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Mr. Ashmun made a brief speech, and the Resolved, That it is both the part of patriotism and Convention adjourned sine die, with nine hearty
of duty to recognize no political principle other than
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE COUNTRY, THE UNION OF THE cheers for the ticket.
STATES AND THE ENFORCKMENT OF THE Laws, and that, as representatives of the Constitutional Union men oi
the country in National Convention assembled, wo NATIONAL REPUBLICAN COMMITTEE. hereby pledge ourselves to maintain, protect and de
fend, separately and unitedly, these great principles of The Convention previous to its adjournment public liberty and national safety, against all enemies made choice of the following gentlemen as the at home and abroad, bel.eving that thereby peace may National Committee for the next four years :
once more be restored to the country, the rights of the
People and of the States reëstablished, and the Govern Maine-CHARLES J. GILMAN, Brunswick.
ment again placed in that condition, of justice, fraternity Neu-Himpshire-GEORGE Ġ. Fogg, Concord,
and equality, which, under the example and Constitution Vermont-LAWRENCE BRAINARD, St. Albans.
of our fathers, has solemly bound every citizen of the Massachusetts-John Z. GOODRICH, Stockbridge.
United States to maintain a more perfect union, estabRhode Islund-Thomas G. TURNER, Providence.
lish justice, insure domestic tranquillity, provide for Connecticut-GIDEON WELLES, Hartford.
the common defense, promote the general welfare, and New-York-Edwin D, MORGAN, Albany.
secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our New Jersey-DENNING DUER, N. Y. City.
Democratic National Convention assembled Indiana–SOLOMON MEREDITH, Centerville.
at Charleston, S. C., on the 23d of April, 1860, Illinois-NORMAN B. JUDD, Chicago. Michigan-AUSTIN BLAIR, Jackson.
with full delegations present from every State Wisconsin-CARL Scuorz, Milwaukee.
in the Union, and double delegations from low11—ANDREW J. STEVENS, Des Moines.
Illinois and New-York. One of the New-York Minnesota-Joan McKUSICK, Stillwater. Missouri-ASA S. JONES, St. Louis.
delegations was elected by the State Nominating Kentucky-Cassius M. Clay, Whitehall.
Convention which met at Syracuse the precedCalifornia—D. W. CHEESMAN, Oroville.
ing autumn ; while its rival was elected by Oregon-W. FRANK JOHNSON, Oregon City.
districts, and led by Fernando Wood, Mayor of Kansas-WILLIAM A. PHILLIPS, Lawrence. Nebraska–0. H. Irish, Nebraska City.
the commercial emporium. From Illinois, one Dist. of Columbia, JOSEPU GERHARDT, Washington. of the delegations was favorable to Senator
At a meeting held in Chicago, May 18th, Douglas, and the other opposed to that gentle1860, the Committee organized by choosing the man. Tickets of admission were given by the Hon. E. D. Morgan, of New.York, Chairman, National Committee to the former or “Šoft" and George G. Fogg, of New-Hampshire, Secre- Delegation from New York, thus deciding, so tary.. Sunsequently, the following persons were far as their power extended, against the Wood constituted the Executive Committee:
“Hard" contestants, who were understood E. D. MORGAN, of New-York.
to be opposed to the nomination of Douglas. GIDEON WELLES, of Connecticut.
Francis B. Flournoy, of Arkansas, was choN. B. JUDD, of Illinois.
sen temporary chairman, and the Convention CARL SCHURz, of Wisconsin. John 2, GOODRICH, of Massachusetts.
opened with an angry and stormy debate on the DENNING DUER, of New-Jersey.
question of the disputed seats. Mr. Fisher, of Geo. G. Fogo, of New-Hampshire.
Vito, presented a protest from Mayor Wood,
on behalf of his delegation, against their CONSTITUTIONAL UNION CONVENTION_exclusion from the Hall. The reading of the 1860.
protest was ruled out of order, and, after a
wrangling debate, committees were appointed A Convention of Delegates, coming from on Perinanent Organization and Credentials, twenty States, and claiming to represent the and the communication of Mayor Wood was “Constitutional Union Party,” met at Baltimore referred without reading to the latter. on the 9th of May, and nominated for President John Bell, of Tennessee, and for Vice-President Organization reported the name of Caleb Cush
On the following day, the Committee on Edward Everett, of Massachusetts. The ballot- ing, of Mass., for President, with one Viceings for President resulted as follows:
President and one Secretary from each State, st. 20.
1st. 20. which report was adopted. They also reported John Bell,
631 188 Edward Everett,.. 25 Sam. Houston,.. 57
a rule “ that in any State in which it has not 69
Wm. L. Goggin,... 8 John M. Botts, 91 7| Wm. A. Graham,.. 22 18 “been provided or directed by its State Con. John Mclean,.. 21 i Wm. L. Sharkey,.. ? 81 vention how its vote may be given, the J. J. Crittenden, 28
1 / Wm. C. Rives,
“ Convention will recognize the right of each Necessary to a choice, 1st ballot, 128; second " delegate to cast his individual vote.” Which ballot, 127.
was also adopted. The nomination of Mr. Bell was thereupon Committee on Resolutions and Platform made unanimous.
was now appointed; and it was voted that no Mr. Everett was unanimously nominated for ballot for President and Vice-President should Vice-President.
be taken till after the adoption of a Platform. The Convention adopted the following as Adjourned. their
On the following day, the only progress made PLATFORM.
by the Convention was the settlement of the Whoreas, Experience has demonstrated that Plat- question of contested seats, by confirming the forms adopted by the partisan Conventions of the sitting delegates ; that is, the "Softs” from country have had the effect to mislead and deceive the New-York, and the Douglas men from Illinois. people, and at the same time to widen the political On the 26th, no progress was made, though divisions of the country, by the creation and encouragement of geographical and sectional parties ; therefore, there was much angry debate and many tbreath
of bolting on the part of delegates from the ment to protect the rights of persons or pro. Cotton States, unless their views in regard to perty on the high seas, in the Territories, or Platform should be adopted.
wherever else its constitutional authority exOn the 27th, the Platform Committee, failing tends. to agree, presented an assortment of Platforms, The fourth that, when the settlers in a Terrifrom which the Convention was expected to tory have adequate population to form a State make its selection. The majority report, pre- Constitution, the right of Sovereignty comsented by Mr. Avery, of N. C., was as fol- mences, and, being consummated by their adlows:
mission into the Union, they stand upon an Resolved, that the Platform adopted at Cincinnati be equal footing with the citizens of other States, affirmed, with the following resolution:
and that a State thus organized is to be admit. That the National Democracy of the United States ted into the Union, Slavery or no Slavery. hold these cardinal principles on the subject of Slavery in the Territories : First, that Congress has no power to
The day was spent in fierce debate, without abolish Slavery in the Territories ; second, that the Ter- coming to a vote on any of these various proporitorial Legislature has no power to abolish Slavery in sitions. the Territories, nor to prohibit the introduction of slaves therein, nor any powei to destroy or impair the right of
On the 28th, Senator Wm. Bigler, of Pennproperty in slaves by any legislation whatever.
sylvania, moved that the majority and minority Resolved, That the enactments of State Legislatures reports be recommitted to the Convention, with to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave instructions to report in an hour, the following Law are hostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, and revolutionary in their effects.
resolutions : Resolved, That it is the duty of the Federal Govern
Resolved, That the Platform adopted by the Demc. ment to protect the rights of person and property on the cratic party at Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following high seas, in the Territories, or wherever else its jurisdic- explanatory resolution: tion extends.
Resolved, That the Government of a Territory, or. Resolved, That it is the duty of the Government of ganized by an act of Congress, is provisional and tempo, the United States to afford protection to naturalized rary, and, during its existence, all citizens of the United citizens from foreign countries.
States have an equal right to settle in the Territory, Resowed, That it is the duty of the Government of without their rights, either of person or property, be.bg the United States to acquire Cuba at the earliest prac. destroyed or impaired by Congressional or Territorial ticable moment.
Legislation. The principal minority report, which was pre- to the doctrine that it is the duty of Government io
Resowed, That the Democratic party stands pledged sented by Mr. Henry B. Payne, of Ohio, and maintain all the constitutional rights of property, of signed by the members of tbe committee whatever kind, in the Territories, and to enforce all the from Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode decisions of the Supreme Court in reference thereto
Resowed, That it is the duty of the United States to Island, Connecticut, New-Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, afford ample and complete protection to all its citizens, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, whether at home or abroad, and whether native or New-York, and Pennsylvania, (all the Free foreign,
Resolved, That one of the necessities of the age, in a States except California, Oregon, and Massachu- military, commercial and postal point of view, is speedy setts), reaffirmed the Cincinnati Platform; de- communication between the Atlantic and Pacific Siates; clared that all rights of property are judicial in and the Democratic Party pledge such Constitut.onal
Government aid as will insure the construction of a their character, and that the Democracy pledge railroad to the Pacific coast at the earliest practical themselves to defer to the decisions of the period. Supreme Court on the subject; ample protec- the acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terins as
Resowed, That the Democratic Party are in favor of tion to citizens, native or naturalized, at bome shall be honor: Vle to ourselves and just to Spain. or abroad; aid 10 “ a Pacific Railroad;" the Resolved, That the enaciments of State Legislatures acquisition of Cubil, innd that all State resistance to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave to the Fugitive Slave Law is revolutionary and law, are hostile in character, subversive of the Consti
tution, and revolutionary in their effect. subversive of the Constitution. Gen. Benj. F. Butler, of Massachusetts, pre
Mr. Bigler moved the previous question. sented another minority report, reaffirming the moved to lay Mr. Bigler's motion on the table.
Mr. W. Montgomery (M. C.), of Pennsylvania, Cincinnati Platform, and declaring Democratic He did not regard as a compromise a proposiprinciples unchangeable in their nature when tion for a Congressional Slave Code and the applied to the same subject matter, and only reopening of the African Slave Trade; but, Platform, a resolution for the protection of all learning that the adoption of his motion would
have the effect of tabling the whole subject, he citizens, whether native or naturalized.
withdrew it. A division of the question was Mr. Payne stated that his report, although a called for, and the vote was first taken on the minority one, represented one hundred and seventy-two electoral votes, while the majority 151; but the proposition to instruct the com
motion to recoinmit, which was carried, 152 to report represented only one hundred and mittee was laid on the table, 2421 to 50), as twenty-seven electoral votes.
follows: Mr. James A. Bayard (U. S. Senator), of Delaware, presented another series of resolutions, as Massachusetts, 12}'; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 5;
YEAg.Maine, 8; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; follows:
New-York, 85; Pennsylvania, 8; Delaware, 8; Mary: The first affirmed the Cincinnati Platform. land, 51; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 10; South Caro.
The second declared that Territorial Govern- lina, 8; Georgia, 10; Florida, 3; Alabama, 9; Louisiments are provisional and temporary, and that 4; Kentucky, 5; Ohio, 23; 'Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11:
ana, 6; Mississippi, 7; Texas, 4; Arkansas, 4; Missouri, during their existence all citizens of the United Michigan, 6; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 4; California, 8:States have an equal right to settle in the Terri- | 242; tories without their rights of either person or 7; Pennsylvania, 15; Maryland, 2+; Missouri, 9; Ten:
NAYS.—Massachusetts, t; Connecticut, 1 ; New-Jersey, property being destroyed or impaired by Con- nessee, 11; Kentucky, 7; Indiana, 6; Wisconsin, 5; gressional or Territorial legislation.
California, $; Oregon, 3–563. The third, that it is the duty of the Govern. Subsequently, on the same day, Mr. Avery,
from the majority of the Committee on Platform, trict of Columbia. Now, we maintain that Congress has reported the following:
no right to prohibit or abolish Slavery in the District of
Columbia. Why? Because it is an existing institution. Resolved, that the platform adopted by the Democratic It becomes the duty of Congress under the Constitution to party at Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following ex-protect and cherish the right of property in slaves in that planatory Resolutions :
District, because the Constitution does not give them the First. That the government of a Territory organized by power to prohibit or establish Slavery. Every session of an act of Congress, is provisional and temporary; and, Congress, Northern men, Southern men, men of all parduring its existence, all citizens of the United States have ties, are legislating to protect, cherish and uphold the instian equal right to settle with their property in the Territory tution of Slavery in the District of Columbia. without their rights, either of person or property, being des- It is said that the Cincinnati platform is ambiguous, and troyed or impaired by congressional or territorial legislation. that we must explain it. At the South, we have main.
Second. That it is the duty of the Federal Government, tained that it had no ambiguity; that it did not mean in all its departments, to protect, when necessary, the Popular Sovereignty; but our Northern friends say that rights of persons and property in the Territories, and it does mean Popular Sovereignty. Now, if we are wherever else its constitutional authority extends.
going to explain it and to declare its principles, I say Third. That when the settlers in a Territory having an let us either declare them openly, boldly, squarely, adequate population form a State Constitution, the right or let us leave it as it is in the Cincinnati Platform. Í of sovereignty commences, and, being consummated by want, and we of the South want, no more doubtful platadmission into the Union, they stand on an equal foot- forms upon this or any other question. We desire that ing with the people of other States; and the State thus this Convention should take a bold, square stand. What organized ought to be admitted into the Federal Union, do the minority of the committee propose? Their solution whether its constitution prohibits or recognizes the institu- is to leave the question to the decision of the Supreme tion of Slavery.
Court, and agree to abide by any decision that may be Fourth. That the Democratic party are in favor of the made by that tribunal between the citizens of a Territory acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terms as shall upon the subject. Why, gentlemen of the minority, you be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain, at the earliest cannot help yourselves. That is no concession to us. practicable moment.
There is no necessity for putting that in the platform, beFifth. That the enactments of State legislatures to de- cause I take it for granted that you are all law-abiding feat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law, are citizens. Every gentleman here from a non-slaveholding hostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, and State is a law-abiding citizen; and if he be so, why we revolutionary in their effect.
know that when there is a decision of the Supreme Court, Sixth. That the Democracy of the United States recog. even adverse to his views, he will submit to it. nize it as the imperative duty of this Government to pro- You say that this is a judicial question. We say that tect the naturalized citizen in all bis rights, whether at it is not. But if it be a judicial question, it is immaterial to home or in foreign lands, to the same extent as its natives you how the platform is made, because all you will have to born citizens.
say is, “this is a judicial question; the majority of the ConWhereas, one of the greatest necessities of the age, in a vention were of one opinion ; I may entertain my own opinpolitical, commercial, postal and military point of view, is ion upon the question ; let the Supreme Court settle it." à speedy communication between the Pacific and Atlan- Let us make a platform about which there can be no tic coasts : Therefore be it
doubt, so that every man, North and South, may stand Resolved, That the Democratic party do hereby pledge side by side on all issues connected with Slavery, and adthemselves to use every means in their power to secure the vocate the same principles. That is all we ask. passage of some bill, to the extent of the constitutional demand at your hands is, that there shall be no equivocaauthority of Congress, for the construction of a Pacific tion and no doubt in the popular mind as to what our Railroad, from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, principles are. at the earliest practicable moment. Mr. Avery took the floor, and spoke at length and, in the course of his argument, said :
Mr. H. B. Payne, of Ohio, replied at length, in favor of his report, and in the course of his
The question of Slavery had distracted the Courts and l'einarks said :
the party since 1820, and we hoped by the Compromise I have stated that we demand at the hands of our measures of 1850, the Kansas law of 1854, and the PlatNorthern brethren upon this floor that the great principle form of 1852 and 1856, that the policy of the Democratic which we cherish should be recognized, and in that view Iparty was a united and settled policy in respect to Afrispeak the common sentiments of our constituents at home;can slavery.
The Democracy of the North and I intend no reflection upon those who entertain a differ- have, throughout, stood by the South in vindication of ent opinion, when I say that the results and ultimate conse- their constitutional rights. For this they claim no quences to the Southern States of this confederacy, if the credit. They have simply discharged their constitutional Popular Sovereignty doctrine be adopted as the doctrine duty; and, though some Southern Senators may rise in of the Democratic party, would be as dangerous and sub- their places and stigmatize us as unsound and rotten, we versive of their rights as the adoption of the principle of say we have done it in good faith, and we challege contraCongressional intervention or prohibition. We say that, in diction. We have supposed that this doctrine of Popular a contest for the occupation of the Territories of the United Sovereignty was a final settlement of the Slavery difficulty. States, the Southern men encumbered with slaves cannot You so understood it in the South. We are not claiming compete with the Emigrant Aid Society at the North. We anything in our Platform but what the Cincinnati Platform say that the Emigrant Aid Society can send a voter to one was admitted to have established. of the Territories of the United States, to determine a
What was the doctrine of 1856 ? Non-intervention by question relating to slavery, for the sum of $200, while it Congress with the question of Slavery, and the submission. would cost the Southern man the sum of $1500. We say, of the question of Slavery in the Territories, under the then, that wherever there is competition between the Constitution, to the People. South and North, that the North can and will, at less ex- It is said that one construction has been given to the pense and difficulty, secure power, control and dominion Platform at the South and another at the North. He over the Territories of the Federal Government; and if, could prove from the Congressional debates that from then, you establish the doctrine that a Territorial Legisla- 1850 to 1856 there was not a dissenting opinion expressed. ture which may be established by Congress in any 'serri- in Congress on this subject. tory has the right, directly or indirectly, to affect the insti
To show that Squatter Sovereignty had been tution of Slavery, then you can see that the Legislature by its action, either directly or indirectly, may finally ex. generally accepted as the true Democratic docclude every man from the slaveholding States as ef- trine, Mr. Payne quoted from eminent Southern fectually as if you had adopted the Wilmot Proviso out Democratic Statesmen as follows: and out.
But we are told that, in advocating the doctrine we now FROM A SPEECH OF HON. HOWELL COBB, OF GEORGIA. do, we are violating the principles of the Cincinnati platform. They say that the Cincinnati platform is a Popular majority of the people of Kansas should decide this
“I stand upon a principle. I hold that the will of the practically enforce that great principle. Now, we who question, and I say here to-night, before this people and made this report deny that this is the true construction of sion of the people there. l'hold to the right of the People
before this country, that I, for one, shall abide the decithe Cincinnati platform. We of the South say that when to self-government. I am willing for them to decide this we voted for the Cincinnati platform we understood, from the fact that the Territories stand in the same position as
question." the District of Columbia, that non-interference and nonintervention in the Territories was that same sort of non- “I would not plant Slavery upon the soil of any por. mterference and non-intervention forbidden in the Dis. Ition of God's earth against the will of the people. The
FROM THE SAME.
Government of the United States should not force the then acting as Chairman of his Delegation, and now proinstitution of Slavery upon the people either of the senting the majority report announced: • Territories,' or of the States against the will of the peo
“ North Carolina gives ten votes for the Platform, and ple, though my voice could bring about that result. will give ten thousand majority in November.".
In his letter of acceptance, Mr. Buchanan, in an em PROX A SPEECH OF VICE-PRESIDENT BRECKINRIDGE.
phatic and clear manner, thus expressed his views of “But those who hold that the Territorial Legislature this Platform: cannot pass a law prohibiting Slavery, admit that, unless " The recent legislation of Congress respecting domesthe Territorial Legislature pass laws for its protection, tic Slavery, derived, as it has been, from the original Slavery will not go there. Therefore, practically, a and pure fountain of legitimate political power, the will majority of the people represented in the Territorial of the majority, promises, ere long, to allay the dangerLegislature decides the question. Whether they decide ous excitement. This legislation is founded on princi. it by prohibiting it, according to the one doctrine, or by ples as ancient as Free government itself, and in accordrefusing to pass laws to protect it, as contended for by ance with them has simply declared that the people of a the other party, is immaterial. The majority of the peo- Territory, like those of a State, shall decide for themple, by the action of the Territorial Legislature, will selues, whether Slavery shall or shall not exist within decide the question, and all must abide the decision when their limits.". made."
Mr. Payne had extracts yet behind of speeches from FROM THE GAME.
Stephens, of Georgia, one of the most distinguished States
men of the South—from Mr. Benjamin, of Louisiana "But if non-intervention by Congress be the principle Mason, of Virginia-more qualified, he admitted, bus that underlies the Compromise of 1850, then the prohibi- still emphatic. The Senator from Delaware, too, Mr. tion of 1820, being inconsistent with that principle, should Bayard, had fully indorsed the doctrine of Popular be removed, and perfect non-intervention thus be estab- Sovereignty. lished by law.
So had Mr. Badger, of North Carolina, and Judge “ Among many misrepresentations sent to the country Butler of South Carolina. Mr. Hunter of Virginia, cerby some of the enemies of this bill, perhaps none is more tainly one of the wisest and purest statesmen which the flagrant, than the charge that it proposes to legislate Democracy now numbers amongst her leaders in the Slavery into Nebraska and Kansas. sir, if the bill con- land-he, also, says that the people shall have the righi tained such a feature it would not receive my vote. The to decide on all questions relating to their domestic right to establish involves the correlative right to prohi- institutions. In his speech, he used these words, almost bit, and, denying both, I would vote for neither." identical with the Platform of the minority :
“The bill provides that the Legislatures of these TerFROM THE SAME.
ritories shall have power to legislate over all rightful Upon the distracting question of domestic Slavery, subjects of legislation consistently with the Constitution. their position is clear. The whole power of the Demo And, if they should assume powers which are thought to cratic organization is pledged to the following proposi- be inconsistent with the Constitution, the Courts will detions: That Congress shall not interpose upon this sub- cide that question whenever it may be ra sed. There is ject in the States, in the Territories, or in the District of a difference of opinion among the friends of this measure Columbia ; that the people of each Territory shall deter- as to the extent of the limits which the Constitution immine the question for themselves, and be admitted into poses upon the Territorial Legislatures. This bill prothe Union upon a footing of perfect equality with the poses to leave these differences to the decision of the original states, without discrimination on account of the Courts. To that tribunal I am willing to leave this deciallowance or prohibition of Slavery.".
sion, as it was once before proposed to be left by the
celebrated Compromise of the Senator from Delaware.” FROM A SPEECH BY HON. JAMES L. ORR, OF S. C.
He also read an extract of a similar character from a “Now, I admit that there is a difference of opinion speech by Mr. Toombs, of Georgia, one of the boldest amongst Democrats as to whether this feature of Squat- men on the floor of the American cenate, taking ground ter Sovereignty be in the bill or not. But the great point in favor of non-intervention by Congress. upon which the Democratic party at Cincinnati rested
Need he accumulate these extracts to show that not a was, that the government of the Territories had been single statesman who has figured in Congress, of late transferred from Congress, and, carrying out the spirit years, but has taken this high ground? and genius of our institutions, had been given to the Mr. Samuels, of lowa, presented the followpeople of the Territories."
ing report on behalf of the minority of the FROM A SPEECH BY HON. A. H. STEPHENS, OF GEORGIA. Platform Committee: “The whole question of Slavery or No Slavery was to 1. Resolved, that we, the Democracy of the Union, in be left to the people of the Territories, whether North Convention assembled, hereby declare our affirmance of or South of 36° 30', or any other line. The question was the resolutions unanimously adopted and declared as a to be taken out of Congress, where it had been impro- platform of principles by the Democratic Convention at perly thrust from the beginning, and to be left to the Cincinnati, in the year 1856, believing that Democratic peuple concerned in the matter to decide for themselves. principles are unchangeable in their nature, when ap. This, I say, was the position originally held by the South plied to the same subject matters; and we recommend when the Missouri Restriction was at first proposed. The as the only further resolutions the following: principle upon which that position rests, lies at the very Inasmuch as differences of opinion exist in the Demofoundation of all our Republican institutions : it is that cratic Party as to the nature and extent of the powers the citizens of every distinct and separate community of a Territorial Legislature, and as to the powers and or State should have the right to govern themselves in duties of Congress, under the Constitution of the United their domestic matters as they please, and that they should be free from intermeddling 'restriction and States, over the institution of Slavery within the Terri arbitrary dictation on such matters, from any other
2. Resoloed, That the Democratic Party will abide by Power or Government, in which they have no voice."
the decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States Mr. Payne continued. But for consuming time, he on the questions of Constitutional law. could read for half an hour, to show that every eminent 8. Resolved, That it is the duty of the United States Southern man had held the same opinion on the doctrine to atford ample and complete protection to all its citiof popular sovereignty. Mr. Payne would read from the Cincinnati Platform zens, whether at home or abroad, and whether native or
foreign. to show what it laid down. All should be familiar
4. Kesolved, That one of the necessities of the age, in with it:
a military, commercial, and postal point of view, is "The American Democracy recognize and adopt the speedy communication between the Atlantic and Pacific principles contained in the organic laws, establishing the states ; and the Democratic Party pledge such Constitu. Territories of Kansas and Nebraska as embodying the tional Government aid as will insure the construction of only sound and safe solution of the 'Slavery Question'
railroad to the Pacific coast, at the earliest practicable upon which the great National idea of the People of this
period. whole country can repose in its determined conserva- 5. Resoloed, That the Democratic party are in favor tism of the Union-non-interference by Congress with of the acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terms Slavery in State and Territory, or in the District of as shall be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain. Columbia." They nominated Mr. Buchanan on that Platform, to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave
6. Rosolved, That the enactments of State Legislatures agreed on by the representatives of every State in the Law, are hostile in character, subversive of the ConstiUnion, as the official record would show. There was not tution, and revolutionary in their effect. one dissenting voice in the whole list of States. In cast. ing the vote of North Carolina, his friend, Mr. Avery,
Gen. Butler, of Massachusetts, again reported
(as a minority) the Cincinnati Platform without of the original resolution proposed by the gentlemaa
from North Carolina. alteration. It was evident, even before the report
Mr. Butler's Platform affirms the Cincinnati of the majority was presented, that it would Platform, and adds a resolution for the protecnot be sustained by the Convention, though the tion of citizens abroad. Free-State majority evinced not only willing. The vote was then taken by States on Mr. Butler's ness but anxiety to conciliate their Southern amendment, with the following result; 'yeas 105, naye
198: brethren at any sacrifice not absolutely ruinous.
Yeas-Maine, 3; Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 21; The majority of the Convention, confident of New-Jersey, 5; Pennsylvania, 167, Delaware, 3; Mary. their power to reject the majority report, were land, 54; Virginia, 121; North Carolina, 10; Georgia, 10; inxious for a vote ; but the minority seemed Missouri, 4); Tennessee, 11; Kentucky, 9'; Minnesota, determined to stave off definite action for that
Nays-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; day, and carried their point by a system cur- Massachusetts, 5; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 84 rently ternied“ filibustering,” which would have New-York, 85; New-Jersey, 2; Pennsylvania, 104 ; Marydone no discredit to the House of Representa- Alabama, 9; Louisiana, 6; Mississippi, 7; Texas, 4; tives at Washington. The confusion and hub- Arkansas, 4; Missouri, 47; Tennessee, 1 ; Kentucky, 8; bub which prevailed may be comprehended Ohio: 23; Indiana, 18; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconperhaps, by the following extract from the offi- sin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 24'; California, 4–198. cial report of the proceedings :
So the amendment was rejected.
The minority report (that of Mr. Samuels) Mr. Bigler obtained the floor, and desired to suggest was then read, and, after ineffectual attempts to the Convention that, by common consent, and without to table the subject and proceed to a nominaany further struggle, they should adjourn. (Cries of “I object !” “I object !")
tion, the vote was taken and the minority Mr. Hunter, of Louisiana. - I appeal to my Democratic report was adopted as an amendment or substifriends of the South and my Democratie friends from all tute, as follows: parts of the Union (Cries of "order !” “order !" and ine greatest disorder prevailing in the Hall.)
Yeas--Maine, 8; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5. The President-The Chair begs leave, once for all, to Massachusetts, 7 ; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; Newstate--and the Chair entreats the Convention to listen to York, 35 ; New-Jersey, 5; Pennsylvania, 12; Maryland, this declaration-that it is physically impossible for the 8t; Virginia, 1; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 1; Kentucky, Chair to go on in a contest with six hundred men as to 27; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; who shall cry out loudest; and unless the Convention Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 4–165. will come to order, and gentlemen take their places and Nays-Massachusetts, 6; New-Jersey, 2; Pennsylproceed in order, the Chair will feel bound in duty to vania, 15; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 4 i Virginia, 14 ; the Convention as well as to himself, to leave the chair. North Carolina, 10 ; 'South Carolina, 8; Georgia, 10; (Applause.) The Chair will wait to see whether it is pos- Florida, 3; Alabama, 9; Louisiana, 6 ; Mississippi, 7; sible to have order in the House.
Texas, 4; Arkansas, 4; Missouri, 5; Tennessee, 11; KenMr. Samuels, of Iowa, appealed to the Convention to tucky, 94 ; California, 4; Oregon, 8–138. listen to a proposition of Mr. Hunter of Louisiana. The President. --The Chair will entertain non motion of the report as amended, the vote being taken
The question was then taken on the adoption until the Convention is restored to order, and when that is done, the Chair desires to make another suggestion to on each resolution separately, and with the exthe Convention. The Chair has already stated that it is ception of the one pledging the Democratie physically impossible for him to go on with the business of the Convention, so long as one-half of the members party to abide by the decisions of the Supreme are upon their feet and engaged in clamor of one sort or Court on the subject of Slavery in the Territoanother. The Chair begs leave to repeat that he knows ries—which was rejected—they were adopted put one remedy for such disorder, and that is for your by a vote which was nearly unanimous. residing officer to leave the chair. He, of course, rould deeply regret that painful necessity ; but it would The delegation from Alabama, by its Chair: e a less evil than that this incessant confusion and dis- man, then presented a written protest, signed order, presenting such a spectacle to the people of South by all its members, announcing their purpose to able body of so many respectable gentlemen of the high- withdraw from the Convention. They were est standing in the community, engaged in debate and followed by the delegations from Mississippi, deliberation upon the dearest interests of the country. Florida, Texas, all the Louisiana delegation Applause.)
except two, all the South Carolina delegation It was finally agreed that the vote should be except three, three of the Arkansas delegation, aken the next day—or rather the following two of the Delaware delegation (including Ronday, and the Convention adjourned. Senator Bayard) and one from North Carolina.
On Monday the 30th, the President stated the The order of their withdrawal was as follows: question as foilows: The Convention will remember that, in the first
Mr. Walker, of Alabama.-Mr. President, I am inplace, the gentleman from North Carolina (Mr. Avery) structed by the Alabama delegation to submit to this reported the resolutions of the majority of the commit- Convention a communication, and, with your permission, tee. Thereupon the gentleman from lowa (Mr. Samuels) I will read it. moved an amendment to these resolutions, by striking TO THE HON. CALEB CUSHING, out all after the word “resolved," an insert the President of the Democratic National Concert resolutions proposed by him, in behalf of a portion of tion, noro in session in the City of Charleston, minority of the committee. After which, the gentleman Smith Carolina : from Massachusetts (Mr. Butler) moved, in behalf of another portion of the minority committee, to amend the Alabama in this Convention, respectfully beg leave to lay,
The undersigned delegates, representing the State of amendinent, by striking out all after the word “re- before your honorable body the following statements of solved," and inserting the proposition proposed by him facts : on behalf of that minority. The first question will de, therefore, upon the amendment moved by the gen. party of the State of Alabama met in Convention, in the
On the eleventh day of January, 1860, the Democratic tleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Butler). If that amend city of Montgomery, and adopted, with singular unani. ment falls, the Convention will then come to a vote upon mity, a series of resolutions herewith submitted: the amendment moved by the gentleman from Iowa (Mr. Samuels). If, however, the amendment of Mr.
1. Resolved by the Democracy of the State of Alabama in ConButler prevails, then that amendment will have taken which they have heretofore ailllated and acted with the Na.
vention assemblod, That holding an issues and principles upon the place of the amendment moved by Mr. Samuels, and tional Democratic Party to be inferior in dignity and impor. the next question will be upon substituting it in the place tance to the great question of Slavery, they content themselves
ALABAMA PROTESTS AND WITHDRAWS.