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NEW YORK:
CHARLES SCRIBNER, 124 GRAND STREET.

1864.

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ENTERED, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1864, by

HENRY T. TUCKERMAN, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District

of New York.

JOHN F. TROW,
PRINTER, STEREOTYPER, AND ELECTROTYPER,

46, 48, & 50 Greene St., New York.

PREFACE.

The object of this work is twofold—to present a general view of the traits and transitions of our country, as recorded at different periods and by writers of various nationalities, and to afford those desirous of authentic information in regard to the United States a guide to the sources thereof. Incidental to and naturally growing out of this purpose, is the discussion of the comparative value and interest of the principal critics of our civilization. The present seems a favorable time for such a retrospective review; and the need of popular enlightenment, both at home and abroad, as to the past development and present condition of this Republic, is universally acknowledged. There are special and obvious advantages in reverting to the past and examining the present, through the medium of the literature of American Travel. It affords striking contrasts, offers different points of view, and is the more suggestive because modified by national tastes. We can thus trace physical and social development, normal and casual traits, through personal impressions; and are unconsciously put on the track of honest investigation, made to realize familiar tendencies under new aspects, and, from the variety of evidence, infer true estimates. Moreover, some of these raconteurs are interesting characters either

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