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Our Lines in the Southwest.-Gen. Breckenridge's Attack on Baton Rouge.-De-

struction of the Ram Arkansas.—Gen. Price's Reverse at Iuka.-Desperate Fighting.

THE BATTLE OF CORINTH.-Van Dorn's hasty Exultations.-The Massacre of College

Hill.-Wild and terrible Courage of the Confederates.-Our Forces beaten Back.—

Our Lines of Retreat secured.-The Military Prospects of the South overshadowed.

-THE DEPARTMENT OF THE TRANS-MISSISSIPPI.-Romance of the War in Missouri.-.

Schofield's Order calling out the Militia.-Atrocities of the Yankee Rule in Missouri.

-Robbery without "Red Tape."-The Guerrilla Campaign.-The Affair of Kirks-

ville.-Execution of Col. McCullough.-The Affair of Lone Jack.-Timely Reinforce-

ment of Lexington by the Yankees.-The Palmyra Massacre.-The Question of Re-

taliation with the South.-THE MILITARY AND POLITICAL SITUATION.-Survey of the

Military Situation.-Capture of Galveston by the Yankees.-The Enemy's Naval

Power. His Iron-clads.-Importance of Foundries in the South.-Prospect in the

Southwest.-Prospect in Tennessee.-Prospect in Virginia.—Stuart's Raid into Penn-

sylvania. Souvenirs of Southern Chivalry.-The "Soft-mannered Rebels."--Political

Complexion of the War in the North.-Lincoln's "Emancipation Proclamation."-

History of Yankee Legislation in the War.-Political Error of the Emancipation Proc-

lamation.-Its Effect on the South.-The Decay of European Sympathy with the

Abolitionists.-What the War accomplished for Negro Slavery in the South.-Yankee

Falsehoods and Bravadoes in Europe.-Delusion of Conquering the South by Starva-

tion.-Caricatures in the New York Pictorials.-The noble Eloquence of Hunger and

Rags-Manners in the South.-Yankee Warfare.-The Desolation of Virginia.-

The Lessons of harsh Necessity. — Improvement of the Civil Adininistration of

the Confederacy.-Ordnance, Manufacturing Resources, Quartermasters' Supplies,

...PAGE 514

A Period of Disasters.-DEPARTMENT OF THE MISSISSIPPI.-Grant's March upon

Vicksburg.-Its Steps and Incidents.-The Engagement of Port Gibson.-The Evacu-

ation of Jackson.-The Battle of Baker's Creek.-Pemberton's Declarations as to the

Defence of Vicksburg.-A grand Assault upon the "Heroic City."-Its Repulse.-

The Final Surrender of Vicksburg.-How the Public Mind of the South was shocked.

-Consequences of the Disaster.-How it involved affairs on the Lower Mississippi.


Hooker manœuvred out of Virginia.-The Recapture of Winchester.-The Second

Invasion of the Northern Territory.-The Alarm of the North.-Gen. Lee's object in

the Invasion of Maryland and Pennsylvania.-His Essays at Conciliation.-The Er-

ror of such Policy.-The advance of his Lines into Pennsylvania.-The Battle of

Gettysburg.—The Three Days' Engagements.—Death of Barksdale.—Pickett's splen-

did Charge on the Batteries.-Repulse of the Confederates.-Anxiety and Alarm in

Richmond.-Lee's safe Retreat into Virginia.-Mystery of his Movement.-Recovery

of the Confidence of the South.

Review of the Present Aspects of the

War.-Comparison between the Disasters of 1862 and those of 1863.-The Vitals of

the Confederacy yet untouched.-Review of the Civil Administration.-Presider.

Davis, his Cabinet, and his Favorites.-His private Quarrels.-His Deference to Eure

pean Opinion. Decline of the Finances of the Confederacy.-Reasons of their Decline

The Confederate Brokers.-The Blockade Runners.-The Disaffections of Property

holders.-The Spirit of the Army.-The Moral Resolution of the Confederacy.-How

the Enemy has strengthened it.-The Prospects of the Future.....
..PAGE 619

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Delusive Ideas of the Union.-Administration of John Adams.-The "Strict Con structionists."-The "State Rights" Men in the North.-The Missouri Restriction.--General Jackson and the Nullification Question.-The Compromise Measures of 1850. -History of the Anti-Slavery Party.-The "Pinckney Resolutions."-The Twentyfirst Rule.-The Abolitionists in the Presidential Canvass of 1852.-The KansasNebraska Bill.-The Rise and Growth of the Republican Party.-The Election of President Buchanan.-The Kansas Controversy." Lecompton" and "Anti-Lecompton."-Results of the Kansas Controversy.-The John Brown Raid. "Helper's Book."-Demoralization of the Northern Democratic Party.-The Faction of Stephen A. Douglas.-The Alabama Resolutions.-The Political Platforms of 1860.-Election of Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States.-Analysis of the Vote.-Political Condition of the North.-Secession of South Carolina.-Events in Charleston Harbor --Disagreements in Mr. Buchanan's Cabinet.-The Secession Movement in Progress -Peace Measures in Congress.-The Crittenden Resolutions.-The Peace Congress.— Policy of the Border Slave States.-Organization of the Confederate States Government.-President Buchanan.-Incoming of the Administration of Abraham Lincoln. -Strength of the Revolution.

THE American people of the present generation were born in the belief that the Union of the States was destined to be perpetual. A few minds rose superior to this natal delusion; the early history of the Union itself was not without premonitions of decay and weakness; and yet it may be said that the belief in its permanency was, in the early part of the present generation, a popular and obstinate delusion, that embraced the masses of the country.

The foundations of this delusion had been deeply laid in the early history of the country, and had been sustained by a false, but ingenious prejudice. It was busily represented, especially by demagogues in the North, that the Union was the fruit of the Kevolution of 1776, and had been purchased by the blood of our forefathers. No fallacy could have been more erroneous in fact more insidious in its display, or more effective in

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