« PreviousContinue »
sey, Matteson, Morgan, Morse, Murray, Olin, Pul
Illinois.-Farnsworth, Kellogg, Lovejoy, Morris, mer, Parker, Sherman, Spinner, Thompson- 20. Washburne-5. NEW JERSEY.--Robbins--1.
WISCONSIN.— Potter, Washburn-2.
CONNECTICUT.- Arnold-1. OH10—. Bingham, Bliss, Cockerill,Giddings, Harlan, NEW-YORK.-Corning, Russell, Searing, Taylor-4. Horton, Lawrence, Leiter, Miller, Mott, Sherman, Stan- NEW-JERSEY.Huyler.-1. ton, Tompkins, Wude-14.
PENNSYLVANIA.-Ahl, Chapman, Dewart, Florence INDIANA.-Colfux, Kilgore, Pettit, Wilson-4. Jones, Leidy, Montgomery, Phillips, White-9. Illinois.— Farnsworth, Kellogg, Lovejoy, Washburne DELAWARĘ. -Whiteley-1.
MARYLAND.-Bowie, RICAUD, Stewart-3. MICHIGAN.—Howard, Leach, Walbridge, Waldron VIRGINIA.—Bocock, Caskie, Edmundson, Garnett,
Goode, Hopkins, Millson, Powell—8. WISCONSIN.-- Billinghurst, Potter, Washburn—3. North CAROLINA.-Craige, GILMER, Ruffin, Scales, MINNESOTA.-Cavanaugh, Phelps-2.
Shaw, VANCE, Winslow—7. lowa.- Curtis, Davis-2.
SOUTH CAROLINA.-Bonham, Boyce, McQueen-3. MISSOURI.— Blair-1. Total, 93.
GEORGIA. — Crawford, Gartrel, Jackson, Stephens, TRIPPE, Wright-6.
FLORIDA.- Hawkins-1. CONNECTICUT.-Arnold-1..
ALABAMA.-Cobb, Dowdell, Houston, Moore, Shorter,
MISSISSIPPI.-Barksdale Davis, McRae, Singleton-4 PENNSYLVANIA.--Ahl, Dewart, Leidy, Montgomery-4.
LOUISIANA:-Sandidge, Taylor-2. DelawARE – Whiteley-1.
TEXAS.—Bryan, Reagan-2. MARYLAND --Bowie-1.
ARKANSAS. -Greenwood-1. VIRGINIA.- Bocock, Caskie, Edmundson, Garnett,
TENNESSEE. - Atkins, Avery, Jones, MAYNARD, READY, Goode, Hopkins, Millson, Powell—8.
Savage, Smith, Watkins, ZOLLICOFFER—9. NORTH CAROLINA. --Branch, Craige, Gilmer, Ruffin, Mason, Peyton, Stevenson, Talbott, UNDERWOOD--10.
KENTUCKY.-Burnett, Clay, Elliott, Jewett, MARSHALL, Scales, Shaw, VANCE, Winslow--S. SOUTH CAROLINA. -Bonham, Boyce, McQueen, Miles-4.
Ou10.—Burns, Cockerill, Groesbeck, Pendleton, ValGEORGIA —Crawford, Gartre.l, Jackson, Seward,
landigham-5. Stephens, TRIPPE, Wright-7.
INDIANA.-Davis, Foley, Gregg, Hughes--4. FLORIDA.-Hawkins--1.
ILLINOIS —Marshall, Shaw--2. ALABAMA.-Cobb; Curry, Dowdell, Houston, Moore,
MISSOURI.-ANDERSON, Caruthers, Clark, Craig, Phelps,
The defeat of the bill, in consequence of the
incorporation into it of Mr. Grow's amendTENNESSEE. - MAYNARD, READY, Smith, Watkins, Zolli- ment, shows that a majority of the House was COFFER-5.
really opposed to that amendment, although it KENTUCKY.-Burnett, Elliott, UNDERWOOD-3. 0110.--Burns, Cox, Hall, Pendleton, Vallandigham-0 had been adopted by a vote of 98 to 81. °СerINDIANA.-Davis, Foley, Gregg, Hughes-4.
tain members, who did not dare to vote directly ILLINOIS.-Hodges, Marshall, Shaw, Smith-4.
against the amendment, joined in killing it Missourl.- ANDERSON, Caruthers, Clark, Craig, Phelps, afterward, by killing the bill, of which it had
-6. CALIFORNIA.-Scott-1, Total, 81.
been made a part by their own votes.
Thus Messrs. Stewart, of Maryland, Atkins, Upon the adoption of Mr. Grow's amendment, Avery, Jones and Savage, of Tennessee, and the Republican vote, as will be seen, was unani- Jewett, Stephenson, and Talbot, of Kentucky, mously in the affirmative. Of the votes from who had voted for the amendment, voted after the Slave States, all but nine were in the nega- ward against the bill. Only one, Mr. Blair, of tive, and, as we shall presently see, there was the nine Southern supporters of the amendonly one of that number who was really in favor ment, proved true to it in the end, and no other of it, this one being Mr. Blair, Republican, of Southern member came to its support in the Missouri.
finał vote, saving only Mr. Davis, of Maryland, Mr. Grow's amendment being incorporated who represents the free-labor interest of the into the bill, the next question was upon the city of Baltimore, rather than the interest of passage of the bill, which was defeated by the the slaveholding and landed aristocracy of the following vote :
Afterward, on the same day, when these MAINE.-Foster, Morse, Washburn, Wood—4. votes upon Mr. Grow's amendment were given, New-HAMPSHIRK. --Cragin, Pike, Tappan_2. the representatives from Minnesota, both of VERMONT - Morrill, Royce, Walton-3. MASSACHUSETTS.-Buffinton, Burlingame, Chafee,
them members of the Democratic party, deComins, Davis, Dawes, Gooch, Hall, Knapp, Thayer livered speeches, in which they made no secret
of their chagrin that a measure so vital to their Rhode ISL AND.- Brayton, Durfee-2. CONNECTICUT.-Clark, Dean—2.
constituency encountered the nearly unanimous New-York.--Andrews, Bennett, Burroughs, Clark, opposition of their political friends. Mr. Cava
B. Cochrune, John Cochrane, Dodd, Fenton, Gran- naugh, one of the members from Minnesota ger, Hatch, Hoard, Kelsey, Matteson, Morgan, Morse, (Globe, p. 505), said : Murray, Olin, Palmer, Parker, Spinner, Thompson --21
With reference to the vote on this bill to-day, with an Nuw-JERSEY.–Clarson, Robbins-2.
overwhelining majority of this side of the House voting PENNSYLVANIA:--Covode, Dick, Edie, Groro, Keim, against my colleague and myself, voting against this bill, Morris, Purviance, Ritchie, Stewart-9.
I say it frankly, I say it in sorrow, that it was to the ReMARYLAND.-DAVIS-1.
publican side of the House to whom we were compelled to 0410.- Bingham, Bliss, Cox, Giddings, Hall, Harlan, lvok for support of this just and honorable measure. Horton, Leiter, Miller, Mott, Sherman, Stanton, Tompo , Gentlemen from the South, gentlemen who have broad kins, Wade-1t.
acres and wide plantations, aided here to-day by their MICHIGAN.-Howard, Leach, Walbridge, Waldron votes more to make Republican States in the North thao
by any vote which has been cast within the last two INDIANA.-Colfax, Kilgore, Pettit, Wilson-4. years. These gentlemen come here and ask us to support
the South; yet they, to a man almost, vote against the death of the surviving parent, and in accordance with the free, independent labor of the North and West.
laws of the State in which such children for the time being I, sir, liave inherited my Democracy; have been at- have their domicil, sell said land for the benefit of said Cached to the Democratic party from my boyhood; have s infants, but for no other purpose; and the purchaser believed in the great truths as enunciated by the “ fa. shall acquire the absolute title by the purchase, and be thers of the faiti," and have cherished them religiously, I entitled to a patent from the United States. knowing that, by their faithful application to every $ 3. And be it further er: vcted, That the register of department of this Government, this nation has grown the land office shall note all such applications on the up from struggling colonies to prosperous, powerful, and tract-books and plats of his office, and keep a register of sovereign Staies. But, sir, when I see Southern gentle- all such entries, and make a return thereof to the General men come up, as I did to-day, and refuse, by their votes, Land Office, together with the proof upon which they to aid constituents, refuse to place the actual tiller of have bee unded. the soil, the honest, industrious laborer, beyond the grasp $ 4. And be it further enacted, That all lands acand avarice of the speculator, I tell you, sir, I falter and quired under the provisions of this act shall in no event I hesitate.
become liable to the satisfaction of any debt or debts conThe amendment of Mr. Grow, forbidding the tracted prior to the issuing the patent therefor.
85. And be it further enacted, That if, at any time afpublic sales of lands for at least ten years after ter the filing the affidavit, as required in the second sectheir survey, would secure the great bulk of the tion of this act, and before the expiration of the five years
aforesaid, it shall be proven, after due notice to the settler, lands to preëmptors, and would give them a
to the satisfaction of the register of the land office, that long pay-day, and thus save them from the the person having filed such affidavit shall have actually enormous usury they are now compelled to pay changed his or her residence, or abandoned the said entry to money-lenders. It would not reduce the for more than six months at any time, then, and in that
event, the land so entered shall revert back to the revenue derived by the Treasury from the Government, and be disposed of as other public lands are public lands, but would only postpone it, and now by law, subject to an appeal to the General Land
Office, this postponement would be far less prejudicial
$ 6. And be it further enacted, That no individual to the Government than it would be beneficial shall be permitted to make more than one entry under to the settler. The Government can borrow the provisions of this act; and that the Commissioner of
the General Land Office is hereby required to prepare money at four and a half per cent per annum, and issue such rules and regulations, consistent with this while the settler frequently pays five per cent. act, as shall be necessary and proper to carry its provi. per month for the money to enter his lands, to sions into effect; and that the registers and receivers of
the several land offices shall be entitled to receive the prevent their sale at public auction. On the first of February, the question of the visions of this act that they are now entitled to receive
same compensation for any lands entered under the proPublic Lands was again before the House, the when the same quantity of land is entered with money. pending bill (House bill No. 72) being a bill to one-half to be paid by the person making the application, secure Homesteads to actual settlers, and being certificate by the person to whom it may be issued : in the words following:
Provided, That nothing in this act shall be so construed
as to impair or interfere in any manner whatever with A BILL TO SECURE HOMESTEADS TO ACTUAL SET- existing preëmption rights. TLERS ON THE PUBLIC DOMAIN.
The previous question having been ordered, § 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re- the House was brought to a direct vote upor presentatives of the United States of America in Con- this bill, without debate, gress assembled, That any person who is the head of a family, or who has arrived at the age of twenty-one
A motion to lay the bill on the table was los years, and is a citizen of the United States, or who shall |-Yeas, 77 ; Nay8, 113 ; and the bill was then have filed his intention to become such, as required by the passed-Yeas, 120); Nays, 76. Uturalization laws of the United States, shall, from and
As these two votes were substantially the after the passage of this act, be entitled to enter, free of cost, one quarter-section of vacant and unappropriated same, we only give the last one, which was public lands which may, at the time the application is upon the passage of the bill, and which was as inade, be subject to private entry, at $1 25 per acre, or a follows: quantity equal thereto, to be located in a body, in con. formity win the legal subdivisions of public lands, and after the same shall have been surveyed.
MAINE.- Abbott, Foster, Gilman, Morse, Washburn $ 2. And be it further enacted, That the person ap- | -5. plying for the benefit of this act shall, upon application to New-HAMPSHIRE.-Cragin, Pike, Tappan-3. the register of the land office in which he or she is about VERMONT.-Morrill, Royce, Walton-3. to make such entry, make affidavit before the said regis- MASSACHUSETTS.- Buffinton, Burlingame, Chaffee, ter that he or she is the head of a family, or is twenty-one Comins, Davis, Dawes, Gooch, Hall, Knapp, Thayer years or inore of age, and that such application is made -10. for his or her exclusive use and benefit, and those spe. Rhone ISLAND.—Brayton, Durfee—2. cially mentioned in this act, and not either directly or CONNECTICUT.-Bishop, Clark, Dean-3. indirectly for the use or benefit of any other person or NEW-YORK.--Andrews, Barr, Burroughs, C. B. Cochpersons whi msoever; and upon making the affidavit as rane, John Cochrane, Corning, Dodd, Fenton, Goodwin, above required, and filing the affidavit with the register, ! Granger, Haskin, Hatch, Hoard, Kelsey, Maclay, Mathe or she shall thereupon be permitted to enter the teson, Morgan, Diorse, Murray, Ovin, Palmer, Parker, quantity of land already specified : Provided, however, Pettle, Russell, Spinner, Taylor, Ward-27. That no certificate shall be given or patent issued therefor New-JERSEY.-Adrian, Clawson, Robbins, Wortendyke until the expiration of five years from the date of such - 4. entry; and if, at the expiration of such time, or at any PENNSYLVANIA.-Covode, Dick, Florence, Grow, Hicktime thereafter, the person making such entry, or, if he man, Keim, Morris, Phillips, Purviance, Reilly, Roberts, be dead, his widow, or, in case of her death, his heirs or Stewart, Kunkel-13. devisee, or in case of a widow making such entry, her TENNESSEE.-Jones--1. heirs or devisee, in case of her death, shall prove by KENTUCKY.--Jewett-1. two creditable witnesses that he, she, or they, have con. 0110.-Bingham, Bliss, Burns, Cockerill, Cox, Gidtinued to reside upon and cultivate such land, and still dings, Groesbeck, 'Hall, Harlan, Horton, Lawrence, reside upon the saine, and have not alienated the same, Leiter, Miller, Pendleton, Sherman, Stanton, Tompa or any part thereof, then, in such case, he, she, or they, if kins, Vallandigham, Wade-19. at that time a citizen of the United States, shall, on pay. INDIANA.-Case, Colfax, Davis, Foley, Gregg, Kilgore, ment of ten dollars, be entitled to a patent, as in other Pettit, Wilson-8. cases provided by for law: and provided, further, In ILLINOIS. — Farnsworth, Hodges, Kellogg, Lovejoy, case of the death of both father and mother, leaving an in- Morris, Smith, Washburne-7. Sant child or children under twenty-one years of age, the Michigan.-Howard, Leuch, Walbridge, Waldron-4 right and the fee shall inure to the benefit of said infant WISCONSIN.- Billinghurst, Potter, Washburn–3. child or children, and the executor, administrator or MINNESOTA.-Cavanaugh, Phelps-2. guardian may, at any time within two years after the IOWA-Curtis, Davia2.
both of hem commanding the support of the CALIFORNIA.—McKibbin, Scott-2. Total, 120.
inajority of that body.
On the 17th day of February, Mr. Wade, of PENNSYLVANIA.-Leidy-1.
Ohio, (Con. Globe, page 1074,) moved to postDELAWARE.-Whiteley-1.
pone all prior orders and take up the Homestead MARYLAND.—Bowie, Davis, Harris, Kunkel, Ricaud, bill, which had passed the House. The followStewart-6.
ing extracts from the debate upon this motion VIRGINIA.-Bocock, Caskie, Edmundson, Faulkner, Garnett, Goode, Hopkins, Jenkins, Letcher, Millson, Smith will exhibit the points made : --11. NORTH CAROLINA. — Branch, Craige, GILMER, Ruffin, deal attached, has, I believe, twice passed the House and
Mr. Wade.-The Homestead bill, to which I am a good Scales, Shaw, VANCE, Winslow-8. SOUTH CAROLINA. — Bonham, Boyce, Keitt, McQueen, we have never had a direct vote upon it here that I know
come to this body, but somehow it has had the go-by, and Miles-5. GEORGIA.-Crawford, Gartrell, Hill, Jackson, Seward, I hope none of its friends will debate it, because it has
of. I do not propose to discuss it for a single moment, and Stephens, TRIPPE, Wright-8.
been pending before Congress for several years, and I preALABAMA. — Cobb, Curry, Dowdell, Houston, Moore, sume every senator is perfectly well acquainted with all Shorter, Stallworth—7.
its provisions, and has made up his mind as to the course Mississippi.—Barksdale, Lamar, McRae, Singleton–4. he will pursue in regard to it. I have no hope that anyLOUISIANA.-EUSTIS-1. TEXAS.—Reagan-1.
thing I could say would win an opponent of the bill to its ARKANSAS.—Greenwood-1.
support; and I hope every friend of the measure will take TENNESSEE.--Atkins, Avery, MAYNARD, READY, Smith, think it is the great measure of the session. All I want,
no time in debate, but will try to get a vote upon it, for I Watkins, Wright, ZOLLICOFFER—8.
all I ask, is to have a vote upon it. KENTUCKY.-Burnett, MARSHALL, Mason, Peyton, UNDER
Mr. Reid, of North Carolina.- I think it is too late in the WOOD-5,
session now to take up this bill to be acted upon here, at OH10.-Nichols-1.
least until we act upon other great measures upon which INDIANA.—English, Hughes, Niblack-3.
there is more unanimity of sentiment in the country, and ILLINOIS.--Marshall, Shaw-2.
a higher sense of duty upon us to pass them during the Missouri.-ANDERSON, Clark, WOODSON—3. Total, 76.
few days of the session that remain.
Mr. Hunter, of Virginia.- I believe that a fortnight from Only three Southern members—Jones of Ten- to-day will take us to the 3d of March. Now, it is known nessee, Jewett of Kentucky, and Craig of Mis- that we have nearly all the important appropriation bills, souri-voted for the bill, thereby marking un
and one that is unfinished, to take up. I hope there will mistakably the sectional character of the oppo- the appropriation bills. I must appeal to the Senate to
be no effort to press this Homestead bill, so as to displace sition to it.
consider how little of the session is now left to us, and The Republican vote, with a solitary excep- whether we ought not to take up the appropriation bill and iion, was given solid for the bill.
dispose of it. Of the
Mr. Shields, of Minnesota.-The friends of this bill deNorthern members connected with the Demo- sire nothing but a vote upon it, not to waste time in decratic party, twenty-nine voted for the bill and bate. Let us take it up, and have a fair vote upon it. six voted against it. Thus, of the entire Demo-much opposed to it; but I suppose whenever this biii
Mr. Hunter I do not conceal the fact that I am very sratic party in the House, a large majority was comes up, it must be the subject of debate. against the bill, but even this is less important Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts.- I appreciate the anxiety than the other fact, that the Southern wing of bill; but I would suggest to that senator that he allow us
of the senator from Virginia to take up the appropriation che vote was almost unanimously against, it to take up this bill, and have a vote upon it. I do not being this Southern wing which controls in the suppose that anybody, who is in favor of the measure, de: party councils, and which, when out-voted in sires to consume the time of the Senate, at this stage of the House, has other departments of the Gov- the session, by discussing it. It has been discussed befor
It is well understood. I believe it is sus. ernment, the Senate and the President, with tained by an overwhelmning majority of the people of the which it is more powerful, and by means of country, which it has so far rarely failed to defeat mea
Mr. Wade.--I have no doubt, from the business before sures, however popular and beneficial, which it us that ishis is the last opportunity we shall have to act
upon this great measure, I hope, as I said before, that dislikes.
every friend of it will stand by it until it is either triumphThe Homestead bill had now passed the House ant or defeated, and that, too, in preference to any other
As to the appropriaby a decisive majority, but it had yet to encoun- tion bills, I have not the least fear but that they will go ter the niore dangerous ordeal of the Senate, in through.' Their gravitation carries them through. which the Deniocratic majority was larger, and in which the representation of the slaveholding motion was carried by the following vote, the
The question was then taken, and Mr. Wade's States is proportionably greater. No direct vote upon the measure was, in fact,
Republicans being indicated by italics : reached in the Senate, because the Southern Dixon, Doobittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Gwin, Hale,
YEAS Messrs. Bright, Broderick, Chandler, Collamer, managers would not permit it.
Hamlin, Ilarlan, Johnson, of Tennessee, King, Pugh, There are two ways of killing off obnoxious Rice, Seward, Shields, Simmons, Smith, Stuart, Trummeasures. One is, to act upon them and vote bull, Wade, and Wilson-26.
NÁYS—Messrs. Allen, Bayard, Benjamin, Bigler, Brown, them down. Another is, to overslaugh them Chestnut, Clay, Clingman, Davis, Fitch Fitzpatrick, Green whenever they are proposed, by proceeding to Hammond, Hunter, Iverson, Lane, Mallory, Mason, Pearce, consider some other business. This latter me- Reid, Slidell, Toombs, and Ward-28. thod is invariably resorted to, where a measure, Upon an examination of this vote, it will be obnoxious to a majority of the Senate, is sup- seen that the Republicans voted unanimously posed to be acceptable to the people. And it in the affirmative, and that the Slave State Senwas precisely by this method, and for that rea- ators were all in the negative, with the solison, that the Homestead bill was run over, tary exception of Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee. shoved aside, evaded, and left unacted upon, by Of the Free State Democrats, Gwin, Bright, the Senate during its late session. The regular Pugh, Rice, Shields, Smith, and Stuart, all beappropriation bills and the bill for the purchase ing from the new States, veted for Mr. Wade’s of Cuba were being pressed upon the time of motion. the Senate during the last days of the session, The llomestead bill was now up, and, so faj
as its friends were concerned, nothing was these five, Mr. Gwin, is only a temporary regi. asked but a vote, which would not have con- dent of 2 Free State. sumed ten minutes. But a vote was precisely Of the twenty-eight votes in favor of sustainwhat the Southern managers were determined ing the bill, only three are from the South, and to avoid.
only one of the three (Johnson of Tennessee,) Instantly, therefore, upon the announcement is a Democrat. of the success of Mr. Wade's motion, which Two days afterward, on the 19th of February, brought the bill before the Senate, Mr. Hunter Mr. Wade again moved to set aside all prior took the floor, and moved that it be set aside, orders and take up the Homestead bill; but this 80 as to take up another bill, viz. : the Diplo- motion was negatived by the following vote : matic and Consular Appropriation bill.
YEAS.-Messrs. Broderick, Chandler, Clark, Collamer, No question of order was raised upon this Dimon, Doolittle, Durkée, Fessenden, Foot, Halo motion of Mr. Hunter, but it was well charac- Hamlin, Harlan, Johnson of Tennessee, Jones, King,
Pugh, Rice, Seward, Shields, Simmons, Stuart, Trum. terized as "child's play,” to move to set aside | buit,' Wade, and Wilson.–24. a bill, instantly after a vote to take it up. Nays.—Messrs. Allen, Bates, Bayard, Benjamin, Bigler, Pending some conversational debate upon Davis, Fitch, Fitzpatrick, Green, Hammond, Houston,
Bright, Brown, Chestnut, Clay, Clingman, Crittenden, Mr. Hunter's motion, the hour of twelve o'clock Hunter, Iverson, Kennedy, Mallory, Mason, Pearce, arrived, and the Vice-President decided that Polk, Reid, Sebastian, Slidell, Smith, Toombs, Ward, and the Cuba bill, having been assigned for that Yulee-81. hour, was the subject pending before the Senate. Upon these two days, the 17th and 19th of
Hereupon, Mr. Wade moved to postpone the February, the question was made between the twelve o'clock order, and continue the consi-consideration of the Homestead hill and the conderation of the Homestead bill, and this motion sideration of the appropriation bills, the necesprevailed by the following vote :
sity of passing which last bills did not fail to be
insisted upon by the Democratic managers. At YEAS—Messrs. Bell, Bright, Broderick, Chandler, Clark, Çollamer, Dixon, Doolittle, Douglas, Durkee, a subsequent stage of the session, as will be Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Ilale, Hamlin, Harlan, presently seen, the question was made between Johnson of Tennessee, King, Pugh, Rice, Seward. Sim- considering the Homestead bill and considering mons, Smith, Stuart, Trumbull, Wade, and Wilson the Cuba bill. -27.
Nays-Messrs. Allen, Bates, Benjamin, Bigler, Brown, Upon the 25th day of February, upon the ocClay, Clingman, Davis, Fitch, Fitzpatrick, Green, Gwin, casion of a motion by Mr. Slidell to postpone Lane, Mallory, Mason, Pearce, Reid, Sebastian, Slidell, chase of Cuba, Mr. Doolittle resisted it, and Hanumond, Hunter, Iversons, Johnson, of Arkansas: all prior orders and take up the bill for the pur, Toombs, Ward, and Yulee --26.
called On this vote, an additional Southern Senator, it down, so that he himself might submit a mo
upon the friends of Homesteads to vote Mr. Bell, of Tennessee, ranged himself on the tion to take up the Homestead bill. Jr. Dooside of Homesteads. But this was offset by
Tietle said: the ratting back to the negative side of Mr. Gwin,
I think it would be better to take up this question of
the Homestead bill and vote upon it, and then the Cuba The Homestead bill was now again before bill will come up. I ask the friends of the Homestead the Senate, but the question, as stated by the bill now to stand by it and give it the preference. Vice-President, was still upon Mr. Hunter's The vote was then taken, and the motion to motion to set it aside, and take up the Consular take up the Cuba bill prevailed, as follows: and Diplomatic Appropriation bill.
Yeas-Messrs. Allen, Bayard, Bell, Benjamin, Bigler, Mr. Mason, of Virginia, threatened an ex- Brown, Chestnut, Clay, Clingman, Davis, Fitch, Fitztendent debate" upon the Homestead bill, if its patrick, Green, Gwin, Hammond, Houston, Hunter, Iverconsideration were insisted upon. He declared, son; Jones, Lane, Mallory;. Mason, Polk, Pugh, Reid,
Rice, Sebastian, Shields, Slidell, Smith, Stuart, Toombs, at any rate, for himself that he intended to "
go Ward, Wright, and Yulee-35. into it pretty largely, because he had not yet
Nays-Messrs. Broderick, Cameron, Chandler, Clark, known a bill so fraught with mischief, and mis- Collamon Pixon; Doolittle, Douglas, Purkee, Fessen
den, Foot, Foster, Hule, Hamlin, Harlan, Johnson of chief of the most demoralizing kind.”
Tennessee, Kennedy, King, Pearce, Seward, Simmons, Mr. Wade and Mr. Seward, in brief and ener- Trumbull, Wade, and Wilson—24. getic terms, exhorted the friends of the bill to The Cuba bill was now up, and the discussion stand firm.
upon it protracted the session late into the The vote was then taken upon Mr. Hunter's night, and almost into the next morning. It motion, and resulted as follows:
was distinctly seen during the progress of this Yeas.--Messrs. Allen, Bates, Bayard, Benjamin, Bigler, discussion that it would be without practical reBrown), Clay, Clingmau, Davis, Fiich, Fitzpatrick, Green, sult, and that no vote could be reached before Gwin, Hammond, Hunter, Iverson, Johnson of Arkansas, the final adjournment of Congress. Kennedy, Lane, Mallory, Mason, Pearce, Reid, Sebastian, Slidell, Toombs, Ward, and Yulee-28.
Accordingly, at ten o'clock in the evening, Nays.--Messrs. Bell, Bright, Broderick, Chandler, Mr. Doolittle felt it to be his duty to renew the Clark, Collamer, Discon, Doolittle, Douglas, Lurkee, attempt to set aside the Cuba bill, the subjectFessenden, Foot, Foster, Hale, Hamlin, Harlan, matter of a manifestly idle debate, so as to take Seward, Simmons, Smith, Stuart, Trumbull Wade, and up the Homestead bill. His motion to that effect, Wilson-28.
and the commencement of the debate upon it, The vote being a tie, the Vice-President, Mr. will be found on page 1351 of the CongresBreckinridge, voted in the affirmative, and thus, sional Globe. Such extracts are made as will after a long struggle, the Homestead bill
exhibit its general character:
was, for that day, overslaughed.
Mr. Trumbull.-If there was any assurance that the Of the twenty-eight votes for overslaughing tion was disposed of, I should be willing to see it have
Homestead bill could be taken up, after the Cuba quesit, all but five are from the South, and ine of the go:5g on the present occasion ; but we have sought
repeatedly to bring up the Homestead bill, an.d every | of March, 1860, Mr. Lovejoy, from the Commovement that has been inade to bring it up has been mittee on Public Lands, reported the following met with a counter movement, crowding it out of the way with something else.
If the senator from bill (previously introduced by Mr. Grow), which Virginia will give us an asurance that we shall have a was read twice, and committed to the Committee ehance to bring up the Homestead bill, and keep it be- of the Whole. fore the Senate until we can get a vote upon it, after the Cuba bill is through, and that he will not interpose an appropriation bill, I would join with gentlemen in asking A BILL TO SECURE HOMESTEADS TO ACTUAL my friend from Wisconsin to withdraw the motion he has
SETTLERS ON THE PUBLIC DOMAIN. made.
Mr. Hunter. I certainly will press the appropriation Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re bills. I will give no promise to vote to take up the presentatives of the United States of America in Homestead bill.
Congress assembled, That any person who is the head Mr. Trumbull.-That is as I expected. We now have of a family, or who has arrived at the age of twenty-one notice that we are to be met with an appropriation bill years, and is a citizen of the United States, or who shall the moment that the Cuba question is disposed of, and have filed his intention to become such, as required by here we are wasting our time at this stage of the session the naturalization laws of the United States, shall, from in making long speeches, and debating about the acquisi- and after the passage of this act, be entitled to enter, free tion of a country that does not belong to us, instead of of cost, one hundred and sixty acres of unappropriated providing for the settlement of the country which we own. public lands, upon which said person may have filed a There can be no hope of getting up the Homestead bill as preëmption claim, or which may, at the time the applica against an appropriation bill.
tion is made, be subject to preëmption at one dollar and Mr. Seward.- After nine hours yielding to the discussion twenty-five cents, or less, per acre; or eighty acres of of the Cuba question, it is time to come back to the great such unappropriated lands, at two dollars and fifty cents question of the day and the age. The Senate may as well per acre; to be located in a body, in conformity to the meet face to face the issue which is before them. It is an legal subdivisions of the public lands, and after the same issue presented by the competition between these two shall have been surveyed. questions. One, the Homestead bill, is a question of $ 2. And be it further. enacted, That the person aphomes, of lands for the landless freemen of the United plying for the benefit of this act shall, upon application to States. The Cuba bill is a question of slaves for the slave- the register of the land office in which he or she is about holders of the United States.
to make such entry, make affidavit before the said register Mr. Wade.--I am very glad that this question has at or receiver that he or she is the head of a family, or is length come up. I am glad, too, that it has antagonized twenty-one years or more of age, and that such applicawith this' nigger question. (Laughter.) I have been try- tion is made for his or her exclusive use and benefit, and ing here for nearly a month to get a straightforward vote those specially mentioned in this act, and not either upon this great measure of land for the landless. I glory | directly or indirectly for the use or benefit of any other in that measure. It is the greatest that has ever come person or persons whomsoever; and upon filing the before the American Senate, and it has now come so that affidavit with the register or receiver, he or she shall therethere is no dodging it. The question will be, shall we give upon be permitted to enter the quantity of land specified : niggers to the niggerless, or lands to the landless ? Provided, however, That no certificate shall be given or
I moved some days ago to take up this subject. It was patent issued therefor until the expiration of five years said then that there was an appropriation bill that stood from the date of such entry; and if, at the expiration of in the way. The senator from Virginia had his appropri- such time, or at any time within two years thereafter, the ation bills. It was important, then, that they should be person making such entry-or if he be dead, his widow; settled at once; there was danger that they would be or in case of her death, his heirs or devisee; or in case of lost, and the Government would stop in consequence; and a widow making such entry, her heirs or devisee, in case the appeal was made to gentlemen to give this bill the of her death-shall prove by two credible witnesses that go-by for the time being, at all events, and the appeal was he, she, or they have resided upon and cultivated the successful. The appropriation bills lie very easy now be same for the term of five years immediately succeeding hind this nigger operation. (Laughter.) When you come the time of filing the affidavit aforesaid; then, in such to niggers for the niggerless, all other questions sink into case, he, she, or they, if at that time a citizen of the insignificance.
United States, shall, on payment of ten dollars, be entiMr. Doolittle's motion to set aside the Cuba And provided, further, That in case of the death of both
tled to a patent, as in other cases provided for by law: bill for the purpose of taking up the Homestead father and mother, leaving an infant child, or children, bill, was lost, by the following vote:
under twenty-one years of age, the right and fee shall
inure to the benefit of said infant child, or children; and YEAS_Messrs. Broderick, Cameron, Clark, Chandler,' the executor, administrator, or guardian may, at any time Collamer, Doolittle, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Ilale, within two years after the death of the surviving parent, Hamlin, Ilurlan, Johnson of Tennessee, King, Seward, and in accordance with the laws of the State in which Şimmons, Trumbull, Wade, and Wilson-19.
such children for the time being have their domicil, sell NAYS—Messrs. Allen, Benjamin, Bayard, Bigler, Brown,' said land for the benefit of said infants, but for no other Chestnut, Clay, Clingman, Douglas, Fitch, Fitzpatrick, purpose; and the purchaser shall acquire the absolute Green, Gwin, Hunter, Iverson, Johnson of Arkansas, Lane, title by the purchase, and be entitled to a patent from the Mallory, Mason, Polk, Pugh, Reid, Rice, Sebastian, Shields, United States, on payment of the office fees and sum of Slidell, Toombs, Ward and Wright-29.
money herein specified.
Sk. 3. And be it further enacted, That the register This was the last attempt made to get up the of the land office shall note all such applications on the Homestead bill in the Senate. It had first been all such entries, and make return thereof to the General overslaughed by the appropriation bills, and Land Office, together with the proof upon which they now by the Cuba bill, and no expectation have been founded. remained of reaching it during the few remain quired under the provisions of this act shall in no event
Stc. 4. And be it further enacted, That all lands acing days of the session. The Republicans, who become liable to the satisfaction of any debt or debts had endeavored to get it up in all forms and on contracted prior to the issuing of the patent therefor. all occasions without-success, felt it to be their time after the filing of the affidavit, as required in the duty to abandon a manifestly hopeless struggle. second section of this act, and before the expiration of
From this review of the votes in the Senate the five years aforesaid, it shall be proven, after due noand House, it will be seen that the two great tice to the settler, to the satisfaction of the register of the national parties, the one representing the rights shall have actually changed his or her residence, or and interests of free labor, and the other repre- abandoned the said entry for more than six months at senting the pretensions of Negro Slavery, have any time, then, and in that event, the land so entered
shall revert to the government. come to a well-defined issue upon this great SEC 6. And be it further enacted, That no individual matter of the disposition of the Public Domain. shall be permitted to make more than one entry under
the provisions of this act; and that the Commissioner of the General Land Office is hereby required to prepare
and issue such rules and regulations, consistent with this In the House of Representatives, on the 6th act, as shall be necessary and proper to carry its provi