon the indivi- to consult with other Southern men as to the best course dual members of society, would ultimate in a despotic, to be pursued-cheers)—reserving to himself the right to colossal centralism, possessed of power to override and decide the question, which he would do in a few hours. destroy at its will and pleasure the constitutions. and His heart and all the feelings of his nature were with those reserved rights of any and all the States. The South, Southern men who had seen proper to leave the Convenhowever, has heretofore felt safe because of the checks | tion; but, at the same time, he hesitated between his per. and balances imposed upon the machinery of the Con- sonal feelings and his duty to his own people. If he could ventions. The South felt that where she retained an get a good sound Southern man for President, he would be equal power to write the creed of faith, she could trust willing to take him on this platform. (Cheers.) her Northern sisters, with their immense populations, to name the candidate; and all would alike support the
The Georgia delegation asked leave to retire creed and the candidate.
for consultation, which was granted. The undersigned, well knowing the hostility of the Messrs. Bayard and Whiteley, two of the six Northern masses toward the "peculiar institutions" of the South, and calling to mind the relative numbers of delegates from Delaware, retired from the Con. the Northern and Southern States, assert with confidence vention and joined the seceders. that no Southern State in the Union would ever have
Mr. Saulsbury, (U. S. Senator,) of Delaware, consented to surrender, so abjectly and hopelessly, all their fortunes to the numerical majority who have just stated his reason for not retiring with his colnow voted to set aside the Platform, unless upon the full leagues, and the Convention adjourned. assurance that the States were entitled by agreement to On Tuesday, May 1st, the President stated make and establish the creed of faith and prescribe the the regular order of business to be the motions rule of action. This violation of plighted faith on the part of the numerical majority—this violation of the well to reconsider, and the motions to lay the roestablished usage and custom of the party-drive us to the tions to reconsider on the table, by which the conclusion that we cannot longer safely trust the fortunes various resolutions constituting the Platform of Slaveholding States to the chances of the numerical majority in a Convention, where all the Black Republi- were adopted. Pending the determination of cans of the Union, the immense populations of Massa- these questions, yesterday evening, the chairchusetts, New-York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, and other l'man of several of the delegations rose to quesNorthern States, are fully represented, on the one side, against the small populations from the slave States on tions of privilege, under which their delegations the other. Had these populations adhered strictly to retired from the hall. When the Convention the usages and customs of the party, longer association adjourned the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. might have been practicable; but annihilation is staring us in the face, and we are admonished of our duty to Merrick) was upon the floor. stand upon our reserved rights.
GEORGIA RETIRES. We declare, therefore, that we believe our mission to this Convention at an end :
Mr. Benning of Georgia.-Mr. President: On yesterday 18t. Because the numerical majority have usurped the afternoon the delegation from Georgia obtained the leave prerogatives of the States in setting aside the Platform of the Convention to retire for the purpose of consulting made by the States, and have thus unsettled the basis of as to the course they would pursue in consequence of the this Convention, and thereby permanently disorganized action taken by the Convention in the previous part of its constitution. Its decrees, therefore, become null and the day. They retired, and they have since been engaged void.
in consultation. They have considered the questions in2. Because we were positively instructed by the volved, with as much maturity and care as they could beDemocracy of Arkansas to insist on the recognition of stow upon them, and they have come to a conclusion as to the equal rights of the South in the common Territories, the course they ought to pursue. That conclusion is conand protection to those rights by the Federal Gov- tained in two resolutions which I hold in my hand, and ernment, prior to any nomination of a candidate ; and which I will now read to the Convention. as this Convention has refused to recognize the principle required by the State of Arkansas, in her popular morning, our Chairman be requested to state to the President
Resolved, That, upon the opening of the Convention this Convention first, and twice subsequently re-asserted by that the Georgia delegation, after mature deliberation, have Arkansas, together with all her Southern sisters, in the re- felt it be their duty, under existing circumstances, not to par: port of a Platform to this Convention; and as we cannot | ticipate further in the deliberations of the Convention, and serve two masters, we are determined first to serve the that, therefore, the delegation withdraw. Lord our God. We cannot ballot for any candidate
Resolved, That all who acquiesce in the foregoing resolution whatsoever.
sign the same, and request the Convention to enter it on their
records. 8d. In retiring, we deny to any person, or persons, (Signed) any right whatever to cast hereafter, in this Convention, JUNIUS WINGFIELD,
HENRY L. BENNING, either our vote or the vote of Arkansas on any proposi- HENRY R. JACKSON,
P. TRACY, tion which may, or can, possibly come up for considera- J. M. CLARK,
JEFFERSON N. LAMAR, tion. The Delegates of Arkansas cannot take any part
WM. M. SLAUGHTER,
EDMOND J. MOGEBER, JOHN A. JONES,
GEO. HILLYER, in placing a sound candidate on an unsound platform, David C. BARROW,
MARK JOHNSTON, because it would disgrace any sound Southern man who JAS. J. DIAMAN,
EDWARD R. HARDEN, would consent to stand on such a platform; and, as a A. FRANKLIN HILL,
JOHN H. LUMPKIN, Syuatter Sovereignty Platform has been adopted, we ED. L. STROHECKER,
G. G. FAIR, believe good faith and honor requires that the Chief of
0. C. GIBSON,
JAMES HOGE, Squatter Sovereignty should be placed on it. We wish
HENRY 0. THOMAS,
W. J. JOHNSON. no part or lot in such misfortune, nor do we believe that The undersigned, delegates from Georgia, having voted in we can safely linger under the shade of the upas tree,
the meeting of the delegation against withdrawing from the this day planted certainly.
Convention, yet, believe, under the instructions contained in P. JORDAN,
the resolution of the Georgia Convention, that the vote of the
majority should control our motion, and we therefore with B. BURROW,
draw with the majority.
L. H. DRISCOE. Mr. Burrow stated, after reading the paper, that the gentlemen who had signed represented
This paper is signed by twenty-six out of the thirty-three
or thirty-four de'egates in that Convention from the State both wings of the State—all its public men, its of Georgia. hopes, it character, and its fortunes.
I have now, Mr. President, discharged the duty which
has been intrusted to me by my delegation. Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas, as Chairman of the Arkansas The majority of the Georgia delegation then retired delegation, desired to say a single word to go along with from the hall. the paper which had been read. It was his desire that that Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas.-I do not desire to detain portion of the Arkansas delegation who had concluded to this Convention for a moment. On yesterday evening I leave the Convention should have paused until the delega- stated to the Convention that I should come here this tion could have had a consultation. Why did he hesitate? morning and tell them what was my conclusion, and what It was because he conceived that the stability of the Union was the conclusion of the portion of the delegation from itself was involved in the action taken here by the the State of Arkansas which then thought proper to re. Southern representatives.
main in the Convention. We are now ready to take that He had been taught from childhood to believe that if step which our judgment dictates to be right. In accor; the Union was to be preserved at all, it was to be preserved' ance with our duty here, we wanted time to pause and