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A POLITICAL TEXT-BOOK FOR 1860.

NATIONAL CAUCUSES, CONVENTIONS, AND

PLATFORMS.

NATIONAL Conventions for the nomination of a potent influence over such questions, being, candidates are of comparatively recent origin. on this occasion, unable to agree as to which of in the earlier political history of the United her favored sons should have the preference. States, under the Federal Constitution, candi- Ninety-four of the 136 Republican members of dates for President and Vice-President were Congress attended this cancus, and declared nominated by congressional and legislative their preference of Mr. Madison, who received caucuses. Washington was elected as first 83 votes, the remaining 11 being divided bePresident under the Constitution, and reëlected tween Mr. Monroe and George Clinton. The for a second term by a unanimous, or nearly Opposition supported Mr. Pinckney; but Mr. uvanimous, concurrence of the American people; Madison was elected by a large majority. but an opposition party gradually grew up in Toward the close of Mr. Madison's earlier Congress, which became formidable during his term, he was nominated for reëlection by a second term, and which ultimately crystalized Congressional Caucus held at Washington, in into what was then called the Republican May, 1812. In September of the same year, a party. John Adams, of Massachusetts, was convention of the Opposition, representing prominent among the leading Federalists, while eleven States, was held in the city of NewThomas Jefferson, of Virginia, was preëmi. York, which nominated De Witt Clinton, of nently the author and oracle of the Republican New-York, for President. He was also put in party, and, by common consent, they were the nomination by the Republican Legislature of opposing candidates for the Presidency, on New-York. The ensuing canvass resulted in Washington's retirement in 1796–7.

the reëlection of Mr. Madison, who received Mr. Adams was then chosen President, while 128 electoral votes to 89 for De Witt Clinton. Mr. Jefferson, having the largest electoral vote In 1816, the Republican Congressional Caucus Dext to Mr. A., became Vice-President. nominated James Monroe, who received, in the

The first Congressional Caucus to nominate caucus, 65 votes to 54 for Wm. H. Crawford, candidates for President and Vice-President, is of Georgia. The Opposition, or Federalists, said to have been held in Philadelphia in the named Rufus King, of New-York, who receivea year 1800, and to have nominated Mr. Jeffer only 34 electoral votes out of 217. There was son for the first office, and Aaron Burr for the no opposition to the reëlection of Mr. Monroe second. These candidates were elected after a in 1820, a single (Republican) vote being cast desperate struggle, beating John Adams and against him, and for John Quincy Adams. Charles C. Pinckney, of South Carolina. In In 1824, the Republican party could not be 1804, Mr. Jefferson was reëlected President, i induced to abide by the decision of a Congres with George Clinton, of New-York, for Vice, sional Caucus. A large majority of the Repubencountering but slight opposition: Messrs. lican members formally refused to participate Charles C. Pinckney and Rufus King, the op- in such a gathering, or be governed by its deciposing candidates, receiving only 14 out of 176 sion; still, a Caucus was called and attended by Electoral Votes. We have been unable to find the friends of Mr. Crawford alone. Of the 261 any record as to the manner of their nomina- members of Congress at this time, 216 were tion. In January, 1808, when Mr. Jefferson's Democrats or Republicans, yet only 66 ressecond term was about to close, a Republicau ponded to their names at roll-call, 64 of whom Congressional Caucus was held at Washington, voted for Mr. Crawford as the Republican nomito decide as to the relative claims of Madison nee for President. This nomination was very and Monroe for the succession, the Legisla- extensively repudiated throughout the country, ture of Virginia, which had been said to exert land three competing Republican candidates were brought into the field through legislative New-York, presided over the delil erations of the and other machinery-viz., Andrew Jackson, Convention, and the nominees received eacb Henry Clay, and Jolin Quincy Adams. The re- ; 108 votes. The candidates accepted the nomisult of this famous “scrub race" for the Presi- nation and received the electoral vote of Ver. dency was, that no one was elected by the mont only. The Convention did not enunciate people, Gen. Jackson receiving 99 electoral any distinct platform of principles, but apvotes, Mr. Adams $4, Mr. Crawford 41, and Mr. pointed a committee to issue an Address to the Clay 37. The election then devolved on the people. In due time, the address was published. | House of Representatives, where Mr Adams It is quite as prolix and verbose as modern powas chosen, receiving the votes of 13 States, litical addresses ; and, after stating at great against 7 for Gen. Jackson, and 4 for Mr. Craw- length the necessary qualifications for the ford. This was the end of “King Caucus." Chief of a great and free people, and presentGen. Jackson was immediately thereafter put ing a searching criticism on the institution of in nomination for the ensuing term by the Le-free-masonry in its moral and political bearings, gislature of Tennessee, having only Mr. Adams somewhat intensified from the excitement for an opponent in 1828, when he was elected caused by the (then recent) alleged murder of by a decided majority, receiving 178 Electoral William Morgan, for having revealed the secrets Votes to 83 for Mr. Adams. Mr. John C. Cal of the Masonic Order, the Address comes to the houn, who bad at first aspired to the Presidency, conclusion that, since the institution had bein 1824, withdrew at an early stage from the come a political engine, political agencies must canvass, and was thereupon chosen Vice-Presi- be used to avert its baneful effects—in other dent by a very large electoral majority-Mr. words, “ that an enlightened exercise of the Albert Gallatin, of Pennsylvania, (the caucus right of suffrage is the constitutional and candidate on the Crawford ticket,) being his equitable mode adopted by the Anti-Masons is only serious competitor. In 1828, Mr. Calhoun necessary to remove the evil they suffer, and was the candidate for Vice-President on the produce the reforms they seek.” Jackson ticket, and of course reëlected. It was currently stated that the concentration of the Crawford and Calhoun strength on this DEMOCRATIC OR JACKSON NATIONAL ticket was mainly effected by Messrs. Martin

CONVENTION-1832. Van Buren and Churchill C.Cambreleng, of NewYork, during a southern tour made by them in There was no open opposition in the Demo1827. In 1828, Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania, cratic party to the nomination of Gen. Jackson was the candidate for Vice-President on the for a second term; but the party were not so Adams ticket.

well satisfied with Mr. Calhoun, the Vice-President; so a Convention was called to meet at Baltimore in May, 1832, to nominate a candi

date for the second office. Delegates appeared U. S. ANTI-MASONIC CONVENTION—1830. and took their seats from the States of

The first political National Convention in this Maine, New-Hampshire, Vermont, Massachucountry of which we have any record was held setts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New-York, at Philadelphia in September, 1830, styled the New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, MaryUnited States Anti-Masonic Convention. It was

land, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, composed of 96 delegates, representing the Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, TenStates of New York, Massachusetts, Connecti- nessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. cut, Vermont, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania,

Gen. Robert Lucas, of Ohio, presided, and New-Jersey, Delaware, Ohio, Maryland and the the regular proceedings were commenced by Territory of Michigan. Francis Granger of the passage of the following resolution : New-York presided; but no business was trans- Resoloed, That each State be entitled, in the nominaacted beyond the adoption of the following tion to be made for the Vice-Presidency, to a number of

votes equal to the number to which they will be entitled resolution:

in the electoral colleges, under the new apportionment, Resolved, That it is recommended to the people of the in voting for President and Vice-President; and that United States, opposed to secret societies, to meet in two-thirds of the whole number of the votes in the Conconvention on Monday the 26th day of September, 1831, vention shall be necessary to constitute a choice. at the city of Baltinore, by delegates equal in number This seems to have been the origin of the to their representatives in both houses of Congress, to famous "two-thirds” rule which has prevailed make nominations of suitable candidates for the office of President and Vice-President, to be supported at the of late in Democratic National Conventions. next election, and for the transaction of such other The Convention proceeded to ballot for a canbusiness as the cause of Anti-Masonry may require.

didate for Vice-President, with the following In compliance with the foregoing call, a Na- result: tional Anti-Masonic Convention was held at Balti- For Martin Van Buren: Connecticut, 8; Illinois, 2; more, in September, 1831, which nominated Ohio, 21 ; Tennessee, 15; North Carolina, 9; Georgia, 11; William Wirt, of Maryland, for President, and Jersey, 8; Mississippi, 4; Rhode Island, 4; 'Maine, 10; Amos Ellmaker, of Pennsylvania, for Vice-Pre- Massachusetts, 14; Delaware, 3; New-Hampshire, 7 sident. The convention was attended by 112 de- New-York, 42; Vermont, 7; Alabama, 1—Total, 208. legates from the States of Maine, New Hampshire,

For Richard M. Johnson: Illinois, 2; Indiana, 9;

Kentucky, 15—Total, 26. Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Con- For Philip P. Barhour: North Carolina, 6; Virginia, necticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, 23; Maryland, 3; South Carolina, 11 ; Alabama, 6 Ohio, Indiana, Delaware and Maryland -only Total, 49. Massachusetts, New-York and Pennsylvania Mr. Van Buren, having received more than being fully represented. John C. Spencer, of|two-thirds of all the votes cast, was declared

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duly nominated as the candidate of the party diate predecessor (J. Q. Adams) by Gen. Javk. for Vice-President.

son in his Inaugural Address, and adds: The Convention passed a resolution cordially The indecorum of this denunciation was hardly less concurring in the repeated nominations which glaring than its essential injustice, and can only be Gen. Jackson had received in various parts of paralleled by that of the subsequent denunciation of the

same Administration, on the same authority, to a foreign the country for reëlection as President.

government. Mr. Archer, of Virginia, from the committee

Exception is taken to the indiscriminate reappointed to prepare an address to the people, moval of all officers within the reach of the Prereported that

sident, who were not attached to his person or The committee, having interchanged opinions on the party. As illustrative of the extent to which subject submitted to them, and agreeing fully in the this political proscription was carried, it is stated principles and sentiments which they believe ought to be that, within a month after the inauguration of address were to be made, nevertheless deem it advisa- General Jackson, more persous were removed ble under existing circumstances, to recommend the from office than during the whole 40 years that adoption of the following resolution : Resolved, That it be recommended to the several de

had previously elapsed since the adoption of the legations in this Convention, in place of a General Ad- Constitution. Fault is also found with the Address from this body to the people of the United States, ministration in its conduct of our foreign affairs. to make such explanations by address, report, or otherwise, to their respective constituents, of the object, pro

Again the Address says: ceedings and result of the meeting, as they may deem On the great subjects of internal policy, the course expedient.

of the President has been so inconsistent and vacillating,

that it is impossible for any party to place confidence in The result of this election was the choice of his character, or to consider him as a true and effective General Jackson, who received the electoral friend. By avowing his approbation of a judicious tariff,

at the same time recommending to Congress precisely the vote of the following States :

same policy which had been adopted as the best plan of Maine. 10; New-Hampshire, 7 ; New-York, 42 ; New-attack by the opponents of that measure ; by adinitting Jersey, 8; Pennsylvania, 30; Maryland, 8; Virginia, the constitutionality and expediency of Internal Improve 23; North Carolina, 15; Georgia, il ; Tennessee, 15;ments of a National character, and at the same moment Ohio, 21; Louisiana, 5; Mississippi,'4 ; Indiana, 9; negativing the most important bills of this description Illinois, 5; Alabama, 7 ; Missouri, 4-Total, 219.

which were presented to him by Congress, the President For Mr. Clay : Massachusetts, 14; Rhode Island, 4; has shown that he is either a secret enemy to the system, Connecticut, 8; Delaware, 8 ; Maryland, 5; Kentucky, or that he is willing to sacrifice the most important na 15Total; 49.

tional objects in a vain attempt to conciliate the conflictFor John Floyd, of Virginia : South Carolina, 11.

ing interests, or rather adverse party feeling and opinions For William Wirt, of Maryland: Vermont, 7.

of different sections of the country. Mr. Van Buren received only 189 votes for the United States Bank, and the necessity and

Objection is taken to Gen. Jackson's war on Vice-President, Pennsylvania, which cast her vote for Jackson, having voted for William usefulness of that institution are argued at conWilkins of that State for Vice-President.

siderable length. The outrageous and inhuman John Sergeant, for Vice-President, received the of Georgia, and the failure of the National Ad

treatment of the Cherokee Indians by the State same vote as Mr. Clay for President. South Carolina voted for Henry Lee of Massachusetts, acquired by treaty with the United States,

ministration to protect them in their rights, for Vice-President.

is also the subject of animadversion in the

the Address. NATIONAL REPUBLICAN CONVENTION

A resolve was adopted, recommending to the 1831.

young men of the National Republican Party to

hold a Convention in the city of Washington on The National Republicans met in convention the following May. at Baltimore, Dec. 12, 1831. Seventeen States Such a Convention was accordingly held at and the District of Columbia were represented the Capital on the 11th of May, 1832, over by 157 delegates, who cast a unanimous vote which William Cost Johnson, of Maryland, prefor Henry Clay, of Kentucky, for President, and sided, and at which the following, among other John Sergeant, of Pennsylvania, for Vice-Pre- resolves, were adopted: sident. James Barbour, of Virginia, presided, Resoloed, That an adequate Protection to American and the States represented were: Maine, New. Industry is indispensable to the prosperity of the coun. Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Cou- try; and that an abandonment of the policy at this necticut, Vermont, New York, New Jersey, the best interests of the Nation.

period would be attended with consequences ruinous to Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia Resolved, That a uniform system of Internal Improve North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, ments, sustained and supported by the General GovernLouisiana and Indiana. The Convention adopted harmony, the strength and the permanency of the Re

ment, is calculated to secure, in the highest degree, the no formal platform of principles, but issued au public. Address, mainly devoted to a criticism on the Resolved, That the indiscriminate removal of public Administration of Gen. Jackson, asserting, gross abuse of power; and that the doctrine lately

officers, for a mere difference of political opinion, is a among other things, that

boldly preached in the United States Senate, that “to the

victors belong the spoils of the vanquished," is detri The political history of the Union for the last three mental to the interest, corrupting to the morals, and years exhibits a series of measures plainly dictated in all dangerous to the liberties of the people of this countheir principal features by blind cupidity or vindictive try. party spirit, marked throughout by a disregard of good policy, justice, and every high and generous sentiment, and, terminating in a dissolution of the Cabinet under DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, circumstances more discreditable than any of the kind to be met with in the annals of the civilized world.

1835. The address alludes to the charge of incapa- In May, 1835, a National Convention reprecity and corruption leveled against his imme- senting twenty-one States, assembled at Baltimore to nominate candidates for President and result was the triumphant election of Harrison Vice-President. The Hon. Andrew Stevenson, and Tyler, Van Buren receiving the electoral of Virginia, was chosen president, with half a vote of only seven States ; viz: dozen vice-presidents and four secretaries. A

New-Hampshire, 7; Virginia, 28 ; South Carolina, 11; rule was adopted that two-thirds of the whole Illinois, 6; Alabama, 7; Missouri, 4 ; and Arkansas, & number of votes should be necessary to make a Total, 60. nomination or to decide any question connected South Carolina refused to vote for Richard M. therewith. On the first ballot for President, Johnson for Vice-President, throwing away her Mr. Van Buren was nominated unanimously, re- 11 votes on Littleton W. Tazewell, of Virginia. ceiving 265 votes. For Vice-President, Richard Harrison and Tyler received the votes of tbe M. Johnson, of Kentucky, received 178, and following States : William C. Rives, of Virginia, 87. Mr. Johnson, having received more than two-thirds of necticut, 8; 'Vermont, ?; New-York 42 ; New Jersey, 8:

Maine, 10; Massachusetts, 14; Rhode Island, 4; Con. all the votes cast, was declared duly nominated Pennsylvania, 80; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 10; North as the candidate for Vice-President. This Con Carolina, 15; Georgia, 11; Kentucky, 15; Tennessee, 15; vention adopted no platform.

Ohio, 21; Louisiana, 5; Mississippi, 4; Indiana, 9; Michigun, 8-Total, 284.

THE OPPOSITION IN 1836.

ABOLITION CONVENTION, 1839. In 1835, Gen. Wm. H. Harrison, of Ohio, was Dominated for President, with Fraucis Granger, Warsaw, N. Y., on the 13th of November, 1889,

A Convention of Abolitionists was held at for Vice-President, by a Whig State Convention at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and also by a

which adopted the following: Democratic Anti-Masonic Conventiou held at Resolved. That, in our judgment, every consideration the same place.

A Whig State Convention in of duty and expediency which ought to control the Maryland also nominated Gen. Harrison for Pre of the U. S. to organize a distinct and independent poli.

action of Christian freemen, requires of the Abolitionists sident, with John Tyler, of Virginia, for Vice tical party, embracing all the necessary means for pomiGen. H. also received nominations in New York, pating candidates for office and sustaining them by Ohio and other States.

public suffrage. Hugh L. Wbite, of Tennessee was nominated

The Convention then nominated for Presi. by the Legislatures of Tennessee and Alabama, dent James G. Birney, of New York, and for as the Opposition or Anti-Jackson candidate ; Vice-President Francis J. Lemoyne, of Pennwhile Mr. Webster was the favorite of the Oppo- sylvania. These gentlemen subsequently desition in Massachusetts, and Willie P. Mangum, clined the nomination. Nevertheless they of N. C. received the vote of S. C., 11. The received a total of 7,609 votes in various Free result of the contest of 1836 was the election States. of Mr. Van Buren, who received the electoral votes of the States of

DEVOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, Maine, 10; New Hampshire, 7; Rhode Island, 4; Con

1840. necticut, 8; New York, 42; Pennsylvania, 30; Virginia, 28; North Carolina, 15; Louisiana, 5; Mississippi, 4;

A Democratic National Convention met at Illinois, 6; Alahama, 7; Missouri, 4; Arkansas, 8; dichi- Baltimore, May 5th, 1840, to nominate candigan, 8—Total 170.

dates for President and Vice-President. Dele. Gen. Harrison received the votes of

gates were present from the States of Maine, 10; Kentucky, 15; Ohio, 2i ; and Indiana, 9Total, 73. Island, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania,

Vermont, 7; New-Jersey, 8; Delaware, 3; Maryland, New-Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode

Hugh L. White received the vote of Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky, 11, and Tennessee, 15: total, 26. Mr. Webster Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, received the vote of Massachusetts, 14. Indiana, Missouri, Michigan, and Arkansas.

Gov. William Carroll, of Tennessee, presided, WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, --1839.

and the Convention, before proceeding to the A Whig National Convention representing ing platform-viz.:

nomination of candidates, adopted the followtwenty one States met at Harrisburg, Pa., Dec. 4, 1839. James Barbour, of Virginia, presided, limited powers, derived solely from the Constitution, and

1. Resolved, that the Federal Government is one of and the result of the first ballot was the nomina- the grants of power shown therein ought to be strictly ţiou of Gen. William H. Harrison, of Ohio, who construed by all the departments and agents of the received 148 * votes to 90 for Henry Clay, and government, and that it is inexpedient and dangerous to

exercise doubtful constitutional powers. 16 for Gen. Winfield Scott. John Tyler, of 2. Resolved, that the Constitution does not confer Virginia, was unanimously nominated as the upon the General Government the power to commence Whig candidate for Vice-President. The Cou or carry on a general system of internal improvement.

8. Resowed, That the Constitution does not confer vention adopted no platform of principles; but authority upon the Federal Government, directly or inthe party in conducting the memorable cam- directly, to assume the debts of the several States, conpaign of 1840, assailed the Administration of tracted for local internal improvements or other 'State Mr. Van Buren for its general mismanagement purposes; nor would such assumption be just or exof public affairs and its proligacy, and the 4. Resolved, That justice and sound policy forbid the

Pederal Government to foster one branch of industry to * Ballots were repeatedly taken in committee throughout two the detriment of anothor, or to cherish the interest of or three days; but as no candidate received a inajority, it was one portion to the injury of another portion of our comonly reported to the convention that the committee had not been mon country-that every citizen and every section of able to agree on a candidate to be presented to the convention. Finally, the delegates from New York and other states which the country has a right to demand and insist upon ad bud supported (ien. Scott, generally went over to Gen. Harrison, oquality of rights and privileges, and to complete and wło to us received a nuajority, when the result was declared, as ample protection of persons and property from domestk

violence or fore: n aggression.

above.

BALLOTS.

5. Pesolved, that it is the duty of every branch of Government, and discriminating with special reference the government to enforce and practice the most rigid to the Protection of the Domestic Labor of the country economy in conducting our public affairs, and that no tko Distribution of the proceeds from the sales of the more revenue ought to be raised than is required to de- Public Lands--a single term for the Presidency-a refray the necessary expenses of the government.

form of executive usurpations--and generally such an ad6. Resolved, That Congress has no power to charter a ministration of the affairs of the country, as shall impart United States Bank, that we believe such an institution to every branch of the public service the greatest practi. one of deadly hostility to the best interests of the coun-cable efficiency, controlled by a well-regulated and wise try, dangerous to our republican institutions and the economy. liberties of the people, and calculated to place the busi

The contest resulted in the choice of the ness of the country within the control of a concentrated money power, and above the laws and the will of the Democratic candidates (Polk and Dallas,) who people.

received 170 electoral votes as follows : Maine, 7. Resolved, That Congress has no power, under the 9; New-Hampshire, 6; New-York, 36; Penninstitutions of the several States; and that such States sylvania, 26; Virginia, 17; South Carolina, are the sole and proper judges of everything pertaining 9; Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 6; to their own affairs, not prohibited by the Constitution; Louisiana, 6 ; Indiana, 12; Illinois, 9; Missouri, Congress to interfere with questions of slavery, or to 17; Arkansas, 3 ; Michigan, 5—176. take incipient steps in relation thereto, are calculated to For Clay and Frelinghuysen: Vermont, 6; lead to the most alarming and dangerous consequences, Massachusetts, 12; Rhode Island, 4; Connectidiminish the happiness of the people, and endanger the cut, 6; New-Jersey, 7; Delaware, 3 ; Maryland, stability and permanency of the Union, and ought not to 8; North Carolina, 11; Tennessee, 13; Ken: be countenanced by any friend to our Political Institu- tucky, 12; Ohio, 23—105. tions.

8. Resolved, that the separation of the moneys of the government from banking institutions is indispensable DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, for the safety of the funds of the government and the

1844. rights of the people. 9. Resolved, That the liberal principles embodied by

A Democratic National Convention assembled Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, and sanc- at Baltimore on the 27th May, 1844, adopted the tioned in the Constitution, which makes ours the land two-third rule and, after a stormy session of three of liberty and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, have ever been cardinal principles in the Demo- days, James K. Polk, of Tennessee, was nomi. cratic faith: and every attempt to abridge the present nated for President, and Silas Wright, of New privilege of becoming citizens, and the owners of soil Yorķ, for Vice-President. Mr. Wright declined among us, ought to be resisted with the same spirit the nomination, and George M. Dallas, of Pennwhich swept the Alien and Sedition Laws from our statute book.

sylvania, was subsequently selected to fill the The Convention then unanimously nominated second place on the ticket. Mr. Van Buren for reëlection as President; but, The ballotings for President were as follows : there being much diversity of opinion as to the proper man for Vice-President, the following

1st. 2d. 3rd. 4th. 5th. 6th. 7th. 8th, 9th. preamble and resolution were adopted:

M. Van Buren.... 146 127 121 111 103 101
Lewis Cass..

83 94 92 105 107 116 123 114 29 Whereas, Several of the States which have nominated

R. M. Johnson.. 29 33 38 82 26 25 21 Martin Van Buren as a candidate for the Presidency, James Buchanan.. 9 11 17 29 23 22 have put in nomination different individuals as candi

J. O. Calhoun...

1 dates for Vice-President, thus indicating a diversity of Levi Woodbury.

2 opinion as to the person best entitled to the nomination;

Com. Stewart.

1 and whereas some of the said States are not represented James K. Polk....

44 288 in this Convention, therefore, Resolved, That the Convention deem it expedient at

Mr. Van. Buren's name was withdrawn after the present time not to choose between the individuals the 8th ballot. in nomination, but to leave the decision to their Republican fellow-citizens in the several States, trusting that

The plaiform adopted by the Convention was before the election shall take place, their opinions will the same as that of 1840, with the following become so concentrated as to secure the choice of a additions : Vice-President by the Electoral College.

Resowed, That the proceeds of the Public Lands

ought to be sacredly applied to the national objects speciWHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1844.

fied in the Constitution, and that we are opposed to the A Whig National Convention assembled in laws lately adopted, and to any law for the Distribution

of such proceeds among the States, as alike inexpedient Baltimore, on the 1st of May, 1844, in which in policy and repugnant to the Constitution. every State in the Union was represented. Am- Resolved, that we are decidedly opposed to taking brose Spencer, of New-York, presided, and Mr. from the President the qualified veto power by which he

is enabled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply Clay was nominated for President by acclama- sufficient to guard the public interest, to suspend the tion. For Vice-President, there was some di passage of a bill, whose merits cannot secure the apversity of preference, and Mr. Frelinghuysen, of proval of two-thirds of the Senate and House of RepreN, J., was nominated on the third ballot as folo tained thereon, and which has thrice saved the Ameri

sentatives, until the judgment of the people can be oblows:

can People from the corrupt and tyrannical domination of the Bank of the United States.

Resolved, That our title to the whole of the Territory of

3rd.

101 T. Frelinghuysen, N. J.,....

Oregon is clear and unquestionable; that no portion of the 155

same ought to be ceded to England or any other power; John Davis, Mass.,....

74

79

and that the reoccupation of Oregon and the reannex. Millard Fillmore, N. Y.,. 53

51

40

ation of Texas at the earliest practicable period are John Sergeant, Pa.,

38
82 withdrawn.

great. American measures, which this Convention recom

mends to the cordial support of the Democracy of the Total,..

275
275

274

Union. The principles of the party were briefly summed up in the following resolve, which was LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVENadopted by the Convention :

TION, 1843. Resolved, that these principles may be summed as comprising a well regulated National currency-a Tariff

The Liberty Party National Convention met for revenue to defray the necessary expenses of the at Buffalo, on the 29th of August. Leicester

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BALLOTS.

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